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10 LOW-COST LASER PRINTERS 



annpuTE 




i COMPU?t 
f CHOICE AWARIk 
' WINNERS! f 



DECEMBER 1993 




BEST PRODUCTS 

OF THE YEAR! 

PLUS! 



50 GREAT MULTIMEDIA Gif T IDEAS! 



• HOW TO SPY 
ON WINDOWS 

• VISUAL BASIC 3.0 
GOES DATABASE 

• WINDOWS VIDEO 



MicrDsoH Cincmania '9^ .. 



-r~] A Christmas Story i _ 
_, i us (I9B3): Comedy ^^j 






U.S. $2,95 




.* # jksSsi- ■ 



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M'lt/i i'i'mpjij L-arninij tiyoh. hut jrcc J4- 
honr, 7-Jjv hvtlmc and 3-yCiir wdrranlu 
rtiu (fi-'i iill ofihc iuppflrt 1110 nwJ. 

l[ilro(lut:i!i!J the all-in-one 
Cotiijjaq Presario. It's much 
more personal llian nlher 
pi'i-.soiial loniriLiters. Case in 
point. The buih-in an5\\ering 
maehiiio ai'Uiallv niws cvcrv- 
nlie voii \\\v \\ ilh theii' o\wi 
Personal Message Center, So 
il I'efords vour TOtei.'. And 
Sallv's. Ami Dean's. Am\ so 
on. I'lus, there's a built-in fax 
that allows vou In semi anil 
receive (locumcnt.s ri^ht troni 
\our computer. 

Even more per.sonal is the 
u'a>' tl answers \ourc[ui.'siions. 
Quicklv, directly and in plain 



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t' iWi Ci>nipJ«| Computer CoTpontion. .\li nghu mrr.-cd. CompKj jnd die Compatj logo registen^ti t| S. I^Alinl in^l TraiicmiTlc Oflfic*. F 
i*4rt-Mity, rotiULl ihc Ctimpm Custumtr Supjioii Ci?nicr. "nw Intel iog»> IS * tndvtn^ of tnlcl Corporitmn. 



nd P*T<iitnl .VU-sMj^c Ctnlcr 



Your Questions. 
WER Your Phone. 





San: (imc (tinil mon^yt. The awarj-winntng 
proi^riim Qttickcn can help yvu g<t 0II of 
your perstinol jinonccs jn ortler. 



English. (Remember when you • 
needed help just to find the 
Help command?) 

Finally, its all-in-one design 
not only saves space on your 
desk, it makes setting up the 
Presario about as easy as plug- 
ging in a toaster. And it comes 
with six software programs- 
all the cssentials-so you can 
get started right away. With 
Presario, we want you to be 
able to do everything with 
your computer. Except waste 
time getting started. 

For more iniormation on 
Presario, or for a nearby lo- 
cation where you can take a 
closer look, just give us a call 
at 1-800-34S-1S18. 

COMPAa 



?t tridcmarks of Compac] Cnmputrr Corporation. Produtt nilnci tticntidnrti h^^ein may be trjdpmarts of their rwpectivc companies. For funher dtuiU on our Umitetl 



Nov. 15, l<«<13 vi 



connpuTE 



VOLUME 15, NO, 12, ISSUE 159 



DECEMBER 1993 



FEATURES 

8 
THE COMPUTE CHOICE AWARDS 

Edited by Robert Bixby 

The 25 best hardware and 

software products money 

can buy. 

36 

TEST LAB 

Edited by Mike Hudnall 

Ten low-cost laser printers for 

under $1,000 each, with 

sharp output and great 

graphics. 

98 

PRODUCTIVITY CHOICE 

By William Harrel 
PagePlus 2.0 from Serif. 

COIUMNS 

4 
EDITORIAL LICENSE 

By Clifton Karnes 

The men and women who 

invented the future. 

58 

NEWS & NOTES 

By Jill Champion Booth 

Top computer news. 

62 

FEEDBACK 

Answers to tough questions. 

66 

INTRODOS 

By Tony Roberts 

Secrets of the PATH 

command. 

68 

WINDOWS WORKSHOP 

By Clifton Karnes 

Spying on Windows with 

WinScope. 

70 

PROGRAMMING POWER 

By Tom Campbell 

Visual Basic goes database. 

72 

HARDWARE CLINIC 

By Mark Minasi 

Video Blaster, Video Spigot, 

and Indeo put to the test. 






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76 

TIPS & TOOLS 

Edited by 
Richard C. Leinecker 
Tips from our readers. 

100 

PERSONAL PRODUCTIVITY 

By Bradley M. Small 

Put OS/2 to work for you. 

102 

ART WORKS 

By Robert Bixby 

The new Harvard Graphics 

for Windows. 

160 

NEWS BITS 

By Jill Champion Booth 
Top stories at press time. 



MULTIMEDIA PC 
83 

FAST FORWARD 

By David English 

Are we witnessing the birth 

of a new art form? 

84 

50 GREAT MULTIMEDIA 

GIFT IDEAS 

By David English, Phillip 

Morgan, and Lisa Young 

Create some excitement 

with a multimedia gift. 

92 

NEW MULTIMEDIA PRODUCTS 

Edited by Lisa Young 

The hottest hardware and 

coolest software. 



96 

MULTIMEDIA SPOTLIGHT 

By David English 

Pro 16 Multimedia System 

II from Media Vision. 

EHTERTAINMENT 

106 

DISCOVERY CHOICE 

By Clayton Walnum 

Eagle Eye Mysteries from 

Electronic Arts. 

108 

GAME INSIDER 

By Shay Addams 
A look at new games 
coming for Christmas. 

110 

ENTERTAINMENT CHOICE 

By Scott A. May 

Betrayal at Krondor from 

Dynamix. 

112 

GAMEPLAY 

By Denny Atkin 

Previews of games almost 

ready for release. 

REVIEWS 

116 

NMC Universal 

Winstation 433, 

Microsoft Word 6.0, 

WordPerfect 6.0 for DOS, 

Day of the Tentacle, 

Winlmages:morph, 

Rock and Bach Studio, 

Raiiroad Tycoon Deluxe, 

ARES 486-33DX, 

Grand Slam Bridge II, 

Micro Bridge Companion, 

XTree for Windows 1.5, 

Axonix LapStation IV, 

Realms of Arkania, 

SJ-144, 

Medley Plus. 

Eternam, 

TurboBooks, and more. 

ADVERTISERS' INDEX 

See page 145, 



COMPUTE (ISSN 0194-357X) s published monthly in the United States and Canada by COMPUTE Publications Inlernationai Lid , 1965 Broadway, New York. MY 10023-5965. Volume 15, 
Number 12, Issue 159 Copyright © 1993 by COMPUTE Publications Inlernationai Lid All rights resorved COMPUTE is a registered trademark ol COMPUTE Publications Inlernationai Ltd 
Distributed worldwide (except Austral a and :he UK) by Curtis Circulation Crsmpany, PQ Box 9102, Pennsauken. NJ 08109 Distributed in Australia by The Horwitz Group. P.O. Box 306. 
Camn'eray NSW 2062 Ausira'n ana n trc UK by Noricem and Sheli Pic . PC Box 381. M llhatbour. London E14 9TW Second-class postage paid at New York, NY. and at additional maiimg 
oflces POSTMASTER: Send address changes to COMPUTE Magazine, PO Box 3245. Harlan, lA 51537-3041 Tel (800) 727-6937 Entire contents copyrighted. Ail rights reserved. 
Nothing may be reproduced in whoie or in part without written permission from the publistier Subscnplions; US, AFO - S19 94 one year; Canada and elsewhere -$25.94 one year. Single 
copies S2 95 in US. The publisher disciaims ail responsibility to return unsoliclied matter, and ail rights in portions published t^ereol remain the scie property of C0^/1PUTE Pubiicallons 
International Lid Letters sent to COMPUTE or its editors become the property ol the magazine. Editorial otiices are focated at 324 W. Wendover Ave., Ste. 200 Greensboro NC 27408 
Tel- (919) 275-9809. 

Printed in ttie USA by R. R. Donnelley & Sons Inc. 



#R126607415 



2 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



HOW TO BUY A 

DOUBLE-SPEED CD-ROM. . . 

WITHOUT GETTING 

TAKEN FOR A DRIVE 

Introducing Creative OmniCD. 

If you've been thinking about adding the power and excitement of an internal CD-ROM to your PC, here's some great 
news: thanks to our exclusive Creative Double-Speed Technology," double-speed CD-ROM performance is 
now avmhble at about the same price you'd expect to pa\j for a single-speed drive. 

And we're not talking about just any CD-ROM here. This is a full-featured, MFC 2 compliant, 
XA-ready, 300KB/second, multi-session photo CD drive with a blistering fast 320ms access time: 
Tiie all-new Creative OmniCD." 




CREATIVE 



® 



WORKS WITH ANY SOUND CARD. 

Of course Creative OmniCD works with your 
Sound Blaster— after all, it is the industry standard 
for PC audio. But what if you've already got 
another sound card? 

No problem. Because Creative OmniCD 

works perfectly with just about every major brand of 

audio card. . .or even without a sound card for applications that don't use audio. 

Best of all, Creative OmniCD opens up a whole new world of CD-ROM applications. Like photo CD— we've even 
included Aldus Pholostyler'SE image enhancing software right in the box. And also games, 
multimedia and business applications, education, and more. 

THE BOTTOM LINE: A LOT MORE DRIVE. A LOT LESS MONEY. 
Sure, there's plenty of other manufachirers offering double-speed CD-ROM drives. But as part of a 
complete package with an SRP of less than four hundred dollars?' Novf that's Creative. 
For more information and the name of your nearest Creative Labs dealer, call 1-800-998-5227, 

soundi CRZ ' Tl VE 




c^ -1 



BLASTER 



CREATIVE LABB, INC, 






Circle Reader Service Number 125 



vi 



EDITORIAL LICENSE 



Clifton Karnes 



in this issue 

we tiDitor 

our Industry's 

present 

past, and future. 




This issue's big story is 
tlie COMPUTE Choice 
Awards, and looking at 
tlie finalists, I was struck 
by liow far the personal com- 
puter has come in the last ten 
years and by how critical gra- 
phical user interfaces, mice, la- 
ser printers, networking, and 
object-oriented programming 
have become to its success. 
Most of the software products 
in our finalist list are GUI 
based (most, in fact, run on 
Windows). Almost all of these 
programs support the 
mouse, and many — such as 
the desktop publishing and 
presentation programs — de- 
pend on laser printers for 
their final output. And commu- 
nications (networking) soft- 
ware has become one of the 
fastest-growing categories in 
the last year. Lastly, many of 
these top programs were 
built with object-oriented tech- 
niques, and in fact, our pro- 
gramming-tool winner this 
year is an object-oriented pro- 
gramming language. 

The interesting thing about 
all these innovations is that 
they didn't come from Micro- 
soft, Apple, or IBM, at least 
not initially. They originated 
someplace you probably 
wouldn't expect — Xerox. 

As most of you already 
know, Xerox, which was origi- 
nally called the Haloid Compa- 
ny, invented the photocopy- 
ing process. It spent 15 years 
developing xerography, and 
when it finally brought it to mar- 
ket, the company was reward- 
ed with instant success. Xer- 
ox realized, however, that pa- 
per was not the future. It felt 
that the future of the office lay 
in digital— computer— technol- 
ogy. To help it gain a foothold 
in this uncharted area, Xerox 
founded a research institute 
whose broad mandate was to 
discover the architecture of in- 
formation. It built this institute 
in Palo Alto, California, and 
called it PARC, for Palo Alto 



COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



Research Center. 

To gauge just how impres- 
sive PARC's achievements 
were, we need to take a look 
at the computer situation in 
1970, when PARC was found- 
ed. At this time, the main- 
frame computer was king, 
and most mainframes ran just 
one program at a time. As a 
programmer, you would cre- 
ate your program, punch it on- 
to cards, and give it to a 
white-coated computer techni- 
cian who would load it into 
the computer and run it. The 
next day or the next week, 
you'd get your results. In 
1970, the cutting edge of com- 
puter technology was some- 
thing called timesharing. In a 
timesharing system, there are 
several users connected to 
one computer, and each gets 
a portion of the computer's 
time. Using this model, the 
computer can serve more us- 
ers, but with a slight degrada- 
tion in performance. 

At first, the researchers at 
PARC considered jumping on 
the timesharing bandwagon, 
but an insightful leader, Bob 
Taylor, saw beyond timeshar- 
ing to the personal computer. 
In his vision, each user would 
have his or her own comput- 
er, connected to other person- 
al computers so information 
could be shared. 

Through Taylor's persis- 
tence and vision, PARC 
skipped timesharing and start- 
ed working directly on build- 
ing a personal computer, tt 
succeeded and called its cre- 
ation the Alto. It wanted the Al- 
to to have a graphical user in- 
terface and a mouse, so it 
built that in. It also realized 
that a WYSIWYG display de- 
manded a WYSIWYG printer, 
so it invented the laser printer 
(which is based on the xero- 
graphic process). Since laser 
printers were even more ex- 
pensive then than now (the 
cost for the first ones ran 
around $30,000), it designed 



a way to connect the person- 
al computers to the printer us- 
ing cables and protocols. It 
called this Ethernet, the first lo- 
cal area network or LAN. 

To mal<;e it easy for end us- 
ers to program their ma- 
chines, Alan Kay and a team 
of researchers developed 
one of the first object-oriented 
programming languages — 
Smalltalk. 

It would be 15 years before 
the world at large would see 
these developments reach fru- 
ition, and none of the success- 
es would come from Xerox. 

With a combination of bad 
timing and inept manage- 
ment, Xerox failed to turn 
even one of these miraculous 
inventions into a viable prod- 
uct. PARC's seeds bore fruit 
in other people's gardens, 
however, PARC showed the 
GUI-based Alto to Steve 
Jobs and Bill Gates, for exam- 
ple, and it formed the impetus 
for Apple's Macintosh and Mi- 
crosoft's Windows, And sever- 
al researchers left PARC to 
found their own companies to 
develop products based on 
the ideas that originated at 
PARC. 

Why did Xerox ignore these 
breathtaking innovations? The 
answers are complex, but 
they're put forth well in Fum- 
bling the Future by Douglas K. 
Smith and Robert Alexander 
(Morrow, 1988), which has 
been the basis for most of my 
PARC info. 

The point of this bit of his- 
tory is that the five most impor- 
tant technologies in the last 20 
years were all created at 
PARC: the personal computer, 
the graphical user interface, 
the laser printer, the local area 
network, and object-oriented 
end-user programming. In 
this issue, we're honoring the 
winners of the COMPUTE 
Choice Awards, but I'd like to 
take a moment to honor the 
men and women at PARC 
who invented our future. □ 



Missi 



ission 




IBM Programming Systems introduces 
C 361++!" the most complete application 
development package you can buy for 
■ OS/2® Its 32-bii C/C++ 
compiler lets you unleash 
all the power of OS/2 — so you can 
create the most advanced, high- 
performance applications. 

It has an extraordinary code optimizer with a 
full set of options. Even a switch to optimize for the new 
Pentium'" processor. Plus a full set of class libraries, 
including application frameworks for PM, container 
classes and classes for multitasking, streams and more. 

There's also a full complement of other helpful 
features. Such as an interactive source level debugger. 

And the unique Execution Trace 
Analyzer traces the 

execution of a program, 
then graphically displays 
diagi-amsof the 
analysis. Plus a class 
library broivser that 
shows class library relationships. 

What's more, you get Workfrarae/2™ a language- 
inde]Dendenl tool that lets you customize your o^vn envi- 
ronment. It's adaptable and flexible — you can use any 16 
and 32-bit DOS, Windows"" and OS/2 tools. 






i C Set ++ Technical Features 


^^tandards 


ANSI 0X3,159-1989 


NIST validated 


ANSI C++ X3J16 (Full ARM) 


I v.,.„>. -'^^ 150 9899:1990 


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Global 


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Optimization 


Inter-module 


Function inlining 






Instruction scheduling 



To order C Set++ , 
contact your nearest dealer or caU 
1-800-342-6672 (USA) or 
1-800-465-7999 ext. 460 (Canada). 

Clearly, there's only one place to start. C Set++ . 



starts 
here 



IBiy and OS/2 are registered Irademarlts and C Set++ and Worl<frame/2 are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation. Pentium is a trademark ol Intel Corporation, 
Windows Is a trademark ol Microsoft Corp. 9 1993 IBM Corp. 







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HANG ON! 

PANASONIC INTRODU 
. (NJERACTIVE 






ore responsive, more colorful, and up to 
50 times more powerful than ordinary systems. 
If s 3D0 technology and Panasonic makes the 
only system that has it. 

Strap yourself in; this is no armchair flying game. 
You plunge into pursuit, barrel-rolling through the atmosphere at 
Mach speeds. Pulling up to skim the planetary terrain, you lose your 
horizon and go into a spin. Earth. Sky. Earth. Sky. Earth. And your 
stomach just can't catch up. This is a video game you can feel. 
ThisisR-E-A-L 

Introducing the Panasonic 
R-E-A-L3D0™ Interactive 
Multiplayer.™ The most highly 
evolved integration of audio, 
video and interactive tech- 
nology available. 

What you're 
seeing are 
near 3-D 
graphics 




Crystal Dynamics' Total Eclipse'" 
gives you Ifie real feeling of flight. 



combined with state-of-the-art flight effects. What you're 
hearing is full, digital CD sound. Definitely cinematic. 
Except that you're in control in a world without edges. Fly as far as you 
want left or right and the program never stops you. 

Facts. Up to 50 times more powerful than ordinary 

PCs and video game systems. With up to 16 million 

displayable colors for photorealistic picture quality. 

And a custom multimedia architecture that makes 

R'E-A-L so responsive it practically redefines interactivity. 

There's a range of 3D0 software available; from flight simulators to 
education, information, sports and children's titles. Plus, R*E'A-L also 
plays audio and photo CDs and soon, with an optional adapter, full- 
lengfh movies. 

Entertainment, music and more interaction than ever— the Panasonic 
R'E'A-L 3D0 Interactive Multiplayer brings you the future in 
one amazing unit. And, yes, it'll fly. 

To speak directly to the dealer nearest you, call 
1-800'REAL-3OO. Bi 



8 



Burn 




Panasonic 

just slightly ahead of our time.' 



so iiYSSOegninjh 



Circle Reader Service Number 1QS 

« MLifcpirwirtVadcnwiiol Trv 300 COTPVi) Cr/iOt DynvnCfl «4 TS43I EcWH* V* ErKMnwkt 3I CrytfM Oyntmci Inc 



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'ach year, COMPUTE hon- 
I ors the best hardware and 
software products with the 
COMPUTE Choice Awards. From 
the hundreds of products we see 
annually, we select the finest in 25 
categories. Every year, it gets hard- 
er to choose the finalists and win- 
ners, because the overall quality of 
hardware and software products is 
improving. Because of our lead 
time, each year's awards also cover 
products released at the very end of 
the previous year. 

What does it take to be a COM- 
PUTE Choice Award finalist? I 
always know when it's time to start 
picking them because I start getting 
phone calls from publicists asking 
how they're selected. Here's how it's 
done. 'We contact a few dozen peo- 
ple whose opinions we value — writ- 
ers, editors, computer enthusiasts, 
industry watchers — and ask what 
they've seen lately that really blew 
them away. Some respond enthusi- 
astically with only one or two recom- 
mendations. Others reply with sev- 
eral recommendations in every cat- 
egory. We look over the lists, make 
sure the products meet the editors' 
qualifications, and set about narrow- 



ing the list. In other words, every 
product listed here, whether a final- 
ist or a COMPUTE Choice Award 
recipient, is a winner. 

The changes from other years 
include a heavier reliance on 
Windows as the operating system of 
choice. Less and less outstanding 
software is originating in DOS. More 
products, like Claris Works and 
Lotus Improv, are challenging the 
existing metaphors and seeking out 
new ways of visualizing and working 
with information. 

In some areas, the race seems to 
be tightening considerably among 
the major contenders. In laptop 
computers, graphics, and desktop 
publishing, for example, you will see 
familiar names and faces from years 
past. But while the distinctions 
among products in some areas 
become clearer, in other areas 
(operating systems and environ- 
ments, for example) the waters just 
seemi to be getting muddier. 

All of this is great news for soft- 
ware junkies. Instead of one right 
way of doing things, you will find 
many divergent ways of getting 
work done and having fun on your 
computer. 



Or/2^^/^ 




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Microsoft Word 
for Windows 6.0 

Microsoft Word for Windows has 
always been king of the hill in 
Windows word processors. With Ami 
Pro and WordPerfect for Windows, 
both of which are excellent products, 
the competition's hot, but for our 
money, Word for Windows 6.0 is slill 
the one to beat. 

WinWord made the toolbar famous, 
and since the features accessed by 
its toolbar are at the heart of the pro- 
gram, let's take a quick toolbar tour. 
Going from left to right, you'll find but- 
tons for opening and saving files; 
printing; print preview; checking your 
spelling; cutting, copying, pasting, 
and format painting; undoing and 
redoing; autoformatting; inserting 
tables; setting coiumns; entering 
drawing mode; inserting charts; show- 
ing special symbols; zooming; and 
calling help. 

WinWord 2.0 fans will recognize 
several important additions in the tool- 
bar list. The format paint button can 
copy formats from one paragraph to 
another. Undo and redo offer multiple 
levels, unlike the single undo in 2.0. 
Autoformat takes your data and for- 
mats everything from paragraphs to 
characters based on a style you 
select. The drawing button actually 
turns WinWord into a graphics pro- 
gram, which iets you draw right on the 
page. And the zoom tool is a combo 
box that lets you specify almost any 
scaling for your pages. 

Below this toolbar you'li find the 
ribbon, with options for style, font, 
character styles (bold, italic, and 
underline), justification, and so on. In 
addition, you'll find five other toolbars 
you can use, customize, and display 
at your option. 

You won't see this feature on the 
toolbar, but WinWord 6.0 has a built-in 
autocorrection module that automati- 
cally changes typos like JHe to Ihe 
and recieve to receive. You can edit 
the correction dictionary to cope with 
your own idiosyncratic typing errors 
and turn this feature on or off. 

Having thoroughly researched 
user's wants and needs, Microsoft 
sets a new standard in word process- 
ing with Word for Windows 6.0, a 
product that's amazingly powerful, 
intelligent, and well designed. 

CLIRON kARNES 

Microsoft Word for Windows 6.0 

(Microsoft) 

Circle reader service number 325 

10 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



Other Finalists 

Claris Works (Claris) 

Circle reader service number 326 

WordPerfect 5.2 for Windows 
(WordPerfect) 

Circle reader service number 328 
WordPerfect 6.0 for DOS 
(WordPerfect) 

Circle reader service number 327 



^/^y^ea:^^/iec/ 



Quattro Pro for Windows 5.0 

The spreadsheet war continues to 
escalate. Each new version of the 
most popular spreadsheets adds fea- 
tures and ease of use. In a tight race 
this year, Lotus 1-2-3 for Windows 
Release 4 ran a close second, earn- 
ing itself an honorable mention, but 
Quattro Pro for Windows 5.0 came out 
on top, the winner both because of its 
feature set and because of its 
unheard-of introductory price of 




$49.95 (the product will be regularly 
priced at $99.95). 

We've always liked Quattro's note- 
book feature and its easy-to-use 
SpeedBar. This new version has 
added more SpeedBars (which can 
be available or hidden), Borland has 
added a SpeedBar Designer so you 
can create your own SpeedBars using 
built-in or custom controls. The new 
spelling checker (available on the 
$495 Quattro Pro for Workgroups ver- 
sion) is also a nice feature. The 
spelling checker suggests words and 
lets you build custom dictionaries — a 
feature we've always wanted on our 
spreadsheets. 

Getting help with Quattro has been 
made more convenient, particularly as 
the number of items available on the 
SpeedBar increases. In addition to the 
instant help that appears when you 
move the pointer over an icon, 



Borland has included what it calls Ob- 
ject Help. With Object Help it's easy to 
get more information about each item 
by simply pointing and clicking. If the 
short help isn't enough, just click on 
the Help button that appears, and 
you'll receive more in-depth informa- 
tion. It's all very convenient, and it 
takes us one step closer to not need- 
ing the manual. 

Quattro Pro for Windows excels as 
an easy-to-use spreadsheet for begin- 
ners, but it's also a powerful, complex 
tool for those who need a full-featured 
number-cruncher. 

STEPHEN LEVY 

Quattro Pro for Windows 5.0 (Borland 
International) 

Circle reader service number 331 

Other Finalists 

Lotus Improv (Lotus Development) 

Circle reader service number 330 

Lotus 1-2-3 for Windows Release 4 

(Lotus Development) 

Circle reader service number 329 



^ec^time^e 



Paradox for Windows 1 .0 

Paradox for Windows is a beautifully 
designed database program that has 
something for beginners and pros 
alike. With its intuitive design tools, 
tyros can get databases up and run- 
ning quickly without writing a line of 
code, and pros have a powerful built- 
in language at their disposal for 
demanding tasks. 

When you run Paradox for the first 
time, you'll see what looks like a typi- 
cal Windows application with a menu 
bar and a toolbar (Borland calls its 
toolbar a SpeedBar) with buttons for 
opening a table, form, query, report, 
script, or library, as well as ones for 
opening a folder and adding and 
deleting folder items. 

Forms are the heart of most data- 
bases, and designing a form in Para- 
dox for Windows is a pleasure. You can 
move and resize all of a form's fields, 
and more important, you can change a 
field's properties by simply hght-click- 
ing on it. When you do, you'll see a 
pop-up menu with a list of entries, each 
of which is a cascading menu, so 
choosing one calls a submenu. 

Paradox for Windows' main com- 
petition In databaseland is Microsoft 
Access, and the two have been bat- 
tling head to head for about a year. 
Both are superb programs with excel- 
lent design tools, both are easy to 
use, and both were COMPUTE Choice 
Award finalists. Our decision for the 



N H W H D I T I O N 



The New Grolier MuitimeJia 
Encyclopeaia turns serious researcn into 
an exciting adventure. Now featuring 
Multimedia Maps, Knowledge Explorer'" 
Audio-Visual Essays, fuUy updated text, 
many new pictures, narrated anima- 
tions and movies, Grolier sets a new 
standard for CD-ROM encyclopedias. 




Tke premier CD-ROM 
encyclopeaia ror researcn 

With all 21 volumes of the 
acclaimed Academic American 
Encyclopeaia — 33,000 articles 
and 10 million words on a single 
CD-ROM — this unrivaled reference 
transforms every researcn project into 
an incredible mmtimedia experience. 



Ifester Jay I traveled 6,000 iniles across 
the Atlantic, navigated tne treacnerons 

Straits or Magellan ana witnessed a mutiny. 

Fortunately I was saved ny the pi^^zja dehveiy. 



Take a journey of discovery 
witk Multimedia Maps 

How would you like to travel tnrougn 
time using maps that 
chart journeys filled 
with sights, sounds and 
motion? The New Grolier 
Mukimeaia Encyclopeaia's 
Multimedia Maps let 
you do everything 
from sail with 
Magellan to 
•^ march with 
,,j3eneral 
Grant and 
General Lee. 

Fascinating sunjects come to line with 
Knowleage Explorer™ Essays 
This new edition also brings you Knowledge 
Explorer^" Essays. These narrated essays use 
photos, music and sound to explore such topics as 
the Human Body, Space Exploration, the Animal 
World and the Lands and Peoples of Africa, to 
name just a few. 





You'll find a Time- 
line with over 
5,000 entries that 
lets you travel from 
prehistory to the 
present. And a 
Knowledge Tree™ 
that takes the search 
out of research hy letting you explore broad topics, 
then quickly narrow your search to a specific topic. 

Tne experts agree 

Boot up the New Grolier Mukimeaia Encyclopeaia 
just once, and you'll see wny Macworia voted it 
the "Best General Reference on CD-ROM." 
And why PC Magazine hailed it as one ""' 
of "27 Good Reasons to Buy a CD- 
ROM Player." $395.00 list price. 



THE NEW 



GROLIER 

MULTIMEDIA ENCYCLOPEDIA 




Grolier Electronic PutlisKing, Inc. 

SKennan Turnpike, Dantury CT 06816 

203-797-3530 • 1-800-285-4534 



The Xew GroktT Muh>m«dh 
Eniyaopid'ui runr un MS/DOS, 
Maciriofh ^nd ^inJoaVMPC. 




Circle Reader Service Number 167 



best database came down to a choice 
between these two tools, and 
because of Its Innovative design, 
Paradox edged out Access, which still 
rates an honorable mention. In fact, 
Paradox for Windows is so well built 
that it's actually fun to use. 

CLIFTON KARNES 

Paradox for Windows 1,0 (Borland 
International) 

Circle reader service number 332 

Other Finalists 

Approach 2.1 (Lotus Development} 

Circle reader service number 333 

FoxPro for Windows (Microsoft) 

Circle reader service nurrber 334 

Microsoft Access for Windows 
(Microsoft) 

Circle reader service number 504 

SuperBase 2.0 (Software Publishing) 

Circle reader service number 335 

Q & A for Windows 4.0 (Symantec) 

Circle reader service number 336 



^o^uriMn^'€4^/^n'S 



WinFax Pro 3.0 

In just a few short years, we've 
become accustomed to faxing from 
our computers. It's remarkable that we 
take it for granted — that working as a 
fax machine should be just another 
function of our computers. Much of 
the credit should go to Delrina for its 
WinFax Pro. 

First released in January 1991, 
WinFax has remained the most popu- 
lar PC-based fax program and is still 
the best overall. The current incarna- 
tion, WinFax Pro 3.0, adds annotation 
and drawing tools (allowing you to 
mark up faxes with text and graphics), 
OCR (using Caere's AnyFax pattern 
recognition technology and a built-in 
spelling checker), fax document man- 
agement (letting you categorize, com- 
press, save, sort, and search both 
incoming and outgoing faxes), an 
improved phone book (offering a vari- 
ety of description fields, as well as 
Import from and export to common file 
formats), a cover-page designer (sup- 
porting both the Windows Clipboard 
and OLE), image processing (featur- 
ing antialiasing technology and ran- 
dom noise cleanup), scanner support 
(including TWAIN compatibility), and 
Cover-Your-Fax (providing 100 pro- 
fessionally drawn cover pages), 

Despite all the features, WinFax 
Pro 3.0 is still easy to use. After a rela- 
tively painless installation, you simply 
switch to the WinFax printer driver and 
print your document as though you 
were sending it to a printer. WinFax 

12 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



intercepts the data and sends it to 
your fax/data modem. It's that simple. 
An honorable mention goes to 
Crosstalk for Windows 2.0. an already- 
strong Windows-based communica- 
tions program with a greatly improved 
interface, (For a complete review of 
Crosstalk for Windows 2.0, see the 
October 1993 COMPUTE.) 

DAVID ENGLISH 

WinFax Pro 3.0 (Delrina) 

Circle reader service number 337 

Other Finalists 

America Online for Windows 

(America Online) 

Circle reader service number 338 

WinCIM 1 .0 (CompuServe) 

Circle reader service number 345 
Crosstalk for Windows 2.0 (DCA) 
Circle reader service number 340 

InterNAV (General Videotex) 

Circle reader service number 339 




Eclipse Fax (Phoenix Technology) 

Circle reader service number 342 

ImagiNation (Sierra On-Llne) 

Circle reader service number 343 

Norton PC Anywhere for Windows 1 .0 
(Symantec) 

Circle reader service number 344 
DataFAX for Windows 
(Trio Information Systems) 

Circle reader service number 341 






Quicken 3.0 for Windows 

Quicken for DOS was a big hit, and 
Quicken for Windows is even better. 
In fact. Quicken 3.0 for Windows is the 
best financial management program 
we've seen. 

Quicken is a personal financial 
manager that, at its heart, is a check- 
book program that both manages 
your checkbook and prints checks. It 



does these things extremely weli, but 
there's much more to Quicken 3,0. It 
can track your investments and man- 
age credit card accounts and trusts, 
to name just a few accounts; and it 
can print reports that include net 
worth, budgets, income and expens- 
es, and cash flow. It also keeps track 
of tax-deductible contributions, and it 
can serve as an accounting package 
for most small businesses. Add-on 
modules like Quick Invoice and 
Quicken Companion can handle 
everything from home inventory man- 
agement to invoice generation, print- 
ing, and tracking. 

Quicken's MDI sports a colorful 
toolbar with buttons for commonly 
used tasks, Each module presents 
lots of information, but the forms are 
so well designed that they're easy to 
grasp and use. And data entry is easy 
because almost everywhere the pro- 
gram anticipates what you want to do 
by searching incrementally and intelli- 
gently filling in fields. 

Quicken 3.0 keeps its predeces- 
sors' motto of Safety First, saving your 
data with each entry. And it encour- 
ages you to back up your files. Add to 
this the ability to remind you of pay- 
ments due. the best data entry forms 
in the business, and an interface that 
improves with each release, and you 
have an excellent program. 

CLIFTON KARNES 

Quicken 3,0 for Windows (Intuit) 

Circle reader service number 349 

Other Finalists 

KIpllnger's CA-Simply Money 1.0 
(Computer Associates) 
Circle reader service number 346 
Microsoft Money (Microsoft) 

Circle reader service number 347 

Peachtree Accounting for Windows 
2.0 (Peachtree Software) 
Circle reader service number 348 



W,/////fy 



PC Tools for Windows 

Central Point's PC Tools for Windows 
is bigger and sleeker (and more 
expensive) than its DOS version. It 
contains replacements for the Win- 
dows desktop and File Manager, a 
backup program, data recovery for 
trashed disks or files, an antivirus utili- 
ty, a system analyzer, a disk op- 
timizer, and a schpting language simi- 
lar to BASIC. A scheduling program 
and some wildly creative but un- 
documented screen savers are 
thrown in for good measure. 

Multidesk. the program's re- 



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placement for the Windows desktop, 
contains some of [he best features to 
be found in tiie product. It's arguably 
easier to learn and use thian Program 
Manager, and it's demonstrably superi- 
or. The best features are Quick- 
Launcher and nnultiple desktops. 
OuickLauncher lets you add program 
or folder names to the System menu 
and launch them from there, sort of like 
desk accessories on the Macintosh. 

ScriptTools, the package's macro 
language, is the best such Windows 
script language I've seen. PC Tools 
has a v/hole range of file recovery pro- 
grams. The installation process gives 
file recovery top priority. PC Tools for 
Windows gives you a really big bang 
for the buck. 

A close contender for 
the COMPUTE Choice 
Award for the best utility 
w/as Stacker 3.1. An an- 
swer for many during the 
difficult days following the 
release of DOS 6. Stacker 
3.1 served to replace Dou- 
bleSpace with a faster, 
friendlier {and some would 
say safer) alternative. It's 
difficult to make a decision 
between two products so 
powerful and so different, 
but since PC Tools for 
Windows provides a much 
wider range of utilities than 
Stacker 3,1, we felt the 
Central Point Software product should 
receive the award and Stacker 3.1 an 
honorable mention. Both are excellent 
products, however, (A review of PC 
Tools for Windows can be found in the 
November 1993 COMPUTE. Stacker 
3.1 was reviewed in the October 1993 
COMPUTE and discussed m "Data 
Under Pressure" in the same issue.) 

TOM CAMPBELL 

PC Tools for Windows 
(Central Point Software) 

Circle reader service number 350 

Other Finalists 

Pizazz Pius 4,0 
(Application Techniques) 

Circle reader service number 355 
NETROOM 3 (Helix) 
Circle reader service number 354 
Dashboard for Windows 
(Hewlett-Packard) 

Circle reader service number 352 

Collage Complete (Inner Media) 

Circie reader service number 351 

Transom (Metro Software) 

Circle reader service number 35S 

DynoPage 1.0 (Portfolio) 

Circle reader service number 353 

QEMM 7,01 (Quarterdeck Office 
Systems) 

14 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



Circle reader service number 356 
Stacker 3.1 (STAC Electronics) 
Circle reader service number 357 






t/( 



Ascend 4.0 

I can't Imagine life without Ascend. 
There are very few programs I can 
say that about, but Ascend is definite- 
ly one. If fact, it's probably my most 
important tool. Ascend is a Windows- 




based personal information manager, 
or PIM, And like most PIMs, it man- 
ages diverse types of information, 
including a phoritized daily task list, 
an appointment schedule, calendars, 
a master task list, a telephone and 
address book, a journal, a database, 
and much more. 

Ascend was developed by Franklin 
Quest, a time management consulting 
company that has been teaching time 
management techniques and selling 
paper-based Franklin Planners for 
years. The Franklin method is based 
on a top-down approach to time and 
task management with the final goal of 
inner peace, something most of us 
feel is not only worthy and desirable, 
but seemingly unattainable. 

Ascend's interface is a joy to use. 
It's a colorful MDI application, with win- 
dows for each module. To make navi- 
gating these modules easy, there's a 
button bar with one button for each 
module. You can customize this button 
bar and determine which buttons go 
on the bar and in what order. 

One of 4.G's best features is drag 
and drop. You can drag and drop 
data between most modules, and 
most modules also support OLE. In 
addition, Ascend can make beautiful 



printouts of your task list, appoint- 
ments, notes, and more on Franklin 
Day Planner paper or regular-size 
laser paper. 

An honorable mention in this cate- 
gory goes to Arabesque's ECCO, It 
has an innovative design based on 
outlines and is both powerful and 
easy to use. But with features galore, 
power to burn, and its intuitive inter- 
face, Ascend wins by a hair. (A full 
review of Ascend 4.0 can be found in 
the May 1993 issue of COMPUTE.) 

CLIFTON KARNES 

Ascend 4.0 (Franklin Quest) 

Circle reader service number 359 



Other Finalists 

ECCO Professional 
(Arabesque Software) 

Circle reader service number 360 

ManagePro 2.0 for Windows 
(Avantos Performance 
Systems) 

Circie reader service number 362 

Sharkware 1 .0 (CogniTech) 

Circle reader service number 364 

Lotus Organizer 1.1 
(Lotus Development) 

Circle reader service number 365 

Info Select for Windows 
(Micro Logic) 
Circle reader service number 361 
PackRat 5.0 (Polaris) 

Circle reader service number 363 



^ 



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J^^yf 



Microsoft Visual C++ 

Visual C-I-+ is an elegant development 
environment that comes with a host of 
superb programming tools. The heart 
of the system is Visual Workbench, 
which IS the Windows-based integrat- 
ed environmenL It boasts a toolbar for 
quick access to common commands; 
a syntax-highlighting editor; and a 
Tool menu, to which you can add your 
own commands. 

Another key tool is App Studio, 
which you can use to edit all your 
resources, including dialog boxes, 
icons, cursors, menus, and bitmaps. 
The next two major Visual C-i-+ tools 
are specifically for C-(-h programmers: 
AppWizard, which is a program gener- 
ator, and ClassWizard, which handles 
all the red tape associated with man- 
aging classes and message maps. Ail 
of these tools are more than just excel- 
lent modules; they're very well integrat- 
ed and exceptionally easy to use. 

Often the key to successful devel- 
opment is a first-rate debugger, and 
here. Visual C+h- shines. There's an 
integrated debugger, which will suf- 



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when we say Citizen works whertyou worfe, we mean it. Onyour Think ojit. Now you can use your pmter at your desk or injiisf drnut 



desktop or on the road, the Notebook Printer IHs the 
perfect companion toyourMacintosK'Mth its tiiiid- 
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graphics wherever your work tahesyou. You'll also get 
two pages per minute output and Special-Image Color 
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Oil}' location, use color when you need it, and pwducc pivfes- 
sional-looking results. The Notebook Pmter U really is the 
peifect plug and play companion to your Macintosh. And all 
Citizen pmiers come with Citizen^ two-year wanwity and 
exclus\\e Senice Select Program'" For infomation on the 
printer that worh whaeyou work, call 1-800-4-PRlNTERS 
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Circle Reader Service Number 174 



fice for most tasks, plus a special 
Windows edition of CodeView for 
heavy-duty jobs, 

JUe thing that really won me over 
to Visual C++, however, was the small 
execulables it produced. The devel- 
opment environment is important, but 
code quality is the supreme test of a 
compiler, and Visual C++ is 
tops in this category. Visual 
C++ really is next-genera- 
tion programming. 

CLIFTON KARNES 

Microsoft Visual C++ 
(Microsoft) 

Circle reader service number 366 

Other Finalists 

RoboHELP 2.0 (Blue Sky 

Software) 

Circle reader service number 370 

Borland C++ for OS/2 

(Borland International) 

Circle reader service number 367 

Microsoft Developers' 
Network CD (Microsoft) 
Circle reader service number 368 

Microsoft Visual Basic 3.0 (Microsoft) 

Circle reader service number 369 

WinScope 1 .01 (The Periscope Company) 

Circle reader service number 371 






Aldus PageMaker 5.0 

PageMaker 5.0 reclaims the venera- 
ble program's position as king of the 
desktop publishing hill. This latest 
release addresses nearly every com- 
plaint that users had about earlier ver- 
sions, as well as adding a host of new 
features, 

Gone are the quirks, such as prob- 
lems with some high-color modes and 
a menu that would handle only a limit- 
ed number of fonts. Added is a pow- 
erful suite of new features and an 
Improved interface that can make 
page layout easier than ever. Whether 
you're publishing a church bulletin or 
a national magazine, you'll find this 
newest PageMaker has the capabili- 
ties you need. 

The biggest improvenfient in 
PageMaker 5.0 is its ability to open 
multiple publications simultaneously, 
allowing you to compare documents 
or drag and drop elements between 
them. Aldus Additions is a set of 
macros that add functions such as 
automatic drop caps, running headers 
and footers, booklet generation, and 
page sorting; a new macro language 

16 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



lets you create your own Additions. 

A floating control palette changes 
as you change modes, always keep- 
ing the most appropriate tools a 
mouse click away. You can now rotate 
and skew text and graphics, giving 
you new flexibility. And no more boring 
black-and-white: PageMaker 5,0 has 




built-in support for creating process 
color separations and includes a vari- 
ety of color libraries from PANTONE, 
Trumatch, and others. 

The program now has more than 
40 import filters, and PANOSE font- 
matching technology makes for trou- 
ble-free file exchange with other users 
of the Windows and Mac versions of 
the program, 

PageMaker was almost knocked 
out of the ring by QuarkXPress, but 
version 5.0 brings it back punching. (A 
review of PageMaker 5.0 can be found 
in the October 1993 COMPUTE.) 

OENNY ATKIN 

Aldus PageMaker 5.0 (Aldus) 

Circle reader service number 372 

Other Finalists 

Compel (Asymetrix) 

Circle reader service number 375 

QuarkXPress for Windows 3.1 (Quark) 

Circle reader service number 377 

Harvard Graphics for Windows 2.0 
(Software Publishing) 

Circle reader service number 376 

WordPerfect Presentations 2.0 for 

DOS (WordPerfect) 

Circle reader service number 378 






Microsoft Publisher 2.0 

You can pay more money and get 
more features (PageMaker 5.0) or even 
pay less money and get more features 
(PagePlus), but you can't buy a desk- 



top publishing program that's easier to 
use than Microsoft Publisher 2.0. 

Most desktop publishing programs 
are so hard to use that people spend 
hours designing a simple newsletter 
or brochure. Publisher's PageWizards 
can design your newsletters, bro- 
chures, banners, greeting cards, and 
business forms for you; all 
you do is choose the appro- 
priate options. For example, 
to design a brochure, you 
might choose modern style, 
side-fold, picture on the front, 
and mailed, and Publisher 
takes care of the rest. 

In addition. Publisher in- 
cludes a new online adviser, 
called Cue Cards, which pro- 
vides step-by-step design 
help with the click of a 
mouse, and Quick Demos, 
which provides onscreen 
demonstrations of a variety of 
desktop publishing tasks. 
This latest version of Pub- 
lisher has greatly improved typogra- 
phy (you can now hyphenate text and 
wrap text around graphic objects) and 
a more powerful Word Art (you can 
now use this stand-alone special- 
effects type program with any 
TrueType font). It's also the first 
Microsoft application, other than 
Visual Basic, to support OLE 2.0. 

Microsoft Publisher 2.0 ships with 17 
PageWizard design assistants, 35 pro- 
fessionally designed templates, 20 
TrueType fonts, 100 border designs, 
and 125 clip art images. Its power and 
ease of use make Publisher a great way 
to get started with desktop publishing. 

An honorable mention goes to 
PagePlus. Although this program's 
price fits into the Personal Desktop 
Publishing category, its feature set 
makes it a real contender in the profes- 
sional arena. (See this month's "Prod- 
uctivity Choice" for an in-depth look.) 

DAVID ENGLISH 

Microsoft Publisher 2.0 (Microsoft) 

Circle reader service number 379 

Other Finalist 

PagePlus (Serif) 

Circle reader service number 374 



CorelDRAW! 4.0 

Corel has begun an ambitious effort to 
upgrade CorelDRAW! annually and 
retain its previous version on the mar- 
ket for sale at a discounted phce. This 
is both extremely generous and 
extremely savvy. Any unsold copies of 




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the previous version cari be 
cleared from the distribution 
channel while a completely 
revamped version is intro- 
duced, Corel has proven 
itself generous and savvy 
throughout the reign of 
CorelDRAW! as the top-sell- 
ing Window/s illustration and 
design software, and version 
4.0 is no exception. 

Corel is intent on pulling 
light years ahead of its 
competition. Despite the 
addition of new fractal fills 
and powerlines, CoreiDRAW! 
4.0 doesn't represent a mas- 
sive overhaul of last year's 
3,0 version, but throughout 
the program you can find important 
improvements. Each of its companion 
programs has also gone through an 
evolutionary change — adding and 
reorganizing in a general housekeep- 
ing effort. 

One completely new feature in the 
package is CorelMOVEl, an animation 
product that makes creating animated 
panels for your CorelSHOW! presen- 
tations much simpler. 

CorelDRAW! added pages, allow- 
ing you to create a publication of up to 
999 pages. This makes CorelDRAW! 
the most graphically intensive desktop 
publishing package ever. Among its 
many other attributes, the package has 
a graphical database and text editor 
(inside CorelDRAV*/!, including the- 
saurus and spelling checker) and a 
spreadsheet (within CorelCHART!), 
These enhancements put CorelDRAW! 
in competition in virtually every other 
software arena, 

ROBERT BIXBY 

CorelDRAW! 4.0 (Corel) 

Circle reader service number 380 

Other Finalists 

Fractal Design Painter 2,0 
(Fractal Design) 

Circle reader service number 384 
Morph for Windows 
(Gryphon Software) 
Circle reader service number 3B7 
1st Design (GST Software) 
Circle reader service number 381 

Graphics Works (Micrografx) 

Circle reader service number 385 

Micrografx Designer 4,0 (Micrografx) 

Circle reader service number 383 

Pixar One Twenty Eight (Pixar) 

Circle reader service number 382 
Typestry for Windows (Pixar) 
Circle reader service number 388 

Visio (Shapeware) 

Circle reader service number 389 
(magePals (U-Lead Systems) 
Circle reader service number 386 

18 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 




^fei^^/fViJ^f .jp-i/e/M 



Nobody won. Put yourself in our 
place. Considering ail of the problems 
people had with DOS 6 and the fact 
that there were only a few improve- 
ments over DOS 5 (and most of those 
in the form of utilities), we felt that we 
couldn't in good conscience give it 
the COMPUTE Choice Award, A new 
version of DOS 6 looms in the near 
future, but it's too late to give it the 
thoroughgoing testing we'd require to 
make sure it didn't have problems as 
bad as (or worse than) the current 
version. 

To be fair, the problems DOS 6 
experienced were generally as a 
result of improper use of perfectly 
functional utilities and commands. 
However, a modern operating system 
shouldn't lead a user into a quagmire. 

GeoWorks Ensemble 2.0 is a huge 
improvement in features and power 
over its predecessor, but it has been 
an insular environment with applica- 
tions lacking the kind of innovation 
third-party developers would bring. It 
was designed for trailing-edge 
machines, and its makers no longer 
seem interested in competing head to 
head with Windows. 

Windows NT and NetWare 4.0 are 
network operating systems of limited 
interest at most to a majority of our 
readers. 

OS/2 2.1 has proven itself to be a 
favorite of techies, at last living up to 
its claim of being a better Windows 
than Windows and a better DOS than 
DOS (see "Personal Productivity" in 
this issue for a user-oriented review of 
this operating system), but there's a 
dark cloud on the horizon. Microsoft is 
now free to make alterations in DOS 
and Windows that will make future 
applications incompatible with OS/2. 
So, while version 2.1 is fairly compati- 



ble with DOS 6 and Windows 
3.1, it looks like a long game 
of catch-up for OS/2 and its 
users in the future. 

Though we decline to 
choose an operating system 
or environment for the COM- 
PUTE Choice Award, you 
shouldn't hesitate to employ 
any of these products for 
your personal use, as 
appropriate to your equip- 
ment and your work. 

ROBERT BIXBY 

Finalists 

GeoWorks Ensemble 2.0 
(GeoWorks) 

Circle reader service number 391 
OS/2 2.1 (IBM) 
Circle reader service number 393 

DOS 6 (Microsoft) 

Circle reader service number 390 
Windows NT (Microsoft) 

Circle reader service number 394 

NetWare 4.0 (Novell) 

Circle reader service number 392 



^e-S^/ry» Oo^i/i^^/e/' 



Dell 466/M 

Our winner in this category is the Dell 
466/M. But as often happens in the 
computer industry, that model was 
superseded after less than a year on 
the market. However, its replacement, 
the Dell OptiPlex 466/MX, embodies 
all the qualities that made the 466/M a 
COMPUTE Choice Award winner — 
and packs some new innovations as 
well. 

The blazing 486DX2/66 system 
was the fastest that we tested in our 
recent 486 Test Lab, and its local-bus 
video turned in one of the fastest 3D- 
Bench results we've ever seen, We 
chose the Dell 4B6/M because it 
sported a top-of-the-line feature set at 
a midrange price. Along with its fast 
processor, it also has an easily updat- 
able Flash-ROM BIOS; automatic port 
sensing (if you plug in a modem card 
at COM2, for instance, it will remap 
the second motherboard port to be 
COM3); a case which can be opened 
without a screwdriver; five open slots 
and five drive bays, allowing for plenty 
of expansion; and sockets for 72-pin 
SIMMs, which greatly simplify RAM 
expansion. Dell will install and config- 
ure any software and peripherals you 
purchase with the system, making it a 
great plug-and-play solution for the 
novice PC user. 

The 466/MX has lightning-fast 
motherboard-based local-bus video, 
just like the 466/M. However, it also 



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has two VL slots for upgrading video 
or for installing VL-Bus peripherals. It 
also sports an upgradable case, so 
you can purchase the slimline, three- 
slot model and upgrade it to the full- 
size five-slot setup. Although it's not 
the least expensive system you'll find, 
you'll have a hard time finding one 
better built or better supported. 

DENNY ATKIN 

Dell 466/M {Dell Computer) 
Circle reader service number 395 

Other Finalists 

Evolution IV (ALR) 

Circle reader service number 396 

Quadra 840AV (Apple) 

Circle reader service number 398 
Gateway 2000 4DX2/66V 
(Gateway 2000) 

Circle reader service number 397 



rechargeable battery, as well as run 
from four ordinary alkaline AA bat- 
teries. The hard disk model can run as 
long as five hours on the recharge- 
able battery or use four lithium AA 
batteries. 

The OmniBook is nothing short of a 
technical marvel, with its light weight, 
compact size, all-PCMCIA storage, 
and small hideaway mouse. If you can 
live with the nonbacklit screen, the 
OmniBook is the state of the art for 
high-tech traveling. (A review of the 
OmniBook can be found in the 
October 1993 COMPUTE.) 

DAVID ENGLISH 

Last year, Gateway introduced the 
Handbook, packing a C & T PC-CHIP 
processor, a 40MB hard drive, and a 






^^ 



OmniBook 300 and 
Gateway 2000 
Handbook 486 

The OmniBook 300 sounds almost too 
good to be true: a notebook computer 
that runs Windows, Word for Win- 
dows, and Excel from a 

ROM card; weighs only 2.9 
pounds; and gets an in- 
credible nine hours of bat- 
tery life with continuous use. 
It even includes a built-in 
mouse that pops out when 
needed and slides back for 
traveling. It's the closest 
thing yet to a road warrior's 
dream machine. 

The trade-off is a non- 
backlit screen. Fortunately, 
it's one of the best reflective 
LCD screens around. In 
bright to moderately bright light, you 
shouldn't have any trouble reading it, 
but in extremely dim light, you'll have 
to refrain from computing altogether 
or seek out the nearest light. 

The OmniBook comes in two mod- 
els: one with a 40MB hard drive and 
one with a 10MB Flash-RAM card, 
Both storage devices are automatical- 
ly compressed by the built-in Dou- 
bleSpace compression (essentially 
doubling the capacity of either card), 
and both are PCMCIA cards (making 
them easy to upgrade later on). The 
hard drive model gives you more stor- 
age (80MB versus 20MB) for less 
money ($1,950 versus $2,375), but 
the Flash-RAM model can run as long 
as nine hours on the OmniBook's 

20 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 





backlit screen in a 2.9-pound pack- 
age. Its portability made it an instant 
hit, but its CGA screen and 286-com- 
patible processor were underwhelm- 
ing in a market that had standardized 
on VGA and was already giving up on 
the 386. 

Gateway responded with the 
Handbook 486, which maintains the 
original Handbook's 2.9-pound weight 
and compact 9.75- x 5.9- x 1.6-inch 
size, but gives you the computing 
power you expect on a desktop. This 
subnotebook is available in two mod- 
els, one with a 25-MHz SL-enhanced 
486SX and an 80MB hard drive for 
$1,495 and a portable powerhouse 
with a 40-MHz SL-enhanced 486DX2 
chip and a 130MB drive for SI ,995. 



The Handbook 486 has a 7.9-inch 
backlit VGA display; a PCMCIA Type 
II slot; parallel, serial, and PS/2 ports; 
and a small stick-type pointing device 
next to the keyboard. The keyboard is 
almost full-size, only an inch smaller 
than a typical AT keyboard, and has a 
quiet touch that lets you take notes 
almost anywhere. 

Both models ship with 4MB of 
RAM, expandable to 20MB. No floppy 
drive is included, but a transfer cable 
is included for use with Interink and 
your desktop PC. 

The Handbook 486 and HP 
OmniBook 300 are both award- 
deserving portables. The Handbook 
has 486 power, a backlit screen, and 
more storage; the OmniBook has 
incredible battery life and the innova- 
tive pop-out mouse. With choices like 
these, the real winner is you. 

DENNY ATKIN 

OmniBook 300 (Hewlett-Packard) 

Circle reader service number 400 
Gateway 2000 Handbook 486 
(Gateway 2000) 
Circle reader service number 399 

Other Finalists 

Canon NoteJet (Canon) 

Circle reader service number 401 

Compaq Contura (Compaq) 

Circle reader service number 402 

Gateway 2000 Colorbook 
(Gateway 2000) 

Circle reader service number 403 

ThinkPad 720C (IBM) 

Circle reader service number 406 

WinBook (Micro Electronics) 

Circle reader service number 408 

NCR 3150 (NCR) 

Circle reader service number 404 

UltraLite Versa 2,5C 
(NEC Technologies) 

Circle reader service number 407 
Satellite TigoOC (Toshiba) 
Circie reader service number 405 






Sound Blaster 
DigitalEdge CD and 
Fusion DoubleCD-16 

Less than a month after the Multi- 
media PC Marketing Council an- 
nounced the new Level 2 MPC specifi- 
cations, both Media Vision and 
Creative Labs introduced inexpensive 
Level 2 upgrade kits. In keeping with 
the Level 2 specs, both include a 16- 
bit sound card capable of recording 
and playing bacl<; CD-quality sound, as 
well as a double-speed CD-ROM drive 



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tiifllirr, 2MR RAM Ofvi a hsrsi driiv. Works wiikaH jnmitiirf. and printers. Cofyrighl^ 1993 Parsons Technologi/. Inc. Allrij^iils reserfetl. Tas r.iij^ k a re^i.i!eri^ troiirTrmrk of Parsvns Tecttnole^, Inc. 
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Circle Reader Service Number 168 



that can play Kodak Photo CDs. Both 
upgrade kits are terrific buys, so we 
decided to let them share the award 
for the best multimedia hardware. 

Creative Labs' Sound Blaster 
DigttalEdge CD includes a Sound 
Blaster 16 ASP. a double-speed multi- 
session CD-ROM drive, The Software 
Toolworks Multimedia Encyclopedia. 
Microsoft Bookshelf. Macromedia 
Action!, a microphone, and speakers. 
Media Vision's Fusion DoubleCD-16 
includes a Pro AudioSpectrum 16 
sound card, a double-speed NEC CD- 
ROM drive (model 55J), Compton's 
Interactive Encyclopedia for Windows, 
Battle Chess Enhanced, Arthur's 
Teacher Trouble, and The 7th Guest. 

How do you choose between 
them? It depends on what you need in 
an upgrade kit. If price is important, 
you're more likely to get a better deal 
with the Fusion DQubleCD-16, which 
lists for S699.00 (internal) and $799.00 
(external), as compared to the 
DigitaiEdge kit, which lists 
for $999.95 (internal). On 
the other hand, if you pre- 
fer a CD-ROM drive that 
doesn't need a caddy, 
need the microphone and 
speakers, and would like 
the option of upgrading 
your sound card to 
General MIDI, you might 
want to choose the 
Creative Labs package. 
The selection of CD-ROM 
titles might also sway your 
vote one way or the other 

Either way, you'll be 
ready for the more power- 
ful Level 2 multimedia 
applications that will be 
appearing in 1994. 

DAVID ENGLISH 

Sound Blaster DigitaiEdge CD 
(Creative Labs) 

Circle reader service number 409 

Fusion DoubleCD-16 (Media Vision) 

Circle reader service number 410 

Other Finalists 

Ultrasound (Advanced Gravis) 

Circle reader service number 415 

Pro 16 Multimedia System 
(Media Vision) 
Circle reader service number 414 
MultiSpin74-1 CD-ROM 
(NEC Technologies) 
Circle reader service number 412 

Pioneer 4x Speed Multiple CD 

Changer (Pioneer) 

Circle reader service number 413 

Hello! Music (Yamaha) 

Circle reader service number 41 1 

YST-M10 Speakers (Yamaha) 

Circle reader service number 416 
22 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



^f€^0- ^'6>fX/^€i 



€itiX^^ 



Video Toaster 4000 

NewTek's original Video Toaster 
helped bring professional desktop 
video to the masses. The new Video 
Toaster 4000 literaliy brings Holly- 
wood special-effects capabilities to 
the desktop. 

The Video Toaster 4000 is a large 
expansion card that fits in a Com- 
modore Amiga 4000 computer. The sys- 
tem can be run as a stand-alone or 
interfaced with your Windows or Mac 
system using NewTek's ToasterLink 
software. The board sports a 35-ns 
character generator, two broadcast- 
quality high-resolution 24-bit frame 
buffers, a four-input production video 
switcher, and a still store/frame grabber. 

The Toaster's toolkit offers every- 
thing you'll need to create impres- 



sive — or, if you're not careful, garish — 
videos. The Digital Video Effects (DVE) 
generator can wrap video on objects, 
and flip, spin, tumble, or warp live 
video. Most impressive are the animat- 
ed wipes, which let you use, for exam- 
ple, an animated golfer's swing to tran- 
sition between two video sources. 

But the biggest selling point of the 
Video Toaster 4000 is Lightwave 3D 
3.0, the incredible 3-D rendering pro- 
gram that's available only with the 
Toaster. Rather than trying to describe 
all its capabilities— such as haze, 
underwater effects, detailed texture 
mapping, and even lens-flares — I'll 
instead suggest you watch the TV 
programs "SeaQuest DSV" and 
"Babylon 5." Both shows use Light- 
Wave-generated special effects 
instead of traditional models. 

For under $6,000 ($2,395 if you 
aiready have an Amiga system), you 
can own a special-effects system that's 



good enough for prime time. If the 
COMPUTE Choice Award isn't enough 
to convince you that this is the desktop 
video system of choice, consider this; 
In 1993 the Video Toaster won an 
Emmy Award for technical excellence, 

DENNY ATKIN 

Video Toaster 4000 (NewTek) 

Circle reader service number 417 

Other Finalists 

MGA (Matrox Electronic Systems) 

Circle reader service number 419 

FlexScan (Nanao) 

Circle reader service number 418 



^m/e 



^e^ 




Hewlett-Packard LaserJet 4 

Hewlett-Packard consistently offers 
great printers at incredible prices, and 
the LaserJet 4 is no exception. It's the 
best LaserJet ever, and it's 
the best value Hewlett- 
Packard has offered so far. 
With a suggested retail price 
of $1,759 (if you look around, 
you can find one for around 
$1,400), the LaserJet 4 
weighs in at $200 less than 
the LaserJet III. For that price, 
the LaserJet 4 gives you four 
times the resolution, 37 more 
fonts, much improved print 
quality, and over twice the 
speed. If you need PostScript, 
you can have it for the $499 
price of the PostScript Level II 
upgrade. 

Just when you thought print- 
ers couldn't get any faster. 
Hewlett-Packard comes 
through again. The company's Printer 
Command Language 5 (PCL 5), the 
ianguage used in LaserJet Ills and 4s, 
is already faster than most other lan- 
guages — especiaily the popular 
PostScript. But the addition of the 
TrueType font rasterizer and Windows 
TrueType fonts means that you don't 
have to wait for your computer to 
downioad fonts. 

The LaserJet 4 comes with one of 
the fastest processors in the business: 
Intel's 20-MHz 80960 RISC processor. 
It also has increased data compres- 
sion so less data has to be chan- 
neled, Hewlett-Packard's new Bi- 
Tronic bidirectional port transfers data 
at up to 156 kilobytes per second. The 
only thing that will hold back the 
LaserJet 4 is the speed of your com- 
puter. (A complete review of the Hew- 
lett-Packard LaserJet 4 can be found 
in the August 1993 COMPUTE.) 

WILLIAM HARREL 






Fatty Bear and his friends tiove a lot to do before Kayla wal<es up. 
fvlatilda Rabbit's busy witti the cal<e. Gretchen's working on the 
decorations. The puppy's getting into mischief, and the garage door 
opener has disappeared. 

Fatty Bear's Birthday Surprise™ is an adventure game designed 
especially for children. Children enhance their problem-solving 
skills, while happily exploring Fatty Bear's world; the goals even vary 
in response to your child's actions. 

So, what are you waiting for? Morning's almost here, 
and a bear can only do so much alone. 



-•*! «^, 





L-t-£ff-t-L-;-f-i^-^ 



Circle Reader Service Njmber 111 
Humongous Entertainment™ Creating software that doesn't underestimate your child. Available on Disk or CD-ROM 
for Macintosh and IBM PC systems. SRP S49.95 Disk./ S54.95 CD-ROM. To purchase, visit your favorite software retailer 
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Hewfett-Packard LaserJet 4 
(Hewlett-Packard) 

Circle reader service number 420 

Other Finalists 

Primera (Fargo Electronics) 

Circle reader service number 423 

Hewlett-Packard DeskJet 1200C 
(Hewlett-Packard) 

Circle reader service number 422 

Hewlett-Packard LaserJet 4L 
(Hewlett-Packard) 

Circie reader service number 421 



f/^/'f/fAe/'^€ 



Smart One 1442FX 

Best Data Products' Smart One 
1442FX fax/data modem earns its 
COMPUTE Chioice Award by packing 
superior performance at a bargain 
price. Based on the popular Rockwell 
modem chip set, the 1442FX provides 
14,400-bps transfers in both fax and 
data modes. It supports all of the pop- 
ular error correction and data com- 
pression modes, such as V.32bis and 
CCITT V.17 fax protocol. Connected 
to a similar modem, the 1442FX can 
manage transfers of up to 57,600 bps 
when transferring raw text with com- 
pression active. That's 192 times 
faster than a 300-bps modem,. 

The sturdy white plastic case is of 
the "sit under the phone" variety; it 
sports eight status lights on the front. 
At just under two pounds with power 
connector, it's light enough to pack 
along with your laptop (and it's much 
less expensive than battery-powered 
pocket modems of similar capability). 

Although the modem retails for 
$319, it can be found for well under 
$200 at discount retailers. At that 
price, can you afford not to upgrade 
to 14,400-bps speed? 

DENNY ATKIN 

Smart One 1442FX 
(Best Data Products) 

Circle reader service number 424 

Other Finalists 

PCfvlCiA Modem with X Jack 
(Megahertz) 

Circle reader service number 426 

rvlD-5024 CD-ROM Drive (Texel) 
Circle reader service number 425 



<,^.^o/'ca-€^ 



IP 



Star Control II 

Some games are like Tetris. In just a 
few minutes, you can learn the rules 
and know 80 percent of what you 

24 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 





need to know in order to play. The rest 
is refining the rules and gaining the 
physical dexterity to carry them out. 

Star Control II is an altogether dif- 
ferent kind of game. With over 500 
star systems and 3000 planets to 
explore and 18 alien races to con- 
verse with, this is no cha!lenge-you-to- 
a-game-or-two-over-the-lunch-break 
kind of game. If you like intricately 
involved plots with rich details that 
have to be plotted on paper, this is 
the game for you. 

It also helps if you enjoy science 
fiction. Star Control II is the best 
attempt, so far, at putting an epic sci- 
ence-fiction novel onto disk. No other 
program conveys as well the com- 
plexity of space travel and the variety 
of life forms we're likely to encounter 
when we begin to venture beyond the 
confines of our own neighborhood. 

How does it play as a game? 
Despite the complexity — or perhaps 
because of it — you're drawn into the 
narrative. The graphics and sound are 
greatly improved over those in the 
original 1990 version. The arcade ele- 
ments are well integrated and very 
playable. The bonus game, Super 
fvlelee, adds to the combat side of the 
scenario of aliens as either friends or 
foes. 

This year, an honorable mention 
goes to Novalogic's Comanche 
Maximum Overkill, which features 



some of the most realistic polygon 
graphics this side of Hollywood. 
(Comanche Maximum Overkill is dis- 
cussed in "Going Vertical" in COM- 
PUTE, June 1993.) 

DAVID ENGLISH 

Star Control II (Accolade) 
Circle reader service number 427 

Other Finalists 

Prince of Persia 2 
(Braderbund Software) 

Circle reader service number 432 

The Lost Vikings 
(Interplay Productions) 

Circle reader service number 433 

Microsoft Arcade Pack (Microsoft) 

Circle reader service nur^ber 431 

Comanche Maximum Overkill 
(Novalogic) 

Circle reader service number 429 

Lemmings 2; The Tribes (Psygnosis) 

Circle reader service number 430 

Flashback (Strategic Simulations) 

CIrcie reader service number 428 



'J7y/fff/i//f'oyi 



Microsoft Flight 
Simulator 5.0 

Chances are that you've seen or 
played Microsoft Flight Simulator. It 
has long been one of the most popu- 
lar entertainment programs for the PC. 
But this is a new dawn for flight simu- 
lators. Version 5.0 takes the realistic 
flight characteristics of earlier releas- 
es and adds photorealist Super VGA 
scenery. 

The game nov^ runs in either 320 x 
400 or 640 x 480, 256-color modes. 
The graphics are nothing short of 
spectacular — glancing at the instru- 
ment panel, you'd swear that you 
were looking at live video from inside 
a Cessna. Things look much better 
outside the plane as well, with 
smooth, Gouraud-shaded aircraft and 
incredibly detailed scenery. This ver- 
sion actually wraps digitized pictures 
onto the scenery — taking off from 
Chicago's Meigs field is one of the 
most realistic experiences you'll 
encounter on today's PCs. 

Sound has been improved as well, 
with digitized sound support for popu- 
lar 8- and 16-bit sound cards. Even 
the skies have been upgraded, with 
beautiful orange gradient sunsets and 
clouds that gradually flicker Into exis- 
tence as you fly into them. 

This isn't a shoot-'em-up game — 
most of the fun here Is in really learn- 
ing how to fly a plane and in simply 
flying around and looking at the pretty 
scenery. And there's plenty to choose 




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from, with New York and Paris 
scenery clisl<:s from Microsoft and 
many ottiers coming soon from 
Mallard. So take off. eli? 

DENNY ATKIN 

Microsoft Fligfit Simulator 5.0 

(Microsoft) 

Circle reader service number 434 

Other Finalists 

Aces over Europe (Dynamix) 

Circle reader service number 435 
Car and Driver (Electronic Arts) 
Circle reader service number 437 
Buzz Aldrin's Race into Space 
(Interplay Productions) 

Circle reader serifice number 436 
X-Wing (LucasArts Games) 

Circle reader service number 443 
El Fish (Maxis Software) 

Circle reader service number 433 

SimCity 2000 (Maxis Software) 

Circle reader service number 441 

Empire Deluxe (New World 

Computing) 

Circle reader service number 439 

Rules of Engagement 2 (Omnitrend) 

Circle reader service number 440 

Strike Commander (Origin) 

Circle reader service number 442 






Betrayal at Krondor 

A captivating story line, fantastic 
graphics, and special effects make 
Betrayal at Krondor, Dynamix's first 
attempt at fantasy role-playing, tower 
above the genre. Based on Raymond 
E. Feist's Riftwar series, the game 
picks up where Feist's latest book, 
Darkness at Sethanon. ends. It uses 
many of the recurring characters and 
locations from the series, so those 
familiar with the series will immediate- 
ly fall into the action. 

This complex, character-nch story 
unfolds as a series of nine individual 
chapters, the plot advancing only 
upon completion of specific goals in 
each one. These miniquests vary in 
size, difficulty, and clarity of mission. 
Segmenting the story this way gives 
great range to the gameplay— it's as if 
you're getting nine adventures in one. 

Unlike in traditional role-playing 
games, you inherit full-bodied charac- 
ters with unique personalities, rich 
pasts, and hopefully, prosperous 
futures. Rather than control every fiber 
of their beings, you merely make deci- 
sions — their overall strength of char- 

26 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 




Circle reader service number 450 

Fables & Fiends: Legend of Kyrandia, 
Book I (Virgin Games) 
Circle reader service number 448 
The 7th Guest (Virgin Games) 
Circle reader service number 453 



f^/yy^/j ^ayr<f,€ 



acter determines whether the results 
of their actions will be positive. 

Those unacquainted with Feist's 
complex fantasy world will have trou- 
ble following the flood of characters, 
race names, and locations. The manu- 
al helps, but Feist's prose is so thick 
with atmosphere and imagination that 
jumping headfirst into the fray can be 
overwhelming. Once you understand 
the background, you can really ap- 
preciate this game. Fired by literary 
passion and uncommon intelligence. 
Betrayal at Krondor approaches a 
new level of realism and enjoyment for 
computer fantasy role-playing games. 
(See this month's "Entertainment 
Choice" for a full review of Betrayal at 
Krondor.) 

LucasArts' magnificent Day of the 
Tentacle, a B-movie science-fiction 
parody that skirts the lunatic fringe of 
comedy adventure, received an hon- 
orable mention in this category. (Look 
for a full review of Day of the Tentacle 
in this issue of COMPUTE.) 

SCOTT A. MAY 

Betrayal at Krondor (Dynamix) 
Circle reader service number 444 

Otiier Finalists 

Syndicate (Electronic Arts) 
Circle reader service number 452 
Alone in the Dark 
(Interplay Productions) 

Circle reader service number 445 

Eric the Unready 
(Legend Entertainment) 
Circle reader service number 447 
Day of the Tentacle 
(LucasArts Games) 

Circle reader service number 446 

Might and Magic: Darkside of Xeen 

(New World Computing) 

Circle reader service number 451 

Inca (Sierra On-Line) 

Circle reader service number 449 

King's Quest VI: Heir Today, Gone 
Tomorrow (Sierra On-line) 



IndyCar Racing 

The smell of tires burning — that's all 
that's missing from IndyCar Racing. 
The texture-mapped graphics in this 
driving game are incredibly realistic, 
down to the decals on the cars and 
the skid marks on the curves. 

You race on the streets of the Long 
Beach Gran Prix, the oval at Michigan 
International Speedway, and a num- 
ber of other tracks, against well- 
known race drivers. Rain, wind, and 
air temperature all affect car handling. 
If you want to get your hands greasy, 
you can custom-tune your own car in 
the dyno-equipped garage. Beginner 
features such as a visible groove 
which shows the best line through 
curves will get you started; then you 
can switch to full realism for a serious 
challenge. Once you perfect your 
si^ilis, you can play a human opponent 
over a modem connection. 

After the race is over (or after a 
spectacular crash complete with 
wisps of smoke), you can watch a 
video replay. Tfiis game has more 
replay options than "Wide V^/orld of 
Sports" — there are views from an 
overhead blimp, cameras around the 
track, the car's cockpit, and even the 
front wheel of the car. 

With smooth gameplay, realistic 
graphics, great sound, and incredible 
attention to detail, IndyCar Racing cap- 
tures the checkered flag with ease. 

DENNY ATKIN 

IndyCar Racing (Papyrus Publishing} 

Circle reader seri'ice number 454 

Other Finalists 

Links Banff Springs Course 
(Access Software) 

Circle reader service number 457 

Front Page Sports Football Deluxe 
(Dynamix) 

Circle reader service number 455 

Jordan in Flight (Electronic Arts) 
Circle reader service number 456 
World Circuit (MicroProse) 

Circle reader service number 460 

Microsoft Golf — fvlullimedia Version 

(Microsoft) 

Circle reader service number 458 

Tony La Russa Baseball II 
(Strategic Simulations) 

Circle reader service number 459 



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You call the shots ■ front and 
rear wing adjustments, brake 
bias, anti-roll, turbo boost, 
gearing, camber, stagger 
shocks, tire pressure and 
compound. Choose from 
6 different engines and 5 
different chassis for the 
ultimate race machine. 



AtmuratB Trachs 

Experience the IndyCar 
season as the real drivers 
do. Every turn, bank, straight 
and hill is painstakingly 
accurate. Race the short 
ovals, super speedways, 
road courses and city street 
circuits. This is the IndyCar 
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circle Reader Service Number 133 



Overall Game Play 

Feel the pressure. Make the 
same critical decisions the 
IndyCar teams make every 
race. Tune your car to the 
real track, qualify on the pole, 
develop your pit strategy, 
fine tune your race plans 
and more! 



PAPYRUS 

PUBLISHING, INC. 



I 
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Installment' One of fhe 

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Arthur's Teacher Trouble 

Arthur's Teacher Trouble brings Marc 
Brown's children's book to the comput- 
er screen with musical accompani- 
ment, interesting animated effects, and 
a voice to tell the story. 

Although the product is aimed at 
readers aged 6 to 10, you can have 
the story read. In that case you see 
the text from Brown's story highlighted 
onscreen as it's read in Arthur's voice. 
Children can read along, recognize 
the w/ords, and follow the animated 
action as Arthur and his friends strug- 
gle through Mr. Ratburn's third-grade 
class and prepare for the school's big 
September Spell-a-thon. 

All this happens when you choose 
to play inside the story. Doing so 
takes you to an interactive mode 
which brings the elements onscreen 
to life when you click on them. Each 
screen is a page out of Brown's book, 
and the animated illustrations fairly 
duplicate those in the small bound 
copy included with the software. 

At every turn, the reader gets Intro- 
duced to subtle humor and imaginative 
activities that will delight children and 
charnn adults. Arthur teaches as it 
entertains and lets children become 
players in the storybooks they read. 

The innovation and kid-oriented fun 
of Snap Dragon from MECC earned it 
an honorable mention in this category. 

CAROL ELLISON 

Arthur's Teacher Trouble 
(Brgderbund Software) 
Circle reader service number 461 

Other Finalists 

Just Grandma and Me 
(Broderbund Software) 

Circle reader service numiDer 465 
Kid Pix (Brederbund Software) 

Circle reader service number 466 

Bailey's Book House (Edmark) 

Circie reader service number 462 

Millie's Math House (Edmark) 

Circle reader service number 467 

Scooter Magic Castle (Electronic Arts) 

Circle reader service number 469 

Fatty Bear's Birthday Surprise 
(Humongous Entertainment) 

Circle reader service number 463 

Putt Putt Joins the Parade 
(Humongous Entertainment) 
Circle reader service number 468 

Snap Dragon (MECC) 

Circle reader service number 470 

Follow the Reader (Walt Disney 
Computer Software) 
Circle reader service number 464 

28 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



Kid CAD 

Few programs captured the editors' 
imaginations more immediately than 
Kid CAD. When Davidson representa- 
tives came to demonstrate it for us 
shortly before its release, we all enthu- 
siastically anticipated playing with it. 
Kid CAD is basically a computgr- 
aided design program for creating 
houses and other structures using 
predesigned building materials. It fea- 
tures three environnnents: the city, the 
town, and the farm. You can build with 




various materials and use many differ- 
ent kinds of roofs. The program 
includes furniture for inside the home 
(yes, even bathroom fixtures). Have a 
ball creating a house that looks just 
like yours or put your creativity to work 
to design a house shaped like a swan 
or the number 2. You can also turn 
your imagination loose on the environ- 
ment with landscaping tools that allow 
you to place shrubs and trees. Pets 
and people complete the scene. 

The best part of Kid CAD (and the 
thing that makes it so immediately 
engaging) is that it represents your 
structures in three dimensions. You can 
move your perspective on your project, 
so you can see it from all sides. 

And, after you've built your struc- 
ture, what could be more fun that blast- 
ing it to smithereens? You can destroy 
your meticulously created edifice with 
bombs, laser beams, a lawn mower, or 
a bulldozer (save it to disk first, though, 
so you can blow it up again later). 

We couldn't let The Animals! go by 
without an honorable mention, It's like 
a multimedia encyclopedia of the liv- 
ing world, 

ROBERT BIXBY 

Kid CAD (Davidson and Associates) 
Circle reader service number 471 



Other Finalists 

Rock & Bach Studio (Binary Zoo) 

Circle reader service number 480 

Wild Science Arcade (Binary Zoo) 

Circle reader service number 489 

Island of Dr. Brain 
(Bright Star Technology) 

Circle reader service number 475 
Lost Secret of the Rainforest 
(Bright Star Technology) 

Circle reader service number 477 

Pepper's Adventures in Time 
(Bright Star Technology) 

Circle reader service number 479 

Turbo Science 

(Bright Star Technology) 

Circle reader service number 487 

Where in Space Is Carmen Sandiego? 
(Brederbund Software) 

Circle reader service number 488 

The Incredible Machine (Dynamix) 

Circle reader service number 483 

Eagle Eye Mysteries (Electronic Arts) 

Circle reader service number 473 

Science Adventure II 
(Knowledge Adventure) 

Circle reader service number 472 
Time Riders in American History 
(The Learning Company) 

Circle reader service number 485 

Treasure Cove 

(The Learning Company) 

Circle reader service number 486 
My Own Stories (MECC) 

Circle reader service number 478 

Storybook Weaver (MECC) 

Circle reader service num.ber 481 

European Racers 1 .0 
(Revell-Monogram) 

Circle reader service number 474 

The Animals! 

(The Software Toolworks) 

Circle reader service number 484 

Stunt Island 

(Walt Disney Computer Software) 

Circle reader sen/ice number 482 



SPEAK UP! 

is there a feature topic 

you'd like to see covered 

in COMPUTE? Let us 

know by calling 

(900) 285-5239, 

(sponsored by Pure 

Entertainment, 

P.O. Box 186, Hollywood, 

California 90078). The call 

will cost 95 cents per 

minute, you must be 18 or 

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Microsoft Encarta 
Multimedia Encyclopedia 

Quite simpfy, Microsoft Encarta 
Multimedia Encyclopedia is one of the 
best multimedia applications we've 
seen. Whiile the 25,000 articles that 
Microsoft has taken from Funk & 
Wagnalls Encyclopedia may not be as 
strong as the 33,000 articles contained 
in The New Grolier Multinaedia Ency- 
clopedia, Microsoft has added so much 
additional information and organized 
the material so well that Encarta is easi- 
ly the most browsable and usable of all 
the multimedia encyclopedias. Fully 
half the CD-ROM is made up of images 
and audio, with another 10 percent de- 
voted to animations and videos, 

Encarta improves on the multiple- 
path approach found in the other CD- 
ROM encyclopedias by offering a more 
logical structure. The overriding struc- 
ture for Encarta is its 93 categories and 
84 subcategories. Once in a subcate- 
gory, it's easy to view a full list of all the 
entries in that subcategory, browse 
each entry in alphabetical order, or 
switch to a new category or subcate- 
gory. By stressing a categorical organ- 
ization, Microsoft has recognized how 
we learn best: by exploring a group of 
associated ideas and then jumping to 
a related group of associated ideas. 

We could go on and on about the 
gems of wisdom you'll discover as you 
explore the recesses of Encarta. Suffice 
it to say that if you're the type of person 
who can spend hours in a library mov- 
ing from one reference book to another, 
this is the one product that will make it 
worth your while to buy a CD-ROM 
drive and sound card. It's that good. 
{See the September 1993 issue of 
COMPUTE for a full review of Encarta.) 

DAVID ENGLISH 

Microsoft Encarta Multimedia 
Encyclopedia (Microsoft) 
Circle reader service number 490 

Other Finalists 

Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia 
{Compton's NewMedia) 

Circle reader service number 492 

Global Explorer 1.0 
(DeLorme Mapping) 

Circle reader service number 496 
EZCosmos for Windows 
(Future Trends Software) 

Circle reader service number 495 

The New Grolier Multimedia Encyclope- 
dia (Grolier Electronic Publishing) 

Circle reader service number 497 
Information U.S.A. (INFOBUSINESS) 

Circle reader service number 498 




Undersea Adventure 
(Knowledge Adventure) 

Circle reader service number 502 

Microsoft Dinosaurs for Windows 
(Microsoft) 

Circle reader service number 499 

Musical Instruments for Windows 

(Microsoft) 

Circle reader service number 501 

COMPUTERWORKS 

(Software Marketing) 

Circle reader service number 493 

Body Illustrated: The Anatomical 
Guide (Spirit of Discovery) 

Circle reader service number 491 

Distant Suns 2,0 for Windows 
(Virtual Reality Laboratories) 

Circle reader service number 494 

VistaPro 3,0 

(Virtual Reality Laboratories) 

Circle reader service number 503 






Dual-Scan Passive Matrix 
Displays 

If you've felt torn between stunning- 
but-expensive active matrix notebook 
displays on the one hand and less- 
expensive- but-hard er-to-look-at 
monochrome or passive matrix dis- 
plays on the other hand, take heart. 
Now you have another option — dual- 
scan passive matrix displays. With 
greater contrast and superior bright- 
ness, dual-scan displays look much 
better than conventional passive 
matrix displays, yet they use less 
power and cost considerably less 
than active matrix displays. 

Part of the dual-scan performance 
boost comes from the screen itself. 
While active matrix displays use a 
transistor for each pixel and conven- 
tional passive matrix displays use a 
transistor for every eight pixels, dual- 



scan displays use a transistor for 
every three pixels. Dual-scan perfor- 
mance depends also on the video 
chip. In the Gateway Colorbook, a 
Cirrus Logic 6235 16-bit local-bus 
chip can take credit for impressive 
dual-scan performance. 

Viewed from an angle, a cfual-scan 
color screen still isn't as clear and easy 
to look at as an active matrix screen, 
but if you viewed a dual-scan screen 
straight on, you might like it even better 
than some active matrix screens. 

In addition to Gateway, Toshiba is 
already using dual-scan screens, in 
its Satellite T1950CS. And as other 
companies inevitably adopt this 
impressive, cost-effective technology, 
who knows? Monochrome notebook 
displays may . . . fade away entirely. 

From the standpoints of both cost 
and performance, dual-scan passive 
matrix technology is bound to appeal 
to COMPUTE'S readers. Hence, we 
have selected it as the best techno- 
logical advance of the year. 

MIKE HUDNALL 

Other Finalists 

Cynx Cx486DRX' 

EPA Energy Standard 

IBM Continuous Speech Server 

Microsoft at Work 

Multimedia PC Level 2 Specification 

Newton 

OLE 2.0 

PCI 

Pentium 

PowerPC 

Zoomer 



^ 



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BORLAND INTERNATIONAL 
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DECEMBER 1993 COMPUTE 29 



Best Pointing Devices. 



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PC \tAGAZ!Mi. Portable Compuling liiJi', August. 1993 

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Scotts Valley, CA 95066 

(800)331-0877 

(408)431-1000 

Arthur's Teacher Trouble — $49.95 
BR0DERBUND SOFTWARE 
P.O. Box 6125 
Novate, CA 94948-6125 
(800)521-6263 
(415)382-4400 

PC Tools for Windows 1.0— SI 79.00 
CENTRAL POINT SOFTWARE 
15220 NW Greenbrier Pkwy. 
Beaverton, OR 97006 
(503) 690-8090 

CorelDRAW! 4.0— $595.00 

COREL 

1600 Carling Ave. 

Ottawa, ON 

Canada K1ZBR7 

(800) 772-6735 

(613)728-3733 

Sound Blaster DigitaiEdge CD 
(internal)— S999.95 
CREATIVE LABS 
1901 McCarthy Blvd. 
Milpitas. CA 95035 
(800) 998-5227 
(408) 428-6600 



Kid CAD— S49.95 
DAVIDSON AND ASSOCIATES 
19840 Pioneer Ave. 
Torrance, CA 90503 
(800)556-6141 
(310)793-0600 

Dell 466/lVl 

Superseded by the Dell OptiPlex 
466/MX (with 8MB, dual floppy, CD- 
ROM drive, and a 230MB hard disk)- 
$2,834.00 
DELL COMPUTER 
9505 Arboretum Blvd. 
Austin, TX 78759 
(800)274-1410 
(512)338-4400 

WinFax Pro 3.0— SI 29.00 

DELRINA 

6830 Via del Oro. Ste. 240 

San Jose, CA 951 19-1353 

(800) 268-6082 

Betrayal at Krondor— $69.95 
DYNAMIX/SIERRA ON-LINE 
40033 Sierra Way 
Oakhurst, CA 93644 
(800) 326-6654 
(209) 683-4468 



Ascend 4.0— $199.00 

FRANKLIN QUEST 

2550 S. Decker Lake Blvd., Ste. 



26 




Salt Lake City, UT84119 

(800)877-1814 

(801)975-9992 

Gateway 2000 Handbook 
486DX2-40— SI, 995.00 
Gateway 2000 Handbook 
4B6SX-25— $1,495.00 
GATEWAY 2000 
610 Gateway Dr. 
N. Sioux City. SD 57049 
(800) 846-2000 
(605) 232-2000 

Hewlett-Packard LaserJet 4 — 

$1,759.00 

OmniBook 300 with 40MB 

hard drive— $1,950,00 

OmniBook 300 with 10MB 

Flash-RAM drive— $2,375.00 

HEWLETT-PACKARD 

3000 Hanover St. 

Palo Alto, CA 94304 

(800) 752-0900 

Quicken 3.0 for Windows— $69.95 

INTUIT 

540 University Ave. 

Palo Alto, CA 94301 

(800) 624-8742 

Fusion DoubieCD-16 
(external)— $799.00 
Fusion DoubleCD-16 
(internal)— $699.00 
MEDIA VISION 
3185LaurelviewCt. 
Fremont, CA 94538 
(800) 845-5870 
(510) 770-8600 

Microsoft Encarta Multimedia 

Encyclopedia— $395.00 

Microsoft Flight Simulator 5.0— $64.95 

Microsoft Publisher 2.0— $199.00 

Microsoft Visual C-i-h— $499.00 

Microsoft Word for Windows 6.0— no 

price available at press time 

MICROSOFT 

One Microsoft Way 

Redmond, WA 98052-6399 

(800) 426-9400 

(800) 227-4679 

Video Toaster 4000— $2,395.00 

NE^VTEK 

215 SE Eighth SL 

Topeka, KS 66603 

(800)847-6111 

(913)231-0100 

IndyCar Racing— $74.99 
PAPYRUS PUBLISHING 
35 Medford St. 
Somerville, MA 02143 
(617)868-5440 □ 



32 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



HE'S HERE, ON CD-ROT 

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} 



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i Kuwait, May 23, 1991. Captain 
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Anti-aircraft batteries now open up 
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evade another SAM, he's faced with 
a hopeless choice and less than a 
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Lighting afterburners, he rockets to 
safety before they can lock on again. 

THE STANDARD BY 
WHICH OTHER FIGHTERS 

ARE JUDGED 
Captain Pennington survived 
on skill, nerve and the awesome 



capabilities of the F-16 Fighting 
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life. Like real pilots, you'll fly 
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Instead of enemies who fly in 
circles. Falcon 3.0 adversaries fly 
according to true fighter doctrine 
so they're no pushovers. And 
Kuwait looks like Kuwait since 
real geographic theaters are 
faithfully mapped. 

NOT JUST A SIMULATION 
OF A WARPLANE 
A SIMULATION OF WAR 
Falcon 3.0 lets you fight as part 
of an entire campaign. The mis- 
sions you fly play a crucial role in 
your side's success. But they're not 
hard-wired. Each result affects the 
overall war effort— and determines 
your next mission, ^f Succeed 




and go on to hit the enemy in his 
own backyard. Fail and find the bad 
guys breathing down your neck. 



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FALCO^f 



BleetronicBaltUfieldSeries simulations link up. 

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THE ELECTRONIC 
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CYBER-BATTLEFIELD 

Choose from multiple aircraft, 

multiple theaters, even which 

ide of the conflict to fight on. 



Go head-to-head over a modem or 
with up to six players over a net- 
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title works with the others, from 
MiG-29'' to the upcoming F/A-18 
simulation. There's even a multi- 



media guide to air-to-air combat 
called Art of the KilV to help you 
fly like an ace. It all starts with 
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The simulation for people who 
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^wctmm Htdi^te 




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The fight of your life. 



Circle Reader Service Number 2Q1 



TEST LAB 



Edited by Mike Hudnall 
Reviews by William Harrel 

Computer pundits have hailed 
1993 as the year of the 600- 
dpi laser printer. While it's 
true that the high resolutions 
of these souped-up toner-spread- 
ers do produce sharp graphics 
and halftones, if ail you print is text 
and an occasional line-art image, 
don't let the hoopla obscure the 
reality of your needs, A 300-dpi 
printer will serve you just fine, 
thank you, and it will put much 
less stress on your pocketbook. 

Unfortunately (or fortunately, 
depending on your politics), 
not all 300-dpi lasers are creat- " 
ed equal. Tfiey differ widely in 
cost, speed, options, and 
yes, even print quality. This 
may indeed be the year of 
high-resolution printers, but it 
is also a great time to find ter- 
rific buys on 300-dpi models. 

Choosing a laser printer a 
few years ago was much easi- 
er than it is today. Then, you 
had only two standards to 
pick from: a Hewlett-Packard 
LaserJet for Printer Com- 
mand Language (PCL) com- 
patibility or an Apple Laser- _ 
Writer for PostScript All the 
others in the printer market did 
their best to make comparable 
products, competing by offering 
more features at lower prices. 
Nowadays, good 300-dpi printers 
abound. 

Another first for 1993 is that— 
if you shop around — you can buy 
a 300-dpi printer on the street for 
under S500. Printer prices, like 
those of everything else in the 
computer and peripherals arena, 
are continuing to plunge. But you 
usually get what you pay for. 
Often {but not always), the econo- 
my models are slow, print quality 
is lacking, and options are nil. A 
couple of hundred dollars can 
mean the difference between a 
printer that actually fits your 
needs and another fraught with 
frustration and limitations. 

One criterion for this review is 

36 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



that the printer cost less than 
SI ,000. Most of the machines 
reviewed here will suit most smalls 
office needs. However, we did 
ask the manufacturers to equip 
the printers with at least 2MB of 
RAM, which is not included in the 
$1,000 limit. 

Only the HP LaserJet 4L did 
not require a RAM upgrade. It 
ships with 1MB (most of the oth- 
ers ship with 512K) and the abili- 
ty to compress data, which 
made the factory configuration 
more than sufficient for our tests. 
The Okidata OL400e ships with 
512K, but it also compresses 



'It is a great 

time to 

find terrific buys 

on 300-dpi 

models/' 



data. It completed all but our 
most memory-intensive test. After 
we added 1MB of RAM, bringing 
it up to 1 .5MB, there was nothing 
we couldn't get it to do. Depend- 
ing on the printer, the others 
require extra expense to equip 
them to print a full page of text 
and graphics. 

Due primarily to font-handling 
options, printer languages were 
once a very important considera- 
tion in buying a printer. A few 
years ago, you needed a Post- 
Script printer to take advantage of 
scalable outline font technology. 
Today's software solutions, such 
as Adobe Type Manager (ATM) 
and Windows' TrueType, have tak- 
en on much of the font-rendering 
burden. No longer is it necessary 
for a printer to support scalable 
fonts to print text at all weights and 



sizes from font outlines, 

The printers reviewed here use 
Hewlett-Packard's PCL, the lan- 
guage found in LaserJets (the Tex- 
as Instruments printer provides 
both PCL and PostScript), How- 
ever, some use PCL 4, the lan- 
guage found in HP Series II 
devices (IIP IID, and so on), And 
others use PCL 5, the standard 
used in LaserJet Ills and 4s. 

The differences between 
these two versions are significant. 
PCL 4, for example, does not sup- 
port scalable fonts. To get differ- 
ent sizes, weights, and styles, 
you must send a separate font 
file to the printer for each 
^ one. 

If you use Windows, font 
scaling is not a problem — it's 
built in. However, most DOS 
applications cannot scale 
fonts. Instead, you must keep 
a separate soft font file on 
your hard disk for each style, 
size, and weight you want to 
use. Doing so eats up valua- 
ble disk real estate and slows 
printing. 

Another drawback of PCL 
4 is limited print quality. PCL 
4 does not, for example, 
iH print good halftone screens, 
and it cannot print reverse 
type (white type on a black back- 
ground). The choice between a 
printer with PCL 4 and one with 
PCL 5 seems clear. 

The only reason you really 
need PostScript is to print Post- 
Script graphics (which are the for- 
mats used by many clip art pack- 
ages) or to proof output intended 
for imagesetters (typesetting 
equipment), color-proofing print- 
ers, and slide recorders. 

Printer engines are rated at pag- 
es per minute (ppm), such as 4, 
6, 8, and 10 ppm. The most com- 
mon printer engines are built by 
Canon. However, all the ppm rat- 
ing really measures is how fast 
the engine churns sheets of pa- 
per through the machine, which 
says nothing about how quickly 
the printer's processor rasterizes 
them. Also important to printer 




speed are the amount of RAM it 
contains and ttie speed of ttie 
processor. Most of the printers 
reviewed here hiave 16-MHz proc- 
essors, whicti are quickly becom- 
ing [he slowest in the industry to- 
day but are quite adequate for 
most desktop environments. 

To test these printers, I first 
judged how easy they are to set 
up and use. I then ran a series of 
real-world tests, which included 
four documents: a 20-page Micro- 
soft Word for Windows file, a 4- 
page Aldus PageMaker newslet- 
ter, a full-page CorelDRAW! draw- 
ing, and an Adobe Photoshop 
gray-scale photograph. The 
tests were designed to gauge 
speed and test print quality — 
which are, after all, the most 
important considerations v/hen 
buying a printer. 

The tests were performed with 
Windows Print Manager turned 
off so that my 486/33 would 
dump the print data directly to the 
printer, i began each timing 
when I clicked on OK and ended 
it when the final page reached 
the output tray. The accompany- 
ing graphs show you the results 
of these tests. 

The results are interesting, as 
well as valuable if speed is a fac- 
tor in your purchasing decision. 
In addition to these test results, 
this month's Test Lab includes 
reviews of each product, a table 
of features so that you can com- 
pare these printers head to 
head, and a sidebar with sugges- 
tions for buying a printer. Read 
on. Surely there's a printer here 
that can meet your needs. 

WILLIAM HARREL 



•brother HL-6T— SB95 suggested 

tail price (SRP] (or base unit, $1 49 
^RP for MB-GOO memory upgrade 
board with 0MB, $319 SRP lor MB- 
620 board witb 2MB, 5699 SRP (or 
IVIB-G'(0 board with 4MB, no price 

■ m ^ as yet (or PostScript 
^^-^ options 

Warranty: two years, 
liuiis and iabor 

BROTHER INTERNATIONAL 

:0Q Cottontail Ln. 
umerset, NJ 08875-6714 
jOO) 286-7746 



BROTHER HL-6T 

Brother International's entry in the 
economy printer market — the 
HL-6T— is one of the fastest print- 
ers reviewed. It turned in second- 
or third-place times on all four of 
my tests. Setting the printer up 
requires a minimum amount of 
fuss, and the documentation is 
clear; you'll be ready to go in no 
time. Simply slide the combina- 
tion toner-developer cartridge 
into the front of the printer, and 
you're off and running. 

The printer is light and relative- 
ly small, capable of fitting neatly 
on most desktops. Built around 
Canon's 6-ppm engine, the HL- 
6T resembles LaserMaster's Win- 
Printer, which is a popular high- 
resolution printer. One thing I 
don't like about the HL-6T's de- 
sign is that the input and output 
trays extend from the front of the 
machine, causing them to take 
up about twice as much room as 
they should. Also, the front-mount- 
ed lid is a little flimsy. It's too easy 
to close it improperly, which 
could damage the printer. 

Instead of POL 5, the HL-6T 
uses PCL 4, emulating the Laser- 
Jet IIP; so it has some limitations, 
such as an inability to print 
reverse type. To get around this 
problem, you have to create 
graphics and import them into 
your documents — a hassle. How- 
ever, print quality is good. The 
Photoshop halftone I printed on 



the HL-6T is one of the best. Text 
{though a bit heavier from this 
printer than from some of the oth- 
er printers) is crisp and clean. 
Both small and large type print 
well. And the CorelDRAW! draw- 
ing, which contains a graduated 
fountain-fill background, looks 
good. There is minimal banding 
in the continuous light-to-dark 
background. 

This printer ships with more res- 
ident fonts than the others (48), as 
well as 12 TrueType fonts for scal- 
able output from Windows apps. 
I found installing the Windows print- 
er driver and fonts a snap. The 
LED is clear and easy to see, and 
the front panel is easy to figure out. 
I made most selections without 
even cracking the manual. 

The HL-6T supports up to 
4.5MB of RAM, but the 2.5MB con- 
figuration I tested sailed through 
the tests. Brother has made install- 
ing the extra memory quite easy — 
all you do is loosen one screw, 
slide the lid back, and snap in a 
couple of SIMMs. 

When the printer is used with 
the bundled Windows printer driv- 
er, a data compression routine 
makes for faster printing, and the 
printer requires less memory. But 
here's the real benefit of this tech- 
nology: When you use the Win- 
dows Print Manager {Windows' 
built-in spooler), control of the 
computer returns more quickly. 
The driver also lets you switch the 
high-speed parallel interface on 
and off, download fonts (as either 
permanent or temporary), and 
adjust graphics print quality. 

The HL-6T is also one of a few 
printers to support a bidirection- 
al parallel port. This option keeps 
you apprised on your monitor of 
the printer's status and progress 
during a print job. It notifies you, 
for example, when the printer runs 
out of memory or needs paper. 

Again, my only objections to 
this printer are that its trays take 
up a little too much space and the 
printer itself could be just a little stur- 
dier I also think that it should sup- 
port PCL 5. Otherwise, the 

DECEMBER 1993 COMPUTE 37 



TEST LAB 




HL-6T is a great value. (Editor's 
note: Since the writing of ttiis re- 
view. Brother has introduced the 
HL-6V. a 6-ppm, 300-dpi printer 
that does support PCL 5. Its sug- 
gested retail price is $995.) 

circle Reader Service Number 243 

CANON L6P-430 

Canon's LBP-430 is almost iden- 
tical to Hewlett-Packard's Laser- 
Jet 4L. The two printers look 
almost exactly alike, have the 
same Canon 4-ppm engine, and 
support PCL 5. The LBP-430 
comes out of the box ready to 
print. All you do is pull the tab on 
the toner cartridge, slide in some 
paper, and let 'er rip. It's as sim- 
ple as setting up the toaster for 
breakfast. 

Where this printer really excels 
over the others in this month's 
Test Lab is in its setup utility and 
documentation. The setup utility, 
a Windows-based application 
that installs and configures the 
printer driver automatically, asks 
all the right questions and takes 
all the guesswork out of the instal- 
lation. During the installation proc- 
ess, it displays graphics that 
acquaint you with the printer 
while you wait for files to copy 
and decompress. What could be 
easier? After installing the printer, 
you can use the setup utility as 
needed to control various op- 
tions, such as printing a test 
page, changing the default font, 
and setting density. 

The online documentation is 
the best I've seen. It has eight 
well-illustrated topics — Setup, 
Paper Handling, Software Issues, 

38 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



Canon LBP-43B— S799 SRP lor base 
unit, $700-81,000 lor PoslScript 
capability through Freedom ol the 
Press software, pricing on 2IVIB anrl 
5MB upgrade options available by 
calling vendor 

Warranty: two years, parts and 
labor 

CANON COMPUTER SYSTEMS 
2995 Redhill Ave. 
Costa Mesa, CA 92628 
(800) 848-4123 



Adding Memory, and so on — 
that not only explain all concepts 
quite well but also demonstrate 
procedures with drawings and 
actual photographs of the printer. 
Each topic receives quite thor- 
ough coverage, and you can nav- 
igate the online book by using the 
table of contents menu or search 
terms, as you would with the Win- 
dows Help system. I tried and 
tried to think of issues not cov- 
ered in the online material — with- 
out success. 

If you're short on desk space, 
you'll appreciate the compact- 
ness and small footprint of this 
printer. Need to move your print- 
er around? This one is light and 
easy to move. And it saves pow- 
er, thanks to an automatic sleep 
mode that, after 15 minutes of 
inactivity, cuts power consump- 
tion down to a bare minimum. 

The printer has its own built-in 
resolution enhancement technol- 
ogy, which Canon calls Automat- 
ic Image Refinement {AIF). AIF 
helps prevent jaggies in large 
text and the curved and diagonal 
lines in graphics. The one-button 
control panel is easy to figure out 
and use — the list of convenienc- 
es goes on and on. This is simply 
a nice printer. 

Though middle-of-the-road in 
speed, the LBP-430 prints very 
well. Text is clear at both large 
and small sizes. Gray-scale half- 
tones are as good as or better 
than those from any of the other 
printers reviewed here. I could 
find nothing to complain about. 



Where it falls short of the HP 
LaserJet 4L, however, is in the 
way that it handles memory. With 
the HP model, I could complete 
all my tests with 1MB RAM; the 
LBP-430 required 2MB. Apparent- 
ly, it doesn't compress data as 
well as the LaserJet 4L. Luckily, 
it holds up to 4MB, which is 2MB 
more than the LaserJet 4L (al- 
though that printer would proba- 
bly never need more than 2MB to 
print anything). 

For a number of reasons, this 
is a great printer, and you can 
buy it at a reasonable price. 

Circle Reader Service hJumber 244 



BEFORE YOU BUY 

Never before have printer vendors 
offered so much for so little. Sorne 
of the printers in this review are just 
as good as or better than machines 
that cost twice as much or more a 
year or two ago. The device you 
should buy depends primarily of 
course, on what you intend to do 
with it- 
Most home office and small-busi- 
ness applications need an all- 
around, dependable machine that 
prints good-looking text and an oc- 
casional graphic at a reasonable 
speed. Most of the printers reviewed 
here fit that bill nicely Hov/ever. five 
of them stand out: Hewlett-Packard's 
LaserJet 4L, Canon's LBP-430. Ep- 
son's ActionLaser 1500. Okidata's 
OL400e. and Brother's HL-6T Ail are 
gocd, durable printers; but since the 
HP. Epson, and Canon models sup- 
port PCL 5, they're more attractive if 
you II be printing text special effects 
(such as reverse type). 

If you need a heavy-duty printer 
with lots of upgrade options, you 
should choose either the Lexmar-^ 
or Star Micronics offering. Again, the 
Star Micronics LS-5EX's support for 
PCL 5 makes it a little more attrac- 
tive Finally if you plan to do desk- 
top publishing and will be printing 
EPS graphics or using your desktop 
laser as a proof printer, the Texas 
Instruments microWriter is a good 
choice. Some of the other printers 
offer PostScript, but none of them 
can give you PostScript and Ap- 
pleTalk support for less than S1 ,000. 

—WILLIAM HARREL 




These People Have In Common? 



Drar & PRiMTis an excellent choice for all but the mo5t 
complicated projects. — PC Horns Journal September i992 



m ^fTT■^lHLr 




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ttnfitvnrri PJon Vtew 










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The Design- It- Yourself Software for the Do-It-Yourselfer 
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Draft & Print was created so that you spend more time designing than 
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Draft & Print is the perfect design tool 
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circle Reader Service Number 154 




DISCOVERY 



GAMETEK 



A publishing partnership 



TEST LAB 



EPSON 
ACTIONLASERISOO 

Epson's ActionLaser 1500 is a 
good printer with some limita- 
tions. Thougli lacking in a few of 
the frills found in the more recent- 
ly released printers, such as Broth- 
er's HL-6T and HP's LaserJet 4L, 
it does support PCL 5. It doesn't 
come witfi its own printer driver 
with bidirectional port controls, 
but it's a little faster than most of 
the other printers reviewed here. 
It's easy to set up and use, and 
Epson has made it sturdy, light, 
and compact enough that it won't 
push you off your desk. 

During setup, I encountered 
only one problem, — installing the 
RAM upgrade. The printer's 
design forces you to remove too 
many screv/s and parts. Further- 
more, rather than installing con- 
venient SlIVlMs, you must press in 
memory chips, which, without prac- 
tice, isn't foolproof. On the other 
hand, I found loading the toner- 
developer unit almost as easy as 
switching on the conveniently front- 
mounted power switch. 

The real question is, of course, 
how well does it print? And again 
the ActionLaser has its pros and 



Epson ActionLaser 1500— $600- 
$699 estimated street price (ESP) 
for base unit, S750-$850 ESP lor 
review model v/lth 3MB RAM 
Warranty: two years, parts and 
labor 



EPSON AMERICA 
20770 Madronna Ave. 
Torrance. CA 90503 
(800)922-8911 



cons. Similar to HP's Resolution 
Enhancement technology (REt), 
Epson's built-in Resolution 
Improvement Technology (RIT) 
sharpens your output, RIT fills in 
the gaps around the edges of text 
and graphics so that the resolution 
seems higher than it really is. 

The ActionLaser prints text as 
well as or better than any of the oth- 
er printers reviewed here. Look 
closely and you'll find slender and 
straight strokes on small type. 
Curves are crisp. Even under a 
magnifying glass, the type 
doesn't exhibit any misplaced ton- 
er — not always the case with oth- 
er printers. Large text really does 
look as though it's printed at a high- 
er resolution than 300 dpi. Mono- 
tone graphics look great. 

However, the ActionLaser can- 




not print gray-scale photographs 
nearly as well as some of the oth- 
er printers. True, 300-dpi printers 
do not do photographs well, any- 
way But when I tested the Action- 
Laser, the results were less than 
I'd expected. The photos looked 
muddied and washed out, with 
light spots too light and dark 
spots too dark. The manual warns 
that you should turn RIT off when 
printing gray-scale images, but I 
tried it both ways and saw little or 
no difference. If you plan to print 
many gray-scale screens or pho- 
tographs, you shouldn't be using 
a 300-dpi laser. 

These shortcomings aside, I 
liked this printer. It's sturdy and 
fast, it prints text well, and it's 
easy to use. 

Circle Reader Service Number 245 



20-PAGE WORD FILE 



Brotlier HL-6T 
Canon LBP-430 
Epson AcfioitLaser 1500 
HP LaserJet 4L 
IBIVI 4037 5E 
Okidato OL400e 
Panasonic KX-P4410 
Star IVlicronics LS-5EX 
Tandy LP 400 
Tl microWriter 



14.5 




In lilimtes 



I PCI 



PostScript 



40 COMPUTE DHCEMBEF 1993 



Kid CAD 



File Edit Go Options Help 




Ages 7 and Up 



No hard hat required! 



Look for these other award-winning 
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The Oeotivitv Kit 
That Writes. Paints, 
and Talks! 




Just grab your mouse and start 
building! Ttiis amazing 3-D 
design studio lets you create 
liouses, forts, gazebos, and ali 
sorts of structures with elec- 
tronic buiiding blocks ttiat 
click into place. And witti 
Kid CAD, building is only 
the beginning. You can 
paint and decorate every- 
ttiing in sight, including the 
kitchen sink! Then fill your 
customized creation with a huge as- 
sortment of people and pets, furniture 
and ferns — or even a dinosaur. 

Kid CAD'S 3-D Virtual Environment lets 
you change your perspective. View your 
house from the backyard or peek 



through the front door, With the simple 
click of a button you can zoom in or out, 
switch from a bird's-eye view to eye level, 
or circle around to see your house from a 
different angle. 

Plus, Kid CAD is loaded with sensational 
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OS it sounds! 

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Available ot Babbages, Best Buy. CompUSA. Egghead Software. Electronics Boutique. Software Etc, 
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TEST LAB 




HEWLETT-PACKARD 
LASERJET 4L 

Hewlett-Packard's economical 
LaserJet 4L is almost everything 
a personal desktop laser printer 
should be: light, small, easy to set 
up. and easy to use. The manu- 
facturer provides great documen- 
tation as well as an online refer- 
ence that helps with everything 
from setup to downloading fonts 
and using the printer with various 
software applications. 

It's tough to find anything to crit- 
icize about this printer. All the fea- 
tures I like in the Brother HL-6T — 
the bidirectional parallel port, the 
easy font downloading, the graph- 
ics quality, the resolution control, 
and so on — are here, as are sev- 
eral other interesting and helpful 
options. About my only complaint 
is that this pnnter turned in slight- 
ly slower printing times than 
some of the others. 

Of all the printers in this round- 
up, the LaserJet 4L is the only 
printer that ships in a standard con- 
figuration with enough memory to 
perform our tests. It has 1MB of 
RAfvl. which you can upgrade to 
2MB. This doesn't sound like 
much, but HP's Memory Enhance- 
ment technology (MEt) compress- 
es data, effectively doubling the 
capacity of the Imstalled RAM. 
Hence, 1MB is like 2MB, and so 
on. Sound too good to be true? I 
tried, but I could not overload the 
memory in this printer. 

HP's exclusive Resolution En- 
hancement technology (REt) 
works similarly to Epson's RIT. 
However, I found the LaserJet 

42 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



Hewlett-Packard LaserJet 4L— $849 

SRP lor base unit. S99SRP lor 1MB 

RAM 

Warranty: one year, parts and labor 

HEWLEH-PACKARD 

P.O. Box 58059 

MS511L-FJ 

Santa Clara, CA 95051-8059 

(800) 752-0900 



4L's technology more satisfacto- 
ry, whether printing text or graph- 
ics. Frankly, the LaserJet 4L 
prints as well as or better than 
any of the other printers reviewed 
here. In fact, it prints text as well 
as the 600-dpi Lexmark I use reg- 
ularly and its halftones (though 
obviously 300-dpi) are great. 

Some other HP options also 
help to make this a standout print- 
er. Intelligent On/Off turns the print- 
er off after extended periods of 
idleness, EconoMode allows the 
printer to use 50 percent of the 
usual amount of toner when print- 
ing drafts, proofs, internal mem- 
os, or any other documents that 
don't require top quality. HP's ton- 
er cartridge comes with superfine 
toner, which also enhances print 
quality And with HP's Reduce/ 
Reuse/Recycle design, the man- 
uals come on recycied paper, and 
you're encouraged to recycle the 
toner cartridges, on which HP 
pays the return postage. 

Finally, unlike any of the other 
printers reviewed here, the 
LaserJet 4L contains the 
Enhanced PCL 5 found in the 
LaserJet 4, which provides a fast- 
er pnnting speed than that of the 
NIP (which the LaserJet 4L replac- 
es), and Inteliifont scaling. Scal- 
ing allows you to use HP's Intelii- 
font format to print at any point 
size (similar to PostScript Type 1 
fonts). The LaserJet 4L has 26 res- 
ident Inteliifont typefaces. 

Again, this is a great printer at 
a great price. If you're looking to 
break into the laser pnnter vrorld, 
this one opens the door painiess- 
ly and with style. 

Circle Reader Service Number 246 



IBM 4037 5E 

Like the Epson laser printer, the 
4037 5E is a mixture of good 
news and bad news. Immensely 
simple to set up, it comes with a 
DOS-based utility that checks to 
make sure you've set up the print- 
er correctly and then installs print- 
er drivers for most popular appli- 
cations, including WordPerfect, 
Windows, and Word. This printer 
is fast, but in its native emulation — 
IBM's PPDS — pnnt quality isn't up 
to par, and its HP LaserJet emu- 
lation isn't always adequate, either, 
Lexmark makes installing a 
memory upgrade in this printer 
quite simple. Just open a door 
and slip in a SIMM, You'll find 
installing the font card and the 
flash memory option (which al- 
lows you to download permanent 
soft fonts) just as easy Flash mem- 
ory comes in both 0,25MB and 
1MB modules. You can use it to 



A NOTE ON PRICES 

Witti hardware products changing 
more rapidly than ever and witti op- 
tions more plentiful than ever, pric- 
es can be a tricky business. 

it pays to keep the following 
poinis in mind: 

Street prices can be considerably 
lower than suggested retail prices. 
Although most manufacturers sup- 
ply us with the suggested retail 
price, a few supply only the street 
price, and it's important that you pay 
attention to which pricing appears 
in the product information. Then you 
should shop around to find the best 
price. 

Although we try hard to provide 
timely information, a product may 
have changed by the time our re- 
view sees print. 

At COMPUTE, we make every ef- 
fort to verify prices and differentiate 
between the price tor a review con- 
figuration and the price for a base con- 
figuration. The first price you'll see in 
the product information is for a base 
configuration. It's a good idea to call 
the manufacturer or vendor to make 
sure that the configuration you want 
matches the price you have in mind. 

—MIKE HUDNALL 




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Exciting new learning games, out-of-this-world VGA 
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Teaching Tools From Teachers 

circle Reader Service Nuinber 151 




TEST LAB 




send fonts to the printer in ad- 
vance of print jobs, wtiich can 
save time v/hen printing. Howev- 
er, the flash memory works only 
in PPDS mode, which means you 
don't benefit from it when using 
the printer in HP LaserJet emula- 
tion. The font card, which pro- 
vides 23 scalable resident fonts, 
is a great option also, but it, too, 
works only in PPDS mode. 

These PPDS options are great 
for printing text; however, this print- 
er does not print halftone screens 
very well at all. In the CorelDRAW! 
test, the printer produced entirely 
too much banding (obvious abrupt 
transitions from one shade to 
another) no matter how I adjusted 
the print pattern and contrast. The 



IBM 4037 5E— S799 SRP lor base 
uni[, $109SRPIor1IVtBRAM, $189 
SRP for 2MB RAM, S279 SRP for 
4MB RAM 
Warranty: one year, parts and labor 

LEXMARK INTERNATIONAL 
740 New Circle Rd. 
Lexington, KY 40511 
(800) 258-S835 
(606) 232-2000 



CorelDRAW! drawing printed 
much better in PCL mode, but 
POL 4 leaves something to be 
desired. The 4037 5E was not able 
to prjnt some newsletter pages in 
PCL mode with 2-5fv1B RAfvl. It ran 
out of memory. 

This printer does, however, 
have some attractive features. 
The LED is large, and the logical- 
ly arranged buttons make chang- 
ing emulation and other choices 
easy. The large paper tray has an 
indicator on the front that lets you 
know when you're getting short 
on paper. It does not, hov^ever, 
support legal-size pages. You'll 
have to buy an optional tray for 
that. I found text quality great at 
large and small sizes, in both 
PPDS and PCL modes. 



SPEAK UP! 

!s ttiere a group of tiardware or 

software products you'd like to 

see covered in an upcoming 

Test Lab? Let us know by 

calling (900) 285-5239, 

(sponsored by Pure 

Entertainment, 

P.O. Box 186, Hollywood. 

California 90078). Tiie call will 

cost 95 cents per minute, you 

must be 1 8 or older, and you 

must use a touch-tone phone. 



This is a big, sturdy printer 
capable of handling heavy-duty 
jobs. Like HP's printers, IBMs 
always have great documenta- 
tion. The 4037 5E is no exception. 
I found the documentation thor- 
ough and the illustrations excep- 
tional and helpful. And the online 
utility makes setting up, program- 
ming, and font downloading a 
snap. This printer is not as so- 
phisticated as some of the others, 
and it has a few frustrating 
quirks; otherwise, it's a depend- 
able machine worth considering. 

Circle fleader Service Number 247 



PHOTOSHOP GRAYSCALE PHOTOGRAPH 



Brother HL-6T 
Canon L6P-430 
Epson ActionLaser 1 500 
HP LaserJet 4L 
IBM 4037 5{ 
Okidata OL400e 
Panasonic KX-P4410 
Star Micronics iS-S EX 
Tandy LP-4O0 
Tl microWriter 



10.9 



1.62 



I0.9S 



12.2 
11.85 



10.9 



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10.95 



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PCL 



PostScript 



44 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



The Worlds First Photorealistic Interactive CD Sci-Fi Adventure 




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Explore The Auto From Bumper-to- 

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Dctiiiled, high-rcsohition animations ,sho^v you lirnv 
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Aulo Insight is a useful guide for students, weekend 
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REFERENCE 

S E R I E S- 



TEST LAB 




OKIDATA OL400E 

If you need a fast printer that 
prints well and takes up an incred- 
ibly small portion of your desktop, 
you should take a good long look 
at this one. In fact, if your comput- 
er workspace is limited, this 
could be the printer for you. It has 
a lot of options squeezed into a 
small package, and I like it. 

Like HP's LaserJet 4L, the 
OL400e compresses data, thus 
requiring less memory. It comes 
standard with 51 2K, and surpris- 
ingly, this is enough for most 
print jobs. Only while printing the 
most stringent of the newsletter 
pages did it peter out. Even then, 
it finished most of the pages, 
defaulting to Courier only at the 
bottom of the most complicated 
page. After I installed another 
megabyte (which was simply a 
matter of sliding a card into the 
back of the printer), I could not 
overload the OL400e. This print- 
er holds up to 4MB of RAM. 
which most desktop applications 
would never use. 

The OL400e placed in the top 
three on all four of the speed 
tests, and I found the print quali- 
ty excellent The only drawback 
was this printer's use of PCL 4, 
which meant that it could not 
print the reverse type in the news- 
letter. Other than that, text and 
graphics printed crisp and 
clean, with clear, definitive 
strokes and minimal stairstep- 
ping. The gray-scale photograph 
printed as v/ell on this printer as 
on anybody else's, and the 

48 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



Okldata 014006—8699 SRP tor 
biise unit 

Warranty: one year, parts and labor: 
tive years on LED printliead 

OKIDATA 

532 Fellowstlip Rd. 
Ml. Laurel, NJ 08054 
(609) 235-2600 



CorelDRAW! drawing had mini- 
mal banding. 

Like the HP and Brother print- 
ers, the OL400e talks back to 
your computer. For example, if 
the printer runs out of memory or 
paper or encounters another prob- 
lem, it displays a message in Win- 
dows. Although this really is not 
a network printer, these messag- 
es are particularly helpful when 
the printer is in another room or 
not in plain sight, such as on a mul- 
tiple-tiered computer stand 
where the printer is hidden by the 
shelf that holds the keyboard. 

You won't believe how light and 
small this printer is. It's almost 
snnall enough to pack up and take 
with you. Lifting it out of the box, 
I wondered about its sturdlness. 
But paper runs through it smooth- 
ly, and all the parts and doors fit 
precisely. There's no reason to 
believe it won't last. Okidata's engi- 
neers deserve a lot of credit. 

The OL400e's use of PCL 4 
places it a little behind HP's Las- 
erJet 4L in options and quality. 
Another drawback is that at 
press time there was no way to 
get PostScript output from it. How- 
ever, Okidata says a PostScript 
option is in the works. Aside from 
these grievances, there's no rea- 



iiasonlc KX-P4410— S769 SRP for 
::e unit, $150 SRP lor IMB RAFil 
arranty: one year, parts and labCi 



PANASONIC COMMUNICATIONS & 

SYSTEMS 

2 Panasonic Way 

Secaucus, Nj 07094 

(800] 742-8086 

(201)348-5200 



son not to consider this printer. If 
it supported PCL 5, I would con- 
sider it the best printer in this 
bunch, hands down. 

circle Reader Service Number Z4B 



PANASONIC 
KX-P4410 



Ivly first impression of this printer 
was that it was big and sturdy — 
and that it is. The Panasonic KX- 
P4410 is, however, a little long in 
the tooth and in need of upgrad- 
ing. For example, its separate ton- 
er and developer cartridges 
make it somewhat more difficult 
to set up than the others. And add- 
ing memory requires too much dis- 
assembly The KX-P4410 supports 
POL 4, which means print quality 
and options are lacking, and it has 
only five resident fonts. But then, 
if you use Windows, resident fonts 
aren't a big issue. What you get 
with the KX-P4410 is a well-built 
workhorse that's liable to last just 
about forever. 

The more I played with this print- 
er, the more it reminded me of the 
HP LaserJet Series II, which was 
a fine printer in its day. In fact, 
most of those built and sold sev- 
eral years ago are still around, and 
several HP dealers have backlogs 
of companies that want to lease 
used ones. However, the Series II 
does not support scalable fonts, 
and halftone screen patterns are 
blotchy, as is the case with this 
printer. It's not the ideal device for 




printing camera-ready art. 

The KX-P4410 scored near or at 
the bottom of my speed tests, and 
type and graphics are a little 
stairstepped and fuzzy. This is not 
to say that the quality is not accept- 
able: it's just not as good as witti 
the others. The documentation is 
very thorough, though a bit too tech- 
nical for an entry-level printer. It's 
obvious that at one time this was 
not an entry-level model. 

This printer is not really suitable 
for desktop publishing and other 
graphics-intensive work. However, 
if you need a workhorse capable 
of turning out page after page of 
text day after day, this one will 
serve you well. It would hold up 
very nicely in an operation printing 
lots of in-house word processor, 
spreadsheet, and database doc- 
uments. It would also be a good 
printer for generating a lot of cop- 
ies of the same document. 

circle Reader Service Number 249 

STAR MICRONICS 
LS-5EX 

If you need a sturdy printer offer- 
ing easy setup, PCL 5, good 
print quality, and speed, take a 



Star Micranics LS-SEX— $989 SRP 

for base unit, SI, 144 SRP lor review 

unit wilti 2MB RAM. S225 tor 

Truetmage upgrade (requires 1MB 

RAIVII 

Warraitly: two years, oarts aniJ 

iabor 

STAR MICRONICS AMERICA 
420 Lexington Ave., Ste. 2702 
New York, NYI 01 70 
(800) 447-4700 



look at the LS-5EX. 

The LS-5EX rated in the top 
three on all four tests, and its print 
quality is as good as that of any of 
the other printers. But the real sto- 
ry behind this printer is upgrade 
options. For a few extra dollars you 
can transform this machine from a 
modest personal laser into a pow- 
erful workhorse. It has the highest 
maximum memory configuration of 
all these printers — 7fv1B. You can 
get a 500-page input tray; the ton- 
er cartridge has a 4500-page 
print duty cycle; and, with the Post- 
Script upgrade, the printer sup- 
ports AppleTalk, which makes it a 
great network printer, 

There's also a Truelmage 
upgrade available. Truelmage is Mi- 




crosoft's PostScript clone, which 
may or may not eventually catch 
on and become popular. The print- 
er comes with 15 TrueType fonts, 
which you can use with Windows. 

All this power comes at a 
price. This is a big, bulky printer, 
not nearly as compact as the 
Okidata or HP offering. The thor- 
ough manual becomes a bit tech- 
nical in places, with much informa- 
tion on programming the printer. 

I like the convenience of the 
LED and button panel. The LED 
is easy to read, and the buttons 
are easy to figure out. Also, when 
you press a button, the printer 
gives you instructions on what to 
do next. For example, when you 
press the test button, a message 



CORELDRAW! DRAWING 



Brother HL-6T 
Canon LBP-430 
Epson AttionLaser 1 500 
HP LaserJet 4L 
IBM 4037 5E 
Okidata OL400e 
PanosonitKX-P4410 
Star Mkronits LS-5 EX 
Tandy LP-400 
Ti microWriler 



12.23 



10.59 




3.38 



10.4 



In Minutes 



PCL 



PostScript 



DECEMBER 1993 COMPUTE 49 



TEST LAB 




flashes on the LED. telling you to 
hold the button for two seconds 
to print a test page. This printer 
is full of neat little features. 

Also worth discussing are the 
speed and print quality of the LS- 
5EX. While the Epson printer 
turned out slightly faster times on 
most of the tests, the LS-5EX out- 
put looks a little better. In addition 
to sharp, crisp type, the graphics 
are quite good for a 300-dpi print- 
er. This is attributable to the Star 
Micronics Resolution Enhance- 
ment Procedure (REP). REP 
increases horizontal resolution to 
600 dpi. which helps fill in 
curved and diagonal edges. 

The only way to test how well 
these resolution enhancement rou- 
tines work is to analyze the output. 
Using a magnifying glass, I exam- 
ined text and graphics from the 
printers using these routines. The 
Star Micronics model had slightly 
more stairstepping in diagonal 
strokes than the other printers; I 
noticed this stairstepping m A's, 
W's. and so on. But the differences 
in resolution are not noticeable with- 
out magnification. 

About the only problem I 
encountered was upgrading the 
memory. And it was really more of 
a hassle than a problem — too 
many parts to take off. Other than 
that, it's a great printer. 

None of the other printers in 
this Test Lab are as sturdy as the 
LS-5EX or offer as many upgrade 
options. If your printing needs go 
beyond the modest abilities of a 
personal desl<;top laser, you 
should consider the LS-5EX, 

circle Reader Service Number 250 

50 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



Tandy LP 40Q-S799.00 SRP tor 
base unil, $199.99 SRP lor 1MB RAIVI 
Warranty: one year, narts and labor 

RADt8 SHACK 
1500 One Tandy Center 
Fort Worth, TX 76102 
(817) 390-3011 



TANDY LP 400 

This printer is easy to set up and 
has great documentation. I had 
it up and printing in a very short 
time. Like the Panasonic printer, 
though, this machine has a few lim- 
itations that make it less than ideal 
for all applications. 

The LP 400 requires a lot of 
memory to print a page of text 
and graphics, and it emulates the 
HP lip which limits output 
options and quality. Like the oth- 
er devices in this review that do 
not support PCL 5, it cannot print 
reverse type and does not sup- 
port scalable fonts — unless, of 
course, you're printing from Win- 
dows, which has its own font-scal- 
ing technology Also, this printer's 
halftone screens aren't as clear 
as those from some of the other 
printers reviewed in this roundup. 
And it's a little slower than most 
of the other printers, but not 
excruciatingly so. 

The LP 400 prints too dark 
and character spacing is not very 
good. Often, characters print too 
close together or overlap each oth- 
er. You donT get the fine charac- 
ter strokes produced by some of 
the other printers, such as the 
Epson, HP and Okidata models. 
But the thick strokes do eliminate 
stairstepping in large text. This is 
also helpful when you print graph- 
ics with lots of arcs or diagonal 
lines, The LP 400 did print the 
gray-scale photograph and graph- 
'ics well, especially for a PCL 4 
machine. 

To its credit, this printer 
doesn't take much space on 
your desktop. The LED is easy to 
read, and the buttons are easy to 
figure out and use. Printing font 



and test pages is easy, as is sim- 
ple programming, such as chang- 
ing interfaces and emulation 
modes. The memory upgrade is 
literally a snap; all you do is slip 
in a couple of SIMMs. In addition, 
Tandy has a great support team. 
The LP 400, like the Panasonic 
model, is built very well, and it 
should last a long time under a 
heavy workload, where some of 
the other light, compact models 
may not prove as durable. I think 
it would be best suited for an 
office that generates lots of docu- 
ments for its own consumption, 
such as interdepartmental re- 
ports or memos. 

circle Reader Service Number Z51 

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS 
MICROWRITER 

Of the ten low-cost printers 
reviewed here, only Texas Instru- 
ments' microWriter comes stan- 
dard with PostScript, making it 
the printer of choice for desktop 
publishing. PostScript is 
required for p,rinting PostScript 
graphics and for proofing output 
intended for imagesetters, color- 
proof printers, and slide recorders. 
The microWriter also emulates the 
HP IIP, making it an all-around, 
good printer for home and small 
business. And with its support for 
AppleTalk, you can use it with a 
Macintosh or on a network. 

The advantages of PostScript 
are many. For example, the news- 
letter used to test these printers 
had two EPS images on the front 
page, None of the other printers 
could print them properly — all 
that printed were low-resolution 
screen representations of the 
images. Also, draw programs 
such as CorelDRAW! create cer- 
tain effects that non-PostScript 
printers cannot print. 

The microWriter is a huge, stur- 
dy thing. If comes out of the box 
easily and I found it a snap to set 
up. The one that I tested came 
configured with 2MB of RAM (the 
amount required for our tests); con- 




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Depl.CI2 



TEST LAB 




sequentiy. I didn't have an oppor- 
tunity to evaluate the memory- 
upgrading process. However, 
2MB Is seldom enough memory 
for a PostScript printer, and the 
mIcroWrlter Is no exception. In 
PostScript mode, It was not able 
to complete the full-page 
CorelDRAW! drawing and a 
couple of the newsletter pages. 
Also, the shortage of memory 
caused numerous timeout errors 
from Windows. I finally had to set 
the Retry option in the Windows 
PostScript driver to over 300 to 
get the newsletter to print. 

PostScript printers print faster 
with more memory. The graphs in 



Texas Instrumenls microWriler— 
$599 SRP tor base unit, $99 SRP tor 
1MBRAM, $198SRPIor2IVlBRAM, 
$350 tor 23 PostScript tonts, $650 
tor 65 PostScript tonts 
Warranty: one year, parts and labor 

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS 
P.O. Box 202230 
Austin, TX 78720-2230 
(800) 527-3500 



this Test Lab show how slow the 
microWriter Is with only 2fvlB. f 
didn't test It with more than 2MB, 
but the printer would undoubted- 
ly print faster with twice as much 
memory. A drawback of the 
microWriter is that it can hold 
only 4MB of RAM. While this is 
enough for most applications, 
graphics applications could 
require more. 

Note, however, that the printer 
had plenty of RAM for the HP 
emulation tests. It turned in 
respectable times in HP mode, 
except on the CorelDRAW! draw- 
ing. For some reason it was too 
slow on that one. But then, I had 
a similar anomaly with the HP Las- 
erJet 4L, which fell way behind on 



the gray-scale test but performed 
respectably on the others. 

The microWriter documentation, 
though sparse, is clear. It covers 
the basics, and these days few 
users need more. There is, howev- 
er, an optional reference manual 
that contains HP programming 
and PostScript interpreter informa- 
tion. The standard PostScript con- 
figuration is 17 Type 1 fonts, which 
you can upgrade to 65. There is 
also a 2MB font upgrade that 
adds several PCL fonts to the 
base IIP configuration. 

Although some of the printers in 
this review are sleeker and have a 
few more sophisticated features 
than this one, PostScript makes 
the microWriter an excellent val- 
ue — even if you do have to spend 
a tittle extra to get enough memo- 
ry. Some of the other printers here 
offer PostScript upgrades, but in 
most cases you'll have to upgrade 
the memory, too. If you don't need 
graphics or desktop publishing 
capabilities, one of the other print- 
ers may be better suited to your 
application. But if you print graph- 
ics often, you should consider the 
microWriter. 

circle Reader Service Number 252 



PAGEMAKER NEWSLETTER 



Brother HL-6T 
Canon lBP-430 
Epson ActionLaser ISOO 
HP LaserJet 4L 
IBM 4037 5E 
Okidata OL400e 
Panasonic KX-P4410 
Star Micronics LS-5EX 
Tandy IP 400 
Tl microWriter 




Not enough RAM to 
print entirely 



38.5 



In Nimtes 



PCL 



PostScript 



52 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



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Circle Reader Service Number 123 



TEST LAB 



1 


K Printer Features j^^^^^^^^^H 




Brother 

HL-6T 


Canon 
LBP-430 


Epson 

Action Laser 

1500 


HP LaserJet 

4L 


IBM 
4037 5E 


Memory options 


up to 4MB 


up to 4MB 


up to 5MB 


up to 2MB 


up to 4.5MB 


HP LaserJet emulation 


PCL4 


PCL5 


PCL5 


Entianced 
PCL5 


POL 4 


PostScript 


Optional 


no 


optional 


no 


no 


Epson FX80 emulation 


yes 


no 


yes 


no 


no 


Input tray capacity 


150 


100 


150 


100 


150 


Output tray capacity 


100 


50 


100 


50 


100 


Envelope feeder 


yes 


yes 


yes 


yes 


yes 


Optional paper tray sizes 


250 


no 


250 


no 


400 


Resident fonts 


48 


15 


27 


26 


16 


Recyclable toner cartridge 


no 


yes 


no 


yes 


yes 


Toner cartridge life (in pages) 


3500 


3000 


6000 


3000 


3500 


Cost per page (in cents) 


2.7 


0.28 


2.7 


0.3 


3.2 


Pages per minute 


6 


4 


6 


4 


5 


Windows printer driver 


yes 


yes 


yes- 


yes 


yes 


Interfaces supported 


serial & parallel 


parallel 


serial & parallel 


parallel 


parallel 


Microprocessor 


MC68000 


National 
Semiconductor 


MC68000 


MC68000 


MC68000 


Microprocessor speed 


16 MHz 


14.6 MHz 


16.67 MHz 


16 MHz 


10 MHz 


Engine life (in pages) 


300,000 


100,000 


180,000 


indefinite 


3500 


Engine manufacturer 


Canon 


Canon 


Minolta 


Canon 


Lexmark 


Weight (in pounds) 


21.5 


15.4 


15.5 


29 


24 


Dimensions (in inclies) 


13.8x16.5x9.1 


14.5x14.8x6.2 


8.9x14.5x18 


14.5x14x6.5 


9.7x15x17,6 


•Must use tlie HP HP Windows driver. 



54 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 




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Written in conjunction with a team of educators from both 
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quality music, singing and more... 



Children learn about counting 
with *? different activltiee. 




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Mr. Clock and '^Digi" teach 
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A "iTiUltirn^dia" coloring! booki 
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^Perception skills And much, much more. . . 




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• V 



Kids team about our aolar 

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A Windows 
CD-ROM 
Product 



TEST LAB 



1 


.^ Printer Features 






Okidata 
OL400e 


Panasonic 
KX-P4410 


Star 

Micronics 

LS-5EX 


Tandy LP 
400 


Texas 
Instruments 
microWriter 


Memory options 


up to 4MB 


up to 4.5MB 


up JO 7MB 


up to 2.5MB 


up to 4MB 


HP LaserJet emulation 


PCL4 


PCL4 


PCL5 


PCL4 


POL 4 


PostScript 


no 


no 


optional 


no 


yes 


Epson FX80 emulation 


no 


no 


no 


no 


no 


Input tray capacity 


100 


200 


200 


100 


200 


Output tray capacity 


100 


100 


100 


100 


100 


Envelope feeder 


yes 


yes 


yes 


yes 


yes 


Optional paper tray sizes 


legal 


200 


250 & 500 


300 


250 


Resident fonts 


57 


5 


22 


14 


17 


Recyclable toner cartridge 


no 


no 


no 


no 


yes 


Toner cartridge life (in pages) 


2000 


3000 


4500 


1500 


2500 


Cost per page (in cents) 


1.4 


3.3 


2.4 


3.8 


4.8 


Pages per minute 


4 


5 


5 


4 


6 


Windows printer driver 


yes 


yes" 


yes 


yes* 


yes* 


Interfaces supported 


serial & parallel 


parallel 


serial, parallel, 
& AppleTalk 


parallel 


serial, parallel, 
& AppleTalk 


Microprocessor 


LSi 


National 
Semiconductor 


i809600SA 


MC68000 


MC68000 


Microprocessor speed 


32 MHz 


ISiVlHz 


16 MHz 


20 MHz 


16 MHz 


1 
Engine life (in pages) 


150,000 


180,000 


150,000 


150,000 


indefinite 


Engine manufacturer 


Okidata 


Matsushita 


Fuji/Xerox 


TEC 


Samsung 


Weight (in pounds) 


13.5 


29.8 


29.7 


28.7 


33 


Dimensions (In inches) 


12.6x14.2x6.3 


14.6x15,5x9.3 


10x13.9x15.5 


7.75x14,25x16 


10.4x13.8x14,8 


■•Must use the HP IIP Windows driver. 



56 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



Games Fdr Hie Power-Hungnf 

Make the big decisions with four addictive strategy games from IVIicroProse. 



Sid Meier's Civilization™ 

Play entertainment software's most highly acclaimed computer game! 
As the guiding spirit of yoLir own civilization, you'll build complex cities, 
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history's greatest leaders. 






Buiiil An l-jiipiii: lb Slahi The Test Of Tltric 




Sid Meier's 

Railroad Tycoon" Deluxe 

Play the award-winning MicroProse strategy game 
with all-new features! Build a sprawling railroad empire 
across six world regions! Watch your empire unfold with 

enhanced VGA 
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over 40 trains, 
each with its own 
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capabilities! And 
even compete against 
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PROSE 



ENTERTAINMENT ,• SOFTWARE 

1933 MicroPfOse Softwars, Inc. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 
Circle Reader Service Number 143 



Master Of Orion™ 

Play the all-new game of space exploration and 
combat from MicroProse! With a powerful fleet of 
space sMps at your command, you'll battle, trade, 
and negotiate with ten alien races. Develop new 
technologies. And expand your colossal empire as 
you inhabit or exploit inhospitable worlds. 




I To get our free catalog, call 1 -800-879-PLAY Mon.-Fri., 8:30 sm-oW pm EST I 

I or fill out the coupon and mail it to: MicroPro-W Software, inc. I 

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Name: i 



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NEWS & NOTES 



Jill Champion Booth 




Help someone 

secure 

employment with 

JOBHUNT. 



58 



COMPUTE DECEMBER 



That Time of Year . . , 

It's the lime of year wtienttie 
world starts to sing — except 
for those of us still entrenched 
in that American tradition of 
suffering yearly panic attacks 
over what unique and mean- 
ingtu! gifts to give each other. 
For those seeking truly not- 
what-someone-would-expect- 
Santa-to-bring ideas, read on. 

Help Someone Find o Job 

If you have a job-huntmg 
friend or know a soon-to-be 
college grad in training for the 
rat race, something to make 
the job search easier could 
be the best gift under the 
tree. JOBHUNT from Scope In- 
ternational Is an aggressive 
software package (more to 
the point than figuring out the 
color of your parachute) that 
provides something essential 
to every job search: full con- 
tact Information, Including cur- 
rent names, addresses, tele- 
phone and fax numbers, and 
company descriptions for 
more than 5000 potential em- 
ployers across the country. 
Job hunters can search 
through the database by re- 
gion, job function, or Stan- 
dard Industrial Classification 
(SIC) code. The program 
quickly prints personalized or 
mail-mefged cover letters, job 
applications, and any letter 
typed In. Just attach a r6su- 
m6 and mail. Suggested retail 
price is $49.95. Look for 
JOBHUNT at your local retail- 
er or contact Scope Interna- 
tional, P.O. Box 25252. Char- 
lotte, North Carolina 28229- 
5252; (800) 843-5627, (704) 
535-0617 (fax). 

Encourage Green Computing 

Help your friends save money 
while turning their PCs into 
green machines with PC Ener- 
G Saver, a hardware/software 
combination that helps make 
PCs more energy efficient. 
They consume less power, 
thus cutting utility bills. It con- 

1993 



sists of a unique power strip 
and TSR software, and it con- 
nects to any IBM-compatible 
computer monitor, keyboard, 
and printer running under 
DOS or Windows. The prod- 
uct senses when the system 
is no longer In use and auto- 
matlcaily switches it into a pow- 
er-saving standby or "sleep" 
mode: however, it's ready for 
use the moment the user 
presses a key or moves the 
mouse. The system complies 
with the EPA's Energy Star 
guidelines for reducing PC 
power consumption. At only 
$89.95, the device is much 
less expensive than a new, en- 
ergy-saving PC — and It slash- 
es the cost of powering one 
to a mere $20 a year. Contact 
PC Green Technologies. 1 
Centerpointe Drive, #210, La 
Palma, California 90623; 
(800) 984-7336, (714) 228- 
2239 (fax). 

For the Absent Baseball Fan 

You know how some people in- 
sist on leaving the computer 
turned on, even when they're 
outside mowing the lawn? 
Well, this IS the perfect gift for 
them — especially If they're 
baseball fans. Lights Out 
Sports Fans is a major- 
league baseball screen saver 
that gives you year-round, 24- 
hour action on the computer 
screen — while you're busy do- 
ing other things! First, you 
choose your default home 
and visiting teams from 
among the 28 major-league lo- 
gos; then, you select your 
screen-saver action from any 
of ten different game plans. 
For example, you can pit any 
team against another, mix Na- 
tional and American League 
players on the same team, 
play games using actual 
stats, give your home team 
the advantage, or let the com- 
puter slug it out by itself. And 
if you choose, the program 
produces all sorts of authen- 
tic ballpark sounds — even If 



there's no one there to hear 
them! Suggested retail price 
Is $55. For more Information, 
contact Quadrangle Software, 
305 East Elsenhower Park- 
way, Suite 208, Ann Arbor, 
Michigan 48108; (800) 253- 
8397, (313) 769-1695 (fax). 

Virtual College 

There's no campus, student 
body, or classroom per se. 
but the four credit hours and 
six-week educational experi- 
ence are quite real. It's New 
York University's Virtual Col- 
lege, part of the school's con- 
tinuing education program. 
For a fee of $1,933, anyone In 
the world with access to a PC 
and modem can sign up. Ac- 
cording to NYU, the Virtual Col- 
lege Is merely another sign of 
the times — "a virtual college 
preparing employees for to- 
morrow's virtual organiza- 
tions." Telecommuting and 
teleconferencing are becom- 
ing the norm for many employ- 
ees, replacing the traditional 
work environments, and the Vir- 
tual College is merely an exten- 
sion of this trend, teaching 
skills necessary for jobs of the 
future. Using Lotus Notes, a 
group-communications pro- 
gram provided free to each 
person who enrolls, students 
collaborate online during the 
six-week period — at any time 
of day or night — and partici- 
pate in the development of a 
major systems project. All 
work is conducted from the in- 
dividual's own home or office 
PC. For more Information, con- 
tact the NYU Information Tech- 
nology Institute, 48 Cooper 
Square, Room 104, New 
York, New York 10003; (212) 
998-7190. 

Personal Greetings 

If you'd like to produce your 
own greeting cards, these Ide- 
as might help streamline the 
process so you can get down 
to the real business of search- 
ing for gifts. PaperDirect is of- 



BANKS, LONG. WHrTE 

HARRIS AND TAYLOR 

ARE ABOUT 10 

CRUSH BLEDSOE 

UKE AN ACCORDUIN. 

(HIT ESCAPE AND SELECT A BETTER PLAY.) 




Or quit and start a new game. Because 
this is your turf. Your rules. Your game. 

Front Page Sports: 
Football Pro. The 
real thing. For the 
die-hard fan who 
lives for Sunday 

afternoons and can't stand the thought 

of the off-season. 

You don't just control 
the game. You 
control the whole 
NFL league. With real 
NFL rosters and 



stats, This is your chance 
to coach your way out of a 
paper bag. 

So pick your team, call the 

plays, and watch your 

players spin, flip, dive, and crunch. It's 

so real, you can feel 

the pain. 




tired? Give him a rest. 
Your quarterback isn't 
cutting it? Trade 'em. 
Hate Dallas? Make 
'em wear pink. 



Front Page Sports; Football Pro. 

It's football the way it was meant to 
be... with you in control. 





You control every last 

detail because you're the 
coach, So go ahead. Design 
depth charts and sub in and 
out whenever you want. Your 
number one running back is 




Available at retail for IBM/compatibles. 
Or cdII 1.800-757-7707. 

Circte Reader Senrice Number 14D 



^ PART OF THE SIERFIA FAMILY 

Officialiy licensed product of the NFL Players Association TM OR ® ARE TRADEMARKS OF, OR LICENSED TO DYNAMIX, INC. © ® 1 993 DYNAMIX INC. 



NEWS & NOTES 



fering a holiday collection of 
laser-printer-compatible pa- 
pers, greeting cards, invita- 
tions, calendars — the works— 
ttiat you customize yourself 
for either personal or busi- 
ness use. Since the compa- 
ny doesn't shy away from 
small orders — the minimum 
is S30— you don't have to 
buy a bundle if you don't 
need a bundle. PaperDirect 
ships the same day you or- 
der if your order is placed 
by 3:00 p.m. Eastern time. 
They'll ship to your home or 
office via tJPS for $6.00 or 
by Federal Express for 
S7-0D, with no weight limita- 
tions. To make customizing 
those cards even faster and 
easier, for $24.95 you can al- 
so buy Holiday PaperTem- 
plates Software, a collection 




Stop settling for someone else's holiday greeting: PaperDirect sells 
the cards you can call your own. 



of more than 60 templates 
that eliminate having to fuss 
with things like margins and 
borders. For prices, quanti- 
ties, samples, and a current 



catalog, contact PaperDi- 
rect, 205 Chubb Avenue, 
Lyndhurst, New Jersey 
07071; (800) 272-7377, 
(201) 507-0817 (fax). 



One Man's LAN 

For the person who works 
with more than one PC and 
wants LAN capabilities with- 
out the usual complexities 
and cost, One-Man-LAN is 
the answer. 

Mimicking a LAN file serv- 
er, this neat new product 
from PC Interconnect lets 
you access programs in- 
stalled on secondary PCs 
as though they were in- 
stalled on your primary PC, 
and It allows you to print 
from secondary machines. 

There's no need to throw 
away your old computer — 
your spare PC's hard drive 
can be used to augment 
your system as an addition- 
al drive for your primary PC, 
as well as for disk caching. 

One-Man-LAN is easy to 







mi 

OFF 



con 
lea. 



install, runs quickly, and is 
completely DOS compatible 
(and it isn't limited to intercon- 
necting just two PCs), The 
suggested retail price is 
$199 for a two-PC configura- 
tion, including hardware, soft- 
ware, documentation, toll- 
free customer support. Stack- 
er, and ttie latest version of 
PC-Kwik disk-cacfiing soft- 
ware. Contact PC intercon- 
nect, 106 Library Plaza, 15 
Nortti 100 East, Prove, Utafi 
84606; (801) 374-8880; 
(801)374-2306 (fax). 

A Whiteboard for the PC 

Slightly more expensive 
than your basic whiteboard 
but with many more applica- 
tions, SoftBoard is a nifty 
new peripheral device that 
lets you combine using a 



whiteboard with your desk- 
top computer. Whatever you 
whte on the SoftBoard sur- 
face with the special Soft- 
Board colored markers, 
which are included with the 
package, is simultaneously 
displayed on your PC or 
N/lac. The data can then be 
saved, printed, used in anoth- 
er application, or shared 
with other users in realtime — 
even those in multiple loca- 
tions. Suggested retail price 
is $2,995, Contact Ivlicro- 
field Graphics, 9825 South- 
west Sunshine Court, Suite 
A-1, Beaverton, Oregon 
97005; (800) 334-4922, 
(503) 641-9333 (fax). 

The Gift of Knowledge 

You say you've run out of 
money by now? Just tell stu- 



dents (and anyone else on 
your list who could benefit 
from good research sourc- 
es) about the two new R. R. 
Bowker online biographical 
directories. The most recent 
editions of Who's Who in 
American Art and Who's 
Who in American Politics, in 
addition to the previously re- 
leased American Men and 
Women of Science, can 
now be accessed as part of 
file 236 on DIALOG Informa- 
tion Service. 

Known collectively on DIA- 
LOG as the Bowker Biograph- 
ical Directory the three sub- 
files can be accessed individ- 
ually or in combination for vi- 
tai information such as pro- 
fessional experience, educa- 
tional background, profession- 
al affiliations, honors and 



awards, specia! areas of in- 
terest, personal data, and 
even mailing addresses. 

Contact Reed Reference 
Electronic Publishing at 121 
Chanlon Road, New Provi- 
dence, New Jersey 07974; 
(800) 323-3288, (908) 665- 
3528 (fax). Or contact DIA- 
LOG Information Service at 
(800) 334-2564. 



Companies or public rela- 
tions firms with items of inter- 
est for News & Notes 
should send information 
along with a color slide or col- 
or transparency to News & 
Notes. Attention: Jill Champi- 
on Booth, COMPUTE, 324 
West Wendover Avenue, 
Suite 200, Greensboro. 
North Carolina 27408. 3 



I 




THE ONLY THINe 

IT DOESN'T SIMOLATE 

IS EAR POPPING. 



hinfnfSi 



immnm 





If it were any more real, your 
chair would be iti a 30° bank. Our 
new Microsoft: Fliglir Simulator" 
has four planes, each with its own 
instrument panel created digitally 
from actual photographs. There are 
storm clouds and sunsets to fl\- 
into. Crashes are scarily real. And 
you can fly to airports anywhere 
in the world. For even more detailed 
flights, there are New'^rk and Paris 
scenery enhancements*. Everything is 
at your reseller. So, take off. 

Microsoft 



ivncrosoit 



Ftiidit Simuliinif » n imkrnurk ri Bnii-r A. Airw-ick. 



FEEDBACK 



Adding a Toaster 

to your PC, translating 

teciinobabble, 

scanning tieer bottles, 

putting a hard 

drive where your 

printer sliould 

be, and changing 

cats into docs 



62 COMPUTE 



Toost 

Is NewTek making a version 
of the Video Toaster for PCs? 
Whien will it be shipping? 

BRETT REAGAN 
SULLIVAN. MO 

It's been out for a while. New- 
Tek makes a version for the 
PC and for the Mac. But in 
these versions the Video Toast- 
er just uses the PC or /viae as 
an input device. All the real 
work is done by an Amiga 
computer built Into the Video 
Toaster 

Foreign Language 

I'm planning to purchase a 
new computer, but when I 
check the advertisements, I 
find many things that confuse 
me. Would you mind explain- 
ing the following for me'' 

1 . Windows accelerator 

2. SIMM 

3. Cirrus Logic 1-meg VESA 
card 

4. VESA Lb IDE controller 

5. Local-bus technology 

6. 486 DX/33 VESA 

7. 386 DX/40 AMD 

Can a modem receive and 
send faxes? Can a scanner 
create text tiles'? What should 
I know and notice when I pur- 
chase a new computer? And 
do you have a fax number? 

UWRENCE Ul 
ETOBICOKE, ON 



That's quite a list. We'll do our 
best 

1. Windows takes a lot of 
processor time away from 
your CPU. resulting in re- 
duced performance for most 
computers. A Windows accel- 
erator takes over the process- 
ing needed to refresh the 
screen, leaving more time for 
the CPU to do its job. 

2. SIMM chips are a special 
kind of RAM designed to be 
easy to replace and upgrade. 

3. VESA is a standards or- 
ganization whose purpose is 

DECEMBER 1993 



to make sure Super VGA stan- 
dards are maintained. Al- 
though we can 't be sure, we 
suspect that the VGA card 
you're asking about is 
equipped with 1MB of RAM 
(far lots of colors at high res- 
olution) and follows the VESA 
standard. However, its descrip- 
tion might mean that the vid- 
eo card is on the local bus. 
You should clarify this point 
with the sales department. 

4. Lb is an abbreviation for 
local bus. Instead of having its 
IDE controller on the expan- 
sion bus, the computer has its 
IDE controller on the local bus. 

5. Local-bus technology is 
technology that places periph- 
erals that might otherwise be 
on the 8-MHz expansion bus 
on the local bus, which usual- 
ly operates at the same 
speed as the processor This 
gives peripherals such as vid- 
eo cards and hard disk con- 
trollers a little extra scoot. 

6. Listing VESA alongside 
the processor is probably an 
indication that the machine 
has a local-bus connector in 
this case a VESA local bus 
(as opposed to the Intel local 
bus, an alternative standard). 

7. AMD is a maker of 386 
chips. The manufacturer lists 
AMD so you'll know that the 
computer isn't an Intel-based 
machine. 

A data/fax modem can re- 
ceive and send faxes (some da- 
ta/fax modems are send-only, 
so you should check before 
buying). Unless they're desig- 
nated as data/fax or fax mo- 
dems, modems can only send 
and receive computer files. 

Scanners can only import 
images. Many manufacturers 
make computer software that 
can turn imiages into text — // 
they're images of text, that is. 

We can't tell you in this 
brief space wliat to look for in 
a computer, though we fre- 
quently run articles on that sub- 
ject The two most important 
things in considering a pur- 



chase are to buy from some- 
one who will honor a guaran- 
tee and to buy enough com- 
puter to do your work. 

Our fax number is (919) 
275-9837. 

On the Bios 

I need to hand-scan beer bot- 
tles (1 collect them). But none 
of the scanners I've seen can 
scan a curved surface. 

STEVE MILLER 
ARNPRIOR, ON 

We're running your letter in 
the hope that someone will 
have a solution to your prob- 
lem. If you have phenomenal 
control over your hands, you 
could scan the bottle with a 
flatbed scanner being careful 
to roll the bottle in such a way 
that it's always directly above 
the light bar This would be 
one case where a slow scan- 
ner would be preferable. If 
you have any suggestions for 
Mr Miller, please write to 
"Feedback." and we'll for- 
ward your ideas to him. 

Tlie Big Squeeze 

Should I buy a SyDOS remov- 
able-cartridge hard drive? My 
hard disk keeps filling up. Al- 
so, one of the things that con- 
fuses me is that the external 
disk drive hooks to the paral- 
lel port. Does that mean I just 
unplug my printer? 

PAT SIMMONS 
GULFPORT MS 

Ah, the ever-cramped hard 
disk. If only someone would 
come up with an acceptable so- 
lution. An accordion drive, per- 
haps, or a balloon drive that ex- 
pands when the pressure in- 
side becomes too great. The 
SyDOS will probably solve 
your problem, but rather expen- 
sively. The cartridges aren't 
cheap. Generally, appliances 
other than printers that use 
your parallel port have a pass- 
through connector that allows 
you to use your printer at the 



ML 



Retracing the missions 
OF World War II flying 

ACES IS FASCINATING, BUT 
REWRITING HISTORY IS THE 
ULTIMATE CHALLENGE ... 



in Pacific Strffce, you criuise into all major battles of the Pacrffc theatre 
' — Pearl Harbor, The Coral Sea, Midway, Guadalcanal, the Solomon 
[]^^ij^ Islands, the Marianas, Leyte Gulf, Iwo Jima and Okinawa. Now you can 
r change the outcome of each battle and the entire war through your own 
* successes and failures. Can you force an end to the war before the 
bomb is dropped on Hiroshima? 



the aslouridjng realism of their fully instrumented cockpits. You'll do more tnan practice! 

Hone your skills as you face relentless enemy pilots In Zeros, Kates, Vals, Bakas, Betties 
and more — so graphically detailed that you can even see enemy pilots and insignia. 

Prove those si^ills in a stunning variety of missions — grueling dogfights over the Pacific, 
divebomtaing runs against carriers and warships iincluding the Yamawl) and challenging 
rocket attacks on pillbo)«es, airfields and other ground instaitations. 





Actual screens may vary. 
A Stand-Alone Game 
Made in the USA 



^Copyright 1^3, ORIGIN Systems. In^. Pacific StrjUe is a trademi 
ORIGIN Systems, Inc. Elei<mnlc Arts ia'n regiatefl^ trademark ot Elec' 

Available ot u soltware retajkr'near you of (all 1-800-245-4. 



C/Visa/Discovcr orders, 





BRITAIN 



ISMARCK 
. ARCHIPELAGO 
VB^gainville 






S( 



NOTEBOOK 



GflMEPORT 



Finally, a Joystick 
Connection for 
Your Notebook! 



/ 



Transform your high-performance 
portable into a serious siniiilatJon 
machine with the Notebook 
Gameport™. Connect any 
IBM-compatible joystick 
or yoke and rudder pedids 
The Notebook G;uiiepoi1"' not 
only maximizes the entertain- 
ment potential of your note- 
book computer, it's also the 
quickest, easiest joystick 
connection for your desktop! 
Ask your local retiiiler 
for the Notebook 
Gameport'", or call 
Colorado Spectrum 
to place your order. 





Easily connL'cLs to 
all IBM compaliblc 
nfHiihook liiid 
(lesklop compulL'rs. 



Four-axis 
Gaineport "^ 

Supports joyslitk 
SniililtT pettily 
simtillaiicously. 
Ni) Gilihraiioii, 
jumpers or 
majiual speed 
adjustments 
neccssan-. 



FEEDBACK 



coniinued from page 62 



same time. Check with SyDOS to be sure, but we expect that 
you would at least have the option of installing a pass- 
through plug. 

It would seem that using Stacker or DoubleSpace would 
solve your problem, but these programs are only temporary 
solutions. Recently, we became aware of a product called In- 
finite Disk (Chili Pepper Software, 1630 Pleasant Hill Road. 
Suites 180-200. Atlanta, Georgia 30136-7411; 404-339-1812: 
$189). It tracks disk use and compresses infrequently used 
files. Rarely used files are offloaded to floppies. The operat- 
ing system thinks the offloaded files are still on the disk, 
though. When you access a file that's been offloaded. Infinite 
Disk prompts you to insert the floppy that contains the file, and 
the file is accessed as if it were on the hard disk. 

Undoc DOS 

I've discovered an undocumented DOS 5 command: Tru- 
ename. It returns the current drive and directory. 

JAMES HEMPHILL 
CHARLOTTE NC 

Conversion 

I upgraded from a Canon Cat word processor to a PC. All 
my valuable word-processing files are on Canon-format 
disks whicti the PC can't read. How can I transfer the fUes? 

GUNTHER DOERFERT 
KINGSPORT, TN 

We receive many letters tike yours from people who pur- 
chased various kinds of dedicated word processors. The 
disks these word processors use are frequently the same 
disks used by PCs, so it would seem logical that the PC 
should be able to read them. Generally, this isn't the case, 
however. Word processors use their own formats, which are 
completely alien to the PC. Canon said that the Cat was fit- 
ted with a telephone plug for telephone communications, but 
It was very sketchy on how the hookup could be effected. 
According to Canon, you could convert your word proces- 
sor files to ASCII and then modem them to a PC, but that's 
not recommended because "You would lose a lot of data. " 
Clarifying this point. Canon said that you'd lose both format- 
ting and text. 

If you know someone who has a scanner and OCR soft- 
ware, you might print out your text files and then have your 
friend scan the printouts. That would also result in some 
loss (no OCR is 100-percent accurate). 

There are companies that convert information from one 
disk format to another for a fee. If any readers know of a com- 
pany that transfers Information from Canon, Brother. Panason- 
ic, or Smith-Corona word processors to PC disks, please 
send us that information, and we'll forward it to f\Ar. Doerfert 
and other readers who have similar file conversion problems. 



Do you have a question about hardware or software? Have 
you discovered something that could help other PC users? If 
so, we want to hear from you. Call our special "Feedback" 
line: (900) 884-8681, extension 7010201 (sponsored by Pure 
Entertainment, PO, Box 186, Hollywood. California 90078). 
The call will cost 95 cents per minute, you must be 18 or old- 
er, and you must use a touch-tone phone. Or you can write 
to "Feedback" in care of this magazine. Readers whose calls 
or letters appear in "Feedback" will receive a free COMPUTE 
baseball cap while supplies last. We regret that we cannot pro- 
vide personal replies to technical questions. □ 



Editor 

Art Director 

Managing Editor 

Features Editor 

Reviews Editor 

Gazette Editor 

Entertainment Editor 

^nlor Copy Edttgr 

Copy Edttor 

Editorial Assistant 

Contributing Editors 

interns 



Cliftofi Karnes 

Rotin Case-Mykylyn 

□avid English 

Rotert Bwby 

Mi"*e Hudnaii 

Tom Nelsei 

Denny Alk(n 

Kafen Huffman 

\l3rgarei Ramsey 

Pcli/Cilipam 

Sylvia Graham. Eddie Huifman, 

Tony Paberis, Karen Siepak 

ChLCk Hall, Robarl Stone 



ART 
Assistant Art Director Kenneth A Hardy 
Designer Katie Murdock 
Copy Production Manager Terry Cash 
PRODUCTION 
Production Manager De ^onei 

TraHic Manager Barbara A Williams 

PROGRAMMING & ONLINE SERVICES 
Manager Troy Fucker 
Programmers Bruce M Bowden 
Stei.'e Draper 
Bradley M, Small 
ADMINISTRATION 
President, COO Kalhy Keelon 
Executive Vice President, William Tynan 
0|>eratlons 
Editorial Direclor Keith Ferrell 
Operations Manager David Hensley Jr. 
Olfice Manager Sybil Agee 
Sr. Administrative Assistant JuHa Fiemmcr 
Administrative Asslslanl L:sa 3. Casmger 
Receptionist LeWanda Fox 
ADVERTISING 
Vice President, Peter T. Johnsmeyer 
Associate Publisher 1212) 496-6100 

ADVERTISING SALES OFFICES 

East Coast: FuH-Page and Standard Cisplay Ads— Peter T Jotins- 
meyer. Chns Coelho, COMPUTE PuDlications international Lid . 
1965 BraadAay. New York. NY 10O23: (212) 496-6100, Southeast— 
Harnet i^gers. S03 A St , SE, Washmgion. C 20003. (202] 5^6- 
5926. Florida^-J, M Remer Associates. 3300 KE 192nd St . Sute 
t&a. Aventura, FL 33 ISO; {2^) 933-1467. (305) 933-6302 (FAX) 
Midwest — Futf-Page and Standard Dispay Ads— SJar: Lar>e. Nalorv 
al AccOLints Manager: 7 Maywood Dr . Dan^ile, !L 61B32; (217) 443- 
4042. {2T7) 443-1043 (FViX) Detroit— Jim Chauvin, 200 East Big 
Beaver Rd . Troy, Ml 48083: {313)6^0-4610. (313) 524-2666 (Fa^), 
NorthwesI— Jerr^ Thompson. Jules E Thomcson Co . 1290 How- 
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Circle Reader Service Number 166 




INTRODOS 



Tony Roberts 



Control your 

PATH, and your 

compiiter will 

be faster and more 

efficient 



66 COMPUTE DECEMBER 



CHOOSING THE 
RIGHT PATH 

The PATH statement is an in- 
tegral part of your computer's 
operating system. Know its se- 
crets, and it can make your sys- 
tem work mucii faster and 
more efficiently. 

If you hiave trouble under- 
standing the PATH statement 
and why it's there, consider 
this real-world example. 

I have the habit of setting 
my car keys tn only three plac- 
es: on my desk, on my dress- 
ing table, or on a certain kitch- 
en shelf. When I'm ready to go 
motoring and my keys aren't in 
my pocket, I check my desk, 
my bedroom, and the kitchen; 
99 percent of the time, the 
keys turn up. By following my 
path, I can quickly achieve the 
required result. 

DOS's PATH statement is 
similar: It describes places on 
your system that are most like- 
ly to hold executable flies. 
Type a command at the DOS 
prompt, and the system 
checks the current subdirecto- 
ry and then each of the subdi- 
rectories listed in the PATH to 
try to find the program you 
want to execute. By limiting 
the search path, you prevent 
the system from churning 
through the whole disk. 

One of the problems with 
PATH statements, however, is 
that they tend to outgrow them- 
selves, Prior to DOS 6, the 
PATH statement was limited to 
127 characters. When you in- 
stall software, the program of- 
ten suggests that you add its 
subdirectory to the PATH state- 
ment. Eventually, the PATH 
line becomes too long and is 
truncated. 

The major benefit of having 
a subdirectory In the PATH is 
that any program in that sub- 
directory can be executed 
from anywhere iri your system 
without your having to enter 
the full path name. But the prob- 

1993 



lem with a long PATH state- 
ment is that every time you ex- 
ecute a command, the system 
looks through all the subdirec- 
tories listed in the PATH; a 
long list can slow things 
down. 

The best solution is to be 
stingy about what you put in 
the PATH. In most cases, in- 
clude only subdirectories that 
must be available on a system- 
wide basis— DOS and Win- 
dows subdirectories for exam- 
ple. Also, create a BATCH 
subdirectory and put it on the 
PATH. 

For all of your software, cre- 
ate a startup batch file in the 
batch directory. Have the 
batch file CD (Change Direc- 
tory) to the appropriate subdi- 
rectory and then start the ap- 
plication. Finally, upon termina- 
tion of the application, have 
the batch file CD back to the 
root directory 

This system allows you to 
start any program with a sim- 
ple command, and it allows 
the system to find and exe- 
cute commands more quickly. 

You've probably noticed 
the double dot {..) entry that ap- 
pears when you ask for a di- 
rectory listing of a subdirecto- 
ry. This entry represents the 
parent of the current subdirec- 
tory. If you place the double 
dot entry in your path, you can 
start programs from the parent 
of whatever subdirectory hap- 
pens to be current. 

This can be a useful strate- 
gy if your hard disk data is 
structured properly Some peo- 
ple install programs in one sub- 
directory and then store data 
in a subdirectory one level be- 
low the program. For example, 
if your word processor is in 
C:\WORDP you might keep 
your document files in 
C:\WORDP\DOCS. With the 
double dot entry in the PATH, 
you could always start the 
word processor while the 
WORDPVDATA subdirectory 
was current. The same holds 



true for spreadsheet, data- 
base, and other data. 

The PATH entry might look 
like this: PATH C:\;C;\DOS; 
C:\WINDOWS;.,; C:\BATCH 

If you use Windows, you've 
surely discovered that a lot of 
Windows software wants to be 
on the path. If you take it off, 
it just doesn't work right. But 
why have all those huge sub- 
directories on the path when 
you're working from DOS? 

The solution is to use two 
paths, one for DOS and one 
for Windows. Start Windows 
from a batch file that toggles 
between the two path state- 
ments for you. Here's how it 
works. 

If you type path at the DOS 
prompt, DOS will show you the 
current path statement. The 
sample batch file fragment be- 
low uses the DOS redirecton 
technique to copy the current 
PATH statement to a batch 
file. Then a new path, which 
points to Windows software, is 
established, and Windows is 
run. When you leave Win- 
dows, the system returns to 
the root directory and calls the 
batch fiie that was created by 
the first line of the program. Be- 
cause that file contains an im- 
age of the previous PATH state- 
ment, the original PATH para- 
meters are restored. 

PATH > C:\BATCH\OLDPATH.BAT 
PATH C:\WINDOWS;C:\ALDUS; 
C:\PM4;C:\EXCEL;C:\DESKSCAN 
C:\WINDOWS\WIN %1 %2 %3 %4 
C: 

CD\ 
CALL C:\BATCH\OLDPATH 

If none of this suits you and 
you own DOS 6, you can cre- 
ate PATH statements longer 
than 127 characters by includ- 
ing a PATH line in your CON- 
FIG.SYS file. But once your 
long path is established by the 
CONFIG.SYS, you can't modi- 
fy it from the DOS prompt or a 
batch file or it will be cut to the 
first 127 characters. □ 



The 

Before you sink a penny into MS-DOS 6, 
consider a better way to maximize the 
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6.1 from IBM. 

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(just 1 K-6K, versus 7K-44K for MS-DOS). 

Vi'lial"s more, it's got utilities you don't get 
with MS-DOS. Such as the full-screen Program 
Scheduler and the Integrated E Editor. Full 
Screen Backiij) gives you differential 
backup of modified files, as well as 



Introducing 
PC DOS 6.1 



best 
utiliti 




les 
investment on 



I incremental, tape and NetWare' file attribute 

^ ■ backups — and it can resume interrupted 

"^^^ 1^ N^ ^""^^ backup. Also, high-speed floppy disk sujiport 

I ■ B B— * is two to three times faster. 

II I ^ / Vbur memory management will j)ay 
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jpM- 



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Features and Functions PC DOS 6.1 


IVIS-DOS 6 


Backup— Tape support; 
High-speed 
floppy disk support 


X 




X 




Approximate number of 
viruses that can be delected 


> 1,400 


800 


Automated system 
configuration optimizer 


K 




PCMCIA II support 


X 




Enhanced editor 


X 




Program scheduler 


X 






market. 



:® 



IBM IS a registered trademark ol Inlernalional Busness Machines Corporalion MS-DOS is a regisfered 
trademark of Microsoft Corporalion, NetWare is a registered trademarit of Novell Corp © 1993 IBM Corp. 



WINDOWS WORKSHOP 



Clifton Karnes 



WINSCOPE 



If you spend your spare time 
peeping through other peo- 
ple's windows, you're liable to 
wind up in jail, But if you con- 
fine your voyeurism to other 
people's Windows programs. 
you're liable to become a Win- 
dows guru. 

But what kind of binoculars 
do you use to see through the 
curtains, shades, and 
screens that hide what's going 
on behind the scenes in Win- 
dows? The answer to this ques- 
tion came recently from Peri- 
scope, a company famous for 




WInScope lurks 

on your 

deshtop and spies 

on messages, 

API calls, hooks, 

and more. 



making hardware and soft- 
ware debugging equipment. 
Last June, it introduced Win- 
Scope, a Windows debugging 
and diagnostic tool that can lit- 
erally show you how Windows 
works. 

WinScope is a Windows 
app that lurks in the back- 
ground on your desktop and 
traces a program's messages, 
API calls, and hooks, as well 
as ToolHelp notifications and 
Debug kernel messages. It's 
akin to Microsoft's Spy and 
Borland's InSight, but it goes 
way beyond both in power 
and features. 

When you run WinScope, 
you'll see that it's an MDI (Mul- 
tiple Document Interface) pro- 
gram with a toolbar and a 
host of child windows. The Mes- 
sages window shows a hierar- 
chical list of all Windows mes- 
sages. When you're tracing a 
program, you can tell it to re- 
cord all nnessages, or you can 
select a small group. The API 
window likewise lists all of the 
Windows 3.1 API functions (in- 

68 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



eluding the undocumented 
ones from Schulman's Undoc- 
umented Windows), and you 
can have WinScope record all 
API calls or a subset. Two of 
the most important remaining 
windows let you select the mod- 
ules and windows you want to 
trace. 

At this point, you might be 
thinking that WinScope is com- 
plicated to use, but it's much 
easier to use than it may seem 
at first. Let's walk through a 
short WinScope session to 
see what it's like. 

Recently, I wanted to find 
out how Windows Tasi^ List 
(called Task Manager in 3.0) 
tiles the windows on the desk- 
lop. I'd searched the 3.1 SDK 
documentation and couldn't 
find an API call that looked 
like it would perform this cru- 
cial task. WinScope might pro- 
vide an answer, I thought, and 
it did. In lact, it gave me more 
information that I asked for 

The easiest way to trace a 
program in WinScope is to 
choose Load Application 
from the File menu. I did this, 
and from the file browser I 
chose TASKMAN.EXE. Win- 
Scope ran Task List, mini- 
mized itself, and started trac- 
ing. I pressed Task List's Tile 
button and, since that was the 
only thing I needed to check, 
pressed the Ctrl-Alt-S key com- 
bination that toggles Win- 
Scope's tracing on and off (as 
with most options in Win- 
Scope, you can customize 
this hot key). 

I double-clicked on the Win- 
Scope icon to make it full- 
screen and started examining 
the Trace buffer. The Trace win- 
dow displays messages and 
functions, including return val- 
ues, and gives the time each 
event occurred relative to the 
previous event. Parameters, 
handles, and just about ail the 
information you'd ever need 
are there. 

Even though Task List was 
on my desktop for only a few 



seconds and I pushed only 
one button, the program and 
Windows generated a zillion 
messages and function calls. 
This is normal. There's a lot go- 
ing on behind the often-simple 
scenery in Windows, and a pro- 
gram like WinScope shows 
you how much is happening. 

The Trace buffer was far too 
large to scan line by line, so I 
decided to try WinScope's 
Find command. The first thing 
I did was to search for the 
word tile from the top of the 
buffer, but I started getting all 
of the stuff dealing with display- 
ing the Tile button. I wanted to 
find the sequence of events 
that started with pressing the 
Tile button, so I decided to 
search from the bottom of the 
buffer up. I hit pay dirt doing 
this. 

There was the API call I was 
looking for: TileChildWindows. 
But I hadn't been able to find 
this call in my references. I dou- 
ble-right-clicked on the func- 
tion name to automatically 
call up the 3.1 SDK Help and 
was told that no function by 
that name existed. Ahal It 
must be undocumented! I 
took a look at Undocumented 
Windows, and there it was! 
And there was something very 
interesting just above the call 
to TileChildWindows — a call to 
GetKeyState with a parameter 
of 10. I checked, and the key 
represented by 10 is the Shift 
key. Now, why was Task List 
checking the status of the 
Shift key? i experimented, and 
sure enough, when I held 
down the Shift key and 
pressed the Tile button, the win- 
dows on the desktop tiled hor- 
izontally instead of vertically 
WinScope had revealed an 
undocumented API call and 
an undocumented feature! 

This is just one simple exam- 
ple of the kinds of things you 
can discover with WinScope, 
It's without a doubt the coolest 
Windows discovery tool I've ev- 
er seen. o 





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Circle Reader Service Number 112 



PROGRAMMING POWER 



Tom Campbell 



Only Paradox 

offers similarly 

elegant and 

simple database 

handling in 

its language, but 

ObiectPAL 

ain't BASIC. 



70 COMPUTE DECEMBER 



VISUAL BASIC 3.0 

I had planned to discuss Win- 
dows Help files this month, but 
the unexpected appearance 
of Visual Basic on my door- 
step last Friday changed my 
whole weekend — and this 
month's column. 

Microsoft hasn't given us Vis- 
ual Basic programmers call- 
backs yet. What it has given 
us is database programming 
integrated neatly into the lan- 
guage itself, so easy to use 
that it constitutes a program- 
ming revolution. What with the 
ridiculously simple serial com- 
munications and graphics sup- 
port in the Pro edition, the new 
database-handling features 
give Visual Basic an unparal- 
leled bang for the buck, A 
heck of a lot of fun, too, 

It's been widely reported 
that Visual Basic 3.0 has the da- 
tabase manipulation engine 
from Microsoft Access built in. 
What the press hasn't figured 
out yet is that the result is in 
many ways better than Ac- 
cess itself! At the core of Visu- 
al Basic 3.0 is the data control. 
Pluck it from the Visual Basic 
toolbox and drop it on your 
form, and it appears, innocent- 
ly enough, as a set of four VCR- 
style buttons. Press F4 to 
bring up the data control's 
property list and set the Data- 
baseName property to the 
name of a database file (it can 
be from Access, Paradox 3 or 
3.5, dBASE \\\+ or IV or 
Btrieve). You now have a list of 
the tables and fields in the da- 
tabase at your disposal with- 
out having to type or remem- 
ber whether the field was 
called Last or Last Name, (An 
Access or Btrieve file can con- 
tain more than one tabic — 
what most people call a data- 
base — but the other products 
hold only one table per file.) 
Choose the table you want in 
the RecordSource property 
just by paging through it with 
the arrow keys. In a new ap- 

1993 



plication, this control will be 
the first one. and it will be giv- 
en the default name Datal. 

Now, for each field you 
want on the form, use a text 
box control. It has a new prop- 
erty called DataSource, which 
you'il set to the name of the ta- 
ble, and a DataField property, 
which you'll set to the name of 
the field you want tt to display. 

Finally, you might wish to 
add a few command buttons. 
Double-click on one and give 
its Click procedure this line of 
code. 

Datal .Recordset.AddNew 

This will be the New button to 
add records, so give it the cap- 
tion New. Another button will 
contain this code for its Click 
procedure. 

Dalai. Recordset. Delete 
Dalai . Recordset. MoveNext 

You now have a working da- 
tabase manager that will let 
you add and remove records 
with all the Windows trim- 
mings of mousing, font con- 
trol, and WYSIWYG printing. 
Oh, and you can give away 
as many copies of the pro- 
gram as you wish. Suddenly, 
the cost threshold for a devel- 
oper to create and distribute 
robust, easy-to-use Windows 
database applications has 
dropped from about $1,000 
to a couple of hundred. The 
Visual Basic Professional edi- 
tion lists for several hundred 
more and is well worth the 
money, but the Standard edi- 
tion is an unbeatable value. If 
you're an old database hack 
or plan to make a living off cre- 
ating Visual Basic 3.0 data- 
base applications, go for the 
Pro, but if you're working with 
a tight budget, the Standard 
will do fine. 

What's extraordinary is that 
it's actually easier to create a 
simple database application 
in Visual Basic than in Ac- 



cess. The generic button 
code you just saw, for exam- 
ple, doesn't work in Access, 
which needs a frightening ag- 
glomeration of intricate Ac- 
cess Basic statements and 
Windows API calls to do the 
same thing. And Access 
won't let you attach code di- 
rectly to a button the way Vis- 
ual Basic has always done. 
You must first create a macro 
and then attach that macro to 
a button. In some ways the 
macro approach is more flexi- 
ble; Access even stores its 
macros in standard Access da- 
tabase files so they're easier 
to share among applications. 
In all, though, I'm more com- 
fortable with the Visual Basic 
direct manipulation approach. 
It's more natural to think of an 
object having code attached 
to it than to think of going 
through an intermediary such 
as a macro. Visual Basic 3.0 
also handles some of the com- 
mon "error" conditions auto- 
matically that Access 
doesn't. It won't bother you 
when you click the next re- 
cord button at the end of the 
database (excuse me — ta- 
ble), whereas Access treats 
that as an error and puts up a 
message offering to halt the 
macro attached to that 
button. 

That's not nearly all, of 
course. The language now 
has support for database ma- 
nipulation, and it doesn't stint 
anywhere. The manuals, bor- 
rowed from the already su- 
perb Access documentation, 
are chock-full of realistic exam- 
ples that leave nothing to 
chance. Only Paradox offers 
similarly elegant and simple 
database handling in its lan- 
guage, but ObjectPAL, the Par- 
adox language, ain't BASIC. 

If you're a Visual Basic pro- 
grammer who missed out on 
the $89 Access deal last 
year, don't feel left out. Fill out 
your 3.0 update card and 
send it in right now, n 



New Version 2.0! Choose DOS or Windows. 




i 



w 1 ■ " 



love itr' 

-• ^ Up \ aid out m any 




Timnt/i^ J. 
MfrMontis 



Siijidn Viio^div Siil/KMU 
Son Difgo, CA 

Wliy is QuickBooks #1? Word of Mouth. 

Its the *1 selling bookkeeping sottwiirc for 
small business people. It's the*'! reconimenda- 
tion from retailers. And most importantly, it's 
*^i with users. 

Because QuickR.wks* is so easy, you don't 
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you know how to use QuickBooLs. Just fill in 
the familiar forms on the screen and it does 
all your bookkeeping tbr you. Invoicing and 
accounts receivable. Check writing and 
accounts payable. Plus all the financial reports 
yoLi need to manage more profitably. 

And it's fast. For instance, it finishes any 



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Miam. FL 



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It's also easy to tailor QuickBooks to your 
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and reports as much as you want. 

"Extraordinarily ea-sy to use, yet provides 
plenty of accounting power." PC Magazine 

"QuickBooks is the easiest." New York Times 

"A great program if you're more interested 
in running your small business than 
becoming an accountant." PC World 

Now we'll look forward to hearing the 
word from you. 



(Thanka for all your 
comments and photcKl) 



New Version 2.0! 
Choose DOS or Windows. 



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HARDWARE CLINIC 



Mark Minasi 



Windows video iias 

arrived, aiong 

with a Pandora's box 

of troubles— and 

a dipiomafs pouch of 

compromises. 



WINDOWS VIDEO 

This month, I'm reporting on my 
experience with the new Video 
for Windows capture boards 
and recording software. 

Since January I've worked 
with the Creative Labs Video 
Blaster, the Supermatch Video 
Spigot (which has been ac- 
quired by Creative Labs), and 
the Intel Indeo. Of the three, I 
like the Spigot best. As I ex- 
plain how all this works, you'll 
see why. 

PC video is playing catch- 
up with fvlacintosh video. A cou- 
ple of years back, Apple intro- 
duced a technology called 
QuickTime, which allows you 
to record and play movies on 
your Mac. The images are 
small — most QuickTime mov- 
ies run in a window about 160 
pixels by 100 pixels. 

fvlany video capture boards 
can capture 640- x 480-pixel 
or 320- X 200-pixel videos, 
but the recommended size 
(and the default on some of 
these systems) is 160 x 100. 

If you need to be able to cap- 
ture video at 320 x 200 or 
greater size, you'il pay a price 
in processor speed. One of 
the fastest video capture 
boards, the Intel Indeo, can 
handle no more than 320- x 
200-pixel capture when it's 
placed in a B6-rvlHz DX2 com- 
puter. The same goes for the 
Spigot when it's installed in a 
50-rv1Hz DX. 

Is 320 X 200 good enough? 
It's better than 160 x 100. But 
there's a significant trade-off 
between the size of each 
screen and the number of 
screens captured per second. 
At 160 X 100 pixels, the 
boards can capture up to 25 
screens per second. At 320 x 
200 pixels, the speed drops to 
about 15 screens per second. 
To perceive a series of still pic- 
tures as smooth action, the hu- 
man eye needs to see them at 
a rate of at least 32 screens 
per second. 



At higher resolutions, the 
problem becomes even more 
bothersome. I've tried captur- 
ing 640 X 480 screens, but 
even at speeds as low as five 
screens per second, the 
boards couldn't keep up. 

Despite its problems, ani- 
mation at 320 X 200 is good 
enough to serve as an accom- 
paniment to a stored voice mes- 
sage. The files store both 
voice and video; their exten- 
sion is AVI (AudioA/ideo Inter- 
leaved). 

Although Windows video is 
admittedly an early technolo- 
gy, that doesn't mean you 
should ignore it. I've found it 
useful for producing digital 
still pictures. I deliver technical 
seminars on PC troubleshoot- 
ing, support, and mainte- 
nance, I develop course 
books filled with advice, warn- 
ings, and anecdotes. For 
years the books have lacked 
photographs. My staff in- 
cludes people with excellent 
drawing skills, and drawings of- 
ten get the point across, but 
sometimes nothing but a pho- 
tograph will do. 

You'll get heartburn if you 
try to create videos with these 
capture boards, but you can 
easily make color stills with al- 
most all of them — and that's 
why I've come to love them. 

I recently ripped the hard 
disk section out of one of my 
course books and replaced it 
with a how-to section on 
SCSI. Anyone who's used 
SCSI knows that one of the 
most annoying things about it 
is the profusion of cable types 
in the SCSI world. Believe it or 
not. you hook up two SCSI 
devices with any one of four 
different kinds of cables, de- 
pending on v/hat the maker of 
the SCSI peripheral felt like us- 
ing, fvlost SCSI host adapter 
boards have connectors for 
two of those cable types. Be- 
fore you venture to link togeth- 
er a daisychatn of SCSI periph- 
erals, you should know what 



connectors to look for. What's 
the best way to include pic- 
tures of the cable types and 
some common adapters? Dig- 
ital stills. 

Using a regular video 
camcorder, I walked around 
my office, borrov/ing cables 
and shooting them from differ- 
ent camera angles. Then I 
hooked up the camcorder to 
the video capture board and 
replayed the tape into the PC. 

When I found shots that I 
liked, 1 just clicked on the Cap- 
ture Single Frame option. In- 
stantly, I had a 24-bit BMP im- 
age of the cable. When an 
image wasn't quite clear 
enough, I enhanced it using 
Gray F/X, a terrific Image en- 
hancer (with, unfortunately, 
one of the worst user interfac- 
es in the world). Then I used 
Paint Shop Pro, probably the 
best shareware image proces- 
sor for Windows, to convert 
the image to gray scale, 
popped the image into my doc- 
ument, and voila! Instant illus- 
tration. This, by the way, is one 
reason that I don't like the In- 
tel Indeo board. It won't do sin- 
gle-frame captures without 
some fiddling around. Both 
the Spigot and the Blaster will 
do single-frame captures with- 
out any trouble. 

Here's what you will need to 
get started with image cap- 
ture. 

• A Windows-capable ma- 
chine of at least 25-MHz 
speed (486 preferred) 

• RAM of 8MB-12(V1B for 
most capture boards (16MB is 
actually bad for most capture 
boards — see below) 

• Atleasta256-co1orcapa- 
biiity for video under Windows, 
16-million-color (24-bit) capa- 
bility preferred 

• Plenty of available hard 
disk space for capture 

• A video capture board 

• Some source of VHS or Su- 
per VHS video signals (either 
a VCR or a camcorder) 

• A Windows-compatible 



72 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



**Last Fehruaiy n^ 
company was in a 
slow period. One after 
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were being laid off ... 




...I was seriously worried I would be next 
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me employed, it made my ego soar! 
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HARDWARE CLINIC 



sound board (optional) 

It's a hefty list, but it's not 
as bad as it looks. Let's start 
witti the PC. It should have a 
fair amount of CPU horsepow- 
er because of the volume of 
data running through it. You 
can use a 386, but this is one 
case where having a 486 will 
really pay off in speed of 
execution. 

You'll need a video board 
capable of working with a lot 
of colors, or at least a lot of 
grays. The number of colors 
you'll see is determined by 
your video board and the 
kind of video driver you use. 
Drivers for 256 colors are 
common these days, so if 
you've got Super VGA, use 
the 256-color drivers. 

Screen resoiutions above 
VGA's 640 X 480 are not nec- 



essary, and they'll slow 
dov^m the capture process 
unnecessarily, so use 640 x 
480 with 256 colors as your 
video mode when working 
with video capture. The next 
step up for many video 
boards is a 16-million-color 
(24-bit) mode. You can live 
without a 24-bit mode, but 
there will be times when 
you'd like to have it, so keep 
the drivers around (if your 
board can use them). You 
won't use the 24-bit mode 
most of the time because, as 
you'd expect, it slows proc- 
essing speed. Under no cir- 
cumstances should you try 
to do Windows video cap- 
ture with a 16-color board. 

For the best video speed, 
look for a video accelerator — 
one that interfaces via local 



bus, if possible. Although vid- 
eo speed is important, it 
seems that no video is fast 
enough to satisfy the Micro- 
soft Video for Windows pro- 
gram. Every time you start it 
up with a new video driver, 
it runs a speed benchmark 
on the video board and al- 
ways finds it lacking, Even 
what may be the fastest Win- 
dows video available {an ATI 
VLB Mach 32) was deemed 
too slow for Video for Win- 
dows. I have concluded that 
there's just no satisfying this 
program. 

When you buy a disk drive 
for use with Windows video, 
buy more than you think you'll 
need. I once recorded ten min- 
utes of normal VHS video, on- 
ly to find that it took up 160MB 
of disk space. Not everything 



is going to take up that much 
space, but 3.75MB for each 
second of recording will con- 
vince you to keep your vide- 
os brief. 

Now that I've told you to 
buy the most computer that 
you can lay your hands on, 
you might expect that I 
would proceed to recom- 
mend lots and lots of RAM, 
but surprisingly, many video 
capture boards will not work 
if you have 16MB or more. 

Most video boards are 
overlay boards. They contain 
1MB of RAM, which is used 
to store data, and they must 
share that 1MB with the 
CPU. It's the primary vehicle 
for communication between 
video capture boards and 
the CPU. This megabyte of 
RAM must sit somewhere in 



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the memory address range 
below the 16MB mark. 

Most 386DX and 486DX 
clones only offer memory ex- 
pansion options of 4MB, 
8MB, 16MB, 20MB (possi- 
biy), and 32MB. But if your 
machine has 16MB or more 
of RAM, there isn't any room 
for the megabyte on the vid- 
eo capture board. As a re- 
sult, you're limited to 8MB as 
a maximum amount of memo- 
ry. True, some major-brand 
computers offer 12MB be- 
cause of their proprietary 
memory structures, but 
that's not a heck of a lot bet- 
ter than SMB. It's ironic that 
you need a Windows Ferrari 
in order to do video capture, 
but when it comes to RAM, 
you're a pedestrian. 

This memory debacle isan- 



other reason to love the Spig- 
ot. It doesn't have one of 
those silly memory buffers. 
All it needs is an 8K area 
that fits somewhere between 
640K and 1024K, which is 
child's play to configure (at 
least when you compare it to 
the other alternatives). The In- 
deo has similar require- 
ments, but it seems to have 
some undocumented use of 
memory that causes it to con- 
flict with other boards; I've 
spent many an afternoon la- 
bohng to make my Intel In- 
deo board work with my Intel 
Express 32 Ethernet card. 

Once you've got the right 
machine, you need the right 
input signals. Most video 
boards will accept either 
VHS or Super VHS signals 
as input. A Super VHS 



source is a better choice, as 
it provides higher-quality in- 
put — or does it? As it turns 
out, the question of im- 
proved resolution is relevant 
only on tape playback. If 
you're piping the camera's 
output straight into the cap- 
ture board, it doesn't matter 
whether you've got an 8-mm, 
VHS, or Super VHS camera. 
An inexpensive VHS camera 
will do as well for direct input 
as a more expensive cam- 
era. So, you can save some 
money on your input device. 
A much better way to 
spend your money would be 
to acquire a VCR with an 
above-average pause capabi I- 
ity That makes it easier to ex- 
tract a single frame from a se- 
quence. Although capture 
boards are generally able to 



grab single frames on the fly, 
it's nice to have a rock-solid 
picture on the screen to cap- 
ture. If you don't have a good 
pause, you can still get a 
good motionless video image 
by putting your camera on a 
tripod and taking about two 
minutes of video of a motion- 
less subject. 

Speak Up! 

Do you have a tough hard- 
ware problem you'd like 
Mark to tackle? Let him 
know about it by calling 
(900) 285-5239 (sponsored 
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TIPS & TOOLS 



Edited by Richard C. Leineci<er 



Inserting 

nonheyboaril 

characlers 

the easy way and 

liringing a 

little UNIX to DOS 



Simple Blocks 

"Tips & Tools" in the October 
1992 issue contained a tech- 
nique for embedding an AS- 
CII character 255 in a subdi- 
rectory so that someone 
couldn't casually enter the 
subdirectory and look around. 

It's a major pain to use the 
numeric keypad to create 
these directories and enter 
them. That's why I created 
three batch files— MDD, RDD. 
and CDD — that create and 
use these extended directo- 
ries. {Please note that CDD is 
an internal 4D0S command. 
If you are using 4D0S. give 
this command a different 
name.) 

Use them only when you 
want security. Just use the 
command MDD instead of 
MD, the command RDD in- 
stead of RD, and the com- 
mand CDD instead of CD. 
You won't be able to name di- 
rectories with extensions, 
since the extension is where 
the ASCII character 255 is 
embedded. 

Where you see <Alt+255> 
in the listings, you should 
hold down the Alt key while 
typing 255 on the numeric key- 
pad. When you release the 
Alt key after typing in the val- 
ue 255, a blank character will 
be inserted into the batch 
file. You won't be able to see 
this character, but it'll be 
there protecting your directo- 
ries. Here is MDD. BAT 

©ECHO OFF 

!F"%1"=="" GOTO USAGE 
SET TIVIPSUB=%1.<Alt+255> 
MD %TIVIPSUB% 
GOTO END 
:USAGE 

ECHO This creates a directory 
ECHO with a non-ASCII character 
ECHO embedded In it. You can 
ECHO type only eight characters 
ECHO and no extension. The 
ECHO non-ASCII character Is 
ECHO embedded in the extension 
ECHO portion of the directory 
ECHO name. 



GOTO END 

:END 

SET TWIPSUB= 

Here is RDD.BAT 

©ECHO OFF 

IF "%r'="" GOTO USAGE 

SETTIVIPSUB=%1.<Alt+255> 

RD %TIVIPSUB% 

GOTO END 

:USAGE 

ECHO This removes a directory 

ECHO with a non-ASCII character 

ECHO embedded in it. You can 

ECHO type only eight characters 

ECHO and no extension. The 

ECHO non-ASCII character is 

ECHO embedded in the extension 

ECHO portion of the directory 

ECHO name. 

GOTO END 

:END 

SET TIVIPSUB= 

And finally, here is CDD.BAT 

©ECHO OFF 

IF "%1'W" GOTO USAGE 

SETTMPSUB=%1.<All+Z55> 

CD %TMPSUB% 

GOTO END 

: USAGE 

ECHO This enters a directory with 

ECHO a non-ASCII character 

ECHO embedded in it. You can 

ECHO type only eight characters 

ECHO and no extension. The 

ECHO non-ASCII character is 

ECHO embedded in the extension 

ECHO portion of the directory 

ECHO name. 

GOTO END 

:END 

SET TMPSUB= 

RICHARD C. LEir^ECKER 
REIDSVILLE. NC 

Remove Multiple Flies 

I work with DOS and UNIX, 
and the UNIX rm (remove) 
command should have been 
included with DOS. It deletes 
several files (or file groups) at 
once. 

To use it. you just type rm 
followed by the files you want 
to delete. If you wanted to de- 



lete all of the EXE files that 
start with R, as well as the 
TXT files , you'd type rm 
r'.exe '.txt. Here's a batch 
file that gives you the rm com- 
mand in DOS, Put it some- 
where in your path, and use it 
anywhere. Its name is 
RM.BAT 

©ECHO OFF 

IF "%1"==""G0T0 USAGE 
IF "%1"=='7?" GOTO USAGE 
:8TART 

IF"%1"=="" GOTO END 
REM Remove ECHO Y I from the 
REM following line if you want to 
REM be prompted for each 
REM wildcard delete. 
ECHO Y I DEL %1 
SHIFT 

GOTO START 
:USAGE 

ECHO This batch file deletes 
ECHO the files (or file groups). 
ECHO Wildcards are allowed. 
ECHO Example: RM '.TXT 
R*.EXE 
:END 

PARIN KADAKIA 
REGO PARK, NV 

Disable Break 

In the January 1992 issue, 
you published a tip that gave 
four lines to add to the AU- 
TOEXEC.BAT file for comput- 
er security. This works fine un- 
less someone knows that 
pressing Ctrl-Break will abort 
the batch file. 

To fix this loophole, you 
can redirect the input and not 
let the batch file try to abort. 
All you have to do is add the 
line CTTY NUL before the 
four lines and the line CTTY 
CON after the four lines. 

Here's my version. 

CHY NUL 
:START 

IF EXIST B:KEY.BAT GOTO 
END 

GOTO START 
:END 
CTTY CON 

MICHAEL L MARTIN 
ADDRESS UNKNOWr^J 



76 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



Free Software! 

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1994, we'll give you our best-selling Bible software package absolutely free. No strings attached. 
Just send us a dated proof of purchase and $8.75 to cover shipping and handling. 

We'll rush you the King James Version of QuickVerse® for Windows (or QuickVerse® 2.0 for DOS), 
the world's best-selling Bible study software. We'll also send you our 32-page, color catalog and a coupon 
good for $10.00 off your first purchase. 

The same state-of-the-art product sold in stores nationwide, QuickVerse comes with a complete printed 
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with this special offer. 

Why an offer like this? 

We feel the Bible is the most important book in the history of humankind. And the ability to effectively 
study it is equally important. We also want to show you why more than 1.3 million computer users 
worldwide use Parsons Technology software. 



Locate any word or phrase 
in the Bible in fust seconds 
with QuickVerse's fast searches. 
Additional translations are sold 
separately and can be added to 
expand your studies. 



How to take advantage of this offer. 

Complete the coupon and mail or fax it, along with a 
copy of your dated receipt or invoice providing proof 
of purchase of your new PC (and $8.75 to cover ship- 
ping and handling), to: PARSONS TECHNOLOGY, 
FREE SOFTWARE OFFER, PO Box 100, Hiawatha, 
Iowa 52233-0100. Fax orders: 1-319-395-7449. 

Restrictions. 

J. TJife offer good when orileretl via rmil or fax only. 

2. Yvur order must be postmiirkcd by midnight, March 31, 1994. 

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System Requirements. 

QukkVerse 2.0 requires, m /BiW or compatible K, DOS 2.11 or litter, S 12K RAM, 
dual floppy drives (one must have 720K or more capacity) or 3MR hard drive space per 
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printers. QuickVerse for Wiridows retjuires an IBM' or compatible K nmnii\g 
Micnisofl' Windows" 3.0 or later in stmulard or enhanced mate and 3MB luml ilrive 
space per tramUilion imtalled. 

Questions? CaU toll firee l-80a223-6925. 

Copyright © 1 993 Parsons Tech nology. I nc. All rights reserved, QuickVerse Is a registered 
trademark of Parsons Technology, Ail tr jdemarks or services marks diaignated as such an- 
marks or registered marks of their n;speclive owners, circle Reader Service Number 220 




''All I can say is it is 

absolutely incredible — 

/ can't believe my eyes! I 

would recommend this to 

anyone who wants to 

study the Word." 

— Rev. C. Holland 
Yorktown, VA 



ET YES! I want QuickVerse® FREE! ive enclosed a copy of 

my dated receipt or invoice for my new PC and J8.7S for shipping and handling. 
Please specify □ Windows or □ DOS* version (choose one). 

Name 



Address 



City 



State 



Zip 



Disk Size (choose one): Q 5.25" or 3.5" 

Method of payment: Q Check or Money Order 

□ Visa □ Discover Q MasterCard □ American Express 

Card# Exp. 



Daytime phone ( 



) 



Evening phone ( 



Mail to: 



PARSONS 

'« TECHNOLOGY 

One Parsons Drive, PO Box 100, HiawatJia, lA 52233-0100 

Yout priority code is 188723M 



TIPS & TOOLS 



More time 

and recovering 

tram liard 

disk disaster 



More Time 

Here's one more way to get 
your computer to pririt the 
time without stopping to re- 
quest the correct time^ These 
programs, QTIME.COM and 
QDATE.COM, simply get the 
time and date and print it on 
the screen. 

You can type these files in 
using the DOS Debug com- 
mand. Make sure the DOS pro- 
gram called Debug is in your 
path or the current directory. 
In these examples, the italic 
text is what the computer 
prints; the roman text is what 
you should type. One way to 
be sure you gel these pro- 
grams exactly right is to have 
someone read the numbers 
to you as you type them in. An- 
other way suggested by one 
of our readers is to read the 
numbers into a tape recorder 
and then play them back as 
you enter the program code. 



debug qtime.com 


File not iound 


-elOO b4 09 ba 74 01 cd 21 b4 


-e1D8 2c cd 21 8a c5 3d Oc 7e 


-ell 08 2c Oc c6 06 85 01 70 


-e113 go d4 Oa 80 c4 30 04 30 


-e 120 8b dO 36 dB 80 fa 30 75 


-e 128 02 b2 20 b4 02 cd 21 8a 


-e130 d6 cd 21 b2 3a cd 21 8a 


-e 138 c1 d4 Oa 80 c4 3D 04 30 


-e 140 8b do 86 dS b4 02 cd 21 


-e 148 8a d6 cd 21 b2 3a cd 21 


-e 150 b4 Zc cd 21 Sa c6 d4 Oa 


-e 158 80 c4 30 04 30 8b dO 86 


-e 150 dS b4 02 cd 21 8a dG cd 


-e 168 21 b4 09 ba 85 01 cd 21 


-e 170 b4 4c cd 21 43 75 72 72 


-e 178 65 6e 74 20 74 69 6d 65 


-e180 20 69 73 20 24 61 24 


-RCX 


CX 0000 


:87 


-W 


lVr///ng 0087 bytes 
-Q 



the number 15164 will appear 
on your computer screen. 



debug qdate.com 


File not found 


■elOO h4 09 ha 59 01 cd 21 b4 


-e1D8 2a cd 21 Sa c6 d4 Oa 80 


-ellO c4 30 04 30 Bb dO 86 d6 


-e118 BQ fa 30 75 02 bZ 20 b4 


-e 120 02 cd 21 8a d6 cd 21 b2 


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-Q 



If you run the Checksum pro- 
gram (the most recent version 
of Checksum was published 
in "Tips & Tools" in the July 
1993 issue) on QTIME.COM, 
78 COMPUTE DECEtvlBER 1993 



If you run the Checksum pro- 
gram on QDATE.COM. the 
number 14344 will appear, 

BRADLEY M SMALL 
GREENSBORO. NC 

What Do You Do? 

Recent problems with my PC 
have forced me to take a 
crash course in computer 
crashes. What do you do if 
everything fails? There are 
some steps that you can fol- 
low. First, you should alv/ays 
be prepared. Make sure you 
have a complete backup and 
an emergency boot disk that 
contains your current AUTOEX- 
EC. BAT and CONFIG.SYS 
files as well as FDISK.COM 
and FORMATCOM. To help 
recover, you should also 
have a printout of your Setup 
screen. To get the printout, 
go to Setup, turn on your print- 
er, and press the Print 
Screen key. If you have ad- 
vanced setup screens, also 
do printouts of these. Keep 
your emergency boot disk up- 
to-date and put it and your Set- 



up printouts in an envelope be- 
side your computer, If you lose 
the envelope, make a new 
emergency kit immediately. 

When you discover that 
you can't boot from or access 
your hard disk, you'll be pre- 
pared. Boot from your emer- 
gency floppy, go to Setup, 
and compare the contents of 
the Setup screen to your print- 
outs. Make any necessary 
changes, and try rebooting 
from your hard disk. 

If your hard disk still won't 
respond, turn off your comput- 
er, pull the plug, and pull 
your boards, one by one. 
Press all the chips on the 
boards, pull and immediately 
replace all of the jumpers (pull- 
ing the jumpers and replac- 
ing them will ensure there is 
good contact), and gently rub 
a pencil eraser on the con- 
tacts of the board along the 
edge that goes into the expan- 
sion-bus slot. Pull and imme- 
diately replace all cables. 
Then try rebooting from your 
hard disk again, 

if you still can't boot, Fdisk 
and Format /s your hard disk. 
Run Spinrite or some other di- 
agnostic software to make 
sure all of your bad sectors 
are marked. If the computer 
still won't boot from the hard 
disk, it's time to call a tech- 
nician. There's probably some- 
thing wrong with the disk me- 
chanically or electrically. 

ROBER* BIXBY 
GREENSBORO, NC 



If you have an interesting tip 
that you think would fieip oth- 
er PC users, send it along 
with your name, address, and 
Social Security number to 
COMPUTE'S Tips & Tools. 
324 West Wendover Avenue. 
Suite 200, Greensboro. North 
Carolina 27408. For each tip 
we publish, we'll pay you $25- 
$50. All tips submitted be- 
come the property of General 
Media international. D 



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BIRTH OF A 

FAST FORWARD 

NEW ART FORM? 

BY DAVID ENGLISH 



Recently, I had a stimulating talk with Bob Able, 
who might best be described as a new-media 
maven. He developed his craft in both commer- 
cial and documentary films (his experience 
incfudes working with Stanley Kubrick on the star gate 
sequences for 2001: A Space Odyssey and with David 
Wolper on the award-winning "Making of the President" 
television series). 

More recently, he headed the large team of creative 
artists and programmers that created the most Impres- 
sive multimedia title I've ever seen. It's called Columbus: 
Encounter. Discovery and Beyond. Columbus stands 
head and shoulders above the usual PC- 
based multimedia titles. Because it was 
created for IBM's Ultimedia platform 
it features higher-resolution graph 
ics and higher-quality sound 
than have generally been avail 
able with MFC-based mul 
media titles. 

What does Able see as 
the future of multimedia? 
Not surprisingly, he views 
the possibilities of multi- 
media through the eyes 
of a filmmaker. He stress- 
es that full-motion video 
is technically just around 
the corner, yet we haven't 
learned how to combine 
the art of narrative with the 
tools of the medium. No 
one knows how to tell a story 
in multimedia. 

I think Able has put his fin 
ger on what's wrong with many 
of today's computer games— and 
where these new interactive movies 
might lead us. In narrative films, the story 
and characters are everything. The best films 
such as Welles's Citizen Kane, Kubrick's 2001: A 
Space Odyssey, Gance's Napoleon, Eisenstein's 
Potemkin, and Kurosawa's Tiie Seven Samurai, use tech- 
nique to tell the story. Kane's flamboyant editing and 
composition, 200Ts stark realism. Napoleon's emotionai- 
ly charged camera movements, Potemkin's dynamic 
editing, and Samura/'s restrained lyricism serve the 
story's narrative line, help create the story's tone, and 
further the development of the characters, 

While many of today's multimedia games dazzle us 
with their fluid motion (The 7th Guest), imaginative 
graphics (Spaceship Warlock), and photorealistic 
characters (tHell Cab), we're still in the early stages of 




developing a vocabulary for the new medium. 

As a student in the Department of Cinema Studies 
at New York University, 1 attended a fascinating series 
of courses on D. W. Griffith. Each semester, we looked 
at a single year of Griffith's work. As we viewed the 
films in chronological order, we could see Griffith try 
different techniques, such as closeups, tracking shots, 
and parallel editing (two similar stories told simultane- 
ously). Griffith would never use these techniques for 
their own sake — they would always be used to serve 
the story. During those early years, Griffith developed 
these techniques until he had refined much of 
today's vocabulary of filmmaking. 

In a similar way, today's multimedia 
developers are attempting to develop 
a vocabulary that grows from the 
peculiarities of their new medi- 
um, Whereas a closeup is 
used in film to bring you clos- 
er to a character's point of 
view, multimedia artists 
might use the interactive 
nature of the medium to 
let you choose the char- 
acter's personality that 
most closely resembles 
your own. Whereas a 
tracl<ing shot opens up 
the space of a film nar- 
rative and signals where 
the story will soon lead, 
multimedia artists might 
use three-dimensional 
sound to signal a similar 
shift in direction. And whereas 
parallel editing allows a filmmak- 
er to weave two similar stories into 
a third, more complex story, we may 
see multimedia products with a variety 
of interlocking stories that the viewer can run 
chronologically, by character, or by location (as 
opposed to simply having three alternate endings). 

Able has shifted his energies from film to multimedia 
because he instinctively believes in the potential of multi- 
media. Hundreds of creative people have chosen a simi- 
lar path for the same reason. It took 30 years for film to 
develop into a true art form, but I'm betting that this time 
things will move much faster. We're on the verge of hav- 
ing software titles with full-screen, full-motion video — by 
the year 2000, the medium should be firmly in place. 
With people such as Bob Abie trying to figure out what 
makes multimedia tick, we may be witnessing the birth of 
the twenty-first century's greatest art form. J 



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- 



MULTIMEDIA PC 



BY DAVID ENGLISH, PHILLIP MORGAN, 
AND LISA YOUNG 



It's been a great year 
for multimedia. Sound 
cards and CD-ROM 
drives are selling so 
fast that stores can't keep 
Ifiem on tfie shielves. Level 
2 MPC upgrade kits (witfi 
16-bit sound cards and 
double-speed CD-ROfvl dri- 
ves) have pushed down the 
prices of Level 1 upgrade 
kits to less than $400. The 
trickle of CD-ROM software 
has turned into a flood of 
titles. In short, multimedia 
products are in demand, 
and they make great gifts. 

While we've refrained 
from including the most 
expensive multimedia prod- 
ucts, such as fully equip- 
ped multimedia PCs 
($1,500 and up) and The 
Oxford English Dictionary 
on CD-ROM ($895), we've 
also refrained from cram- 
ming in lots of inexpensive 
but useless multimedia 
products. If you're not pre- 
pared for the sticker shock, 
you might pool your 
resources with friends or 
family members. 

It'll be worth it— despite 
the expense. Imagine the 
delight on your loved one's 
face when that strange 
oblong package turns out 
to hold a pair of stylish mul- 
timedia speakers, or that 
tiny flat box — which was 
sure to be an audio CD — 
turns out to be a top-selling 
muitimedia title. 

To simplify things, we've 
divided the 50 products into 
three basic categories: mul- 
timedia hardware, CD-ROf^ 
software, and disk-based 
multimedia software. 

Multimedia Hardware 

1. Sound Blaster Digital- 
Edge CD. If you've waited 
to upgrade your PC to a 
multimedia PC, you're in 



luck. Now you can upgrade 
to a higher standard. Cre- 
ative Labs offers a multime- 
dia upgrade kit that meets 
the new Level 2 MPC speci- 
fications. The $999 pack- 
age includes a Sound 
Blaster 16 ASP, a double- 
speed multisession CD- 
ROM drive, The Software 
Toolworks Muitimedia En- 
cyclopedia, Microsoft 
Bookshelf, Macromed- 
ia Action!, a micro- 



phone, and speakers. 
Creative Labs, (408) 428- 
6600. 

2-3. Fusion Double CD- 
16 and Pro 16 Multimedia 
System. Media Vision has 
two Level 2 upgrade kits. 
The Fusion Double' GD-16 
(S799 external, $699 inter- 
nal) includes a Pro Audio- 
Spectrum 16 sound card, a 

double-speed NEC CD- 
ROM drive (model 
55J), and four CD-ROM 




applications (Compton's 
Interactive Encyclopedia for 
Windows, Battle Chess 
Enhanced. Arthur's Teacher 
Trouble, and The 7th 
Guest). The Pro 16 
Multimedia System (SI, 199) 
includes a Pro Audio- 
Spectrum 16 sound card, a 
double-speed NEC CD- 
ROM drive {model 84JD-1), 
and eight CD-ROM applica- 
tions (Compton's Interac- 
tive Encyclopedia for 
Windows, Battle Chess 
Enhanced, Mantis, Civiliza- 
tion, Macromedia Action!, 
Mayo Clinic Family 
Health Book, PC Karaoke, 
and Where in the World !s 
Carmen Sandiego? De- 
luxe). Media Vision, (800) 
348-7116, 

4-5. Sonic Sound. 
Suddenly, DSPs (Digital 
Signal Processors) are 
showing up in sound cards 
and fax/data modems. The 
16-bit Sonic Sound sound 
card uses its DSP for 
General MIDI wave table 
synthesis (32 simultaneous 
stereo instruments) and — 
with an upgrade option — 
extended MIDI and speech 
recognition. The basic 
package also includes 
Sound Blaster and Ad Lib 
support, as well as connec- 
tors for SCSI CD-ROM, 
MIDI, and joystick. Dia- 
mond Computer Systems; 
(408) 736-2000: $299 for 
Sonic Sound. $129 for the 
upgrade option. 

6. Maestro 16vr. If you 
like to play games, check 
out the 16-bit Maestro 16vr 
sound card, which also 
uses a DSP for voice recog- 
nition and General MIDI 
instrument sounds. You 
receive a special voice 
recognition version of 
Interplay's Star Trek: 25th 
Anniversary, along with the 



usual Sound Blaster and Ad 
Lib support: connectors for 
SCSI CD-ROM, MIDI, and 
joystick; and utility software. 
This version lets you control 
the game with verbal com- 
mands, which you give 
using the provided micro- 
phone headset. Computer 
Peripherals, (805) 499- 
5751, $299. 

7-9. Hello! Music!. 
Looking for a plug-and-play 
MID! upgrade for your 
sound card? Consider 
Hello! Music! ($449.00). It 
includes an external Gen- 
eral MIDI module that you 
can hook up to your com- 
puter's MIDI interface or 
serial port, as well as a 
selection of MIDI software 
from Passport (Trax, a MIDI 
sequencer program; MIDI 
Player, a MIDI jukebox pro- 
gram; and QuikTunes, a 
collection of preprogram- 
med MIDI tunes). Optional 
accessories include the 
CBX-K3 49-key MIDI key- 
board ($299.95) and the 
CBX-S3 powered monitor 
speakers ($399.95). Ya- 
maha, (714) 522-9011 . 

10-12. A pair of multime- 
dia speakers. What would 
multimedia be without a 
good set of speakers? They 
should be magnetically 
shielded so you can place 
them on either side of your 
computer screen and self- 
powered so you don't have 
to rely on your sound card's 
inferior amplifier. Yamaha 
(714-522-9011) sells an 
excellent pair for $149, 
called the YST-M10. For a 
top-of-the-line sound, check 
out the Altec Lansing Multi- 
media ACS-300 (Altec Lan- 
sing Consumer Products. 
800-258-3280, $400 a pair) 
and the Power Partner 570 
(Acoustic Research, 800- 
969-2748, $475 a pair). 



13. Extra CD-ROM cad- 
dies. You can never have 
too much money or too 
many caddies. If you have 
young kids around, it's a 
good idea to keep your 
most frequently used CD- 
ROMs in their own caddies. 
There's nothing like trying to 
scrape peanut butter and 
jelly off your CD-ROMs to 
convince you to have 
plenty of extra cad- 
dies. Many places 



charge $10 or more for a 
caddy, but if you shop 
around, you can find them 
for $5 or less. 

CD-ROM Software 

14. Microsoft Encarta 
Multimedia Encyclopedia 
1994 Edition For Windows. 
Microsoft has taken the arti- 
cles from Funk and Wa- 
gnalls New Encyclope- 
dia and enhanced them 
with generous portions 




s year, 
create some real 

excitement. 
Give a multimedia 



of photographs, audio, 
video, and animation. The 
program's interface makes it 
easy to find your way 
through this huge amount of 
information. You can ex- 
plore events chronologically, 
geographically, or concep- 
tually, or you can search for 
associated ideas using the 
nine categories and 84 sub- 
categories. Microsoft, (800) 
426-9400, $395 (S99 until 
December 31st). 

15. Compton's Inter- 
active Encyclopedia for 
Windows. This new CD- 
ROM version of Compton's 
Encyclopedia uses images, 
maps, graphs, audio, and 
video to make the text 
come alive. One new fea- 
ture lets you store open 
windows as a virtual work- 
space. Compton's New- 
Media; (619) 929-2500; 
$395 for CD-ROM version, 
$498 for combined CD- 
ROM and printed version. 

16. The New Grolier 
Multimedia Encyclopedia. 
Make learning fun for your- 
self and your children with 
the latest version of this mul- 
timedia encyclopedia. Video, 
animation, sound, and a raft 
of color and black-and-white 
Super VGA images bring the 
excitement of CD-ROM tech- 
nology to the complete text 
of The Academic Amehcan 
Encyclopedia. Grolier 
Electronic Publishing, (800) 
356-5590, $395. 

17. Microsoft Dinosaurs. 
Get detailed descriptions of 
the lives of 80 dinosaurs and 
dozens of other prehistoric 
creatures with nearly 200 
articles and more than 1000 
illustrations and photo- 
graphs. With hot-linked text 
to connect you to more than 
800 pop-up windows, you 
can explore the material at 
your leisure or take a series 




MULI IMi:i)IA PC 




Microsoft Encarta (number 14) 

of guided tours. Microsoft, 
(800) 426-9400, $79.95. 

18. The Animals!. Visit 
the San Diego Zoo in the 
comfort of your own home. 
You and your child can 
explore all of earth's bio- 
mes to learn about familiar 
and exotic animals in their 
natural habitats. This single 
CD-ROfvl is packed with 82 
videos. 1300 color pictures, 
2500 pages of text, and 2 
1/2 hours of sound data. 
The Software Toolworks, 
(800)234-3088, $119.95. 

19. Microsoft Cinemania 
'94 Interactive Movie Guide 
For Windows, Search for 
your favorite movie titles, 
actors, and directors with 
this top-selling CD-ROM 
film reference. Cinemania 
Includes all 19,000 capsule 
reviews and ratings from 
Leonard Maltin's Movie and 
Video Guide, thousands of 
entries from The Motion 
Picture Guide and Tlie 
Encyclopedia of Film, and 
movie stills and audio clips 
from major motion pictures. 
Microsoft, (800) 426-9400, 
$79.95. 

20. SI CD-ROM Sports 
Almanac. With 26 cate- 
gories of sports information, 
this title from Sports 
Illustrated can satisfy the 
most voracious stats 

86 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



appetite. It's a compilation 
of 1991 stats, awards from 
1931 to the present, obitu- 
aries, profiles, and dozens 
of SI articles. It also lists 
year-by-year records for 
each sport. Sports Illustra- 
ted, (800) 593-6334, 
$59,95. 

21. Monarch Notes on 
CD-ROM. For years, 
Monarch Notes have help- 
ed demystify the classics ; 
for students. Now you can 
have the entire collection 
on a single CD-ROM, 
Search for a word, name, or 
phrase from any of the 
nearly 200 titles — many of 
which are long out of print. 
The collection also includes 
recorded voice passages, 
pictures, and drawings. 
Bureau Development, (201) 



Delorme Mapping, (207) 
865-1234. SI 69- 

23. Mayo Clinic Family 
Health Book. More than just 
a book on CD-ROM, this 
layman's health reference is 
an impressive use of multi- 
media. The program gives 
you the complete text of the 
1400-page book, hundreds 
of color photos, animation, 
voice, video, and hypertext. 
Its text is nontechnical but 
thorough. Interactive 
Ventures, (612) 686-0779, 
$99,95, 

24. Mavis Beacon 
Teaches Typing: Version 
2.0 for Multimedia. The CD- 
ROM version of the top typ- 
ing program adds digitized 
speech and digital audio 
music. Multimedia Mavis 
offers verbal dictation of ten 




Street Atlas USA from Delorme Mapping (number 22) 



808-2700, $99, 

22. Street Atlas USA. 
Browse through the streets 
of your youth without leav- 
ing home, Street Atlas USA 
uses the US, Census 
Bureau's TIGER files to 
map every street in the 
country. You can search by 
ZIP code, telephone num- 
ber, or street name. 



prerecorded letters and lets 
you add your own. There's 
also a self-running overview 
and demonstration of the 
program. The Software 
Toolworks, (415) 883-3000, 
$99.95. 

25. Fractal Ecstasy. View 
the amazing patterns that 
make up fractal images. 
The program includes frac- 



tal fly-throughs, over an 
hour of Video for Windows 
movies, and more than a 
thousand full-screen fractal 
images. Create your own 
fractals with the program's 
Fractal Creator, which 
works with 30 different frac- 
tal-generating formulas and 
125 different color palettes. 
Deep River Publishing, 
(207)871-1684, $49.95. 

26. Nautilus. This CD- 
ROIvl magazine offers tradi- 
tional bulletin board infor- 
mation enhanced with CD- 
quaiity pictures, music, ani- 
mation, and film clips. You 
can also use Nautilus to 
establish two-way access 
with Metatec's own online 
service, which is similar to 
CompuServe and GEnie. 
Along with the typical mag- 
azine material, you'll 
receive shareware, free- 
ware, fonts, programming 
tips, and utilities. Metatec 
Discovery Systems; (614) 
761-2000; $9.95 for a Single 
disc, S1 19.40 for a 12-disc 
subscription. 

27. The 7th Guest. This 
is the first CD-ROM game 
too large to fit on a single 
disc (it ships on two). 
Realistic video-generated 
characters, high-resolution 
3-D-rendered back- 
grounds, and an excellent 
musical score make this 
computer game seem like 
an interactive movie. Solve 
the logical puzzles as you 
move through a haunted 
mansion in search of clues. 
Virgin Games, (714) 833- 
1999. $99.99. 

28. Hell Cab- This ultra- 
photorealist game features 
state-of-the-art 3-D graph- 
ics, sound effects, and 
music. The plot involves a 
New York City cab driver 
(he's really a devil trainee), 
prehistoric jungles, Nero's 





ore 



As Far and as Fast 

as Your Mind Will Travel. 




Nine unique entry paths are available - one to suit 
every style of learning. With Virtual Workspace'" 
open multiple articles, pictures, videos, 
sounds and animations to expand your 
understanding. Idea Search 
guides you through a network 
of over 33,000 articles such as.. 



On CD ROM for 
Windows™, DOS 
and Macintosh®. 



Access U.S. and vi/orld 
history through the 
new multi-level, 
dynamic timeline. 
Click the time period 

of your choice and open related articles 

and multimedia displays. 



v^l^^^t 




ALL NEW 



EDITION 



To bring learning alive, there's 
nothing like full-motion video and 
sound. People remember almost 
three times more 



with multi-sensory 
stimulation over 
reading alone! 
Compfon's fea- 
tures over 200 
multimedia clips 
including videos, 
animations, 
sounds, and 
exclusive slide 
shows - plus over 
7,000 images. 



Start with an astronaut's view of the globe. Click on any region 
and zoom in for a closer look. Move from continents to coun- 
tries, to cities - with each level bringing you greater detail. 



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lii-ni-i- a .-.iPin-i' >liiiitl<' liiiiiich — ill fiill-iiioiiuu 
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iit\i'i- tlic hir.|iir\. [i'('hii((!oiiy and peo|)lf wim 
iiiaili- il |in^-ilili-. I 111' --ailli' vny\ arn-ss rail 
Iclki- ynu Irnm .srinii-r in iiaiurc. Iii^lniy. |)i'n- 
plc and iilacrs. ('/inip/oii'.s hiti^rdcth'f 
tjicyclopvdia™. cliuscn casiesl-io-iisi'. olTfi-.s a 






■■'Hecii, 



M/^ COMPTON'S 

^r^ NewMedia 




wiir'ld nl kiinwlcd;;!' llirniiisli \iili'n-. aninia- 
lioM-. iiarralrd --lide prcsenlal inns, aiidin and 
i|iiirkl\ ii'liTriircd li'M. ,Siil|. ihi' riii)>l rriiii- 
pclliiiii rca.snii (nr clinii^iiii; Coniplnn ■•! i^ lliis; 
Your tliildreii. Vou re giving tliein a tool tiiat 
can iticrt'asr ihcir coiiipiTlK-nsioii. siiniiilate 
i-iii'in--ii\ ami I'liliaiii'f iiiiilivtnidn.^ i-.-. and 
Coniplfiii ■•! i.- Inn. Inn. And dial -. wiiai learn- 
ing slioiild !)<■! \ i>i( yniir Inial ri'iailor or call 
ii()(J-i)()2-22()(> I'nr ninrc infnrinatinii. 

Circle Readn Service Number 240 

mm 

CDIUIPUTE 



CHOICE 
AWARDS 



2320Camino VidaRoble 

Carlsbad. CA 92009 (30013262206 

<D 1993 Compton's NewMedia. Inc. All produces and company names are the property of their respective trademark holders. 4Q.1001S-A 



ILIVEI MEDIL 




MULTIIMEDIAPC 



Rome, and the trenches of 
World War I. Your goal is to 
make it back to the airport 
with your soul intact. Time 
Warner Interactive, (800) 
593-6334, $99.99. 

29. Microsoft Golf for 
Windows, Multimedia Edi- 
tion, For the golfer with a 



book. The CD-ROM's spo- 
ken dialogue and text also 
enhance the game. Sierra, 
(800) 326-6654, $79.95. 

31. European Racers. 
Build your plastic mode! car 
with the help of a high-reso- 
lution CD-ROM. The pack- 
age comes with one model 



mMSMmsMsm 



Conniiy Anglfigrain 




UteVCRcsnlmli Id PAUSE 



Mayo Clinic Family Health Book (number 23) 



CD-ROM drive, what could 
be better than a golf game 
on CD-ROM? The new mul- 
timedia version includes 
video 'flybys" of each hole, 
a personal video golf pro 
who offers advice for each 
hole, and video demonstra- 
tions of swinging and aim- 
ing techniques. The pro- 
gram is compatible with the 
many Links Championship 
Courses from Access. 
Microsoft, (800) 426-9400, 
$64.95, 

30. King's Quest VI, In 
this latest release in the 
King's Quest series. King 
Alexander attempts to res- 
cue Princess Cassima from 
the evil Vizier. He travels 
among a mysterious set of 
islands, whose lush graph- 
ics were hand-painted and 
then scanned into a com- 
puter for the look of a story- 

88 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



kit, a Porsche 911 Slant 
Nose, but the CD-ROM 
includes the simulation soft- 
ware for three additional 
kits, which you can buy 
separately at toy stores and 
hobby shops. The program 
shows your model rendered 
in 3-D-polygon animation, 
provides step-by-step 
assembly instructions, and 
includes a racing track 
where you can square off 
against five onscreen com- 
petitors. Reveli-Monogram, 
(708) 966-3500, $69.95. 

32. Just Grandma and 
Me. This interactive chil- 
dren's storybook helps your 
child explore language and 
learn to read while having 
fun. Accompanying Grand- 
ma and Little Critter to the 
beach, your child can 
choose the Read to Me but- 
ton to watch the animation 



and listen to the story, or 
choose the Let Me Play but- 
ton to interact with the char- 
acters. Braderbund Soft- 
ware, (800) 521-6263, 
$69.95. 

33. Arthur's Teacher 
Trouble. Like Just Grandma 
and Me, Arthur's Teacher 
Trouble is an interactive 
children's storybook that 
combines animated effects, 
musical accompaniment, 
and narration in a choice of 
languages. It teaches 
young readers (ages 6-10) 
as it entertains with subtle 
humor. Br0derbund Soft- 
ware, (800) 521-6263, 
$59.95, 

Disk-based 
Multimedia Software 

34. SuperJAMI. Create 
instant melodies, The pro- 
gram includes an onscreen 
piano keyboard that can be 
controlled with your mouse 
or computer's keyboard; an 
Eas-0-Matic MusicMaker, 
which makes it easy to 
make musical decisions; 30 
musical styles that include 
rock, pop, dance, classical, 
samba, and jazz; and 
ready-made musical ar- 



rangements and chord pro- 
gressions. SuperJAMI is 
appropriate for both begin- 
ner and experienced musi- 




Soloist (number 35) 

cians and works with any 
MIDI instrument. Blue 
Ribbon Software, (404) 315- 
0212, $129. 

35. Soloist. This com- 
puter game makes it easy 
to learn melodic sight-read- 
ing, Simply hook up a 
microphone to your sound 
card, select your instrument 
and skill level, and play or 
sing the notes that the pro- 
gram displays on your 
screen. Soloist doesn't 




c 



J 



.rot fntr <tiiuif$tty> Mi -t ctvi* (MdfitfMMnfl hkmhAh' mM 
i--H. Ovt tftft CiOe*) «1M b4Mt7 C«ai>dv A CHUSTMaS STOKr. 



Microsoft Cinemania V4 interactive l^ovle Guide (number 19) 



require MIDI, offers 36 lev- 
els of play, and Includes a 
chromatic tuner to help you 
tune your instrument, Works 
with any musical instru- 
ment — even your voice. Ibis 
Software, (415) 546-1917, 
$59.95. 

36-42. A Sound Source 
Unlimited sound clip pack- 
age. Sound Source 
Unlimited offers a variety of 
popular sound clips to liven 
up your Windows environ- 
ment. Each package ships 
with a utility that lets you 
associate sounds with your 
Windows system functions, 
such as startup, shutdown, 
General Protection Error, 
and application launch. 
Current collections include 
Star Trek (359.95), Star 
Trek; The Next Generation 
($59.95), 2001; A Space 
Odyssey (S59.95), Termi- 
nator 2; Judgment Day 
($47.95), Total Recall 
($47.95), Star Wars 
($37.95), and The Wizard of 
Oz ($37.95). Sound Source 
Unlimited, (800) 877-4778. 

43. Sound Blaster: The 
Official Booii. Pamper your 
Sound Blaster with a book 
of its own. This paperback 
includes tips and tricks to 
enhance playback and 
recording, as well as a trou- 
bleshooting guide that 
shows you how to resolve 
joystick difficulties, interrupt 
conflicts, and volume prob- 
lems. You also get a 3 1/2- 
inch disk with dozens of 
sound files, dozens of 
songs and musical jingles, 
and several popular Sound 
Blaster utilities. Osborne 
McGraw-Hill, $29,95, 

44. The Turtle Tools for 
Multimedia. Looking for an 
inexpensive way to get into 
digital audio, MIDI, and CD 
audio? Take a look at The 
Turtle Tools for Multimedia. 



It includes WaveTools, an 
audio-recording, -editing, 
and -playback application: 
Midisoft Session, a MIDI 
sequencer; KeyPIayer, a 
program that lets nonmusi- 
cians play and record music 
using just the computer key- 
board; Sound-Attach, a utili- 
ty that lets you attach WAV 
and MIDI files to Windows 
system functions; and 
SoundBank, a CD-ROM with 
over 300 sound effects in 
five different formats. Turtle 
Beach Systems, (717) 843- 
6916, $89. 

45-46. A professional- 
quality sound-editing pro- 
gram. Sound-editing pack- 
ages such as Wave for 
Windows 2.0 (Turtle Beach, 
717-843-6916, $149) and 
Sound Forge 2,0 (Sonic 
Foundry, 608-256-3133, 
$179) let you alter sounds 
in ways that recording stu- 
dios would have killed for 
just 10 or 15 years ago. 
We're talking about high- 
quality stereo recording 
direct to your hard drive, 
with cut-and-paste editing 
and nondestructive digital 
effects, such as echo, 
reverb, flange, fade, re- 
verse, volume, and pan, 

47. The t^orton 
Speedhve. If your CD-ROM 
drive can't keep up with 
your CD-ROM programs, 
you might need a software 
cache for your drive. 
DOS's SMARTDrive doesn't 
cache CD-ROM drives, but 
The Norton Speedrive 
does. For owners of Level I 
MPC and subMPC CD- 
ROM drives, it may be the 
least expensive way to 
keep up with today's more 
demanding CD-ROM pro- 
grams. Symantec, (800) 
441-7234, $99 

48. Netroom 3, Are your 
multimedia drivers taking up 



jl'flew my kite instead; '.■•; 




Br0derbund 's Just Grandma and /We (number 32) 



so much memory you don't 
have room for your pro- 
grams? Netroom 3 loads 
your sound card, CD-ROM, 
software cache, network, 
and other device drivers 
into upper memory — leaving 
as much as 630K for your 
applications. The latest ver- 
sion adds a cloaking tech- 
nology that can move your 
System and Video BIOS into 
extended memory. Helix, 
(718)392-3100,599, 

49. Matinee, This is the 
first screen saver to bring 
full-motion video to your PC. 
The disk-based version 
($49.95) features 38 clips, 



including monsters, car- 
toons, go-go dancers, and 
killer sharks. The CD-ROM 
version ($59.95) includes 
over 250 video clips in cat- 
egories ranging from bikinis 
to sci-fi, Access Softek, 
(510)848-0606. 

Only 49 multimedia gift 
ideas? Don't forget a sub- 
scription to COMPUTE 
(COMPUTE Publications, 
800-727-6937, $12.97 for 12 
issues). With our new multi- 
media section and regular 
multimedia coverage in the 
rest of the magazine, you'll be 
fondly remembered through- 
out the coming year.Q 








KH ■■I ■■■ 

Em lEM Fl 




{$o. j<i»^i?^- '|i>»' -^[".iS .^[^^ j^^^i 



Matinee from Access Softek (number 49) 

DECEMBER 1993 COMPUTE 39 




'■With Peter Pan, EA^Kids is doing 

something absolutely new with 
storytelling and giving real meaning 
to the phrase 'interactive adventure'. 



Peter Scisco, Kids and Computers 






emember the sense of wonder you felt as 
you watched Peter Pan discover he could really 
fly? Well, in Peter Pan, A Story 
Painting™ Adventure from EA*Kidsr 
it's your child's imagination that 
^■^an : ; - . really soars. Boys and girls ages 
S-9 become the "hands of the 
animator," to help Peter save Wendy from the 
evil Captain Hook. Along with the Paintbox 




■Sa[_MU_yJT 



^Rjg!E!i_J 



(Actual computer screen shot) 
Palsr children actually change events in the 
story, expanding their reading, problem-solving 
and decision-making skills like never before. 

It's the kind of fun your children will 
return to again and again. Unless of course, 
you're playing it yourself. 
To order a FREE EA^Kids demo disk 
or videotape call I 800 KID-XPRT. 
for IBM® compatibles, Macintosh® and 3D0.® 
Available on floppy disk and CD-ROM. 






•EAi^fjCldf 



The KiDi SofTwfiHf ExpsRTi 
Circle Reader Service Number 165 

©1993 Novotrade lntern'ational!"'WRWlL:rrjhii reserved. EA*Kids. Electronic Arts, Story Painting and PaintbD* Pals art trademarks of Electronic Arts. 
IBM. Macintosh and 3D0 are registered trademarks o( International Business Machines Corp.; A^.e Computer, inc. and the 300 Companjr respectively. 




NEW MULTIMEDIA PRODUCTS 



EDITED BY LISA YOUNG 



Clear the Floor 

Instead of going to ttie gym, 
you can now just turn on 
your computer for a person- 
alized aerobics workout. 
Fitness Partner, released by 
Computer Directions, devel- 
ops customized workouts 
based on your weight-loss 
or muscle-toning goals. 

The CD-ROM compiles 
your workout from 75 full- 
motion video exercises and 
includes video and audio 
instruction from Roni 
Smaldino, an IDEA-certified 
aerobics instructor. Fitness 
Partner can design as many 
as nine personalized rou- 
tines for ten different users. 
The program also electroni- 
cally tracks seven different 
measurements and goals 
for each person, 

You can design your own 
routine by mixing and 
matching ttie 75 exercises, 
setting the speed and num- 
ber of repetitions for each 
movement, and choosing 
your favorite music. If you're 
unfamiliar with a particular 
exercise, you can use the 
learning mode to find out 
how to perform a movement. 

Computer Directions 
(209) 435-5777 
$69.95 

Circle Reader Service Number 530 

New Entry- 
Level Multimedia PC 

If you've been thinking 
about buying an entry-level 
multimedia computer, this 
could be the time to do it. 
Radio Shack has Intro- 
duced the Tandy Multi- 
media Personal Computer, 
a fully equipped 80486- 
based multimedia PC 
priced at less than $1 ,600. 

The package includes a 
Photo CD-compatible CD- 
ROM drive, a Sound Blaster 

92 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 




Get In shape with the Fitness Partner CD-ROM. 



Pro 8-bit audio card, Super 
VGA graphics, 4MB of RAM 
(expandable to 64MB), a 
130MB SmartDrive hard 
disk, and two 16-bit expan- 
sion slots. 

The Tandy Multimedia 
PC ships with several multi- 
media programs, including 
The Animals!, The Software 
Toolworks World Atlas. 
Toolworks Reference Lib- 



rary, and America Online. 
The package also includes 
DOS 6, a multimedia ver- 
sion of Windows 3,1, and a 
multimedia version 
of Microsoft Works for 
Windows. 

Radio Shack 

(817)390-3011 

$1,599 

Circle Reader Service Number 531 




The Tandy Muitirriedia Personal Computer from Radio Shack 



No More Sacrifice 

Why should you have to 
settle for an 8-bit sound 
card just to save money? 
With Media Vision's Pro 
Audio 16 Basic, you can 
add CD-quality sound to 
your computer for less than 
$200. 

Compliant with both 
MPC Level 1 and Level 2 
standards, the Pro Audio 16 
Basic offers 16-bit stereo 
digital audio recording and 
playback to 44.1 t<Hz. an 
on-board FM synthesizer, a 
software-controlled mixer, 
MIDI support, and a game 
port. It also supports DOS, 
Windows 3.1, Windows NT, 
OS/2 2.1, and NextStep, 
and it's compatible with the 
Pro AudioSpectrum 16, 
Sound Blaster, and Ad Lib 
sound cards. 

The Pro Audio 16 Basic 
package Includes DOS 
and Windows software, 
including Media Vision's 
Pocket Tools (which allows 
recording, editing, and 
mixing under Windows 
3.1), Dinosaur Adventure 
from Knowledge Adventure 
(which lets you explore the 
prehistoric era of dino- 
saurs through full-motion 
video and stereo sound), 
and a QuIckStart Installa- 
tion program. 

MediaVision 

(800) 845-5870 

$199 

Circle Reader Service Number 532 

Sight and Sound 

Sony has introduced two 
computer peripherals 
designed to bring multime- 
dia and video conferencing 
applications to the PC. The 
PCS-V2 and PCS-V4 com- 
bine audio and video com- 
ponents into a single com- 
pact unit that fits on top of a 



TERACTIVE HORROR 



! HEME n& ONE 
RESTS I 



Dracula is 
back, driven by 
revenge and a hunger for 
human blood. Follow a 
trail of vampire brides, 
corpses, and wolf tracks 
through the streets of London. 
You direct the drama, 
suspense, and passion as 
you are drawn into a world of evil 
where every decision and action you 
make is inextricably tied to the fates 
of those you love. 

From the creators of 

Sherlock Holmes Consulting Detective™ 



I 



4 



pf>S*S' 




r 90 minutes of captivating 
video and an original 
ithic soundtrack draws you into 
sthe center of the action. 




t| scenes propel 
fn multiple pathways 
toward the final confrontation. 




Unique irh 
le that you've n 
■ ed befd. 



Contact your local retailer or call 1-800-877-4266. 



YIACOMc 

NEW MEDIA 



AVAILABLE ON CD-ROM FOR PC AND 



circle Reader Service Number 219 




NEW IVIULTIMEDIA PRODUCTS 




Pro Audio 16 Basic 

desktop computer monitor. 

Both products have a 
high-quality color video 
camera, unidirectiorial 
microphone, speaker, vol- 
ume control, and audio 
mute switch. You can verti- 
cally adjust the camera and 
manually activate a privacy 
shutter to disengage the 
video capabilities. The 
PCS-V4 will be available 
with a full-duplex echo can- 
cellation feature to reduce 
unwanted echo. 

The PCS-V2 and the 
PCS-V4 work with most 
types of computers and can 
be networked in a number 
of ways. They can also 
function as audio and video 
input devices for other mul- 






Phillip's Brilliance 15 Monitor 
94 COMPUTE NOVEMBER 1993 



timedia applications. 

The PCS-V2 is sched- 
uled to ship in November, 
while the PCS-V4 should be 
released sometime in 1994. 

Sony 

(201)930-7194 
$999— PCS-V2 
Price TBA— PCS-V4 

Circle Reader Service Number 533 

Monitors TKat Sing 

If you're looking for a moni- 
tor to use with multimedia 
and CD-ROM applications, 
consider the Brilliance 15, 
an autoscanning monitor 
with stereo audio capabili- 
ties built in. 

The Brilliance 15 in- 
cludes a stereo amplifier, 
speakers, headphone jack, 
and user-adjustable volume 
control. It has a maximum 
resolution of 1024 x 768 at 
72 Hz. It also uses a 0.28- 
mm dot pitch, as well as a 
flat, square, black matrix 
tube for high contrast and 
bnlliant color rendition. 

Other high-performance 
display functions include 
Constant Vertical Raster, 
which automa- 
tically maintains 
the correct 
vertical image 
height for all 
display 
modes, and Ad- 
vance Monitor 
Deflection Con- 
trol, which al- 
lows fast, stable 
switching 
between display 
modes without 
disturbing tran- 
sient distortion 
effects. 

The Brilli- 
ance 15 is 
backed by a 
two-year parts- 
and-labor war- 




Sony's new PCS-V2 multimedia camera 



ranty and has a mean time 
between failures of 50,000 
hours. 

Philips Consumer 
Electronics 
(800) 835-3506 
$699 

Circle Reader Service Numiaer 534 

Liglits, Camera, 
interaction 

VirtualClnema, from Hyper- 
Bole Studios, is a technolo- 
gy that creates three- 
dimensional, interactive 
films on CD-ROM. It uses 
live actors, gives you a 360- 
degree perspective of the 
environment, and lets you 
peek into the minds of the 
characters. According to 
the company, you actually 



think the characters' 
thoughts and recall their 
memories. 

With VirtualClnema, you 
can go at your own speed, 
repeating sections or fol- 
lowing interesting tan- 
gents. Several popular 
types of interactive films 
are planned, including 
drama, comedy, and sci- 
ence fiction. 

HyperBole plans to 
begin shipping its first 
VirtualClnema product by 
Christmas, with more titles 
scheduled for release in 
1994. Q 

HyperBole Studios 

(206)451-7751 

Price TBA 

Circle Reader Sen/ice Number 535 



fsr0B, 



S 




FIRST WE MADE 

WINDOWS. 

NOW IT'S TIME 

TO TALK. 




With the new Microsoft" 
Windows'" Sound System, just tell 
your computer what you want it 
to do. %u can customize your sys- 
tem to respond to your personal 
spoken commands. Even our new 
directional microphone knows 
exactly who you are. 

This full set of audio software 
has lots of options, too. Spice up 
presentations with music or quotes. 



Or proofread numbers as the com- 
puter reads them back. 

All for the price of a game. 

"fou can also get this software 
with the sound board included. So 
go visit your nearest reseller to see 
what's creating all the conversation. 



Miaosatt 

Making it easier 



^^Qj^g^ © l99JMicroiofTCorporiiian. All rights rcscncd.MicTOMifiK a rciysrercd rradcmarfcand Windov.'s jnd the Windou-s logo ate trademarks of 
Vvtwons Microsoft CorporaiiOil. 




MULTIMEDIA SPOTLIGHT 



By David English 



MEDIA VISION PRO 16 
MULTIMEDIA SYSTEM II 

It used to be easy to 
choose a multimedia up- 
grade kit. If the package 
had an MPC label, you 
knew the sound card and 
CD-ROM drive would be 
capable of playing the lat- 
est CD-ROM titles, 

This year, the decision 
becanne more complicated. 
On May 17, the Multimedia 
PC Marketing Council 
announced its Level 2 MPC 
specifications. Now you have 
to choose between Level 1 
components {the earlier 
standard) and Level 2 com- 
ponents (the new standard), 

With Level 2, the sound 
card changes from 8-bit to 
16-bit (for CD-quality 
sound), the CD-ROM drive 
runs twice as fast (deliver- 
ing 300K per second), and 
your video card should be 
capable of displaying a res- 
olution of 640 X 480 with as 
many as 65,536 colors 
(Level 1 requires only 640 x 
480 with 16 colors). A Level 
2 computer should be at 
least a 25-MHz 486SX with 
4MB of RAM and a 160MB 
hard drive, while Level 1 
calls for only a 16-MHz 
386SX with 2MB of RAM 
and a 30MB hard drive. 

As you can see from the 
Level 1 computer require- 
ments, a change has been 
long overdue. Most CD- 
ROM software is already 
optimized for Super VGA 
(640 X 480 with 256 colors) 
and at least a 486SX 
processor. The latest titles 
that use Video for Windows 
and QuickTime for Windows 
video clips need Super 
VGA and a double-speed 
CD-ROM drive. Rather than 
leading the market, Level 2 
simply reflects the de- 
mands of today's multime- 
96 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



dia software. 

Just one week after the 
MPC Marketing Council 
announced the Level 2 
specifications. Media Vision 
introduced two Level 2 
upgrade kits: the Fusion 
DoubleCD 16 ($699 inter- 
nal, $799 external) and the 
Pro 16 Multimedia System II 
{$1,199 internal). Both 
include NEC double-speed 
CD-ROM drives— though 
the drive in the Pro 16 II kit 
has an access time of 250 
milliseconds, while the drive 
in the Fu- 
sion kit 
has an ac- 
cess time 
of 350 mil- 
liseconds- 
TheProie 
II kit also 
includes 
more 
bundled 
applica- 
t i o n s 
(eight 

rather than four) and more 
specialized audio software, 
such as a MIDI sequencing 
program, a professional 
audio editor and mixer, and 
a voice recognition pro- 
gram. The Fusion kit is 
designed for people on a 
budget who might be new 
to multimedia, whereas the 
Pro 16 II kit is designed for 
people who want to experi- 
ment with computer-based 
audio and are willing to pay 
more for higher-quality 
components. 

In this review, we'll look 
at the Pro 16 Multimedia 
System II. Its sound card is 
the improved Pro 
AudioSpectrum 16 with two 
output plugs — one for 
speakers (which uses the 
built-in amplifier) and one 
for an external amplifier 
{which bypasses the built-in 




Pro 16 Multimedia System II 



amplifier). It's capable of 
CD-quality sound when 
sampling in stereo at the full 
44.1 kHz, though you'll 
probably need a 486 to 
record cleanly at that rate. 
The card is well shielded 
and provides a clear sound 
with low background noise. 
It's compatible with games 
that support Sound Blaster 
and Ad Lib sound cards, it 
has joystick and SCSI con- 
nectors, and it has separate 
microphone and line input 
jacks. While external MIDI is 
support- 
ed, you'll 
have to 
buy Media 
Vision's 
MIDI Mate 
adapter to 
use it. The 
MIDI Mate 
converts 
the joy- 
stick con- 
nector into 
one joy- 
one MIDI 
/IIDI OUT 



stick, one MIDI IN, 
THRU, and two h 
connectors. 

The CD-ROM drive is 
NEC's double-speed 84JD- 
1, It has the usual Level 2 
throughput of 300K per 
second, has an exceptional 
access speed of 250 mil- 
liseconds (Level 2 requires 
400 milliseconds; Level 1 
requires only 1000 millisec- 
onds), and is Photo CD 
multisession compatible (a 
Level 2 requirement). Be- 
cause it's an internal drive, 
you'll need a free dhve bay 
in your computer. 

As I mentioned before, 
Media Vision has tailored 
this package for computer 
users who like to experi- 
ment with sound. Accor- 
dingly, you'll find a variety 
of powerful audio utilities, 
including separate DOS 



and Windows applications 
that let you record, play, 
and edit high-quality stereo 
sounds, and separate DOS 
and Windows applications 
that let you play your audio 
CDs. Other utilities let you 
compress and decompress 
audio files, control Win- 
dows programs with your 
voice, record and edit MIDI 
files, and convert text to 
spoken words. 

As with many MPC 
upgrade kits, you'll also 
receive a generous bundle 
of CD-ROM software. The 
Pro 16 tl kit includes 
Compton's Interactive En- 
cyclopedia for Windows, 
Mayo Clinic Family Health 
Book, Where in the World Is 
Carmen Sandiego? Deluxe, 
Battle Chess Enhanced, 
Mantis, PC Karaoke, Macro- 
media Action!, and Civiliza- 
tion. Finally, you'll receive a 
disk-based multimedia pre- 
sentation program, Action 
2.5 for Windows. 

This is quite a hardware 
and software package. The 
sound card and CD-ROM 
drive sound terrific and 
should easily handle to- 
day's more demanding 
Level 2 multimedia titles. 
The QuickStart installation 
software makes it relatively 
painless to configure the 
hardware for your system, 
the audio utilities are pow- 
erful and well selected, 
and the bundled applica- 
tions represent an excel- 
lent value. If you're in the 
market for a high-quality 
Level 2 upgrade kit, you 
can't go wrong with Media 
Vision's Pro 16 Multimedia 
System II. 

MediaVision 
(800)348-7116 
SI. 199 

Compute Reader Service Number 550 



Around here nice guys don't finish last - they don't even finish. Better know 
how to drive or Catfish Louie and company will take turns making yo3 



■Tg[WkHfjg.HiBari[*lSjW^B tj[[iM*JMlVJtf1it?I*W]l||llll[* KVli*I*uf« I* L v^Hliti^lH K lilii SvltBslfmYi'i ' ■ 



watch Instant replays of your wipeouts. Video clips give hints and make 
threats while you try to outrun cops and race on four different tracks. Use 3-D 
animated instructions to build a model of your car so it's easier to identify the 
torched remains. Available for IBM on CD-ROM. 




makes the g 



r. The ga 



video clips just like this one mate the game extra bad. But in a good way. 



I 



your 
car you Can 

follow all 

traffic laws 




& courteous 



^L// course^ you 

could also go play 

an action-packed 

game of hopscotch 

with your sister. j^ 




circle Reader Service Number 13S 




PRODUCTIVITY CHOICE 



If you're looking for an inexpensive page-layout 

program that outsliines even the 

high-end DTP packages, this program is for you. 

William Harrel 



PAGEPLUS 2.0 

Serif's PagePlus consistently 
leads the other economy desk- 
top publishing packages in 
useful features. Version 1.0 
provided spot color separa- 
tions when none of the devel- 
opers of other under-$200 
packages thought users need- 
ed them (but soon found out 
that users demanded them), 
and it supported full increment- 
al text rotation at a time vi/hen 
you couldn't find it anywhere 
else, even in the high-end 
heavyweights, Ventura Publish- 
er and PageMaker. 

Version 2.0 again pushes 
PagePlus ahead of the compe- 
tition v/ith process color sep- 
arations, a PANTONE color 
palette, drag-and-drop text, in- 
cremental graphics rotation, 
OLE support, and a nifty table 
editor 

This surprisingly powerful 
program makes page layout re- 
markably easy. An example is 
its versatile style sheets. Simi- 
lar to the same feature in a 
word processor, style sheets 
let you format paragraphs or 
selected blocks of text by sim- 
ply assigning a predefined 
style tag to them, 

Some other low-end page- 
layout packages don't sup- 
port style sheets, and creat- 
ing long documents with their 
many different text formats is 
entirely too much work. Some 
high-end DTP programs, 
such as Ventura Publisher 
and Frame fy/laker, have style 
sheets, but you need a lot of 
perseverance and tenacity to 
define and use their style 
sheets. PagePlus 2.0 simpli- 
fies the process by doing 
away with a zillion options 
most people don't use. 

Also impressive is the text 
frames feature. It makes it a 
snap to jump text to different 




sections of a document, such 
as different pages in a news- 
letter. You can also export the 
document elements you cre- 
ate in PagePlus as a graphics 
file and import them into oth- 
er applications, a feature not 
found in other layout packag- 
es. You could, for example, 
create an ad or a graphic in 
PagePlus and include it in a 
WordPerfect document, such 
as a business proposal. 

ChangeBar is another win- 
ning feature. It lets you easily 
assign colors, borders, and 
other attributes by clicking on 
icons. ChangeBar is context- 
sensitive, meaning that it 
changes to accommodate 
the currently selected tool, 
When you select the Text 
tool, for example, icons and 
text boxes for changing 
fonts, point size, and align- 
ment are displayed. You can't 
beat PagePlus's ChangeBar 
for convenience. 

The rulers are now mova- 
ble. You can drag them like a 
T square anywhere in the doc- 



ument window to measure 
and resize elements. If you 
want to draw a six-inch line, 
for example, you can pull 
down the rulers to measure it. 
The ability to pull the rulers in- 
to your layout greatly enhanc- 
es your ability to achieve pre- 
cession. High-end DTP and 
draw programs have support- 
ed this option for a while; it's 
nice to find it in an economy 
package. 

OLE support lets you keep 
your documents current by up- 
grading imported elements as 
they change in the source ap- 
plications, and the Table Edi- 
tor (a slick little program that 
puts PageMaker's utility of the 
same name to shame) is OLE- 
aware; you can edit your ta- 
bles from inside PagePlus by 
simply double-clicking on 
them. You can also keep ob- 
jects pasted from other pro- 
grams, such as a Lotus 
spreadsheet chart, current au- 
tomatically. With OLE, each 
time the chart changes, it's up- 
dated in your layout. 



98 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



While this program is load- 
ed with high-end features, the 
ability to create process color 
separations is one of the 
more significant. With this op- 
tion, you can import color 
graphics and photographs in- 
to your layouts and separate 
them on a high-resolution 
imagesetter. You can then 
use the resulting cyan, magen- 
ta, yellow, and black (CMYK) 
plates on a four-color printing 
press to produce full-color doc- 
uments. You can also create 
spot color separations, which 
consist of color elements stra- 
tegicaily placed throughout a 
document, such as a compa- 
ny logo in a newsletter. 

Few programs — especially 
applications in this price 
range — offer this level of pow- 
er. Some high-end products, 
such as FrameMaker and the 
top Windows word proces- 
sors (all of which claim DTP 
prowess) stiil do not support 
color separations. And the 
few that do, such as Ventura 
Publisher, are not as good at 
it as PagePIus. Ventura, for 
example, doesn't separate 
CMYK TlFFs (TIFF 6.0), 
which are quickly becoming 
the industry standard. Not on- 
ly does PagePIus make color 
separations easy (just select 
Process Separations in the 
Print dialog box), but the en- 
tire procedure, including cre- 
ating PostScript print files for 
printing at the neighborhood 
service bureau, is explained 
in PagePlus's Help files. 

Still not convinced? For 
another $40 you can buy 
the PagePIus BumperPack, 
which includes TypePlus, 
ArtPack, and FontPack, along 
with the basic PagePIus pro- 
gram. TypePlus is a font-ef- 
fects package similar to Ado- 
be TypeAlign and Power Up 
Software's TextAppeal. It lets 



you fit and type text on 
paths, such as curves, arcs, 
and circles, as well as accom- 
plish several other special ef- 
fects. ArtPack is a collection 
of over 500 full-color clip art im- 
ages, and FontPack provides 
120 TrueType fonts. You can 
also purchase each utility sep- 
arately for about S20 each. 

One of the weaknesses oi 
the original PagePIus is its 
poorly written manual. The 
manual for version 2.0 has 
been completely revamped. 
The Getting Started tutorial is 
very well done. By the time I 
finished it, I had almost mas- 
tered the program. This is a 
night-and-day improvement 
over the documentation includ- 
ed with the previous version. 
The reference manual is also 
thorough and helpful. Not on- 
ly does it cover PagePlus's 
pov/erful features, but it also of- 
fers many useful DTP and lay- 
out tips. 

Serif's technical support 
team has always been great. 
The folks on the team are usu- 
ally quick to answer the 
phone, knowledgeable about 
the program, and eager to 
please. The popularity of 
PagePIus 2.0 is so great, 
though, that the support lines 
now are sometimes clogged. 
However, a few times I've 
called about 8:00 or 9;00 in 
the evening, and my calls 
have almost always been an- 
swered quickly. 

All this praise is not meant 
to imply that PagePIus 2.0 is 
the ultimate DTP sofution. But 
then, no product (not even a 
$500+ package) is perfect. 
Where PagePIus falls short is 
in its long-document han- 
dling. It doesn't support auto- 
matic page numbering; you 
must manually number each 
page. You cannot combine 
several chapters to build a 



book, catalog, or directory. 
Nor can you generate tables 
of contents or indices automat- 
ically, as you can in several 
other programs, including 
economy packages such as 
Symantec's Easy Working 
Desktop Publisher. The pro- 
gram also lacks a spelling 
checker and a search-and-re- 
place feature. Granted, you're 
supposed to take care of 
most editing before you im- 
port a file into your DTP pack- 
age. However, it seldom 




IBM PC or 
compatible (80286 
compatible, 80386 
compatible 
recommended), 
2MB RAM (4MB 
recommended), 
bard drive witb 
3MB tree (23MB 
lor Bumpeif ack), 
Windows 3.1, 
mouse— $S9.95, 
$99.95 lor 
BumperPack 



works out that way — especial- 
ly if more than one person 
works on or contributes to 
your documents. Not having 
a spelling checker and 
search-and-replace means 
that your text-intensive docu- 
ments must be proofed thor- 
oughly — which those of us 
spoiled by computers resist. 

What PagePIus 2.0 does, it 
does extremely well, and to a 
greater degree of proficiency 
and with more ease than its 
competitors. It provides al- 
most all the power of Page- 
Maker at a fraction of the 
cost, and it's far easier to use 
and learn. With all its features 
and its low price, this pack- 
age will be hard to beat. 3 

Circle Reader Service Number 253 

DECEMBER 1993 



SERIF 

P.O. Box 803 
Nashua, NH 03Q61 
(800) 697-3743 



COMPUTE 99 



PERSONAL PRODUCTIVITY 



Bradley M. Small 



OS^ can give your 

performance a 

boost, whether you're 

running DOS, 

Windows, or 32-blt 

OS/2 applications. 



100 COMPUTE DECEMBER 



AN END USER'S 
LOOK AT OS/2 2.1 

OS/2 has arrived as a full- 
fledged, widely supported op- 
erating system. But many peo- 
ple wonder whethier they're 
safe giving up Windows and 
DOS in favor of thiis muchi-her- 
alded entry from IBM. 

Tectinically, there's a lot to 
talk about in OS/2 2.1. But if 
you're like most people, you 
probably don't care to hear 
about operating systems, de- 
vice drivers, and other low- 
level techie esoterica. So I will 
do my best to avoid such dis- 
cussion and cut to the chase. 
I'll begin by discussing how 
OS/2 can affect your produc- 
tivity. 

Can the right operating sys- 
tem increase productivity? It 
can — if it meets the following 
criteria. !t must allow you to re- 
tain current systems that al- 
ready work properly. It must 
be relatively simple to imple- 
ment. And it must provide fast- 
er or more efficient ways to 
solve your current problems 
while allowing for growth. 

OS/2 2.1 allows you to re- 
tain current systems. If you 
have it, you can run most of 
your existing MS-DOS, Win- 
dows, and OS/2 1 ,x applica- 
tions. Under OS/2 you can run 
a specific DOS session (which 
is the equivalent of running a 
specific version of DOS). If all 
else fails, you can have DOS 
on your hard drive and boot 
from it using either Boot Man- 
ager or Dual Boot. So even in 
the worst-case scenario, you 
can still maintain your current 
systems until you've complete- 
ly changed over to OS/2 and 
found more efficient ways to 
service those systems you in- 
tend to keep. 

I found OS/2 2,1 relatively 
simple to implement. Installa- 
tion was straightforward (by 
simply following the manual, I 
was able to install it without a 

1993 



hitch). It comes on either flop- 
py disks or CD-ROM. Both ver- 
sions install easily, but after go- 
ing through the 20-odd disks 
in the set, I considered the CD- 
ROM version (which comes 
with a 2-disk boot set) to be a 
godsend! 

The manual has an interest- 
ing feature: On the inside of 
the front cover in bold black 
print is the phone number for 
free technical support. I 
called it several times both dur- 
ing business hours and dunng 
the evening, and each time, af- 
ter a cheerful greeting, my 
problem was solved — either im- 
mediately or in a callback with- 
in 24 hours. In these times 
when companies are either of- 
fering no technical support or 
charging exorbitant fees for it. 
free, high-quality technical sup- 
port is much appreciated. 

Once OS/2 is installed, 
you'll need about 15 minutes 
to an hour to get used to the 
Workplace Shell, depending 
on your experience with graph- 
ical user interfaces (GUIs), in 
my opinion, OS/2 is much eas- 
ier to use than Windows, and 
it behaves more like a real- 
world desktop. 

OS/2 2.1 provides faster 
and more efficient ways to 
solve your problems. Think 
how many times you've said, 
"I can't took up that phone num- 
ber right now because I'm re- 
calcuiating this spreadsheet" 
or "I'm formatting a disk: you'll 
have to wait." If you've ever 
had to wait while a program ac- 
cessed information or while 
some DOS command was op- 
erating, then you've experi- 
enced a loss of productivity. 

OS/2 is a 32-bit multitasking 
operating system. That means 
it can do more than one thing 
at a time. The fact that it's a 32- 
bit environment also means 
that it will use memory much 
more efficiently. You can for- 
mat a floppy disk, download a 
file from your favorite BBS, 
and work in your word proces- 



sor all at the same time (which 
is what I'm doing right now). 

OS/2 has a text mode and 
a GUI mode; it will run DOS pro- 
grams, Windows programs, 
and OS/2 1.x and Zx pro- 
grams, That should cover al- 
most all of the software that 
you're running right now. I say 
"almost" because there are 
still some programs that won't 
run under OS/2 because they 
use low-level hardware or non- 
standard memory access. How- 
ever, OS/2 does provide meth- 
ods for running some trouble- 
some programs (as well as a 
listing of the programs that 
just won't run). 

OS/2 claims to be a "better 
DOS than DOS." I thought 
that meant that it should run 
every DOS program ever writ- 
ten, but after I thought about 
it, I realized that was unrealis- 
tic. There are many DOS pro- 
grams that 1 can't run from 
DOS without creating a spe- 
cial boot disk or different AU- 
TOEXEC.BAT and CONFIG- 
.SYS files. 

What makes OS/2 a "better 
DOS than DOS" is that DOS 
programs run faster under 
OS/2 than they do under DOS. 
More than one program can 
be run at once, and each pro- 
gram can have its session ad- 
justed to run as efficiently as 
possible. 

OS/2 can rightly be called 
a better Windows than Win- 
dows also. The Windows appli- 
cations that I ran were notice- 
ably faster under OS/2, al- 
though they seemed to load 
more slowly. I found out that 
once you have a Windows ses- 
sion going, the loading time is 
reduced, so the advantage is 
still OS/2's. 

Whole suites of applica- 
tions are being ported to 
OS/2. In next month's "Person- 
al Productivity" column, we'll 
take a look at the third-party 
support for OS/2 and the po- 
tential for growth of this ingen- 
ious operating system. a 



With COnnPUTE's SharePak, You'll 



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Sokoball requires careful 
planning tor success. 



Use Jigsaw and never lose the 
last piece again. 



Sokoball 

Sokoball is a version of Die Sokoban puzzfes that are becoming popular 
in this country, Sokoball adds ingenious hazards and obstacles like one- 
way streets, pop-up barfiers, and changing floor plans, and it includes an 
editor for making your own puzzles. 

Jigsaw 1 .0 

This IS the best jigsaw puzzle program we've seen. The pieces are 
shaped like those in a real jigsaw puzzle {not blinking squares). You can 
sa\'e and load puzzles you're working on and sort pieces by shape or col- 
or. Jigsaw comes with three puzzles, and registered users can create 
their own puzzles. 

Gobman 1.0 

Gobman is a lantastic game similar to the arcade classic Pac-Man. I^love 
around varbus mazes coiiecting power-ups, bombs, hourglasses, and spe- 
cial red pills to battle the pursuing ghosts. 



COMPUTE'S SharePak disk contains the best 
of shareware — handpicked and tested by our staff — to 
complement this month's focus. You'll sample entertainment, 
learning, and home office software at a great savings. Each 
SharePak disk includes two to five programs plus complete 
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By^-lnch at $5.95 

avj-lnch at $6.95 



Subtotal 

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priate sales tax for your area, Canadian orders, add 7% 
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Shipping and Handling ($2.00 U.S. and Canada, $3.00 sur- 
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Important Notice; COMPUTE's SharePak is not associated with COMPUTE's 
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Send your order lo COMPUTE's SharePak, 324 W/es! Wendover Avenue, 
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All orders must be paid in U,S, funds by check drawn on a U.S. bank or by money 
order. MasterCafd or VISA accepted for orders over $20. This offer will be filled on- 
ly at the above address and is not made in conjunction with any other magazine or 
disk subscription offer. Please allow 4-6 weeks for delivery of single issues or for 
subscription to begin. Sorry, hut telephone orders cannot be accepted. 



ART WORKS 



Robert Bixby 



NEW ART 



Anew 

generation of 

Harvard 

Granhlcs lor 

Windows 






Two of the most useful prod- 
ucts tfiat tiave crossed my 
desk \n ttie past couple of 
montlis are DynoPage and ttie 
new Harvard Graphics for Win- 
dows {in beta release). I've al- 
so fiad tfie chiance to review 
thie DigitArt woodcut collec- 
tion (number 25 in tfie series) 
from Image Club. 

To be fair, I fiave to admit 
tfiat Harvard Graphics was nev- 
er strictly a charting program. 
It was also one of the most full- 
featured vector drawing pro- 
grams for DOS. When it made 
the big move to Windows 
about a year and a half ago, 
it stepped into the lion's den. 
There are more drawing pro- 
grams for Windows than you 
can shake a T square at, and 
most of them are excellent, in- 
cluding one of the very first Win- 
dows applications — a drawing 
program from Micrografx, 

You might recall that at ap- 
proximately the same time Har- 
vard Graphics for Windows ap- 
peared, a drawing program 
with a similar interface called 
Harvard Draw was released. 
Now much of Harvard Draw is 
a part of Harvard Graphics, 
with a lot of added effects, 
and it's known as Harvard FX, 
It's full of useful drav/ing tools 
like Extrude and Blend. Har- 
vard Graphics with Harvard 



Q niui!rrK.mr: 

Audio / Video Market Share 



'".<; .1 jjeftuiittr 
(tC(nUR« unaV -Mtz. 



102 COMPUTE DECEIVIBER t993 



FX may have all the drawing 
tools most people need— par- 
ticularly if those people create 
charts — because that's the 
main business of Harvard 
Graphics. The 2.0 version 
makes charting easier than ev- 
er with a friendly tutorial that 
helps you pick the right chart, 
enter the proper data in the 
right place, and come up with 
a professional-looking chart 
from the very first time out. 

DynoPage is a printing util- 
ity that you can use (under Win- 
dows) to get more control over 
your printer. Using it allows 
you to specially format print- 
outs for your printer for book- 
lets, note cards, and so forth. 
Once you have made the set- 
tings in the print setup utility, 
printing through DynoPage is 
just like using the Print IVIanag- 
er that comes with Windows, 
except that you have many 
more options for configuring 
the page. 

Image Club has released a 
woodcut clip art collection. It's 
composed of vector (EPS-for- 
mat) monochrome graphics 
that can be incorporated into 
most vector drawing pro- 
grams. The graphics are spe- 
cially created to look as if they 
were produced from wood- 
cuts — products of that early 
printing technology which re- 
quired an artist to gouge a 
block of wood to generate 
graphics for the printed page 
(most of this sort of art is now 
done with linoleum blocks). I 
found the collection to be utili- 
tarian rather than imaginative, 
but perhaps I'm expecting too 
much from my clip art collec- 
tions. It provides excellent 
graphics for many uses, and 
the roughly wrought look of 
the drawings makes them dis- 
tinctive, This collection would 
make an excellent addition for 
anyone doing professional 
work that requires a home- 
made appearance. 

I guess that means desktop 
publishing has come full cir- 



cle — the standard output from 
a desktop looks so profession- 
al that now people are react- 
ing against the perfection of 
line that's so easy to produce 
with a vector graphics pro- 
gram and a laser printer. 

The graphics in this collec- 
tion inspired me to create 
some woodcuts of my own us- 
ing CorelDRAW!. The Power- 
lines and simple autotrace 
built into CorelDRAW! make 
creating woodcuts a snap. 

Gaea and James fvlerrick 
wrote recently to ask how a lo- 
go created in a paint program 
could be made to appear 
smoother on a page printed 
with a laser printer 

There are two basic solu- 
tions. You can trace the logo 
in a vector drawing program 
(1st Design and Graphics 
Tools have autotrace built in) 
and then use the traced im- 
age, which will be printed at 
the resolution of the printer 
rather than at the resolution of 
the paint program (around 72 
dpi). If this isn't realistic, you 
can create the logo as large 
as possible and then reduce 
it for printout. By reducing a 72- 
dpi raster drawing to 25 per- 
cent of its original size, you 
have effectively turned it into 
a 300-dpi painting. 

Thank you for writing, and 
thank you for the sample mag- 
azine you sent. It looks very 
thought-provoking. Good luck 
with your publishing venture. 

Have a DTP tip you'd like to 
share? Let me know about it 
by calling (900) 884-8681 , ex- 
tension 7010203 (sponsored 
by Pure Entertainment, PO 
Box 186, Hollywood. California 
90078). The call costs 95 
cents per minute, you must be 
18 or older, and you must use 
a touch-tone phone. Or write 
to "Art Works" in care of this 
magazine. And if you don't 
have a tip, call to let me know 
what you're up to, what soft- 
ware you're using, and how I 
can be of help. n 




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Circle Reader Service Number 137 




SiibLOGIC has caned a unique 
market niche as the sole publisher of 
aviation edutainment software. Our 
simulation technologies have been 
bringing flight into the home since 
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Siinulaliott features like high fidelity 
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visual guidance systems, locator and 
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structured flight assigner give you nn 
extremely rcvvaixling flight 
experience. Our user friendly 
software guides you from takeofT, 
through easy visual and radio 
cnroute navigation, to a successful 
landing at your destination. 



Tv*'o separate sets, USA East and 
USA West, cover the eastern and 
western sections of the counti^'. 
Together they give you con>prehen- 
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USA (also for Great Britain Sceneiy 
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specifj a time frame and difficulty 
level, select a flight, and print a copy 
of your flight log. Spoken Air Traffic 
Control messages come alive nation- 
wide (vtith ATP or Air Force and 
optional SoundBlaster sound card). 



USA East and USA 

'est are available for 

$69.95 each. 





SubLOGIC - Dedicated to bringing 
you the total Uighi experience! 



All SubLOGIC flight simulations, 
and Microsoft Flight Simulator, can 
be greatly enhanced with the USA 
add-on. 



USA integrates three products in one 
coordinated package; a structured 
flight assigiunent svstem, a 
comprehensive sceneiy 
management system and, of course, 
a nationwide sceneiy platform. 



USA's scenery management sjstem 
provides instant inflight information 
about or relocation to any airport or 
nav-aid facilitj. Navigation aid 
sjinbols can be turned on an off as 
desired to help you visualize the 
location of all radio nav-aids. Huge 
floating traffic patterns and runway 
approach arrows guide vou doMii to 
a safe landing at the destination 
airport. 

The automatic flight assignment 
system designs structured flights for 



Our aviation dedication is demon- 
strated in two low-priced simula- 
tions. Many flight sini developers 
have abandoned the general public 
to create new products specifically 
for the latest high-end, ultra-fast 
machines. Our simulations can run 
optimally on family-oriented T6iVIHz 
through 33IVIHz computers. We've 
also taken extra effort to ensure that 




ColoHiil Comprehensive Maps 
are a SubLOGIC Trademark 



8MHz 286 and top-end users alike 
will eiyoy the SubLOGIC flight 
experience. 



Flight Light 



No more "Oh, I tried it before and I 
crashed!" 

Introducing Flight Light, a simple yet 
full-featured flight simulation 
designed to give you a fun and 
successful flight experience. Fly your 
Cessna jet along flight corridors 
from New York to Boston, Chicago/ 
Champaign, Los Angeles/ 
San Diego, and now 
Dallas/Austin. A 
practice flight mode 
makes it impossible 
for joti to crash. 
Pitch/power 
visual cues 
show you what 



settings to use to climb, cruise, 
descend and land. A second window 
view can lock onto your destinalioii 
airport or onto the all-important 
horizon. Visual track-to-destination 
arrows, traffic pattern indicators 
and radio nav-aid markers can be 
turned on or off any time. Program 
features arc oi^anized under a 
brand new menu system that offers 
contevt-sensitive help. 



Our devotion to 
bring aviation to 
tlie world inspired 
us to release Flight 
Light at the ultra-low price of 
S29.95, so you can gel one for 
yourself or stuff the world's 
Christmas stockings. 





I\lew York City at Dusk 



Midway Airport and Map View 

Fligiit Assignment: A TP 

The renowned complete jet airliner 
simulator, now available for a low 
$44.95. Sit back and watch the 
ingenious autoflight mode fly a 
Boeing 737 or any of four other 
heavy transport aircraft across the 
countrj'. Listen to the voice of Air 



Traffic Control guide the aircraPl 
from takeoff to touchdown (with 
SoundBlaster sound card). Wlicn 
you're ready to earn your wings as an 
Airline Transport Pilot, take the 
controls and fly any of hundreds of 
pr«:dcfined flight assignments. 




USA i\'iglii Ftigiti 

ATP's proprietai^' Air Traffic 
Control system* i^ally excels when 
used in conjunction with USA. The 
combination of ATP with USA is such 
a natural, we've decided to include 
the ATP simulation on the CD-ROM 
version of USA KastAVest. This 
combo package will keep you flying 
to new places for many years to 
come! 




VOR and ILS Nav-Aid Symbols 



Ail products available for IBM/ 
compatibles. Sec your dealer, 
or feel free to call our friendly 
and knowledgeable staff at 
800-637-4983 for additional 
information. 



Flight Assignment, Flighl Ij^it, and Scenery 
Collertion are trademarkji ofSubLOGIC. * ATC 
sj'Mem patent pending. AM other pi-oducu atid 
brands are trademarks or registered 
trademarks of their respective owners. 



the Computer flight people 



LOGIC 




TELEPHONE: (217)359-8482 
FAX: (217)352-1472 

ORDER LINE; (800)637-4983 

circle Reader Service Number 179 



DISCOVERY CHOICE 



Children team up with a special pal as they 

learn about the world and develop their problem-solving 

skills in this cleverly designed mystery game. 

Clayton Walnum 



EAGLE EYE 
MYSTERIES 

When it comes to sneaking 
education in witli fun, Eagle 
Eye Mysteries is ingenious 
indeed In this new education- 
al game from Electronic Arts, 
children learn about every- 
thing from bats and caves to 
U.S. presidents while they 
solve a series of clever myster- 
ies. The educational element 
is integrated so smoothly into 
gameplay that it's almost invis- 
ible. Add 256-color graphics 
and digitized sound, and you 
have an educational game 
that few children can resist. 

The first thing Eagle Eye 
asks your child to do is to reg- 
ister fits or her name with the 
program. This enables Eagle 
Eye to track the progress of 
many players, letting the entire 
family get in on the fun. After 
registering, your child chooses 
a partner (either Jake or Jennif- 
er Eagle, the founders of the 
Eagle Eye Detective Agency), 
who will act as a town guide 
as well as a helper when it 
comes to discovering and 
recording clues. 

Your child then sets to 
work solving the many cases 
available in the casebook. Ail 
told, there are almost 75 mys- 
teries organized into three 
casebooks, Children may 
choose to solve any mystery 
in the current casebook, but 
they can't move on to the 
next book until they've solved 
all the mysteries in the current 
book. Although the mysteries 
in each book have the same 
names, they feature unique 
clues and different outcomes. 

After having chosen a mys- 
tery, your child joins Jake and 
Jennifer Eagle in their tree 
house headquarters, where 
the three of them receive the 




background for the selected 
adventure. For example, in 
the Case of the fvlissing Skate- 
board, the Eagle Eye Detec- 
tive Agency gets a phone 
call from Willy Barr, a local kid 
who says that his skate- 
board has been stolen from 
Shredd's Bike and Skate 
Shop. 

It's your child's task, along 
with help from Jennifer or 
Jake, to travel around the 
town, questioning people and 
gathering clues. To do this, 
your child simpiy clicks on a lo- 
cation on the town map, 
which brings the chosen loca- 
tion up on the screen. The log- 
ical first step in the skate- 
board mystery, for example, 
is to go to Shredd's Shop, 
where your child can ques- 
tion Steve Shredd and his cus- 
tomers, as well as examine 
the workroom from which the 
skateboard disappeared. 

In each location, rectan- 
gles indicate areas that your 
child should examine or peo- 
ple that should be ques- 
tioned. Clicking on a rectan- 
gle displays a portrait of the 
person or the object along 
with a text balloon containing 
dialogue for the scene. Often, 



Jennifer or Jake jumps in with 
a comment like "Look at 
that!" and points the child to- 
ward a particularly valuable 
clue. 

Jennifer or Jake also helps 
by recording the ciues on 
TRAVIS (Text Retrieval And 
Video Input System), a sort of 
combination video recorder 
and minicomputer that can 
be used to review and soive 
a case. After visiting ail loca- 
tions marked on the map, talk- 
ing to all suspects, and exam- 
ining all evidence, your child 
can click on TRAVIS and sort 
through the ciues, choosing 
the ones that best solve the 
case. 

It's the process of examin- 
ing clues that really puts your 
child's mind to work. Over the 
course of a case, your child 
discovers many clues, but on- 
iy the five that seem to best 
identify the culprit may be 
used to solve the case. Sort- 
ing through the ciues is a chal- 
lenging task, forcing your 
child to actually solve a case 
rather than just guess at the 
culprit. To add to the chal- 
lenge, many mysteries have 
several suspects; only careful 
examination of the clues can 



106 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



reveal the guilty party. 

Of course, while evaluating 
the clues, your child also re- 
views the educational facts 
gathered during the investiga- 
tion. Because the facts are per- 
tinent to the case at hand, 
they blend in nicely with the 
other clues. Again, the educa- 
tional element is seamlessly in- 
tegrated into the game. 

If your child fails to choose 
the correct clues or cannot 
identify the guilty party, no pen- 
alty is given; instead, the pro- 
gram gently suggests that the 
clues need more careful con- 
sideration. Your child is al- 
lowed unlimited guesses, but 
the correct five clues must be 
chosen and the culprit identi- 
fied before your child success- 
fully solves the mystery and 
closes the case. 

At the end of a mystery, 
your child's partner reviews 
the case, presenting all the 
clues and describing how 
they incriminate the culprit. Of- 
ten, after a case has been 
solved, children will discover 
information during this review 
that they overlooked during 
the investigation. As a reward 
for solving the case, children 
receive a newspaper clipping 
about the case or a thank-you 
note from the victim. These re- 
wards are added to the elec- 
tronic scrapbook, which can 
be viewed at any time. 

Another nice feature Is 
that, whenever players view 
the map screen, the Eagle 
Eye control panel is accessi- 
ble. This enables children to 
perform such tasks as switch- 
ing partners, turning sound 
on or off, registering a new 
player, viewing a scrapbook, 
saving a case, starting a new 
case, or quitting the program. 

If all Eagle Eye had to offer 
were its clever melding of mys- 
tery and education, it would 



be a worthwhile investment. 
But the detailed 256-color 
graphics, original musical 
score, and digitized sounds 
and voices make this a guar- 
anteed winner. Throughout 
each mystery, your child 
views various scenes about 
the town of Richview, with 
most scenes featuring simple 
animation effects. For exam- 
ple, after a fire in the Case of 
the Angry Arsonist, the interi- 
or of Grime's Novelty Shop 
drips water from the rafters; in 
Swank's Hotel, your child can 
watch a desk clerk fill out 
forms and the lobby elevators 
rise and fall. Digitized sound 
effects include ringing 
phones, a police-band radio, 
and various voices. 

Although Eagle Eye targets 
the eight-and-older crowd, chil- 
dren under ten may have a dif- 
ficult time following the logic 
of even the easiest cases. 
This is because children 
must select only the clues 
that best prove who the cul- 
prit is. Clues that don't direct- 
ly point out the culprit, al- 
though they may play an im- 
portant part in solving the mys- 
tery, cannot be selected 
when the player is about to ac- 
cuse a suspect. In the tough- 
er cases, sorting through the 
clues can be challenging 
even for an adult. Younger 
folks will require parental 
help in order to work through 
each mystery's logic- 

Along with the software. Ea- 
gle Eye includes an activity 
book that contains dozens of 
puzzles. These puzzles, 
which feature cryptograms, 
word searches, rebuses, cross- 
word puzzles, and others, all 
Involve Jake and Jennifer In an- 
other mystery story. Moreo- 
ver, the puzzles' solutions go 
together to complete a final 
puzzle that your child can sub- 



mit as a contest entry The con- 
test winner will have his or her 
face featured In the next ver- 
sion of Eagle Eye. 

Also included with the pack- 
age is Electronic Arts' 
EA'Kids Theater, a graphical 
menu system. When installed, 
EA*Kids Theater enables chil- 
dren to start Eagle Eye, to 
view demonstrations of other 
games In the EA*Kids series, 
to get help, or to exit to DOS. 
(f you purchase additional 
EA*Klds programs, you can 
add them to the EA'Kids The- 



IBM PC or 
compatible (16- 
MHz 80386 or 
taster), 640K RAIVI, 
25G-color VGA, 
hard drive with 
9MB free, mouse; 
supports most 
sound cards— 
$49.95 




ater, giving your children ac- 
cess to all games from a sin- 
gle screen. The Theater also 
allows you to create a boot 
disk, select a Theater music 
score, delete previews or pro- 
grams, and specify your hard- 
ware configuration. 

If Eagle Eye is any indica- 
tion, Electronic Arts is on its 
way to putting together an im- 
pressive collection of educa- 
tional software for children. Ea- 
gle Eye is as cleverly de- 
signed (albeit aimed at a 
younger age group) as Br0der- 
bund's Carmen Sandlego se- 
ries, and we can only hope 
that, like the Carmen series. 
Eagle Eye Mysteries will have 
a long run of sequels. D 

Circle Reader Service Number 254 



ELECTRONIC ARTS 

1450 Fashion 

Island Blvd. 

San Mateo, CA 

94404 

(8G0I 245-4525 



DECEMBER 1993 COMPUTE 107 



GAME INSIDER 



Shay Addams 



HOLIDAY 
GRAB BAG 



A look at some 

holiday game 

releases that have 

high hin factors. 



108 



Tackled by a steroid-punchy 
linebacker, I teleported to safe- 
ty in the mist-enshrouded 
land of Zona, only to be blast- 
ed out of the sky by a scream- 
ing F-16. Christmas approach- 
es — the time of year when I rip 
through an onslaught of new 
games on my eternal quest for 
the best. Here are quick looks 
at the latest releases that 
have passed the Fun Test so 
far this season. 

Adventures. Return to Zork 
brings Infocom'sclassicadven- 
ture up-to-date in a new story 
featuring digitized actors and 
an hour of spoken dialogue. 
SSI's Dungeon Hack is a 3-D 
role-playing quest with a ran- 
dom dungeon generator, ex- 
tending replay value. Compan- 
ions of Xanth takes place in 
the fantasy universe of Piers An- 
thony, whose books have 
sold over 7 million copies. The 
interface is easier to use than 
in previous Legend Entertain- 
ment games, even providing 
an undo button. Also look for 
Leisure Suit Larry VI from Sier- 
ra for the raciest adult entertain- 
ment (this may be a CD-ROM- 
only release) and The Legend 
of Kyrandia II. scheduled for 
CD'ROfvl and floppy. 

Simulations. Accolade put 
a couple of titles into play in 
time for Christmas. Keep an 
eye out for Speed Racer. 
Based on a popular Japanese 
cartoon character, it's a fast- 
paced motorcycle simulation 
with an emphasis on arcade ac- 
tion. But don't look lor the pre- 
v'lously announced Mike Ditka 
Football II- Ditka was apparent- 
ly ditched, and Accolade's lat- 
est football simulation, with a 
fresh string of gridiron features 
and effects, is called Savage 
Sunday 

Dynamix brings Sid and 
Al's Incredible Toons, an an- 
imated cartoon-style game 

COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



based on the same concept 
as The Incredible Machine. If 
you've ever watched Wile E. 
Coyote build one of those com- 
plicated traps for the Roadrun- 
ner, you'll get the idea behind 
Toons, Graue Wolfe, the Dy- 
namix sub simulation, has 
been renamed Aces of the 
Deep (turns out the original 
name is also used by a terror- 
ist group!) and rescheduled 
for early 1994. EA's SSM/21 
Seawolf, the sequel to 688 At- 
tack Sub, should hit around 
Thanksgiving, featuring full sup- 
port for 16-bit General MIDI 
sound. The more than 100 dig- 
itized sounds are often used 
strategically; you must learn to 
distinguish sonar signatures of 
whales and different types of 
submarines, for instance. 

Star Wars fans can find ex- 
citement in two LucasArts ti- 
tles. TIE Fighter is the Empire's 
answer to X-Wing. It's a stand- 
alone space combat simula- 
tion in which you fight for the 
Empire instead of the Rebel Al- 
liance. LucasArts also has a 
CD-ROM-only action game. 
Rebel Assault, based on the 
Star Wars story. (Besides IBM 
CD-ROM, it's also available for 
Sega CD and CD-I.) SimCity 
2000, available for IBM and 
Macintosh, is an entirely new 
program, not just an upgrade. 
Maxis delivers 3-D graphics, a 
map you can rotate and zoom 
in on, and countless new ele- 
ments suggested by SimCity 
enthusiasts, including sub- 
ways, hospitals, and even a 
functioning water system. 
SimFarm is another hot simu- 
lation from Maxis- 

Edutainment. Best known 
for gambling simulations, Villa 
Crespo may soon be famous 
for The Cookie Break Series, 
high-quality software at budg- 
et prices ($12.95). The first ti- 
tles are Adventure Math and 
Flags of Every Nation. Adven- 
ture Math uses a very graphic 
design to teach subtraction, di- 
vision, multiplication, and ad- 



dition. Flags of Every Nation is 
a one-of-a-kind program with 
illustrations of over 600 flags; 
when one is displayed, you 
can click on it to get details 
about the flag's nation or its his- 
torical significance. The pro- 
gram includes a trivia game 
that incorporates these facts. 

Money savers. Besides 
new games, look for great 
deals on collections such as 
Legend Entertainment's Spell- 
casting Party Pak, with all 
three of Steve Meretzky's 
wacko adventures (a CD- 
ROM version may follow the 
floppy). Villa Crespo has a bun- 
dle with some of its best gam- 
bling games, including Jack's 
Plus Video Poker. Mini-Black- 
jack, and three more. 

CD-ROMs. Sir-Tech has 
two new CD-ROM collections 
for the PC: The Wizardry Trilo- 
gy, Part II contains Heart of 
the Maelstrom, Bane of the Cos- 
mic Forge, and Crusaders of 
the Dark Savant. Another col- 
lection offers these three, the 
first four Wizardrys, and a his- 
tory of Sir-Tech and the Wizard- 
ry series. Adventurous 
gamers should also check out 
Origin's Ultima Underworld 1 
& 2 CD-ROM collection. The 
Coffee Break Series CD-ROM 
Collection puts 21 of Villa Cre- 
spo's games on one CD-ROM 
for only $79. Villa Crespo also 
has one of the most intriguing 
new CD-ROM titles in Rose- 
mary West's House of For- 
tunes, which uses tarot cards, 
astrology, and three other meth- 
ods to tell your fortune. 

Video games. Need some- 
thing to keep the kids off your 
computer so you can play a 
real game? If you've got a Gen- 
esis, try Mutant League Hock- 
ey EA's comic-style Interpre- 
tation of hockey that stars car- 
toon characters in a hockey 
game with no rules. Inspired 
by the "Young Indiana Jones" 
TV series, Westwood's Young 
Merlin is a SNES quest aimed 
at young adventurers, □ 




Scenery for i^, 

:ROSOFf 'Flight Simuiator® v.5.0 fr' 7, '-'f^^^ 
i FOR DOS Systems W^ " ' "^ " " 




i^-^:- 






:-:>^ 






't^' 



.i'^^ 



*ft."V 



Fof mofe infoimcalion or to o»def coll 

l-80aWE&-FEET 

Circle Reader Service Number 199 




ENTERTAINMENT CHOICE 



Enjoy new levels of realism when you explore 

this nonlinear fantasy world full of rich characters who 

learn and change as you play 

Scott A. May ; 



BETRAYAL AT 
KRONDOR 



110 



One of the dangers in embrac- 
ing new technology iies not in 
blindly forging ahead, but in 
losing sight of what's being 
left behind. In the booming 
business of entertainment soft- 
ware, where flash often rates 
higher than substance, it's 
easy to put presentation be- 
fore gameplay — it's like build- 
ing the perfect beast, yet ne- 
glecting to give it a heart and 
soul, That's why Betrayal at 
Krondor is such an exciting ar- 
rival: Its captivating story line 
provides the game's heart; 
the fantastic graphics and spe- 
cial effects are extras. It's 
amazing that this game, Dy- 
namix's first attempt at fanta- 
sy role-playing, towers above 
the genre. 

Betrayal's quality won't sur- 
prise fans of veteran designer 
John Cutter, best known for 
his mid-1980s sports titles at 
Gamestar and Cinemaware, 
Cutter based Betrayal on the 
popular Riftwar fantasy series 
created by Raymond E. Feist. 
The story picks up where 
Feist's latest book. Darkness 
at Sethanon, ends, it uses 
many recurring characters 
and locations from the series, 
so those familiar with the se- 
ries will immediately and com- 
fortably fall into the action. 
Newcomers can get into the 
game by reading the brief syn- 
opsis of this saga, although 
tfie synopsis may not provide 
all the information they need 
to succeed in the game. 

The setting for Betrayal is 
the Kingdom of the Isles, a 
vast fantasy world that's divid- 
ed into several geographical 
and political realms and is pop- 
ulated not only by humans 
but also by elves, dwarves, 

COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



Ifn-ana 




trolls, and many 
other strange crea- 
tures. Just below a large, 
jagged mountain range, 
Seigneur Locklear and his 
young magician companion 
are escorting an elf prisoner 
named Gorath to the southern 
city of Krondor, Gorath, a half- 
breed traitor to the Moredhel 
tribe, bears an urgent mes- 
sage for the prince, one warn- 
ing him of an assassination 
plot. As the three tread quietly 
through dangerous territory a 
long way from home, Lock- 
lear unshacl<les Gorath, realiz- 
ing that in the event of an 
attack, the elf's fierce fighting 
ability far outweighs any 
need for security. Thus be- 
gins the story of this unlikely 
trio of adventurers. 

This complex, character- 
rich story unfolds as a series 
of nine individual chapters, 
the plot advancing only upon 
completion of specific goals 
In each one. These mini- 
quests vary in size, difficulty, 
and clarity of mission. Seg- 
menting the story this way 
gives great range to the game- 
play — it's as if you're getting 
nine adventures in one. 

This game differs from tra- 
ditional role-playing games in 
that there's no creation of in- 




stant characters or an om- 
nicsent power rolling dice to 
determine a character's at- 
tributes. Instead, you inherit 
full-bodied characters with 
unique personalities, rich 
pasts, and hopefully prosper- 
ous futures. Rather than con- 
trol every fiber of their beings, 
you merely make decisions — 
their overall strength of char- 
acter determines the results 
of their actions. Likewise, the 
outcome of your decisions 
helps moid each character. 
There's a subtle distinction be- 
tween this and traditional char- 
acter determination, but It's im- 
portant enough to place Be- 
trayal far beyond the average 
hack-and-slash fantasy. 

There's also an important 
distinction between this 
game and run-of-the-mill 
graphic adventures, in which 
you merely turn the page on 
a set story board. Playing Be- 
trayal is like participating in 
the creation of a novel. Total- 
ly nonlinear in design and 
unconfined by time limits or 
spatial boundaries, it can be 
enjoyed in various ways: 
straight through, for the less 



adventuresome: or in a mean- 
dering fashion, for dedicated 
explorers who are compelled 
to examine every nook and 
cranny. No two games are ex- 
actly alike, as each is influ- 
enced by random events and 
learned behavior. 

There are plenty of other un- 
usual aspects to Betrayal, in- 
cluding an uncommon blend 
of graphic modes. Wilderness 
areas are rendered in tex- 
tured 3-D polygons, the 
same 3Space technology Dy- 
namix employs in such flight 
simulations as Red Baron and 
Aces over Europe. Players 
are free to roam this virtual fan- 
tasy world— 224 million 
square feet of trails, rivers, 
mountains, lakes, islands, 
and towns, not to mention con- 
voluted sewers and aban- 
doned mines. The three- 
dimensional terrain rises and 
falls as you move, with multi- 
plane background scrolling 
and ambient sound effects pro- 
viding a remarkable illusion of 
real time and space. 

You can view wilderness 
and underground travel from 
an adjustable top-down per- 
spective, helpful for both 
quick passage through famil- 
iar territory and a bird's-eye 
scan of surrounding lands. In 
tunnels, this option doubles 
as an automapping device. 

When speed is an impor- 
tant consideration, you can 
lock your party onto the path. 
Of course, by sticking strictly 
to the path or navigating from 
a high angle, you can easily 
miss some interesting or poten- 
tially helpful objects because 
they are outside your field of 
vision. Likewise, locking onto 
a path is an easy way to stum- 
ble right into a trap. 

Combat transpires with yet 
another unusual strategic 
point of view. Opposing char- 



acters square off on a make- 
shift battle grid: each is al- 
lowed a preset number of 
squares to move and strike. 
You can fight this turn-based 
battle by controlling individu- 
al actions (advisable when 
you're using magic, using spe- 
cial weapons, or facing espe- 
cially challenging opponents) 
or by letting the computer 
play it automatically (when 
the outcome will clearly be in 
your favor). 

Combat features fully devel- 
oped, digitized characters, 
with more than 2500 frames 
of rotoscoped animation and 
crisp sampled sound effects. 
Using magic or modified weap- 
onry also triggers special visu- 
al effects. 

Static artwork (transitional 
scenes of castles, for exam- 
ple) features beautifully 
scanned 256-coior paintings. 
The lush character interface 
is also thoughtfully styled, 
with well-designed treatment 
of standard role-playing me- 
chanics such as a drag-and- 
drop inventory system. Four 
levels ot graphic detail help 
keep wilderness movement flu- 
id and realistic (although by 
their nature, polygon-based 
graphics animate well at even 
minimum system require- 
ments). Other graphic high- 
lights include the texture- 
mapped tunnels and magic 
temple portals, v^hich you can 
use to zap your party over 
great distances. 

Weaknesses include an 
overreliance on digitized, col- 
or-enhanced photos to repre- 
sent every character in the 
game. It's unclear whether 
these are pictures of hired ac- 
tors or merely snapshots from 
a Dynamix office party. It's an 
attempt to create atmos- 
phere, but the glued-on 
beards and plastic elf ears on- 



ly threaten the game's overall 
impression of grandeur. Also, 
the game suffers in some ar- 
eas from the blockiness asso- 
ciated with 320 X 200 low-res- 
olution VGA. 

One final, minor complaint: 
Those who are unacquainted 
with Feist's complex fantasy 
world — face it; this is strictly a 
niche market — ^will have some 
trouble following the flood of 
characters, race names, and 
locations. The story s political 



ISM PC or 
comaatibie 
(80386SX 
compatible); 2MB 
RAM, 1MB EMS; 
DOS 5.0 or later; 
25G'COlor VGA; 
Itard drive with 
15MB free; mouse 
recommended; 
z\f'"TV Sound 




and social history alone 
weaves a tapestry so rich 
that many will find it difficult to 
understand. References to ob- 
scure names and events, ob- 
viously important to the story's 
development, will often pass 
by unrecognized. The other- 
wise excellent manual helps, 
but Feist s prose is so thick 
with atmosphere and imagina- 
tion that jumping headfirst in- 
to the fray can be quite over- 
whelming. 

But after you understand 
the background, you can real- 
ly appreciate this game, 
faired by literary passion and 
uncommon intelligence, Be- 
trayal at Krondor approaches 
a new level of realism and en- 
joyment for computer fantasy 
role-playing games. H 

circle Reader Service Number 255 

DECE 



Blaster, Ad Lib, 
Roland MT-32, and 
general MIDI 
sound cards— 
$69.95 

DlfNAMIX 
Distributed by 
Sierra On-Llne 
P.O. Box 978 
Oakhurst, CA 
936W-0978 
(800) 326-G654 



MBER 1993 COMPUTE 111 



GAMEPLAY 



Denny Atkin 



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tndyCar Racing 

uses 3-D 

Super Texture 

technology 

for ultrarealistic 

graphic effects. 



BETA GAMES 

This is not your father's "Game- 
Play" column. Starting with 
this issue, "GamePlay" will be 
the spot where you can find 
hands-on looks at the newest 
games for your PC. 

Until recently I was editor of 
COMPUTE'S special Amiga 
section. When the Amiga edi- 
tion shut down , my bosses no- 
ticed that I played games on 
nearly every electronic plat- 
form out there (I'd be a gour- 
met chef if they'd invent a 
flight simulator I could play on 
my microwave oven) and de- 
cided to make me entertain- 
ment editor. My mission with 
this column is to snoop out 
prerelease copies (called be- 
tas in the industry) of new 
games so that you can find 
out what's new and hot at 
your local software emporium. 
The games I'm seeing a oou- 




112 



pie of months before they're re- 
leased will often have just 
reached the shelves of your 
dealer by the time you see 
this column. 

Waving the checkered flag. 
One of the hottest games for 
the holidays is sure to be Indy- 
Car Racing, designed by Pa- 
pyrus and distributed by Vir- 
gin Games. Papyrus designed 
the 1989 Electronic Arts hit In- 
dianapolis 500: The Simula- 
tion, and if you liked that 
game, you'll love this one. 

COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



You'll drive 800-horsepower 
IndyCars around tracks rang- 
ing from the oval at Michigan 
International Speedway to the 
corkscrew curves at Laguna 
Seca. 

You can just hop in the car 
and start driving, or you can 
stop by the garage first and ad- 
just your car's handling char- 
acteristics by changing the sus- 
pension stiffness, wing an- 
gles, gearing, tire hardness 
and pressure, camber, and 
more. There's even a dyno 
room where you can custom- 
tune your car's engine. 

From there it's off to 1 of 12 
tracks to qualify and race. 
When you first hop in the cock- 
pit, you'll likely get run over by 
the other drivers because 
you'll be sitting there gawking 
at the amazing scenery. Al- 
though IndyCar Racing uses 
flight simulator-style polygon 
graphics. Papyrus texture- 
maps the objects with realistic 
bitmaps. The track is replete 
with skid marks and grooves, 
and the cars are covered with 
authentic sponsor stickers. 
You'll find yourself slowing 
down on the curves just to 
read the advertising bill- 
boards! When you scrape the 
walls or wreck, realistic 
smoke whiffs from your car. I 
recognized buildings that I'd 
driven past in real life when I 
was driving the Long Beach 
Grand Prix course — IndyCar 
Racing has some of the best- 
looking, most realistic graph- 
ics in PC-game history. When 
watching replays of your 
race, complete with camera 
cuts, you'll feel like you're 
watching the race live on TV. 

Driving is a blast with a joys- 
tick, but !t's especially fun 
with CH Products' yoke control- 
ler. There are varying realism 
levels: On the easy levels you 
can pretty much just worry 
about steering and braking, 
but with realism active, you'll 
find that rain, wind, and tem- 
peratures all affect car han- 



dling. There's more here than 
I have room to talk about, but 
suffice it to say that this is the 
game to come home and play 
after a frustrating afternoon in 
stop-and-go traffic. 

Golden oldie. If you were 
around for the birth of the per- 
sonal computer industry, you 
may remember the incredible 
batch of games that Electron- 
ic Arts entered the market 
with. These classics, such as 
M.U.L.E., Pinball Construction 
Set, Archon, and Seven Cities 
of Gold, may not have been as 
sophisticated as today's PC 
games, but they were eminent- 
ly playable and good for 
months of fun. 

Now two of those classics 
have been updated for to- 
day's PCs. Archon is coming 
soon from SSl, promising 
SVGA graphics and new play 
options, EA has taken a more 
preservationist approach with 
its Seven Cities of Gold Com- 
merative Edition for the PC. 
The game now brandishes en- 
hanced sepia-toned VGA 
graphics and smoother game- 
play {you no longer kill natives 
just by bumping into them), 
but otherwise, it remains faith- 
ful to Dani Bunten's Commo- 
dore 64/Atari 800 classic. 

You're a fifteenth-century 
Spanish explorer out to con- 
quer the New World. You ex- 
plore territory in search of 
gold and New World goods, 
which you can take back to Eu- 
rope and use to bring back an 
even larger and more power- 
ful expedition. You can trade 
with the natives or conquer 
them— it's up to you. But if you 
take the violent approach, 
word will spread, and your ex- 
plorations may become in- 
creasingly bloody. Once 
you've conquered the Ameri- 
cas, Seven Cities can gener- 
ate new, random worlds for 
you to explore. The game is 
simple to learn and play, and 
it's great fun. Kudos to EA for 
bringing back a classic. □ 



64/128 VIEW 



Look for major 

changes in Gazette, starting 

with the next issue. 

Tom Netsel 



This issue marks a turn- 
ing point in the history of 
Gazette. This is the last 
issue that will be printed 
on paper. Next month, Ga- 
zette moves entirely to disk. 

While the shift from ink to 
pixels means a new format 
for Gazette, its content will re- 
flect little change. The col- 
.umns and features that 
you've come to expect in 
the magazine will now be on 
disk. Jim Butterfield, Fred 
D'lgnazio, Larry Cotton, and 
Steve Vander Ark will contin- 
ue to share their ideas, com- 
ments, and expertise in 
their usual columns. 

Look for feature articles, re- 
views of software and hard- 
ware, and "Feedback," too. 
All the text that was in the 
magazine w\l\ be on the new 
double-sided Gazette Disk. 
You'll be able to read these 
articles onscreen or send 
them to your printer 

Those of you already famil- 
iar with Gazette Disk know 
how convenient it is to have 
all the monthly programs 
ready to load and run. 
There's nothing to type in. 
Until now, there was no doc- 
umentation on disk; you 
needed the magazine to 
make full use of the pro- 
grams. Now, each disk will in- 
clude full documentation. As 
with the articles and coi- 
umns, you'll have the option 
either to read the instruc- 
tions onscreen or to print 
out a hard copy. 

For some time now, we've 
added bonus programs on 
disk that were not listed in 
the nnagazine. These pro- 
grams were often too large 
to offer as type-ins. !n our 
new format, we can now pro- 
vide you with more pro- 
grams and larger ones. 
With no more tedious type- 



ins, we don't have to worry 
about the size of the pro- 
gram listings. 

Our programs may be larg- 
er, but don't expect quality 
to suffer. We'll keep our 
high software standards. 
We have some exciting pro- 
grams coming up. On the 
disk next month, look for a 
SpeedScript patch from 
Frank Gordon that com- 
bines a RAfvl disk/dual drive 
option with a word-count fea- 
ture. Frank's original pro- 
gram let SpeedScript users 
access two drives, but it 
wasn't compatible with an 
earlier word-count program. 
Now you can have both 
great features in one, 

I want to encourage pro- 
grammers to keep submit- 
ting games, utilities, and pro- 
ductivity and educational 
programs. Gazette is still in 
the market to purchase out- 
standing software. 

The price of the new dou- 
bie-sided Gazette Disk will 
be $49.95 for 12 monthly is- 
sues. Those of you who al- 
ready subscribe to the disk 
will receive the new Ga- 
zette, commencing with the 
January disk. We think you'll 
be pleased with the extra val- 
ue that you'll be getting. 

If you subscribe to the Ga- 
zette edition of COMPUTE, 
you'll have this one-time op- 
portunity to convert your sub- 
scription for only $29.95. 
Look for a pull-out card in 
this section for full details. If 
you decide not to convert, 
then you'll continue to re- 
ceive COrvlPUTE for the bal- 
ance of your subscription. 

! know this is a major 
change for Gazette, but I 
hope you'll take advantage of 
the upgraded Gazette Disk 
with its new iook, fresh format, 
and added features. □ 



GAZETTE 

64/128 VIEW 

fvlajor changes on tap for Gazette. 
By Tom Netsel. 


G-1 


THE 64 GOES TO PRESS 

Read how a 64 helped redesign a newspaper. 
By Harold Stevens Jr. 


G-2 


REVIEWS 

Wrath of the Demon. 


G-8 


FEEDBACK 

Questions, answers, and comments. 


G-10 


PD PICKS 

Rebellion and fvlah-Jongg. 
By Steve Vander Ark. 


G-1 4 


BEGINNER BASIC 

Three challenges for the holiday season. 
By Larry Cotton. 


G-1 6 


DIVERSIONS 

Seeing isn't always believing with digital video 
By Fred D'lgnazio. 


G-18 


PROGRAMMER'S PAGE 6-20 

Four tips from the new author of "Programmer's 

Page." 

By David Pankhurst. 


6E0S 

Ultimate GEOS for folks on a budget. 
By Steve Vander Ark. 


G-22 


MACHINE LANGUAGE 

Branches, jumps, and subroutine calls. 
By Jim Butterfield. 


G-24 


PROGRAMS 

Chain Reaction (64) 

Custom Character Screen Designer (64) 

Right/Side II (64) 

Jigsaw 128 

Splast (64) 


G-25 
G-28 
G-31 
G-35 
G-38 



DECEMBER 1993 COMPUTE G-1 



B 



Voiumn 1 , Issue 1 



33ie64@<i 



WRITTEN BY 
HAROLD STEVENS JR. 

People are always 
amazed when I tell them 
about the things that my 
Commodore 64 can do. 
They are usually blown 
away when I tell them 
how i use the 8-bit com- 
puter in a professional 
environment as part of 
my job as a journalist. 

I edit a suburban 
weekly newspaper m 
Columbus, Ohio, f^y 64 
played a major role in 
helping me redesign 
and create a whole new 
set of graphic devices 
that we in the newspa- 
per industry call stand- 
ing headlines — or 
standing heds for 
short. Standing 
heds are the 
visual elements 
that identify 
special areas of 
newspaper 
copy, such as 





personal opinion 
columns, letters to the 
editor, community news 
and events, obituaries, 
weddings and engage- 
ments notices, and 
business news. 

My 64 was the 
answer to a problem 
we had a few years 
ago when we decided 
to streamline our stand- 
ing heds. Our main- 
frame typesetting com- 
puter, a Ccmpugraphic 
MCS-100, was unable 
to do so without our 
having to shell out hun- 
dreds of dollars for 
software to help us get 
what we wanted. 
We were looking for 
ways to spice up 
the standing 
heds of our 
newspapers in 
a way that 
would set us 
apart from our 
/ competition in 
the Colum- 



w 




by Harold Stevms, u,. 



bus area, We wanted 
something to indicate 
that the five editions of 
the Columbus 
Messenger Newspa- 
pers were on the move 
and were progressive 
enough to take advan- 
tage of contemporary 
newspaper design, while 
being cost effective at 
the same time. Like 
many small businesses, 
we don't have a whole 
lot of money to spend in 
our pursuit of innovation 
unless it returns a profit. 






A New Look 

We wanted to create 
new and radically 
designed standing heds 
that would be stream- 
lined and would utilize a 
dot-screen background 
with white, or reverse, 
lettering. Since we were 
unable to do this with 
theCompugraphic 
MCS-100 without the 
expensive special soft- 
ware, we thought we 
would try to create these 
headlines with the 



equipment we already 
had. We tried printing 
them in black with white, 
or reverse, type facings 
and then shooting them 
with a gray screen on 
the PMT camera in our 
production department. 
This didn't work. The 
results were muddy, and 
we didn't get the nice 
clean copy that we 
wanted. 

My publisher was 
toying with the idea of 
buying the software for 
the Ccmpugraphic 
when I hit upon the idea 
of using my 64 to do the 
task. If it worked, it 
would cost us nothing. 
About that time, our 
company bought an 
Apple LaserWriter !l- 
NTX laser printer for use 
by our classified adver- 
tising department to go 
with its new IBM clone. 
That computer was pur- 
chased to print our clas- 
sified ads and to t<eep 
accounting records for 
that department. 

Since the PC didn't 
have any desktop pub- 
lishing software with it 
and the LaserWriter was 
a PostScript-driven 
printer, I was sure I 
couid publish what we 



December 1993 



egto^lh'cgg 



needed on the printer 
with the 64 and 
PostScript-compatible 
geoPublish. i volun- 
teered to do a couple of 
samples to see how 
they would fly. 



stores that I could pur- 
chase an interface to 
hook up the faser printer 
to my modem port for 
about $100. "No 
thanks," I said. That's 
when I turned to the 




GEOS to the Res<ue 

The first thing I did was 
to go home to boot up 
GEOS. I created sam- 
ples of the standing 
heds with geoPuoiish 
and printed out a rough 
draft of what these spe- 
cial graphics would look 
like on my Star NX- 
1000C dot-matrix print- 
er. This was enough 
proof to management 
that my 64 could do the 
work. I was asked to 
start working on the 
standing heds as soon 
as possible. All that I 
required now was an 
RS-232 interface to con- 
nect to the printer. 
Finding such an 
interface in the 
Columbus area was 
almost impossible, and 
the ones I located were 
expensive. I was told by 
a couple of computer 



Tenex catalog for help. 

What I did find was 
an Aprotek Universal 
RS-232 Expansion 
Interface for about $40. 
Immediately I ordered 
the interface and 
received it a couple of 
weeks later. The 
Aprotek interface was 
exactly what I was look- 
ing for. It's designed so 
I can connect between 
a printer with an RS-232 
port and a Commodore- 
style modem. 

The second thing I 
bought was a six-foot 
RS-232 extension cord 
from Radio Shack. This 
let me set up my com- 
puter near the newspa- 
per's laser printer. 

Irial Run 

On the following day, I 
hauled my computer and 
peripherals to work and 



set up shop not too far 

from the laser printer. 
When I hooked up my 
spare amber monitor, 
geoRAfvl, expansion unit, 
and 1541 and 1581 disk 
drives to the computer, I 
was ready to go. All t 
had to do now was plug 
in the interface to the 
64's user port and run 
the RS-232 cable 
between it and the laser 
printer. I then booted 
GEOS to print the sam- 
ples that I had created 
earlier and printed on my 
9-pin dot-matrix printer, 

Once in GEOS, I 
moved the cursor to the 
geoPublaser icon and 
double-clicked it. The 
screen went blank, and 
a menu then dropped 
down on the screen 
asking me to choose 
the RS-232 serial trans- 
fer rate of either 9600 
bps or 1200 bps to print 
the geoPublish files. 
Since I knew 9600 was 
eight times faster than 
1200, I naturally clicked 
on it. Now I was becom- 
ing excited. I was tak- 
ing the first steps 
toward using my 
Commodore for what I 
really wanted it to do- 
desktop publishing. 



After setting the bps 
rate, the file dialog menu 
dropped down for me to 
select the file that I want- 
ed to print. I moved the 
pointer to the name of 
the standing heds sam- 
ple that I had previously 
created and clicked it to 
open the file. Next came 
the print option menu 
asking me the number of 
pages and copies that I 
wanted to print and 
which smoothing setting 
to use for the graphics. 
Since nothing needed to 
be changed, I clicked 
and sent the file to the 
primer. 

I held my breath as 
the monitor went blank 
and the print indicator 
light on the LaserWriter 
started blinking. A few 
minutes later the file 
dialog menu reap- 



?rts=W©*5i 



mm 




Going for broke 



business 
briefs 



bfbb 




hiwrsj !u th^ BdUor 



These are the before and after illustrations of what the standing headlines looked like 
then and now. Before we changed the standing headlines using the Commodore 64C 
and geoPublish. they were just boxes with rounded corners with the type centered 
inside the boxes. The top left standing bed was how our boxes were before we 
changed to the current appearance of the one on the top right . As you can see the 
newer headlines created on the Commodore look more streamlined in the new format 
when we changed from the round boxes to the screened bars. 



peared, and the laser printer started 
whirring. Out came a printed page. I 
was excited as I picked up the first 
print-quality document created by my 
very own 64. At last, my dream of 
being able to print professional-quality 
documents on it had come true. 

When my wife gave me the 64 for 
Christmas in 1987, never did 1 think 
that I would be able to do profession- 
al-quality desktop publishing on it. 
She had purchased the computer for 
me to use as a word processor. 1 
would write stories on it and then store 
them to floppy disks to eliminate the 
piles of paper that accumulated 
around my old electric typewriter. 

Dreams to Reality 

When I discovered geoPublish, I 
learned that I could publish profes- 
sional-quality printed documents on a 
PostScript laser printer. All I needed 
was access to such a printer Buying 
one was out of the question because I 
didn't have the money to pay for one 
on my salary as a weekly newspaper 
editor. All I could do was to dream 
that someday i would be able to print 
professional-looking documents on 
my 8-bit Commodore. Once the laser 
samples were printed, the dream had 
become a reality, 

Once we saw the samples, we 
started refining the standing heds. We 
had a few technical problems to work 
out. First, we had to decide the best 
percentage that the dot screen for the 

G-4 COl^PUTE DECEMBER 1M3 



bars and boxes should be. Since 50 
percent and above printed too dark, 
we settled on a 25-perc8nt screen. 
We had to make the dot screen as 
light as possible to keep the printing 
process from blotting out the white 
type facing and muddling the dot 
screen. Ink has a tendency to bleed 
into the fibers of newsprint paper. 

I began to play around with the 
design of the type facing so that we 
could produce white lettering with 
black shadows behind it. We felt that 
the shadow effect would allow the 
white type to stand out more clearly 
against the 25-percent dot screen 
background. Then I put the type in 



italic style to give it the feeling of 
being in a forward motion. Once this 
was done, I printed new samples and 
showed them to the publisher and 
managing editor. We all agreed that 
this was how it was to be done, 

I then sent out a memo to the other 
editors on the staff asking them to list 
the names of all the columns and fea- 
tures that appeared in their respective 
newspapers. Since all five of us share 
common standing heds for local 
events, military news, school news, 
and so on, we created these first. 

Next came the standing heds that 
were customized for each individually 
zoned paper. For example, I run 
columns submitted by the high 
schools in my area while another edi- 
tor runs a feature on saving money 
with coupons, and a third editor has a 
poetry column. 

Days at the Keyboard 

For the next few days, inciuding the 
weekend, most of my spare time was 
spent creating headlines in various 
sizes to fit in the editorial copy section 
of the paper. First, I set the headlines 
to go across the entire width of the 
newspaper page. An 11-x17-inch 
page consists of eight columns that 
are each 7 picas (1.25 inches) wide. 
This meant that the heds had to be 63 
picas or about 10.5 inches long, which 
is the length of a geoPublish page. 

The headline bars had to be one- 
half inch tall with the type set in 24- 
point GEOS font LW Cal, This type 
style is also known as Helvetica to the 
rest of the printing industry. The text 
was also set up at one-eighth inch 
from the left edge of the screen bars. 
Previously, the standing hed bars 
were one-inch boxes with rounded 
corners and type set in upright 
Helvetica of 30 points. 



jt's my 
turn... 

*^ ^ by Harold Steven s, Jr. 





by Harold Steirens, Jr. 



Using my personal opinion column as an example, you can see how we improved the 
looks of our editorial page by going from a rounded corner box to a screened one. 
Also, changing the type style to italics with white lettering and "shadows" makes the 
standing hed appear more exciting than before. 



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To determine what kind of screened background we wanted for the standing head- 
lines. I tried white type against different percentages of the screen. On top is 90 per- 
cent screen, followed by 85 percent, then 75 percent. 50 percent and finally 25 per- 
cent, which was what we settled on. We decided to add the "shadows' to highlight 
the white type facing to give it a more fuller look. 



I created these standing tieds so 
that they could be trimmed down to six, 
five, four, three, and two columns in 
width. For the personal opinion 
columns, such as those written by the 
editors to appear on the opinion-editor- 
ial page, I created screened boxes that 
were three quarters of an inch tall and 
two columns wide with the name of the 
column in 18- or 24-point size and the 
author's name in 15 points. The only 
difference between these standing 
heds and the others was that the 
author's name was set in black type. 

The personal opinion columns 
weren't the only items set in the two- 
column screened boxes. There were 
some standing heds whose words 
were too long to fit into the half-inch 
by two-column format. For these 
headlines I had to create a two-col- 
umn by three-quarter-inch screened 
box and place the names of the fea- 
ture in two lines of type, with the 
words printed in 18-point type. 
Creating these thicker two-column 
headlines also gave us a variety of 
designs to choose from when we laid 
out the pages. 

After creating the screen bars, I 
placed the black type, which was to 
become the shadow of the words, 
about one-eighth of an inch from the 
top and left edge. Setting the white 
type over the black one-eighth of an 

G-6 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



inch from the top and left edge of the 
half-inch screened bars in opaque 
nnode produced the shadow effect that 
I wanted. In the tv/o-column boxes, I 
placed the shadows and white type 
the same distance from the top and 
left edge. Both the shadows and over- 
laying white type were set in italics. 

After I corrected small placement 
errors and ran out the headlines on the 
laser printer, we had them, shot on the 
PMT camera. This converted them to 
photographic paper and made them 
more durable so that they could be 
reused every week. Shooting the 
headlines on photo paper also sharp- 
ened the resolution of the dot screen, 
the white letters, and the black shad- 
ows. The final results looked as though 
we had used the Compugraphic type- 
setter to create thenn. This process 
took the 300-dots-per-inch resolution 
of the laser printer and enhanced it to 
make the heds appear as if they were 
600 dpi or greater. 

Stort the Presses 

Production day rolled around. The 
standing heds were shot on paper and 
waxed to be pasted onto the page with 
the stories, photographs, and other 
copy. The pasted-up pages were then 
shipped to the printer. Two days later, 
our sample copies of the papers came 
back. We turned to the pages that had 



the standing heds, and they looked 
great. To tell you the truth, looking at 
the resolution on the newsprint page, 
we couldn't tell the difference between 
them and anything phnted by the type- 
setting machine. 

Later, I purchased a second com- 
puter and a 1581 drive to keep at 
work so that I wouldn't have to lug my 
64 back and forth when it was need- 
ed. I also added an amber monitor for 
better onscreen resolution. 

The 64 with a 1764 RAM Expansion 
Unit and a second 1581 sits on a desk 
of its own in the office. Since I 
installed the computer and created 
the standing heds, I have used this 
system to create other graphics to be 
used with stories in our newspaper. I 
am most proud of the one created 
during the Persian Gulf War that signi- 
fied stories about local people who 
supported the troops overseas. 

As an added bonus, I was able to 
use the system at work to publish an 
eight-page newsletter for my user 
group, the Central Ohio Commodore 
Users Group. For three years now I've 
been able to use my 64 in a profes- 
sional manner. The icing on the cake 
came the following year when the 
company gave me a nice pay raise for 
doing the impossible on the 64. □ 




Going for broke 



Above are samples of other graphics 
and art work that was produced on the 
Commodore 64C using geoPublish. 
The bottom graphic was used as line 
art to draw peoples's attention to a 
story on a school districf's financial 
woes, while the one on the top was 
used to Signify stories about local peo- 
ple involved in the Pursian Gulf War in 
1991-1992. The stars in the flag are the 
letter "H" in LtV.Shatiuck font. 




T^^e GRAPEVINE GROUP INC. 

• NORTH AMERICA'S LARGEST SUPPLIER OF AMIGA CUSTOM CHIPS AND SPECIALTY PARTS • 







COMMODORE FACTORY SURPLUS 

r^ NEW AND REFURBISHED 

m-^ ecently. Commodore elected to consolidate their stateside operations, thus making them 
J. K. financially stronger. One of the first steps taken was to reduce their inventory in both the U.S. and 
Canada. In doing this, select distributors icere given the opportunity to purchase sizable amounts of new 
and factory refurbished parts at extraordinarily low prices. This section contains new and refurbished 
items, uhich are indicated by the tetters ".N" or "R" to the left of each product. Refurbisheddoes not mean 
used or pre-ouned, but simply factory remanufactured. Some units may have minor imperfections 
hardly noticeable or, in the case of some monitors, faulty front doors. With the exception of a minor 
imperfection, if any, most everything appears "mint" and of course everything carries a full 90 day 
warranty and some itemsafullyear. This isyour opportunity to purchase. Amiga/Commodore partsand 
equipment at up to 80% less than an authorized dealer pays. 






MONtTORS 

R 10B4S/2002 composile/RGB high 

resolution color monitor with cables, 

This is the latest composite video/ 

RGB monitor that Commodore has 

manulaclured SI 29.95 

R 1802 composite video high resolution 

color monitor with cables This is the 

production monitor prior to 1084 

series. Works on 64/128 series and 

Amiga Also an excellent VCR or 

Toaster monitor $99.95 

R 1702 composite video color monitor with caables S34.50 

R 1403 composite high resolution monochrome video with cable S49.95 

R 1930 Bisync high resolution VGA color monilor (dot pitch .29). This companion 

Id Commodore's PC series works with IBM/IBM compatibles $99.95 

R 1950 14" multisync high resolution VGA color monitor with automatic scanning 

(dot pitch .31). Works with A600/1 200/3000/4000 and IBM/IBM compatibles 

{Predecessor to the 1942) S249.95 

R A5Z0 HF modulator. Allows you to connect an Amiga (A600/2OOO/30O0) to a 

TV or composite video monitor. The A520 converts the RGB video signal into 

composite color video S19.95 

R A23aa Genlock Board (A2000/3000) Simple plug-in board S64.50 

COMPUTER SYSTEMS 

N Amiga 500 with power supply and 

software $169.95 

With STARTER PACK software add, .SI 0.00 
N Commodore C64C with power supply 

(iaiest design and revision] S89.9S 

R Commodore C64 with power 

supply $64.50 

N Commodore 065 This is a new 064 just released in Europe with a built in SVi" 

1581 lloppy drive on the front (PAL or NTSC) S129.50 

R PC10III (XT) No hard drive $149.95 

R PC20III (XT) 20 meg hard drive $169.00 

R PC30ltl (AT-286) 20 meg hard drive $229.00 

R PC40III (AT-2B6) 40 meg hard d/ive S299.9S 

ADDITIONAL OPTIONS 

Amiga 1930 VGA Bisync color monitor with any of the "PC Series computer 

add $79.95 

Commodore 10845 with any "PC Series" computer add S89.95 

SPECIAL PRICE PACKAGES 

BONUS PACKAGE A: 

Commodore C64 with 1541 floppy drive and 1084S (stereo) high resolution 
color monitor. Includes power supply and cables S229.95 

BONUS PACKAGE B: 
Commodore C64C (latest version made) with 1571 high density floppy drive 
and 10843 color monitor, Includes power supply and cables $299.95 

BONUS PACKAGE C: 
Amiga A500 computer with Software Starter Kit and 1084S (stereo) /2002 high 
resolution RGB color monitor. Includes power supply and cables (List price of 
package $449.00) Our price ,.S2B4.9S 

MISCELLANEOUS 

N A10 Commodore computer speakers with built in amplifier $19.95 

N MPS1230 Commodore printer (same as Citizen 120) tractor/friction ...$59.95 

R A2300 Genlock Board (A2O0O/A3000) Selling last $64.50 

N Top/Bollom Housing (or A500 $16.95 

N Prinlef Port Adapter,* Interface any Commodore printer to work any PC/PC 

clone $29.95 

DISKETTES 
N 3W (720K) Commodore diskette with various software that can be erased. 
This is a new disk available at a low price. 

Package of 10 $3.80 Package of 50 $18.00 

N Just Released 2.1 Series Disketies (same software as 2.1 kit) 

2.f install disk (370166-01) $3.95 2.1 fonts disk (370169-01) $3.95 

2,1 locale disk (370129-01) $3.95 2.1 extra disk (370168-011 $3.95 

2.1 workbench disk|370167.02).,$3.95 Set ol alt 5 disketies ...$17.50 




MOTHERBOARDS 

N ASOO(rev. 3) Complete with all chips including '/; meg Agnus/1.2 $89.95 

N A50D (revision 5 and up) Includes 8372 1 meg Agnus & 1 .3 ROM $1 29.95 

N A1000 Last chance to keep a spare $74.50 

R A2000 Includes 8372AAgnus& new 2,04 Operating ROM $299.95 

N A2058 Commodore A2000 8K RAM expander (2MB) $149.50 

R A3000 (various revisions) CALL 

N A3000 daughler (Zorro) board $84.50 

N VGA 2B6 laptop motherboard by Commodore $179.95 

R 1541 replacement control board only $30.00 

N 1571 control motherboard , $54.95 

R C64 motherboard (1984-7 version) $29,95 

N C64C motherboard (revision E) $54.50 

N C128 motherboard (with new ROMs) $84.50 

N C12BD motherboard (with new ROMs) $94.50 

N PC30/40/60III CALL 

N 1750/64 RAM expansion board $19.50 

N Slingshot Pro:* Gives A2000 slot for your ASOO.fJew design wilhpassthrough. 

Now take advantage of all A2000 plug In boards $42.50 

N A501 original Commodore (512K) for A500 $24.50 

R A2300 Genlock board (A2000/3000) $64.50 

KEYBOARDS 

N A500 (American version) $27.50 

B A500 (U.K. version) $22.00 

N A600/1200 $29,50 

R A1000 $54.50 N C64 $15.95 

N A2DO0 $49.50 R C128D $25.95 

R A3000 $49.95 N PC Series $49.95 

N Encoder Board (Mitsumi) (A500/2000) $19.00 

N CDTV in black $34.50 N 286/386 laptop ......,, CALL 

POWER SUPPLIES 

N A500 Exact Commodore replacement $29.95 

n A500 (240V U.K. & Europe) $24.50 

H A500 Big Foot* (A500/600/1200) A must for Toaster users $79.95 

N A2000 (Switchablelrom 110/220V) $89.95 

N A2000 Big Foot* (300 watts) $135.00 

N A3000 Exact Commodore replacement $84.95 

R A3000 (220V) (U.K. & Europe) $79.95 

N A590 supply tor AS90 hard drive $29.95 

N C64 (sealed/nonrepairable) 1.5 amp , $9.95 

N C64 (repairable)* 1.6 amp ..,,,$24,95 

N C64 4,3amp heavy duty (also used with 1750 RAM expander) $29.95 

N C1541 11/1581 (external) Limited quantity. Going fast $19.95 

220 Volt version available for $27,50 

N C128D (internal) $12.95 

N C12e external 4.3 amp $29.95 

N PC20 (75 watt) $83.50 

N 1680 power supply for A1200RS modem $11.95 

DRIVES 

N ASOO internal 880 K drive: Exact drop-in replacement $59.95 

R AS90hard drive (20 megs) with controller & power supply $169.95 

With extra 2 megs installed add $74.00 

R A1010/1011 Amiga external S'/i" floppy (with case) $54.95 

N A2000 high density drive (1,76 megs) $91,50 

R A2000 internal drive $79.95 

N A3000 internal S'/j" drive $89.95 

N A2090A hard drive controller (no memory) $17.95 

N A2091 hard drive controller (new ROMs) $64.50 

R A3070 150 meg tape backup (complelej $229.95 

N Sony tape cartridge for above (OD 6150) 518.50 

R 1541 complete (loppy drive with cable 564,95 

N 1541-11 complete stand alone floppy drive $90.50 

N 1571 complete stand alone (loppy drive (Selling out fast) $119,95 

R 1571 same as above but refurljished $84.50 

N 1571 replacement control board only SS4.50 

H IBM/Commodore bridgeboard (loppy (5'/4-1.2 megs) S37.50 

•rjOT A COWWODORE PHODUCT 



Order Line Only 

1-800-292-7445 



3 Chestnut Street, Suflern, New York 10901 • Fax: (914) 357-6243 

Order Status/Customer Service Line: (914) 368-4242 / (914) 357-2607 
International Orfder Line: (914) 357-2424 9-6 e.t, mon.-FRI. 



SEND SASE FOR FULL LISTING OF ALL COMMODORE/AMIGA SURPLUS PRODUCTS 



REVIEWS 



WRATH OF THE DEMON 

Are you bored with the games that are 
available for the Commodore? Do you 
get discouraged by programs that 
promise a lot but deliver little'? Do you 
think you'll have to upgrade to a PC in 
order to get full screen graphics and 
true multilevel action? Then Wrath of 
the Demon by ReadySoft has some de- 
lightful surprises in store for you. 

The creative wizards of the Abstrax 
research team have come up with a 
phenomenal program in Wrath of the 
Demon. This game offers the scope, 
graphics, multilevel scrolling, and 
sound track that previousiy had been 
available only to PC owners. 

The game itseif is a challenging 
quest that pits a demon and his host of 
minions against our hero, an unassum- 
ing stranger who happens to be in the 
vi'rong place at the right time, The he- 
ro (you) is entrusted with the mission of 
finding and saving the princess and rid- 
ding the kingdom of the evil demon. If 
he succeeds, the king has promised 
the hand of the princess. If he fails; all 
is lost. 

The game opens with an impressive 
musical score. It's just one of nine mu- 
sical selections you'll hear throughout 
the game. The title graphic tells the sto- 
ry. It shows a bullish demon holding a 
sphere with the lovely princess impris- 
oned inside. Off to one side, our hand- 
some Conan-like hero rushes to the res- 
cue, brandishing his sword. 

Sure, a lot of games have impres- 
sive title graphics, but then the games 
don't live up to the promise. The graph- 
ics in those games end up being either 
too small or uninspiring. You know the 
kind I mean — the ones where a charac- 
ter who looks like a minuscule stick 
man moves along the bottom inch of 
the screen and the rest of the screen 
is a solid blue that I can only assume 
is supposed to represent the sky. If 
that's what you've been seeing, you ar- 
en't going to believe your eyes when 
you load Wrath of the Demon! 

The Abstrax team originally de- 
signed Wrath of the Demon to take ad- 
vantage of the sophisticated hardware 
in the Amiga computer system. When 
they converted the program for the 
Commodore, they were determined to 
push that hardware to its limits. They 

G-a COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



succeeded admirably. The game has 
over 600 screens of action; smooth, 
high-tech parallax scrolling; and richly 
detailed graphics that utilize more 
than 100 colors. 

The animation is superb. There are 
over 1400 frames in the game. The 
frames scroll smoothly across the 
screen without jumpiness or distortion. 
For example, the opening level fea- 




The animation in Wrath of the Demon is 
superb, with mors than 1400 frames. 

tures our hero riding a galloping white 
charger. The mountains, shrubs, and 
clouds scroll by flawlessly. In addition, 
there are rocks to be hurdled, skele- 
tons to be avoided, and small bottles 
(potions) to be collected for later use. 

The characters have a wide range 
of movement. They jump, walk, roll, 
duck, and fight. In the opening scene, 
the hero must lean down from his sad- 
dle and scoop up items while his 
steed thunders forward at fuli speed. 
He must also hurdle rocks and other 
obstacles that get in his way. In fact, 
the horse will balk rather comically and 
refuse to go further if the hero doesn't 
guide him over an obstacle. 

Meanwhile, the hero also has to 
watch what he is scooping up. Small 
bottles represent potions, but skulls, 
rocks, and other items will drain the he- 
ro's energy if he touches them. Don't 
be fooled into thinking it would be eas- 
ier to just gallop forward without attempt- 
ing to gather objects. He'll need the po- 
tions later if he hopes to have success 
against the various monsters he'll 
meet along the way. 

The game's monsters are large, intel- 
ligent, and deadly — 120 different vari- 
eties in all. Low-flying birds try to 
knock you from your horse. Gnomelike 
creatures attack you with pickaxes and 
throw rocks at you. (Their aim is dead- 



ly.) Dragons breathe fire at you. As for 
the demon himself, well, suffice it to 
say he is an awesome creature more 
than half a screen tall. 

In order to defeat the monsters, 
you'll have to develop a different strat- 
egy for dealing with each one. Whatev- 
er approach you adopt, try to keep 
your hero as far away from the mon- 
sters as possible. Never let them back 
him into a corner. In fact, sometimes, 
it's better to try to avoid a monster rath- 
er than attack it. However, killing the 
monsters has some advantages — some- 
times they carry potions that your hero 
can collect for later use. 

The three potions that are most help- 
ful are Shield potions. Zap potions, and 
Heal potions. The Shield potion makes 
the hero immortal, but only for three sec- 
onds. Zap potions will kill the monsters 
around the hero or at least take away 
some of their power. Because of their 
constitution, some monsters have 
some immunity to the Zap potion. It's in- 
teresting trying to figure out which mon- 
sters are which. 

The Healing potion is the most help- 
ful. It will cure all your hero's wounds 
and restore his energy to the maxi- 
mum. He'll need it. There are more mon- 
sters waiting on the next level. 

Onscreen graphics help you keep 
track of the hero's energy level and the 
number and type of potions he has re- 
maining. Unfortunately there is no indi- 
cator for the monsters' strength, so 
you're never sure how close to death 
they are. You'll have to keep hitting, 
jumping, running, and punching until 
you defeat them. This is made more diffi- 
cult by the fact that the monsters sel- 
dom attack alone. Sometimes your he- 
ro will be outnumbered two or three to 
one. So use those potions carefully! 
The game will really put your joystick 
skills to the test. 

You'll need more than just dexterity 
to master this one. The exploration lev- 
els of the game will take the hero 
through murky caves, pagan temples, 
and elaborate castles. You'll need to 
make good maps of some of these lev- 
els, or you'll never get our hero out of 
the labyrinth of passages. 

The game isn't perfect; there are 
some flaws in it. One is the lack of a fea- 
ture to save your game or position. 
This feature is available for other sys- 



terns but not for the Commodore ver- 
sion. Another drawback is the manual. 
It's sketchy at best and was written to 
encompass ail versions of the gan-e. 
The manual tells you'more of what the 
Commodore version can't do than 
what it can. 

The biggest drawback I found was 
the loading time both to start the 
game and between scenes. Even us- 
ing my Epyx FastLoad cartridge, the 
loading time ran anywhere from 30' sec- 
onds to a minute. At the rate I was dy- 
ing and having to restart the game, I 
wished it would reload faster, 

However, I have never seen a Com- 
modore game that has offered such su- 
perb graphics, intricate plotting, and 
fast action. It shows what the 64 can 
do with the right programming. Let's 
hope more such games are headed 
our way. 

MARTI PAULIN 

ReadySolt 

30 Wertheim Cl.. Ste. 2 

Richmond Hill, ON 

Canada L4B 1B9 

(416) 731-4175 

$29.95 

Circle Reader Service Number 281 H 



GAZETTE 
IS MOVING 

This is Gazette's final edition to 
be printed as a part of COM- 
PUTE magazine. Starting wUh 
the January 1994 edition, look 
for all your favorite columns and 
features on the new Gazette 
Disk. Look for more ready-to- 
run programs, too — complete 
with on-disk documentation. 

Upgrade your U.S. subscrip- 
tion and get 12 monthly issues 
for the special price of only 
$29.95. Send check or money or- 
der to the following address. 

Gazette Disk 
P.O. Box 3250 
Harlan, lA 51593-2430 



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CMD 



Circle Reader Service Number 139 



DECEMBER 1993 COMPUTE G-9 



FEEDBACK 



Questions and 

answers 

about l^rboDOS, 

Commoifore's 

support for the 64, 

and more 



Bug-Swatter 

TurboDOS {June 1993) 
doesn't work on 1541-11 
drives. Author Hong Pham of- 
fers the foliowing suggestion 
to fix the problem. First, load 
and run TurboDOS^ Then af- 
ter the startup message ap- 
pears, enter the following line 
in immediate mode. 

POKE 4508, 234: POKE 45D9, 234: 
POKE 4510, 234 

To save this modified version 
of the program, type BSAVE 
"TURBODOS.MOD". 8.2049, 
10493. 

In Scarce Supply 

What's the word on the 64? 
Does Commodore still sup- 
port it or not? 

RAYMOND MAY 
PALATKA, FL 

Commodore still supports ttie 
64 in Europe, but not in tlie 
U.S., according to Fred 
Bowen. a senior engineer at 
Commodore. The company 
fias entered into an agree- 
ment with Software Hut (800- 
932-6442) to sell new and re- 
furbished 64s, drives, and oili- 
er equipment, and The Soft- 
ware Management Group 
(4 10.992-9975) will offer post- 
sale support to Commodore re- 
sellers, various dealers, and 
end users. Service centers 
will work with SMG for all war- 
ranty-related activities. SMG 
has its headquarters in Colum- 
bia, Maryland, but plans to 
open offices in West Chester 
Pennsylvania, and Memphis. 
Tennessee. 



Appending Programs 

I have a couple of financial 
programs that I have created 
over the years that I would 
like to combine into one larg- 
er program. I'd like to use a 
menu subroutine to run which- 
ever program I desire. A cou- 
ple of these programs are fair- 
ly long, and I'd rather not 
G-10 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



have to type them in again. 
Isn't there some way I can 
merge these without having 
to retype them? 



DARRELL HUNLEY 
WACO, TX 



The easiest way to combine 
several programs Is to ap- 
pend one to the other This 
means that you'll have to 
change the line numbers of 
the second program so that 
its lowest number Is higher 
than the highest number of 
the first program. This simply 
means that the programs 
with high line numbers are 
tacked onto the end of pro- 
grams with low line numbers. 
If the line numbers overlap, 
you'll have a problem. 

The easiest way to append 
programs is to load the first 
program and then in direct 
mode type POKE 43, PEEK 
(45)-2: POKE 44, PEEK (46) 
and press Return. Then load 
the second program and 
/ypePOKE43, 1: POKE 44. 8 
and press Return. 

List the program, and you 
should see that the second 
program has been appended 
to the first. Save this new pro- 
gram, if you wish to append 
another repeat the process. 

If PEEK(45) should happen 
to be a or 1, you'll get an er- 
ror massage. If this happens, 
you have to change your in- 
structions by typing POKE 43, 
PEEK(45)-f256-2: POKE 44, 
PEEK(46)-1 and then continu- 
ing as before. 

Merging two programs into 
a single program with lines 
sorted correctly requires some- 
thing else. This is different 
from appending one program 
onto another You might have 
a subroutine that you've writ- 
ten, and you'd like to enter it 
without having to rewrite it. 
You can use the following pro- 
gram to merge two programs. 
Just make sure that neither 
program contains the same 
line number as the other 



SC 59000 

AQ 5"}013 

DK 59020 

MJ 60000 

GM 60010 

AP 6CI(!2B 

PS $3030 

XO 60040 

BF 60053 



FOR J'ABSee TO 
POKEJ,PEEK|J) :N 
POKC42231 ,56:PO 
B,96rPOKE42535 
FOR J=830 TO 90 
V:POKEJ,V:NEXT 
DATA 162,8,32,1 
,32,207,255,32, 
5,165 

RATA 1,41,254,1 
60,0,32,207,255 
7 

DATA 255,240,32 
7,255,133,20,32 
55,133 

DATA 21,32,207 
3,0,2,240,3,20 
45 

DATA 152,24,105 
, 32,162,164,76, 
65 

DATA 1,9,1,133, 
9,166,76,128,16 



49151: 

EXT 

KE4223 

96 

0:FEAD 

98,255 
207,25 

33,1, 1 
32, 2e 

32,20 
207,2 

255,15 
,208,2 

,5,168 
79,3, 1 

1,32,8 
4 



To use this merge routine, 
load It, run it. and then type 
NEW. Be patient; it will take al- 
most a minute after you type 
RUN before the computer will 
be ready again. 

Then type in or load a BA- 
SIC program. Merge addition- 
al programs on disk by typing 
OPEN 8, 8, 8, "FILENAME": 
SYS 830, Filename is whatev- 
er program you have on disk 
that you want merged with 
the one already in memory. 
Be sure to save the newly 
merged program. You can 
turn off the blinking light on 
the disk drive by typing 
OPEN 15,8,15, "I": CLOSE 15. 

Author Information 

You should publish the ad- 
dresses of your authors so we 
can write to them. Also, you 
should include more biograph- 
ical information such as age, 
sex, hobbies, and nationality 

Also, are you guys going to 
sell any more disk products? 
I notice that you have a few dif- 
ferent disk indexes. Why don't 
you combine them into one? 

If you have public domain 
programs on your disk but 
don't pay the authors, then 
your corporation is freeload- 
ing off of them. Is your disk 
still going to publish bonus pro- 
grams that are too large to 
type? What about graphics? 
[io you still want them? 

HENRY WILLIAMS 
CANADA 



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Circle Reader Service Number 197 




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Circle Reader Service Number 114 



FEEDBACK 



Information 

about autliors, 

possible 

public domain 

ripoffs, a 

directory lister, and 

SpeedCalc 



G-12 



Gazette forwards mail to its au- 
tliors whenever a reader 
writes with a questior^ about a 
program that our staff cannot 
answer We also forward any 
mail that's sent to an author in 
care of the magazine. We in- 
clude biographical informa- 
tion whenever an author sup- 
plies it, but it's not required. 
(As a matter of fact, you 
didn't include your city or prov- 
ince in your letter, but we iden- 
tified the country from the 
stamp on the envelope.) 

Like many other compa- 
nies that offer Commodore 
products, we too have no- 
ticed sluggish sales. That Is 
one reason that there are no 
plans to update the Gazette In- 
dex. The Index was a cumula- 
tive one, however That is, we 
updated it each year, adding 
on to the previous contents. 
The Index includes programs 
and articles from 1991 back 
to 1983. At this time, there are 
no plans to update it again. 

While SpeedScript Itself 
hasn't changed since its last 
disk, we have published a 
number of enhancement pro- 
grams. We have thought of of- 
fering a disk of those prod- 
ucts. We have also thought of 
offering a two-disk set of Lar- 
ry Cotton's "Beginner BASIC" 
columns and programs. At 
this time, we doubt if there is 
enough interest in these prod- 
ucts to make them economical- 
ly feasible. If we 're wrong, we 
welcome your comments. 

If you've read Tom NetseTs 
comments in this issue's "64/ 
128 View, " you know that 
there are major changes com- 
ing to Gazette. The decision 
to go to an all-disk product 
means several benefits to our 
readers. Since you no longer 
have to type in our programs, 
we don't have the same limits 
on program size. We also 
won't have the 16-page restric- 
tion that we've had in print. 
We can now offer more pro- 
grams as well as larger ones. 

COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



Steve Vander Ark has 
found some very good public 
domain and shareware pro- 
grams for our disk. We plan 
to continue with his "PD 
Picks. " As for ripping off 
those authors, we do our 
best to contact them before 
publication. We offer a con- 
tract that grants us the one- 
time use of their programs, 
and we also pay an honorari- 
um for that use. Whenever we 
include a shareware program, 
we hope that you'll do your 
part by sending the authors a 
few dollars for the programs 
that you find useful. 

While we still receive a 
large number of program sub- 
missions, we get almost no 
graphics these days. We can 
only assume the number of ac- 
tive Commodore artists has de- 
clined. Also, smce we re- 
ceived no feedback about 
our dropping "Gazette Gal- 
lery" from the disk, we as- 
sumed that you readers 
didn 't miss that feature either. 

Directory Lister 

Here is a directory lister for 
the 64 that I use all the time in 
my programs, and I find it 
quite helpful. Other readers 
who program may find it use- 
ful as well. This program will 
read the directory of drive 8, 
9. or whichever one you spec- 
ify without interrupting or los- 
ing the program that current- 
ly is in memory, 

10 PRINTCHRS(147): 

INPUT"DRIVE 8 OR 9";DN 
20 PRINTCHR$(147): 

PRINnAB(6)"01SK 

DIRECTORY":DN 
30 SyS57812"$",DN: POKE 43,1: 

P0KE44, 192: P0KE768, 174: 

POKE 769, 167: SYS47003,1 
40POKE782,192: SYS65493: 

SYS42291:LIST:P0KE44, 

8: POKE 768, 139: POKE 769, 

227 
50 PRIMT: PRINnAB(6)" HIT ANY 

KEY" 
60GETA$: IF AS="" THEN 60 



70 RETURN 

Renumber the routine to fit 
anywhere within your pro- 
gram, and be aware that line 
70 will need a GOSUB in or- 
der to work properly. 

DAVE VVASENDORF 
DENVER. CO 

Where's SpeedCalc? 

1 the June issue there's a no- 
tice about a bonus template 
for use with SpeedCalc for 
tracking stock holdings. Be- 
fore I ordered the disk, I check- 
ed to see if I had SpeedCalc. 
When I couldn't find it, ( boot- 
ed the Gazette Index to see 
when the program was pub- 
lished, I didn't find any men- 
tion of it, ] could use this tem- 
plate if I had SpeedCalc. 
When was it published? 

RAY MUSICK 
OKLAHOMA CITY, OK 

The reason you couldn 't find 
SpeedCalc on the Gazette In- 
dex disk is because Speed- 
Calc was never published in 
Gazette. It appeared in the 
January 1986 edition of COM- 
PUTE. (Remember the good 
old days when COMPUTE pub- 
lished type-in programs for 
the Commodore, Apple, IBM, 
and Atari?) It was also availa- 
ble on disk. 

A few years later, we is- 
sued the Gazette Productivity 
Manager disk ($14.95). In ad- 
dition to a financial planner, 
and data base, this disk con- 
tained GemCalc. a spread- 
sheet based on Speedcalc 
but much larger and power- 
ful. Files and templates for 
these two programs are com- 
patible, however If you don 't 
already have a spreadsheet, 
you might want to consider 
GemCalc. It's a great buy, 
and the disk is still available. 

Since SpeedCalc was nev- 
er published in Gazette, may- 
be it's time to correct that over- 
sight. Look for it in an upcom- 
ing issue of Gazette. n 



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New on the Gazette Disk! In addition to the 
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PD PICKS 



Steve Vander Ark 



Don't count on 
getting mucli sleep 

when you boot 

eittier of ttiese great 

PD games. 



G-14 COMPUTE 



SLEEP STEALERS 

I'm still on a games kick Ihis 
month. As you might recall, 
last month I was trying to beat 
Super Rockfall and Zix. Now, 
I've added two more great 
new games to my "sieep-steal- 
er" disk. Both of these games 
are excellent. They're the kind 
that keep me staring at the 
monitor until my eyes start to 
creak These aren't joystick 
breakers; they're strategy 
games. They're the kind that 
keep you up until 3:00 a.m. 

Now, here's this month's 
pair of winning programs. For 
those of you on CompuServe, 
I'll include the game's file- 
name whenever I can find it. 
Whether you get these games 
on Q-Link, GEnie. Compu- 
Serve, or Gazette Disk, don't 
count on getting too much 
sleep once you start to play 

Rebellion V2. 
Q-Link filename: REBELLION 
V2. Uploaded by Ravenweird, 
GEnie file number: 12546. 

This game bears a passing 
resemblance to Risk, the 
board game in which you try 
to conquer the world using lit- 
tle colored markers for armies. 
You are given a random map 
made up of hexagonal territo- 
ries w/hich come with villages 
and a contingent of soldiers loy- 
al to the king. Of course, as 
you might guess from the 
name of the program, you ar- 
en't loyal to the king at all In 
fact, your goal is to wipe out 
the royal troops entirely and 
proclaim yourself king. 

The game consists of your 
maneuvering your armies, chal- 
lenging neighboring territo- 
ries, and trying to hoist your 
own flag over the territorities. 
In the process, you can hire 
more soldiers and build tow- 
ers and villages to extend 
your influence. 

That by itself would make 
for a pretty neat game. But Re- 
bellion also offers tidbits of col- 
or and style that make all this 

DECEMBER 1993 



simulated mayhem a lot of fun. 
Every time there's a battle, for 
example, a window appears 
showing two or more littie 
guys armed with swords who 
proceed to duke it out. This ac- 
tion is accompanied by 
thunks and clangs and martial 
music. There are no blood or 
explosions (this is a strategy 
game, remember?), and you re- 
ally can't do anything to help 
your side win. But these kinds 
of frills add a lot to the overall 
enjoyment of Rebellion, 

There are other nifty touch- 
es. You can customize the 
game extensively at the start. 
You can edii the map and se- 
lect your own color and coat 
of arms, and they then appear 
on your battle flags and in 
your conquered terntories, 

You can permit random 
events to occur, such as fire de- 
stroying one of your villages or 
your troops capturing some out- 
laws and gaining some extra 
gold. You can also (and I 
need options like this) make 
the king's men into real wimps 
or give the king extra advan- 
tages such as a brother to 
charge to his rescue. Rebel- 
lion will suit just about any 
kind of challenge you want to 
set up, and it'll keep you busy 
a long, long time, 

If you do happen to tire of 
treachery and bloodshed, you 
might want to load the other 
program for this month, a won- 
derful re-creation of an an- 
cient but still popular game. 

Mah-Jongg by Kurt Tappe. 
Q-Link filename: IVIAH. 
JONGG V2.SDA. Uploaded 
by KurtTappe. GEnie file num- 
ber: 7584. CompuServe file- 
name: t\4AHJ0N.BIN. Contrib- 
uted by user #73040,504. 

According to the nice bit of 
historical background KurtTap- 
pe has included with this 
game, people have been ad- 
dicted to mah-jongg for thou- 
sands of years. Now in the com- 
puter age, the deceptively sim- 
ple game is still keeping peo- 



ple like me from getting any 
work done. This version, for 
the 128 in 40-column mode, is 
a masterpiece. 

In case you're not familiar 
with the original board game, 
here's a brief idea of what it's 
like. You are presented with a 
number of little tiles with pic- 
tures on them, stacked up in 
a random arrangement, with ex- 
tra pieces in the middle. Your 
job is to remove matching 
tiles from those that are visi- 
ble. The trick is that you can 
take only tiles that have a free 
edge. In other words, you 
can't remove those that have 
other tiles touching all four 
sides. Computer versions of 
mah-jongg automiatically set 
up the tiles in a random ar- 
rangement to start you off and 
then let you select matching 
pairs with a pointer. 

Kurt has gone out of his 
way to make his mah-jongg 
the best around. He has includ- 
ed a mouse driver. Since you 
have to move the cursor all 
over the screen, the game ben- 
efits from the mouse's quick 
pointer control. Kurt has also 
provided an option that 
makes guys like me happy: 
the chance to take l^ack 
moves and try another tack. 
You can even ask the comput- 
er to suggest moves for you. 

One feature that I don't 
dare use is the autoboot crea- 
tor, included as a separate util- 
ity program. I play mah-jongg 
too often as it is without hav- 
ing it there every time I start 
my system! 

You probably won't really 
need the documentation 
which is available from within 
the program, but read it over 
anyway to get the historical 
goodies on mah-jongg, That's 
just one more example of the 
level of user friendliness that 
you'll find in this game, Kurt 
has gone the extra mile to en- 
sure that this program be- 
comes one of your favorites; it 
definitely is one of mine. D 



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users. On every disk you'll get... 

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Today! 



BEGINNER BASIC 



Larry Cotton 



THREE 
CHALLENGES 

Merry Christmas, happy Cha- 
nukah, or season's greetings. 
Here are a few BASIC program- 
ming challenges that I'd like 
for you to consider while Ga- 
zette makes the change from 
paper to disk. Give them 
some thought and see if you 
can program a solution ot two. 
Last weekend my seven-year- 
old second cousin Hunter 
showed me a game which I 
had never seen before. It's 
called Sets. In case you're not 
familiar with this game. I'll tail 
you about it. It's a fiendishly 
simple game in which a deck 
of special cards is shuffled, 
and 12 cards are displayed 
face up in a 3 by 4 grid. Each 
player takes turns identifying 
and collecting sets of three 
cards. More cards are added 
to the gnd to replace the sets 
as they're removed. 

A set IS defined as any 
three cards which share cer- 
tain characteristics. For in- 
stance, one solid red dia- 
mond, one solid blue dia- 
mond, and one solid green 
diamond would qualify as a 
set. Similarly, one shaded 
green oval, two shaded green 
ovals, and three shaded 
green ovals would make a set. 
Less easy to spot are sets 
which might consist of one sol- 
id red diamond, two green 
shaded diamonds, and three 
blue open diamonds. 

If only two cards in a group 
share a certain characteristic, 
the group isn't a set. This isn't 
a set: two shaded green ovats, 
two solid green diamonds, 
and two open red squigglies. 
(One way to legalize that set 
would be for the green dia- 
monds to be blue.) The varia- 
bles in a set are color (red, 
green, or blue), quantity (one, 
two, or three shapes), fill 
(open, shaded, or solid), and 
the shape itself (squiggly. 



oval, or diamond). 

Needless to say, Hunter 
beat me soundly most of the 
time. So what's the program- 
ming challenge that ( men- 
tioned earlier? 

As you sit around the 
house on these long cool 
nights, see it you can write a 
computer program that plays 
a Sets-like game. (Is there al- 
ready one out there?) Ideally, 
the computer would randomly 
present the 12 cards, the play- 
er would attempt to identify a 
set, and the computer would 
decide whether or not the set 
is legal. 

An alternative could be that 
the computer presents 
groups of three cards, the play- 
er decides whether the group 
is a legal set or not, and the 
computer checks the answer. 
Either way, I would like to see 
how you would begin program- 
ming a game such as this in 
BASIC, 

Feel free to come up with 
your own variation. Send me 
the game (finished or not) in 
care of COMPUTE'S Gazette. 
324 West Wendover Avenue, 
Suite 200, Greensboro, North 
Carolina 27408. I'll try to deci- 
pher your programming and 
present some of your best tech- 
niques in a future column. 
Meanwhile. I'll attempt to 
come up with a version of my 
own, and we can compare pro- 
gramming strategies later. 

Here's another challenge 
for you: Write a short BASIC 
program that will play the West- 
minster chimes. These are the 
familiar chimes heard in large 
clocks that ring on the quarter- 
hour. It's not sufficient to let 
the SID chip just play the 
notes; rather, SID should real- 
ly chime! In other words, this 
program should use the ring 
mode feature of the SID chip 
to add the harmonics neces- 
sary to sound like real bells. 
Even better would be a clock 
which chimes four notes on 
the quarter-hour, eight on the 



half-hour, and so on until the 
hour. (Hint: try poking a 21 to 
one of SID's control registers.) 

Incidentally, some other 
well-known chimes are Win- 
chester (not actually played in 
that city), Canterbury (not ac- 
tually played at Canterbury Ca- 
thedral), Trinity, Guildford, St. 
Michaels, Cairo, and Notre 
Dame. As a bonus, you could 
include them all with a menu 
screen. Hit T for Trinity, G for 
Guildford, and so on! 

OK, here's the third chal- 
lenge, one which fits the real 
spirit of "Beginner BASIC." 
Send me a short BASIC pro- 
gram that rounds numbers. 
One might let a user enter any 
number that included 
unlimited decimal places. The 
user could then choose the 
number of decimal places to 
round off to. 

I would also like to see any 
programs which round money 
calculations to two places, pref- 
erably with the ability to line up 
decimals vertically. I'll look at 
any program that computes av- 
erages, golf scores, lottery win- 
nings, calories, grades, orwhat- 
ever else you want to count! 

Way back in the August 
1988 issue of CGMPUTEI's Ga- 
zette, I showed how to use the 
following general formula to 
round numbers. 

R = INT(N*10TD+.5)/10T[J 

R is the rounded number that 
you seek, N is the number to 
round, and D is the number 
of decimal places you'd like 
to round off to. The up-arrow 
key (next to Restore) raises a 
number to a power. 

If D were 2, 10 would be 
raised to the second power, 
or squared. Feel free to adapt 
this formiula to any new pro- 
gram you're inspired to write. 
And keep those cards and let- 
ters (and programs) coming. 
Be sure to include your 
name and address with all 
submissions. D 



Here are three 
programming 
cliallenges to keep 
you busy during 
Oie holiday season. 



DECEMBER 1994 COMPUTE G-17 



DIVERSIONS 



Fred D'Ignazio 



With simple meitia 

maiilpulation 

programs, anyone 

can alter a 

digitally reconled 

event Into a work ot 

fiction. 



G.18 



ID0N7THINK 
THIS IS CLEVELAND 
EITHER, TOTOI 

In Rising Sun, the movie 
based on Michael Crichton's 
best-selling novel, actor 
Wesley Snipes, playing a po- 
lice detective, watches a com- 
puter screen in wonder. He 
sees his head and the head of 
his partner (played by Sean 
Connery) cut from their own 
bodies and pasted onto each 
other's shoulders. Following 
this demonstration, Snipes is 
cautioned by a computer tech- 
nician not to trust videotaped 
events as evidence of some- 
thing that has actually taken 
place in the real worfd. 

fvloviemakers have used 
special effects for years to 
make us believe the events 
that we see on the silver 
screen, or at least to make 
them seem believable. Of 
course, it usually takes a hefty 
budget and a team of artists to 
create this video magic. 

This kind of virtual reality — 
the appearance of being real 
without being an accurate re- 
flection of physical reality — is 
rapidly becoming easier and 
less expensive to create. This 
is because all media, includ- 
ing television, photography, 
music, and telephony, are swift- 
ly being converted to a digital 
format. With simple media ma- 
nipulation programs, any art- 
ist, production editor, musi- 
cian — or kid! — can alter a dig- 
itally recorded event into some- 
thing fictional which neverthe- 
less looks and sounds as real 
as the original. With the digital 
format there is no "generation 
loss" that makes copies look 
inferior or doctored. 

Many of us, outfitted with 
power gloves, stereo comput- 
er goggles, bodysuits, and ul- 
tra-high-speed computers, ea- 
gerly await the dawn of virtual 
reality. But a simpler form of vir- 

COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



tual reality has already 
dawned, and you are liable to 
stumble across it in the check- 
out lines of your local supermar- 
ket or convenience store. 

"WORLD RECORD; MOTHER 
GIVES BIRTH TO 15 BABIES 
AT SAME TIME!" 

"CLINTON MEETS JFK— FOR- 
MER PRESIDENT ADVISES 
CLINTON ON HOW TO SAVE 
HIS PRESIDENCY" 

"ELVIS SIGHTED AT AERO- 
BICS CLASS IN DUBUQUE; 
POLICE VERIFY SIGHTING" 

"MAN-EATING SHARK DE- 
VOURS OIL TANKER— 4000 
SAILORS LOST IN SINGLE 
BITE" 

"MAN MARRIES THREE-INCH- 
TALL BRIDE: 'SHE'S THE 
WOMAN OF MY DREAMS'" 

"TREE GROWS FROM BOY'S 
MOUTH— LAD REMEMBERS 
SWALLOWING ACORN ON 
FOURTH BIRTHDAY" 

Thousands of stories similar 
to these appear each week in 
America's supermarket tab- 
loids. Many of them are accom- 
panied by photographs depict- 
ing the event they describe. 
You might see the groom hold- 
ing his diminutive bride in the 
palm of his hand or an oak 
tree growing out of a boy's 
mouth. The photographs are 
used to "prove" that the fan- 
tastic events did occur and 
were not concocted by an ed- 
itor with a bizarre imagination. 

Don't count on it. These pho- 
tos can be quickly and easily 
created by digitally manipulat- 
ing the original photographs 
on computer workstations. 

For three years I worked 
with Sharon Goth-Tew in the 
Teacher Explorer Center, a mul- 
timedia demonstration center 
sponsored by the State of Mich- 
igan to show educators some 



of the exciting advances in in- 
structional technology. 
Sharon and I delighted in show- 
ing the headlines from grocery 
story newspapers to educa- 
tors and then demonstrating 
how the pictures could be dig- 
itally created. 

For example, Sharon had a 
digitized image of her son Ty- 
ler which she called up on the 
big four-foot Sony monitor at 
the front of the room. She load- 
ed Tyler's image into a paint 
program and proceeded to 
shrink him, stretch him, invert 
him, rotate him, and colorize 
him. She showed how she 
could digitally add an earring 
on Tyler's left ear, give him a 
case of the measles, or 
change the color of his hair or 
his eyes. She also showed 
how she could shrink his en- 
tire face and place it inside his 
mouth or stretch his mouth so 
that it couid cover the TV 
screen. Since Tyler would not 
be pleased with the things his 
mom was doing to his face, 
Sharon always asked the teach- 
ers to keep her tricks secret. 

Each morning we greeted a 
fresh crop of educators from 
Michigan and around the coun- 
try. Our first warm-up activity 
was to divide the educators in- 
to five teams and to capture 
their images digitally on their 
workstation computer. We 
used a video camera connect- 
ed to a computer frame-grab- 
ber board. Since we were on 
a network, as soon as the im- 
ages were captured, we dis- 
played them in an instant com- 
puterized slide show on the 
classroom TV. 

Then the fun began! The 
class giggled, shrieked, and 
roared as we took men's 
heads and placed them on fe- 
male bodies and as we add- 
ed clip art backgrounds and 
placed teachers on the moon, 
at the bottom of the ocean, or 
in a fifteenth-century castie. 

We changed hairstyles, add- 
ed hair to bald heads, and 



drew clown hats. When we 
replicated arms, legs, and 
other body parts, we at- 
tached them to people's bod- 
ies like cut-out paper dolls. 
We then added mock head- 
lines and published the text 
and pictures on the class- 
room printer to create our 
own imitation tabloids. 

One morning, Deb Small, 
the number two technology 
official in the Michigan Depart- 
ment of Education, came to 
the center to see what we 
were up to. We told Deb we 
were digital magicians who 
had the ability to transport 
her to star in her favorite mov- 
ie. After looking through our 
collection of laserdiscs Deb 
decided that she wanted to 
swap places with Judy Gar- 
land and become Dorothy in 



The Wizard of Oz. 

Sharon did all the digital 
surgery while Deb selected 
images, First they captured 
keyframes from the laser 
disc. These formed a story- 
board of the movie. Next, 
they digitized a picture of 
Deb as she sat in front of one 
of the video cameras in our 
laboratory. 

Sharon cut the head off 
Deb's picture and pasted it 
onto Dorothy's shoulders in 
The Wizard of Oz. By just cut- 
ting the oval of Deb's face 
and scaling it appropriately 
for each picture, Sharon was 
able to fit Deb's face onto 
Dorothy's without mussing a 
single one of Dorothy's 
hairs. Then Sharon went into 
fat bits mode and smoothed 
the pixels around the oval to 



make the transition from 
Deb's face to Dorothy's face 
subtle and natural. 

To complete the effect, 
Sharon and Deb composed 
a digital slide show that in- 
cluded all the photographs 
from the storyboard. They 
added the song "Some- 
where Over the Rainbow" 
from the movie as back- 
ground music and dialogue 
such as "Toto! I don't think 
we're in Cleveland any- 
more!" (Deb and her family 
come from Cleveland.) 

They copied the comput- 
er slide show onto videotape 
and created a customized la- 
bel. Deb carried the finished 
product out of the center af- 
ter only a morning's worth of 
work. Deb was so pleased 
with the video that she sent 



it to her mom and dad back 
in Ohio! 

So, the next time you hear 
a sound, see a photograph, 
watch a news documentary 
or listen to someone's voice, 
ask yourself. Is it real or is it 
virtual reality? We live in a 
society saturated by electron- 
ic media. 

In the past this media accu- 
rately reflected the real 
world — or at least we could 
tell when it didn't. Bui the dig- 
ital revolution is changing 
that. Almost everything visible 
through media windows may 
soon be something pasted to- 
gether with digital smoke and 
mirrors. What effect will this 
have on the facts? What ef- 
fect will it have on our percep- 
tion of reality? Most important, 
will we care? O 



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MAPPING 

THE 

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es Tax.) All orders mu.st be paid in U.S. funds drawn on a U.S. bank. 
Orders will be shipped via UPS Ground Service. Offer good while 
supplies last. 



DECEMBER 1993 COMPUTE G-19 



PROGRAMMER'S PAGE 



David Pankhurst 



FAB FOUR 



Delete a range of 

program lines, have 

dm with your 

telephone, and try 

to master a 

game with tlwse tips 

and more. 



G-20 COMPUTE 



All the tips this month come 
from the computer of David 
Pankhurst. Look for more infor- 
mation about him at the end of 
this article. 

Line Delete 

In October's "Feedback" col- 
umn, Roger Howard of Los An- 
geles asked about a program 
to delete a number of lines 
from a program. Here's a pro- 
gram to delete a number of 
lines from a BASIC program 
just by typing in five lines. It's 
handy when you want to 
erase lines but don't want to 
load in a complete system 
(like MetaBASIC). Feel free to 
use different line numbers. 
Just be sure to change the ref- 
erences in line 3 and line 4. 

1 INPUT'WHAT ARE LOW, 

HIGH LIME NOS.'';A,B: 

Y=PEEK(43)+256*PEEK 

(44) 
Z X=PEEK(Y)+256'PEEK 

(Y+1):L=PEEK(Y+2)+ 

Z56*PEEK(Y+3): 1FX= 

THEN END 

3 IFL<ATHENY=X:G0T02 

4 IFL<=BTHEN 
PRINT"[CLR][3 DOWN]"L" 
[DOWN]Y="Y": B="B": 
GOT02:[HOME1" 

5P0KE198,Z:P0KE631,13: 
PQKE632,13:END 



Run Counter 

This trick is a one-liner to em- 
bed a counter in a program. I 
find this line is useful to note 
the version of programs I'm 
developing. Every time I run 
the program, it passes this 
line, incrementing the count- 
er, Later versions will have 
higher numbers. 

The first line shows how it 
looks in BASIC; the second 
shows how you can type it so 
it will fit on one line. The sec- 
ond version uses the Commo- 
dore technique of two-letter 
abbreviations. This consists 
of entering the first letter and 

DECEMBER 1993 



holding down the Shift key 
while entering the second. 

1 R$="00DO": F0R1=7T0 
10: POKEI+P£EK(61)+256*PEEK 
(62)-20,ASC(MIDS(STR$(VAL 
(R$)+1+1E8),I,1)):NEXT 

1 r$="0000":(0i=7to10: 

pOI+pE(61)+256*pE(62)-20, 

aS(ml(slR(vA(rS)<-1+1e8), 

i,1)):nE 

It's a Call 4 U 

This routine takes a telephone 
number and gives letter com- 
binations thai can be used for 
it (such as 555-JOJO instead 
of 555-5656). What makes 
this one worth typing in is 
that it does all combinations, 
not just a random sampling. Al- 
so, it's only five lines, which is 
enough for something as trivi- 
al as this. You can enter any 
nonnumeric characters you 
want, and they will be includ- 
ed in the output. Note that 
line 50 has all the letters in 
the alphabet except Q and Z 

10 INPUr'NUMBER ";AS;B= 

LEN(AS):DIIVI C(B): 

FORD= 1T0B:C(D)=D: 

NEXT:C(B)=1:PRINT,„ 
20 E=B:PRINT, 
30C(E)=C(E)+1:IFC(E)>2 

THEN C(E)=0: E=E-1: ON 

SGN(E) GOTO 3D:END 
40 F0RD=1T0B:FS=IV1IDS 

(AS,D,1);G=3*VAL(FS)-5: 

IF G<1 THEfJ PRINT 

F$;: C(D)=5:NEXT: GOTO 

20 
50 G=G+C(D):PRINT MIDS 

("ABCOEFGHIJKLMNO 

PRSTUVWXY",G,1);:NEXT: 

GOTO 20 

Master This 

This little program provides a 
quick version of the popular 
guessing game called Master- 
mind. Here, you guess at the 
digits in a four-digit number 
(digits 1-6), and the results 
are displayed with B (black) 
for the number of digits that 
are correct and in the correct 



position and W (white) for dig- 
its that are correct but in the 
wrong position. 

If you want to try different 
variations, adjust line 10. L is 
the number of digits in the puz- 
zle (4), and R is the range 
(from 1 to 6 in this case). 

10 L=4:R=6:F0R l=1T0L: 
D(I)=INT(RND(0)*R+1): 
D=D*10+D(I): NEXT:Z=1; 
GOT030 

20Z=Z+1: PRINT"B='B"W="W 

30 PRINT"GUESS="Z:INPUT X; 
PRINr'tUP]",: FOR ULT01 
STEP-1: Y=INT(X/10):G(I)= 
X-YMO:X=Y 

40 NEXT:W=0:B=0: FOR l=1T0L: 
F(I)=D(I): IF G(I)=F{I)THEN 
F(l)=0: G(l)=-1: B=B+1 

50 NEXT: FOR J=1T0L: FOR 
l=1T0L: IF F(J)=G(I)THEN 
F(J)=0:G{I)=-1: W=W+1 

60 MEXT:NEXT:IF B<L THEN 20 

70 PRINT"CORRECT!":END 



Editor's note: For many years 
Randy Thompson has com- 
piled the material for "Program- 
mer's Page, " and he's done 
an outstanding job. His work 
load as a programmer for a 
major software firm, however 
has forced him to give up this 
column. We wish Randy well 
and v/ant to convey to him 
our thanks for his many great 
programming tips and ideas. 

Although Gazette is chang- 
ing, "Programmer's Page" 
will continue to be a vital part 
of it. David Pankhurst. a talent- 
ed programmer from Ivlontre- 
al, Canada, provided the tips 
for this issue, and he will be 
compiling the column from 
now on. Look for more informa- 
tion about David next month. 

Remember Gazette still 
wants your programming tips 
and hints. We pay S25-S50 
for each tip that we publish. 
Send your tips to Program- 
mer's Page, COtvlPUTE's Ga- 
zette, 324 West Wendover Av- 
enue, Suite 200, Greensboro. 
North Carolina 27408. D 




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ULTIMATIGEOS 
ON A BUDGr 

About a year ago in this col- 
umn, I described what I con- 
sidered to be the ultimate 
GEOS setup. The total price 
was several thousand dollars. 
Later, I received letters from 
people who asked about a sys- 
tem for regular folks. Fancy 
equipment is wonderful, but is 
it necessary? So here's anoth- 
er, more realistic, list of what 
I consider to be the best choic- 
es for a GEOS system. 

Computer and monitor. I 
recommend a 128 for its 80- 
column screen. The ease of 
use in 80 columns, especially 
with geoWrite, is well worth the 
extra money. That means you 
need an 80-column monitor, 
too, but you can get by with 
monochrome. I'd also recom- 
mend a small color TV to dis- 
play your 40-column screen. I 
speak from experience here; 
I have that exact setup. 

Drives. To really use GEOS 
effectively, you need at least 
two drives. I'm going to go the 
extra mile and say that you 
have to have a RAM expan- 
sion unit for one of them. I'll 
talk a bit more about RAM in 
a moment. For now, let's as- 
sume at least a 512K REU 
along with your 1541 or 1571 
real drive. 

Many users also add a 
1581 drive. Since I've never 
owned one, I can't say much 
about it except that it would 
be nice. Some other users 
have a hard drive on their sys- 
tems. If you can afford one, go 
for it! I can't afford one of 
those, either, but from every- 
thing I've heard and read, the 
hard drive of choice is one 
from Creative Micro Designs 
(CMD). If it comes down to a 
choice, though, definitely get 
a RAM device before a hard 
drive. 

RAM devices. As I have of- 
ten said, I consider a RAM de- 



vice to be essential to running 
GEOS. It is the single most im- 
portant piece of hardware you 
can buy. A RAM device is 
more important than a second 
disk drive, a hard drive, a fan- 
cy monitor, or anything else. 

I wouldn't hesitate to say 
that it's better to run GEOS on 
a 64 with a RAM device than 
on a 128 without. And while a 
1750 or geoRAM may be con- 
sidered a minimum level of 
RAM, I highly recommend get- 
ting RAM Link from CMD. Or- 
der it packed with as much 
RAM as you can afford, a bat- 
tery backup, and (if you feel 
like splurging) a Real-Time 
Clock. While you're at it, order 
a copy of Gateway, even if 
you don't plan to run your sys- 
tem under it. I'll explain more 
about that later. 

Input devices. A mouse- 
period. 

Software. For a file manag- 
er, you'il do fine with the desk- 
Top that comes with GEOS, 
but I recommend Gateway. I 
wouldn't want you to be stuck 
with RAMLink without Gate- 
Vi/ay to make full use of it. 
You'll want Gateway if you 
plan to use DualTop or 
geoSHELL, too, 

By starting with Gateway, 
you allow DualTop and 
geoSHELL to access native 
mode partitions on RAMLink. 
What that means is that you 
can create a RAM disk without 
having to match the size and 
structure of another drive 
type, such as a 1571 or 1581. 
If you stay in Gateway, you 
can even use subdirectories, 
which are a very convenient 
way to organize your files. 

You can usually fill your ap- 
plication needs with actual 
GEOS products; geoPublish, 
geoFlle, and so on. All GEOS 
software is now available 
through CMD. There is a mul- 
titude of essential public do- 
main or shareware programs 
so a subscription to Quantum- 
Link or GEnie is also a good 



idea. This gives you access to 
those file libraries. If you want 
suggestions on which public 
domain files are good, check 
out some of my columns over 
the past few years. I'll put a 
new list of the best GEOS 
downloads in an upcoming col- 
umn as well. 

There are a number of third- 
party products which you 
should consider, although the 
ones you buy depend on how 
you plan to use GEOS. If you 
want great printouts from 
geoWrite, for example, you 
need Perfect Print. Perfect 
Print won't help you a whole lot 
for desktop publishing with 
geoPublish, though. 

No matter how you spend 
your GEOS time, you'll want 
geoWizard and the other utili- 
ties on the Collette Utilities 
Disk, All of these programs are 
available through CMD, which 
is now the source for all the of- 
ficial GEOS products. 

Printer. Get an Epson-com- 
patible, and make it a 24-pin, 
Oh, I know that you can make 
do perfectly well with a 9-pin 
printer, but the better printouts 
with the 24-pin model make it 
worth the extra dollars. Remem- 
ber, a lot of your work in 
GEOS will be geared toward 
some kind of printed docu- 
ment, I like the Epson LQ se- 
ries myself, but I 've heard a lot 
of great things about the 
Panasonic line as well. 

Extras. Do you have any 
money left? Besides the Real- 
Time Clock I mentioned for 
your RAMLink, there are plen- 
ty of other ways to spend your 
GEOS dollars. If you're a graph- 
ics fan, you'll want to pur- 
chase geoCanvas (CMD) and 
Dave Ferguson's Dweezil 
Disks (Quincy Softworks, 9479 
East Whitmore Avenue. 
Hughson, California 95326- 
9745). The games and utilities 
on the RUN magazine GEOS 
Companion and Power Pack 
disks are wonderful, and CMD 
now sells them as well, D 



G.22 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



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MACHINE LANGUAGE 



Jim Butterfield 



BRAKCHES 
AND JUMPS 



Three ways to 

change the flow of a 

machine language 

program are through 

branches, lumps. 

and stibroutine calls. 



G-24 COMPUTE DECEMBER 



A machine language program 
executes instructions sequen- 
tially. Three ways to change 
this flow are branches, jumps, 
and subroutine calls. 

Branch instructions have a 
limited reach, jumping forward 
or backward up to 128 bytes 
or so. Branch instructions are 
conditional, which means the 
branch takes place only when 
certain conditions are met. 

The jump instruction (Jf\/IP) 
can take you to any address 
in memory (absolute address- 
ing). It's unconditional; the 
jump always takes you there. 

The jump-subroutine instruc- 
tion (JSR) also uses absolute 
addressing. A link address 
will be left on the stack. When 
the subroutine has done its 
job, it can come back with a Re- 
turn (RTS) command. 

The eight branch instruc- 
tions can be classified by 
what they test. Branch instruc- 
tions lest flags left when pre- 
vious instructions were execut- 
ed. There are four flags. 

The 2 (zero) flag is affected 
whenever a register (A, X, or 
Y) has been modified or after 
comparisons have been 
made. If a register ends with 
as its contents, the Z flag 
switches on; with something 
other than 0, the Z flag is 
cleared. After a comparison, 
the Z flag is turned on if an 
equality is found. Branch- 
equal (BEQ) will make the 
branch if the Z flag is on. 
Branch-not-equal (BNE) will 
branch if the Z flag is off. 

The N (negative) flag is af- 
fected whenever a register (A, 
X, or Y) has been modified or 
after comparisons have been 
made. The N flag will match 
the highest bit of the modified 
register. After a comparison in- 
struction, the H flag is affect- 
ed, but its meaning is com- 
plex. So it is seldom used in 

1993 



this way, Branch-minus (Bfvll) 
will make the branch if the Z 
flag is found to be on. Branch- 
plus (BPL) will branch if the Z 
flag is found to be off. Keep in 
mind that the highest bit of a 
byte Is sometimes thought of 
as the sign bit. When the bit is 
on, the byte is negative. 

The C (carry) flag is affect- 
ed by arithmetic or shift instruc- 
tions and after comparisons. 
The arithmetic and shift oper- 
ations use this flag in its usual 
carry sense, meaning a bit 
has flowed out of the byte 
that's being manipulated. Af- 
ter a comparison instruction, 
the C flag is turned on if the reg- 
ister contains an equal or great- 
er unsigned value. Branch-car- 
ry-set (BCS) branches if the C 
flag is on, Branch-carry-clear 
(BCC) branches if it is off. 

The V (overflow) flag is af- 
fected by arithmetic instruc- 
tions, add-with-carry (ADC), 
and subtract (SBC). Branch- 
overflow-set (BVS) and branch- 
overfiow-clear (BVC) are the re- 
lated instructions. 

Let's write a short program 
to print Xa number of times on 
a screen rov;. BASIC will poke 
the desired number into ad- 
dress S2100 (decimal 8448), 
and then put it into the X reg- 
ister, our counter. Here's the 
code, starting at address hex- 
adecimal 2000. 

ZODD LDX $2100 

The load X instruction chang- 
es a register; so the Z and N 
flags will be affected. We 
don't care, however, so we'll ig- 
nore the flags for the moment. 
Next, load A with hexadeci- 
mal 58, the ASCII value for X. 

2003 LDA #$5S 

Again, Z and N are affected. 
Z will be off (nonzero value), 
and flag N will be off (high bit 
of A is off), instructions BEQ 
and Bfvll wouidn't branch if 
we used them at this point. 



BNE or BPL would branch, 
but we don't use them yet. 

2005 CPX #$00 
2007 BEQ $200F 

The compare X instruction 
will set up the 2 flag. If the val- 
ue in X is equal to 0, BEQ will 
cause the program to hop 
ahead. Why? Because no X's 
are to be printed. 

The code for the above 
BEQ instruction will be two 
bytes $F0 and 06. FO means 
BEQ, and 06 means skip six 
bytes if the branch is taken. 

2009 JSR SFFD2 
200C DEX 
200D BNE $2003 

Our loop jumps to the print 
subroutine at $FFD2 and dec- 
rements the X value by 1 . The 
DEX instruction modifies the Z 
flag according to whether the 
result in X is or not. If not, 
BNE takes us back around 
the loop. If X is 0, we've fin- 
ished printing this line. 

200F LDA #$0D 
2011 JMF$FFD2 

We end the line of X's by print- 
ing a Return character ($0D). 
This time we jump (JMP) to 
the printing subroutine, rather 
than using JSR. When print- 
ing ends, we return to what- 
ever called our fvlL program — 
in this case, it was BASIC. 

Here's the code in BASIC. 
It draws a graph of Y=X'X. 

100 DATA 174,0,33,169,88, 

224,0,240,6,32,210 
110 DATA 255,202,208,250 
120 DATA 169,13,76,210,255 
200 FOR J=8192T0 8211 
210 READ X:T=T+X 
220 POKE J,X 
230 NEXT J 

240 IF T<>2814 THEN STOP 
300 FOR J=-6 TO 6 
310 POKE 8448,J*J 
320 SYS 8192 
330 NEXT J O 



PROGRAMS 



CHAIN REACTION 

By Graham Fyffe 

You're in charge of a nuclear reactor, and 
it's malfunctioning, it's up to you to pre- 
vent a meltdown, The radioactive atoms 
keep spewing out of the reactor, but you 
can contain them in a lead-lined vessel. 
But watch out! If the vessel overflovi's, it'll 
destroy the reactor! 

Getting Started 

Chain Reaction is made up of four pro- 
grams: a BASIC boot program or load- 
er, a machine language program, 
graphics, and the main BASIC pro- 
gram. To help avoid typing errors, use 
The Automatic Proofreader to enter the 
BASIC programs; see "Typing Aids" 
elsewhere In this section. Be sure to 
save the programs on the same disk 
and Vifith the proper filenames because 
the boot program loads those pro- 
grams automatically. Also, you may 
want to use BASIC abbreviations for 
some of the commands when you en- 
ter lines 80, 140, and 150 of the main 
program. These lines fill two entire 
screen lines. 

CHAIN. ML and CHAIN.CHARS are 
written in machine language. To enter 
these programs, use fvlLX, COM- 
PUTE'S machine language entry pro- 
gram; again, see "Typing Aids," Enter 
the following addresses for CHAIN. fVIL 
when MLX prompts. 

Starting address: COOO 
Ending address: C1FF 

Enter the following addresses for 
CHAIN.CHARS when MLX prompts. 

Starling address: S2D0 
Ending address: 84F7 

Be sure to save these programs before 
you exit MLX. 

Playing the Gome 

To start Chain Reaction, load and run 
CHAIN, BOOT After a few seconds, 
the screen should turn black, and 
then you should see the message 
LOADING CHAIN REACTION. You'll 
then see the title screen, the level of 
gameplay, and a bunch of colorful 
dancing atoms. 
To change the level of gameplay, 



press f1. To start the game, press Re- 
turn. To pause the game at any time ex- 
cept during a reaction, press the up- 
arrow key that's next to the Restore 
key. Press this key again to resume 
play. To quit during a game, hold 
down the Shift key and press CIr/ 
Home. 

At the start of the game, a colored at- 
om will wobble out of the reactor onto 
a bar that extends over the contain- 
ment vessel. You have a limited time to 
move the atom left or right with the 
joystick before the atom drops into the 
vessel. You can press the joystick but- 
ton to make the atom drop ahead of 
time. Any atoms touching atoms of 
their own color will explode, making ad- 
ditional room in the vessel. If an atom 
explodes beneath another, the top at- 
om will drop down. If you plan out a 
careful strategy, you may get dozens 
of atoms to explode with a single 
drop. The object of the game is to pre- 
vent the vessel from overflowing. 

The Levels 

On the practice level, there are no ob- 
stacles in your way. On the easy level, 
a green accelerator beam streaks 
across the vessel after each drop, If it 
comes in contact with anything, it will 
change whatever it hits into an atom of 
a random color. 

On the moderate level, a blue block 
appears in the vessel after each drop, 
but the green beam will sometimes 
clear them out of the way. The beam 
never clears out the second row from 
the top, so it can fill up with blocks. 

On the hard level, there are no 
green beams, only blue blocks. The ves- 
sel fills up fast, but you'll always have 
the top row to work with because 
blocks never land on \l 

Scoring 

When an atom explodes, your score in- 
creases by the number of atoms in a 
row that have exploded so far. Scoring 
also depends on the level of play. You 
get no points for practice rounds. Easy 
rounds earn you regular points. Moder- 
ate rounds earn you three times as 
many points as easy, and hard rounds 
earn you five times as many points as 
easy rounds. 

The game keeps track of your 
score, how many atoms have explod- 



ed, and the high score of the day. 
These scores are kept to the right of 
the containment vessel. 

CHAIN.BOOT 

PK 5 REM COPYRIGHT 1993 - COMP 
UTE PUBLICATIONS IWTL LTD 

- ALL RIGHTS RESERVED 
RX 10 B=B+1 

EK 20 IFB=LTHENFORT=0TO7:POKE3 

2768+T,0 
DX 30 IFB=1THENL0AD"CHAIN.CHAR 

S",8,l 
DR 43 IFB=2THENL0AD"CHAIN.ML", 

3,1 
JX 50 POKE53281,0:POKE53280, 15 

:PRINT"{BLK} (CLR}"; 
DD 60 P0KE52,128:POKE56,128:CL 

R 
KF 73 POKE56576, (PEEK(56576) A 

ND 252) OR 1 
DP 30 POKE53272,32 
XC 9a POKE648,136 
PE laa POKE56334,PEEK(56334) A 

ND 254 
RB 110 P0KE1,PEEK(1) AND 251 
QS 123 F0RT=8TO512:P0KE32768+T 

,PEEK(53248+T) : NEXTT 
DS 130 P0KE1,PEEK(1) OR 4 
BR 140 POKE56334,PEEK(56334) 

R 1 
AM 150 POKE53270,PEEK(53270)OR 

16 
DM 160 PRINT"{CLR} {WHT}LOADING 

{CYNlCHAIN REACTION" 
KB 170 AS=CHR$ (34) : PRINT"{BLK) 

NEW" 
KX 180 A$=CHR$(34) :PR1NT" 

{DOWN}LOAD"; AS; "CHAIN. B 
AS"; AS;", 8" 
PS 190 PRINT"(;4 D0VJM}RaNi7 UP) 

"; :POKE198,0 
EJ 200 FORT=631T0633:POKET, 13: 

NEXTT 
FH 210 POKE198,3 

CHAIN.BAS 

PK 5 REM COPYRIGHT 1993 - COMP 
UTE PUBLiCATION.S INTL LTD 

- ALL RIGHTS RESERVED 
JM 10 REM SETUP 

QR 20 POKE53231,g:POKE53280,0: 
POKE 5 3 282, 11: POKE 53 28 3,1 
:GETAS:GETAS 

XP 30 DIMAG(8,9) :PRINTCHR$ re) 

qb 40 s=54272:fort=stos+24:pok 
et, . :nextt: pokes+5,9 

es 50 za s = " cccccccccccccc " : zb $ 
= " {home) j 5 down)" ; zc$ = " 
{down) (5 left)":zds=" 
{6 right}":2;e.$=" 

{7 SPACES)" 
GA 60 ZFS = "0afl00O"-.ZG$=" 

{5 SPACES}{4} A********** 

* * * * A " : AT S = " HO £ DOWN } 

(2 LEFT }PQ {OFF) (WHT)fUP5 

DECEMBER 1993 COMPUTE G-25 



PROGRAMS 



:XP$ 



":BL5="{7}{N}iQ>iDOWIJ} 

(2 LEFT}<D}{ZHUP1" 
GE 70 CO$(l)="{2)-":COS(2)="<33> 
":COS(3)="{4}.":CO$(4)=" 
i5}":COS(5)="{6}":COS(6) 

EP 80 SC=0: AT=0:FORT=1TO7:FORI 
=1T08:AG(T,I)=. ;NEXTI:NE 
XTT:DI=1:DS=0:BA5="EOFF) 
{2 SPACES H DOWW) { 2 LEFT) 
{2 SPACES} {UP)" 
KK 90 DI$ (1) ="PRACTICE" :Dig {2) 
="EASY":DIS (3)="M0DERATE 
":DIS (4)="HARD" 
DH 103 R=3:V=0:C=2:DES="N" 
="{RVS}{4JLH{D0WH) 
{2 LEFT}NQ" 
QJ 110 REM DRAW SCREEN 
KM 123 PRINT"{CLR}-C4H0FF) 

{3 DOWN)"SPC (22) "IJ^"Z 
C$"FLMMH"ZC5"G {3>NO{4> 
H"ZCS"G <3}'PQ{4>H" 
GD 133 PRINTZG$ZA$" CCCCC "; 
XJ 143 F0RT=lTnl6:PRINT" 

{5 SPACES }B"SPC (14 ) "B": 
fJEXTT: PRINT"{5 SPACES)D 
■'ZAS"E(HOMS)"SPC (33) " 
<4H0FF}RTV"; 
KS 150 PRINT"XZ"ZC$" SUWY+ "ZC$" 
{2 LEFfT'C->J:{*J' 

{shift-spaceT{k}<iht} 

<Cg)'{D0WN)"ZCS"{2 LEFT) 

{£>£{DOWN){G}{+>{M} 

{5 DOWN}":PRINTSPC (22) " 

{FHCHXKy}-{2 DOWN)"; 

KQ 163 PRIMT"{D0Wb]}{4 LEFT){E> 
{R}'CU>{HHJH2 D0WN)"ZC 
$"fL>(Y}{U>{0>{E}>"2BS" 
{7 D0WN)"ZD$; :F0RT=1T06 
:F0RI=1T07 

XS 170 PRINTCOS(INT (RND(0) *6)+ 
1) ATS; : NEXT I: print: PRIN 
TZD$"{D0WN)"; :NEXTT 

GE 180 REM START 

EQ 190 POKE53247,0:SYS49323;PO 
KES+24,15 

EC 200 PRINTZB9"(6 D0WM}"SPC(2 
8) "{WHT}"ZF$"(2 DOWN}"Z 
C$"fLEFTj"ZF$"{2 DOWN)" 
ZC$"{LEFT)"ZFS:GOSaB283 

GJ 210 PRINTZB$"(3 D0HN)"ZD5" 
{C YN } Fl ~ { WHT } GAMEPLA Y : " 
:PRINTZD$ZE5ZE$;"{UP)" 

HF 223 PRINTZD$SPC(7-LEN (Dr$ (D 
I))/2)DI$(DI) :IFDI=1THE 
NDS=a 

MS 230 PRINTZD$"(CYN) PRESS RE 
TUF!N":PRINTZD$" 
{3 SPACES )T0 START" 

XE 243 IPAS»'""THENGOSUB960:GOT 
0240 

EG 250 IFAS="{F1}"THEMDI=DI+1: 
IFDIJ&5THSNDI = 1 

CB 260 IFAS=CHR$ (13)THEN3ia 

GC 270 A$="" :DS=2*DI-3:GOTO210 

EE 280 REM PRINT SCORE 

FP 290 PRINTZB$"{2 DOWN)":JJ=H 

G-25 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



FG 
KA 



FS 
XD 



310 
329 



330 
340 



S;G0SUB3gQ: JJ=SC*DS:GOS 

UB3 00: JJ=AT:GOSUB30a:RE 

TURN 
an 300 PRINT"{2 DOWN) {WHT}"SPC 

(3 5-LEN (STRS (JJ) ) )MID$ ( 

STRS (JJ) ,2, 10) : RETURN 

REM CLEAR AREA 

PRINTZBS"(3 DOWNl";:FOR 

T=lT0l6:PRINTgDS"(0FF)" 

ZESZE$:NSXTT 

REM NEW ATOM 

PRINTZBS"(2 D0VJN}"ZG5:C 

0=C:DS="N" 
QH 353 F0RT=22T018STEP-l!PEINT 

ZB$SPC(T)COS(CO) ATS; :IF 

T=19THENPRINT"G{D0WN} 

{LEFT)G":GOTO370 
MK 363 PRINT" {D0WN}{LEFT) ":G 

OSUB960:V=0:R=7:TiM=10:R 

E = 
HP 370 GOSUB960:NEXTT:C=INT (RN 

D(0) *6) +1:PRINTZB$SPC(2 

3)C0${C) " PQ ( DOWN ) 

{2 LEFT}{2 SPACES)":GOS 

UB960 
MP 383 PRINTZB$SPC (23)COS (C) ;A 

TS:GOSUB960 
393 REM INPUT FROM JOYSTICK 
400 JV=PEEK(56320) :FR=JVAND 

16: JV=15- (JVANDlS) : A=R: 

V=0:B=V 
KD 410 IFJV=4THENR=R-1: IFR=0TH 

ENR=1 

IFJV=4THEN463 

IFJV=8THENR=R+1 : IFR=8TH 

ENR = 7 

IFJV=8THEN460 

IFFR016THEH493 

IFAORTHEKGOSUB1090 

TM=TM-1:IFTM=0THEN4 90 

GOSUB 1 120 :G0SUB96g: GOTO 

400 

REM DROP ATOM 

PRINTZB$"{2 DOWN) 

{5 SPACES){4>A"ZE$ZES 
HS 513 A=H:B=V: V=V+1:IFAG(R, V) 

<>aORV=9THENV=V-l:GOT0 5 

43 
SK 520 GOSUB109O;GOSUB1120:GOS 

UB963 
530 GOTO510 
540 AG(R,V) =C0: IFV=0THEN101 



AM 
KX 



HK 


420 


HR 


430 


DR 


440 


QR 


450 


PH 


469 


AG 


473 


PX 


483 


GX 


493 


ER 


500 



KE 
XK 



AE 
BA 



HB 



QR 



RG 



550 REM REACTION 

560 FS="N":F0RT=1T0S:F0RI=1 

T07:IFAG(I ,T) =00 RAG (I ,T 

) =10THEN610 
570 IFAG(I,T+l)=0aNDT<8THEN 

AG(I,T + 1) =aG (I,T) :AG(I, 

T}=0:F$="l":GOSUBb30:GO 

TO610 
580 IFAG{I,T+1)=AG(I ,T)ANDT 

<BTHEN'A=I :B=T + 1:F$="2": 

GOSUB890 
590 IFAG(I-1,T)=AG{I,T)ANDI 

>lTHENA=I-l:B=TtF$="2": 

G0SUB89a 



QK 600 

BG 610 

QQ 620 
FJ 630 
HF 640 



GJ 650 



JJ 660 
QH 670 
BB 680 
QA 690 
as 700 
FR 710 
HD 720 



RB 730 
CM 740 

FA 7 50 
SJ 769 

FD 770 

DE 780 



HG 


790 


RF 


800 


DX 


810 


KP 


S20 


BD 


830 


JR 


340 


GJ 


850 


DH 


360 


XS 


870 


RQ 


880 


XB 


890 


QF 


900 


JM 


910 


MB 


920 



IFF$ = "2"THENA=I:B=T:FS=^ 

"1" tGOSUB890:F$="l" 

NEXTI:NEXTT: IFF5="N"THE 

N660 

GOTO 55 9 

REM PULL ATOM DOWN 

PRINTZBS" {DOWN) "SPC( 1*2 

+ 4) ; ;F0RJ = 1T0T: PRINT" 
{2 DOWN)"; :NEXTJ:PRINTB 

AS : PR INT ZB$ " ( DOWN ) " ; 

PRINTSPC(I*2+4) ;:F0RJ=1 

T0T+1:PRINT"(2 DOWN}";: 

tJEXTJ:PRINTCO? (AG(I,T+1 
) ) ATS: RETURN 

REM DIFFICULTY CHECK 
IFDI=2ANDDS="N"THEN7 50 
IFDI=3ANDDS="N "THEN 750 
IFDI>2THEN710 

GOTO330 

REM DRAW BLOCK 

I=INT(RND (3)*7)+l:T=INT 

(RND{O)*7)+2:AG(I,T)=10 

: PRINT ZBS"( DOWN) "see {4+ 

1*2); 

F0RZ=1T0T: PRINT" 

{2 DOWN}"; :HEXTZ: PRIMTB 

LS 

FORZ=10TO1STEP-. 5: POKES 

+4,32:POKES+l,Z:?OKES,l 

0: POKES +4, 33:NEXTZ:GOTO 

330 

REM DRAW ZAPPER 

A=INT (RND (0)*Q)+1:IFA=2 

THEN760 

IFDI=2THENA=INT (RND (0) * 

5)+4 

PRINTZBS"fD0WN}"SPC(6) ; 

: FORT =1T0A: PRINT" 

{2 DOWN]"; :NEXTT;F0RT=1 

T07:PRINT"{6}{SHP>"; 

FORZ=1TO10OSTEP50: POKES 

+4,33:POKES+1,Z:POKEE,1 
0: POKES+4, 32:NEXTZ 
IFAG(T,A)<>0THENAG(T,A) 
= INT {RND(9)*6) +1 
NEXTT:D$="Y":GOSUB829:G 

OTO550 

REM REDRAW AREA 
PRINTZBS"{3 D0W:J)"SPC(6 
) ; :FORT=1TOB:FORI=1T07 
IFAG(I,T) =OTHENPRINTBAS 
; :GOTO870 

IFAG(I,T) =10THRNPRINTBL 
S; :GOT0879 

PRIMTCOS{AG{I,T) )ATS; 
NEXTI: PRINT: PRINTS PC (6) 
"{DOWN}"; :NEXTT; RETURN 
POKES +4, 12 8: POKE S+ 1,13: 
POKES, 13: POKES+4, 129 
IFA=I AND B=T AND AG (I , 

T+1) =AG(I ,T)THENRETURN 
IFA=I AND B=T AND AG ( I + 
1,T) =AG(I ,T)THENRETURN 
REM DRAW EXPLOSIOH 
PRINTZ8$"{D0WN)"; :FORZ= 
1T0B:PRINT"{2 DOVJM)";:H 

EXTZ:PRINTSPC(4+A*2)XP$ 



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DG 930 FORZ=10TO20:POKES+4, 33: 
POKES +1,Z: POKES, 10: POKE 
S + 4,32-.NEXTZ 
PRINTZBS"{DOWN)"; :FORZ= 
1T0B:PRINT"(2 D0WN3";:N 
EXTZ:PRINTSPC{4+A*2)BA$ 
AG(A,B) =0:RE=RE+1: AT=aT 
+1:SC=SC+RE:GOSUB28 0:RE 
TURN 

GETB5: IFB5=CHR$ (147)THE 
N114a 

IFSS<>"<"THENA$=B9:RETU 
RN 

PR I NT "{HOME} {WHT}{OFF}" 
SPCdO) "PAUSED" 
GETBS: IFD$<>""THENPRINT 
"(home! {WHT}{0FF)"SPC(1 
0) ZES:RETURN 
GOTO990 

REM NUCLEAR MELTDOWN 
PRINTZB$"{3 DOWN}"SPC( 
6) ; :F0RT=1T08:F0RI=1T0 
7:PRINTXPS"{UP}"; 
FC 1030 POKES+4, 129: P0KES+1,T* 
10+1*10: POKES, 50: POKES 
+4,128 
JG 1040 HEXTI : PRINT:PRINTSPC(6 

) "{DOWN).";:NEXTT 
XS 1050 FORT=1TO5O:POKE53281,0 

:POKE532ai, 1 
KF 1063 POKES+4,129:POKES+l,T: 
POKES, 50 :P0KES+4, 120 :N 
EXTT:POKE53 281,0: POKES 
+ 24,0 
MC 1070 FORT=1TO1000:NEXTT: IFS 

C*D3>H3THENHS=SC*DS 
HE 1080 GOTO1140 
MJ 1090 REM REDRAW ATOM 
AC 1100 PRINT" {HOME) {4 DOWK)": 
IFB=0THENPRINTSPC(4+A* 
2 )BA5: RETURN 
GX 1110 PRINT" {DOWN) "; :F0RT=1T 
0B:PRINT"{2 DOWN)";:NE 
XTT : P8INTSPC (4+A*2) BAS 
: RETURN 
DK 1120 PRINT"{H0ME}{4 DOWN}": 
IFV=0THENPRINTSPC (4+R* 
2 )C0$ (CO) AT 5: RETURN 
KA 1133 PRItgT"(D0WN}"; :F0RT = 1T 
0V:PRINT"(2 DOWN}"; : NE 
XTT: PR I NTS PC (4 + R* 2) CO? 
(CO) AT $: RETURN 
CQ 1143 REM RESET 
BG 1150 POKE36866,HS/256:POKE3 
6a67,HS-INT (HS/256) *25 
6:POKES+24,0:CLR 
AG 1160 HS=PEEK(36866) *256+PEE 
K(36B67) :S=54272:G0T02 

CHAIH.ML 

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C008:C8 F0 03 4C 02 C0 60 A0 C3 

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C02O:B9 60 83 99 90 81 CS F0 AD 

0028:03 4C 20 C0 60 A0 E0 B9 4F 

C030:8O 83 99 90 81 CB F0 03 23 



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89 



DECEMBER 1993 COMPUTE G-27 



PROGRAMS 



848B 


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00 


00 


00 


00 


90 


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8D 


90 


00 


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0D 


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84B0 


0D 


9D 


00 


0D 


0D 


00 


00 


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34B8 


9D 


00 


00 


00 


0D 


0D 


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CI 


84C0 


90 


90 


00 


00 


00 


00 


0D 


flD 


C9 


84C8 


0D 


0D 


00 


00 


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Dl 


84D0 


00 


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00 


0D 


00 


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00 


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84D8 


90 


0D 


00 


0D 


0D 


0D 


0D 


00 


El 


84E-3 


ao 


90 


00 


0D 


0D 


0D 


0D 


30 


E9 


84E8 


00 


00 


00 


0D 


00 


0D 


30 


00 


Fl 


84F0 


90 


90 


00 


00 


00 


0D 


0D 


0D 


F9 



Graham Fyffe, 15. has been program- 
ming in BASIC for eight years. He en- 
joys comics and graphics and likes 
drawing and painting. He lives in Freder- 
icton, New Brunswick. Canada. 

CUSTOM CHARACTER 
SCREEN DESIGNER 

By Daniel English 

Advanced programmers commonly 
work with custom characters on the 64. 
With a tool such as Ultfafont + (July 1984 
and September 1986 issues and on The 
1992 Best of Gazette Utilities Disk), you 
can easily transform characters into 
your own custom graphics. Using these 
graphics in your own programs was not 
so easy — until now. Custom Character 
Screen Designer allows you to create mul- 
tiple character screens easily and save 
them on disk for use in your own pro- 
grams. A BASIC display program is in- 
cluded in the package. You may want to 
keep CCSD on a disk with Ultrafont +. 

GeHing Started 

The CCSD package consists of three 
programs. The main program is the 
screen editor. When MLX prompts, re- 
spond with the following addresses. 

Starting address: COQO 
Ending address: CDFF 

Be sure to save a copy of the program 
before exiting MLX, 

The next two programs are used for 
displaying your screens from within 
your own BASIC programs. The main 
CCSD program does not require these 
two display files, however, 

To help avoid typing errors, enter Dis- 
play.BASiC with The Automatic Proof- 
reader. See "Typing Aids" elsewhere in 

G-2e COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



this section. Remember to save the pro- 
gram before you attempt to run it. 

Enter DISPLAY.ML with MLX, our ma- 
chine language entry program. Again, 
see "Typing Aids." When MLX 
prompts, respond with the following 
addresses. 

Starting address: CFOO 
Ending address: CF77 

Be sure to save these two display pro- 
grams on the same disk for later use. 

Functions 

To begin, load CCSD with the ,8,1 ex- 
tension and type NEW and then SYS 
49152. A menu screen will appear. The 
upper portion of the screen is the 
menu of commands, and the lower por- 
tion displays your character set. You 
may use the default ROM character set 
if you do not want to create your own. 
To toad a character set, press F, The 
character set will always load into 
12288 (S3000 hex). If you wish to save 
your character set at this location for 
use in your own programs, press N. 

When a character set is loaded, you 
are ready to choose colors. If your char- 
acter set was created in multicolor 
mode, press M. Pressing keys 1 
through 4 will change the four colors. 
These keys correspond to the same col- 
or keys used in Ultrafont +. If your char- 
acter set is not in multicolor mode, on- 
ly keys 1 and 4 will apply. 

The current color you are changing 
will be indicated by the arrow below 
the color palette. Notice that when 
you're in multicolor mode, color 4 
must be set on the right side of the pal- 
ette. If you want color memory stored 
with your screen data, press C. 

Next, you must choose an address 
for your screen. The default address is 
32768. To change this, press A. You 
will be prompted to enter a new ad- 
dress. You can have up to 24 screens 
in memory (12 with color) at one time. 
Remember that each screen uses 
1000 bytes {2000 if color is saved). If 
you stored one screen at 32768, then 
the next one could start at 33768 
(35768 if color is saved). 

Copying Characters 

The lower section of the screen con- 
tains your character set. A flashing rec- 



tangle encloses the character(s) you 
have selected to use while drawing 
your screen. Position the cursor with 
your joystick in port 2, and use the cur- 
sor keys to change the size of the cur- 
sor into a window that can copy up to 
six characters at a time. Press the but- 
ton to choose the character(s) you 
wish to copy onto your screen. Press 
f7 to switch between the editor and 
drawing screen. 

In the drawing screen, the window 
will appear in the upper left corner of 
the screen. Use the cursor keys or 
joystick to move the window. Press the 
fire button to copy the characters onto 
the screen. CCSD lets you type data on- 
to the screen also. 

All colors and screen functions are 
available to you while you're in the ed- 
itor. For example, pressing Shift-Clr/ 
Home will clear the screen, and Ctrl-2 
will turn the character color to white. No- 
tice the window doesn't advance au- 
tomatically when you type. The cursor 
keys are the easiest way to move the 
window if you wish to type in text. 

A copy feature is built into the draw- 
ing screen mode. To copy characters 
already on the screen, simply move the 
window over the character(s) you wish 
to copy and press fl. Now when you 
draw with the joystick, the copied char- 
actef(s) will appear. This eliminates fre- 
quent screen swapping. 

To store the screen and return to the 
Editor menu, press f7. If you do not 
want to store the changes, press f8. 
Pressing f8 can be used as an undo 
feature. 

Screens on Disk 

When your screen design is complete, 
press S from the Editor menu to save 
it. You'll be asked for a filename, and 
your screen will be saved to disk. 

If you want to load a previously 
saved screen, press L. A screen is al- 
ways loaded into the address specified 
at the top of the screen, regardless of 
its saved address. 

When your character set and 
screen(s) have been saved to disk, 
you are ready to use them in your own 
program. The BASIC display program 
was designed to be a subroutine. 
First, have your BASIC program load 
the DISPLAY.ML file, your saved 
screen(s), and your saved character 



set. Next, alter the values in 


the BASIC 


cias 


:2A 


ZA 


2A 


2A 


2A 


2A 


2A 


2A 


00 


03B3 


:23 


20 


20 


A3 


A3 


A3 


A3 


A3 


2D 


display program to matchi those cho- 


0190 


:2A 


2A 


2A 


2A 


2A 


2A 


2A 


90 


E9 


C3C0 


:A3 


20 


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A3 


A3 


A3 


20 


20 


DC 


sen in CCSD. Rememt 


er 


n channel 


C198 


:A9 


01 


8D 


19 


DO 


AD 


18 


D0 


B2 


0308 


:A3 


A3 


A3 


A3 


A3 


A3 


29 


A3 


49 


the value of AD in line 63050 to the a'd- 


C1A0 
C1A8 


:C9 

:D0 


15 
A9 


F0 
15 


lA 
8D 


A9 
18 


AC 
D0 


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12 

Cfl 


3B 
9A 


0300 
C3D8 


:A3 

:9E 


A3 
20 


A3 

20 


A3 
20 


A3 
20 


A3 
23 


A3 
43 


3D 
35 


CI 
IB 


dress of the 


screen 


you wish to dis- 


CIBO 


:8D 


16 


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80 


20 


D0 


04 


C3E3 


:52 


52 


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29 


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44 


90 


play. 
















C1B8 


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21 


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AO 


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44 


52 


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53 


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Machine 


anauaae 


programmers 


C1O0 


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12 


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18 


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64 


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80 


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screens. You 


may use the code 


in 


the 


C1D0 
C1D8 


:D0 
:66 


AD 
06 


65 
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06 
23 


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06 


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20 


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53 


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20 


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82 


DISPLAY.ML 


file or use 


you 


r own 


C1E0 


:8D 


16 


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AD 


3D 


DC 


29 


91 


04 


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43 


52 


45 


45 


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20 


20 


20 


20 


screen copier routine. 










C1E3 


:F0 


03 


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31 


EA 


40 


BO 


FE 


43 


0418 


05 


40 


IE 


20 


40 


4F 


41 


44 


63 


CCSD can create many commercial 


ClFO 


:78 


A9 


IB 


8D 


11 


DO 


A9 


Fl 


63 


0423 


23 


53 


43 


52 


45 


45 


4E 


00 


05 


quality effects quickly and efficiently. 
From a BASIC menu to a complex 


01F8 
0200 
0208 


:8D 

:A9 

0D 


lA 
01 
DO 


D0 
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58 


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15 
60 


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80 
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19 
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0430 
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23 
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53 


20 
41 
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20 
44 
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05 
20 
20 


46 
43 
20 


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48 
05 


20 
41 
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52 
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55 
40 
19 


game backg 


rou 


nd, 


(JGSD 


Will make 


0210 


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14 


33 


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EA 


52 


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53 


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B5 


the task enjoyable. 












C218 


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15 


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30 


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DD 


0448 


41 


52 


53 


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18 


00 


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08 


07 


0453 


30 


33 


33 


0D 


20 


20 


20 


05 


9B 


CCSD 
















0228 


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81 


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30 


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36 


85 


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54 


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34 


2D 


34 


37 


31 


35 


30 


00 


4P 


B^_, ^ ^ 4_l " V M "rf fc* 

r 1 40 ■ 00 00 


84 


FF 


FF 


FF 


80 


00 


55 


0370 


8D 


97 


01 


A9 


20 


23 


D2 


FF 


9E 


C5A0 


11 


9A 


43 


4E 


54 


45 


52 


20 


65 


C148:01 80 


00 
80 


01 
00 


80 
01 


00 
80 


01 
00 


80 
01 


03 
2F 


0378 
0380 


A9 
:F2 


3D 
02 


40 
A9 


D2 
20 


FF 
20 


A9 
02 


01 
FF 


go 

A9 


05 
5F 


05A8 
C5B0 


41 
20 


44 
05 


44 

03 


52 
93 


45 
11 


53 
11 


53 
9F 


3A 
43 


EB 
16 


O158;80 00 
0160:31 80 
C168:00 01 
C170:FF FF 
0178:00 00 
0180:00 00 


01 
30 
80 
FF 

00 

84 


30 
01 
00 
00 
00 
FF 


00 
80 
01 
00 
00 
40 


01 
30 
80 
00 
00 
19 


80 
31 
00 
00 
00 
Oft 


00 
80 
01 
00 
03 
2A 


49 
IB 
47 
F3 
FB 
IB 


0388 
C390 
0398 
C3A0 
C3A8 
C3B0 


:3D 
:20 
:4F 
:29 
:44 
:20 


40 
20 
4D 
53 
45 
56 


02 
20 
20 
43 
53 
31 


FF 
20 
43 
52 
49 
2E 


93 
43 
43 
45 
47 
30 


11 
55 
41 
45 
4E 
00 


92 
53 
52 
4E 
45 
IF 


9F 
54 
2E 
20 
52 
20 


A9 
A0 

60 
96 

F2 

FA 


C5B8 
500 
C5C8 
0500 
0508 
C5E0 


48 

49 

20 

:43 

:4C 

:05 


41 
40 
05 
52 
45 
00 


52 
45 
09 
45 
4E 
A2 


53 
4E 
93 
45 
41 
00 


45 
41 
11 
4E 
40 
A3 


54 
4D 
11 
23 
45 
00 


20 
45 
9F 
46 
3A 
8A 


46 
3A 
53 
49 
20 
99 


3A 

95 
3E 
58 
CD 
F6 



DECEMBER 1993 COMPUTE G-29 



PROGRAMS 



C5E8 


84 


06 


C8 


ES 


C0 


20 


DO 


F6 


FE 


0818: 


A4 


69 


03 


85 


A4 


60 


AD 


55 


06 


CA48: 


E3 


02 


00 


20 


00 


02 


AD 


67 


BO 


C5F3 


AO 


00 


8 A 


99 


AO 


06 


08 


E8 


AF 


0820: 


C6 


C9 


27 


oa 


31 


60 


EE 


55 


36 


CA50: 


06 


8D 


16 


D0 


A9 


ID 


SD 


18 


71 


C5F8 


C0 


20 


D0 


F6 


A0 


00 


8A 


99 


2A 


C828: 


06 


20 


FO 


06 


A5 


A3 


IS 


69 


86 


OA58: 


DO 


AD 


64 


C6 


8D 


21 


00 


20 


6D 


C6O0 


D4 


06 


C8 


E8 


C0 


20 


D0 


F6 


40 


0330: 


01 


85 


A3 


A5 


A4 


69 


00 


85 


02 


CA60: 


3E 


09 


A9 


34 


85 


A4 


A9 


00 


F6 


C608 


■AH 


00 


8A 


99 


FC 


06 


C8 


E8 


4B 


0838: 


A4 


60 


AD 


55 


06 


09 


30 


00 


60 


CA68 


85 


A3 


A9 


33 


80 


55 


06 


3D 


BB 


C610 


.t;0 


20 


D0 


F6 


A3 


00 


8A 


99 


43 


0340: 


01 


63 


CE 


55 


06 


20 


H 


C7 


3a 


CA70 


56 


C6 


A9 


03 


80 


13 


00 


A9 


10 


C618 


24 


07 


C8 


E8 


00 


20 


D0 


F6 


40 


0348: 


A5 


A3 


38 


E9 


01 


35 


A3 


A 5 


46 


OA78 


18 


3D 


00 


DO 


A9 


32 


3D 


01 


BC 


C620 


:A0 


00 


3A 


99 


4C 


07 


03 


E8 


El 


C850: 


A4 


E9 


30 


85 


A4 


60 


AD 


P8 


3 2 


CASO 


DO 


AD 


63 


C6 


8D 


86 


02 


A9 


F6 


C628 


-ca 


20 


D0 


F6 


A3 


00 


8A 


99 


5B 


0858: 


07 


C9 


FA 


F0 


15 


C9 


FB 


F0 


07 


OA88 


93 


20 


02 


FF 


20 


68 


02 


A9 


10 


C630 


:74 


07 


C8 


E8 


03 


20 


03 


F6 


30 


0863: 


la 


09 


FC 


FO 


24 


09 


FD 


F0 


D5 


0A9a 


C8 


20 


E3 


C2 


A9 


00 


85 


06 


5A 


C638 


:A0 


00 


3A 


99 


9C 


07 


C8 


E8 


7C 


C868: 


20 


09 


FE 


F0 


36 


09 


FF 


FO 


BB 


CA98 


A9 


28 


20 


E3 


02 


20 


B5 


C7 


19 


C640 


:C3 


20 


D0 


F6 


AD 


63 


C6 


A3 


E8 


0873: 


42 


60 


A0 


00 


AD 


5D 


06 


91 


51 


CAA0 


EE 


27 


DO 


20 


D7 


03 


A5 


CS 


86 


C643 


:09 


99 


84 


DA 


99 


E3 


DA 


08 


69 


0878: 


A3 


4C 


03 


08 


A0 


01 


AD 


5E 


B6 


CAAS 


09 


03 


F0 


18 


C9 


04 


F3 


24 


E7 


0550 


:C0 


FF 


D0 


F5 


63 


00 


00 


00 


BA 


0830: 


06 


91 


A3 


20 


C3 


08 


4C 


72 


9C 


OAB0 


AD 


00 


DC 


29 


10 


09 


00 


DO 


03 


C653 


:00 


00 


80 


E3 


33 


03 


03 


03 


A3 


CB3a: 


08 


A0 


02 


AD 


5F 


C6 


91 


A3 


9E 


0AB8 


DF 


F0 


03 


40 


98 


CA 


20 


56 


25 


C660 


:0a 


00 


00 


00 


03 


01 


02 


08 


8F 


O890: 


20 


03 


08 


40 


7C 


08 


AO 


28 


71 


CAC0 


C8 


4C 


93 


CA 


AD 


8D 


02 


09 


FE 


C668 


:00 


00 


AD 


00 


DC 


29 


OP 


09 


IF 


C398: 


AD 


60 


06 


91 


A3 


20 


03 


C8 


F8 


CAC8 


.01 


F0 


33 


20 


36 


02 


20 


Bl 


2C 


C670 


:0E 


F0 


0D 


C9 


00 


FO 


2B 


09 


OB 


CaA3' 


40 


72 


C8 


AO 


29 


AO 


61 


06 


Al 


CAD0 


:C9 


4C 


IF 


CA 


20 


0E 


09 


a9 


65 


C673 


:0B 


F0 


65 


09 


07 


FO 


45 


60 


F7 


C8A8 


91 


A3 


20 


C3 


08 


20 


96 


03 


E8 


CADS 


:63 


23 


E3 


C2 


40 


93 


CA 


AS 


D0 


C680 


:AD 


56 


C6 


09 


00 


DO 


01 


60 


95 


C8B0 


4C 


70 


03 


A0 


2A 


AD 


62 


C6 


3E 


CAE0 


05 


C9 


38 


F0 


48 


C9 


3B 


FO 


B2 


C68S 


:CE 


56 


C6 


AD 


01 


D0 


38 


E9 


60 


C8B8 


91 


A3 


20 


03 


08 


20 


A3 


CS 


13 


0AE3 


5E 


C9 


03 


F0 


74 


C9 


0B 


F0 


32 


0690 


:08 


8D 


01 


D0 


A5 


A3 


38 


E9 


08 


C8C0 


40 


89 


08 


AS 


A4 


18 


69 


D4 


78 


OAFS 


21 


09 


24 


F0 


20 


09 


14 


F3 


BE 


C698 


:28 


85 


A3 


A5 


A4 


E9 


00 


35 


BC 


0303 


35 


A4 


AO 


36 


02 


91 


A3 


A5 


A7 


CAP 8 


2B 


C9 


OA 


FO 


IB 


09 


03 


F0 


DO 


C6A0 


:A4 


60 


AD 


56 


06 


09 


07 


DO 


EF 


C8D0 


A4 


38 


E9 


04 


85 


A4 


60 


20 


EC 


OB0O 


la 


C9 


IS 


FO 


19 


09 


0D 


F3 


C3 


C6A3 


:01 


60 


EE 


56 


06 


AD 


01 


DO 


Dl 


CSDS 


E4 


FF 


09 


00 


00 


01 


63 


30 


EE 


CB08 


IE 


09 


2A 


FO 


ID 


C9 


27 


F0 


C4 


C6B0 


:18 


69 


03 


8D 


01 


DO 


AS 


fl3 


B8 


O3E0 


FF 


CF 


C9 


11 


FO 


IF 


09 


ID 


65 


CB10 


04 


60 


40 


7B 


CB 


40 


4E 


CD- 


PC 


C6B8 


:18 


69 


28 


85 


A3 


AS 


A4 


69 


70 


OSES 


F0 


21 


C9 


91 


FO 


14 


C9 


9D 


96 


CB18 


40 


03 


00 


4C 


4B 


CA 


4C 


6C 


7F 


C6C0 


:00 


85 


A 4 


60 


AD 


55 


06 


09 


64 


C8F3 


F0 


16 


AE 


56 


06 


AC 


55 


C6 


16 


OB20 


00 


40 


9B 


OB 


40 


B4 


CB 


4C 


7A 


C6C8 


:1F 


DO 


01 


60 


EE 


55 


C6 


20 


BA 


C8F8 


18 


20 


F0 


FF 


AD 


FF 


CF 


4C 


16 


CB28 


E9 


CC 


40 


AB 


00 


A9 


63 


20 


20 


C6D0 


:FC 


C6 


A5 


A3 


18 


69 


01 


35 


6B 


C900 


D2 


FF 


40 


OB 


07 


40 


ED 


C7 


56 


CB30 


E3 


02 


EE 


64 


06 


AD 


64 


C6 


0B 


C6D3 


■A3 


A5 


A4 


69 


00 


35 


A4 


60 


80 


0908 


40 


3A 


08 


40 


IE 


C8 


A0 


00 


33 


CB33 


C9 


10 


F0 


03 


4C 


CB 


CB 


A9 


D9 


C6E0 


AD 


55 


C6 


09 


00 


DO 


01 


60 


B5 


C910 


Bl 


A3 


8D 


5D 


06 


A0 


01 


Bl 


59 


CB40 


00 


80 


64 


06 


4C 


CB 


CB 


a9 


07 


C6E8 


CE 


55 


C6 


20 


11 


07 


A5 


A3 


A4 


0913 


A3 


SD 


5E 


C6 


A0 


32 


Bl 


A3 


2D 


CB43 


63 


20 


E3 


02 


EE 


65 


C6 


ao 


8A 


C6F0 


38 


E9 


01 


85 


A3 


A5 


A4 


E9 


74 


0920 


.80 


5P 


06 


AO 


23 


Bl 


A3 


80 


12 


CB50 


65 


06 


C9 


10 


F0 


03 


4C 


CB 


7E 


C6F8 


00 


85 


A4 


60 


AD 


00 


DO 


18 


A9 


C928 


60 


06 


AO 


29 


Bl 


A3 


8D 


61 


DC 


CB58 


OB 


a9 


30 


80 


65 


C6 


4C 


CB 


03 


C700 


■69 


08 


8D 


00 


D0 


AD 


00 


00 


06 


0930 


06 


AO 


2A 


Bl 


A3 


8D 


62 


C6 


BE 


CB60 


CB 


A9 


63 


20 


E3 


02 


SE 


66 


25 


C708 


C9 


03 


90 


01 


60 


EE 


10 


DO 


53 


C938 


63 


AD 


69 


06 


09 


01 


DO 


01 


F5 


OB63 


06 


AD 


66 


06 


09 


10 


F0 


03 


7B 


C710 


:60 


AD 


00 


D0 


38 


E9 


08 


3D 


4F 


0940 


60 


A9 


01 


30 


69 


06 


AD 


OE 


37 


CB70 


40 


CB 


OB 


A9 


30 


8D 


66 


06 


FE 


C718 


00 


DO 


AD 


00 


D0 


09 


F7 


BO 


OF 


0943 


DO 


29 


FE 


30 


0E 


DO 


AS 


01 


7D 


CB78 


4C 


CB 


CB 


A9 


63 


20 


E3 


C2 


63 


C720 


01 


60 


EE 


10 


DO 


60 


as 


05 


43 


C950 


29 


FB 


85 


01 


A0 


DO 


A2 


03 


C5 


0883 


EE 


63 


06 


AD 


63 


C6 


09 


10 


FS 


C728 


C9 


07 


F0 


05 


09 


02 


F0 


13 


15 


C958 


36 


Fft 


34 


FB 


A0 


30 


A2 


00 


49 


CB88 


FO 


06 


20 


CB 


OB 


4C 


E2 


05 


FS 


C730 


53 


A 9 


32 


20 


E3 


C2 


AD 


3D 


B5 


C960 


.85 


FC 


84 


FD 


A0 


00 


Bl 


FA 


4A 


CB93 


ag 


00 


80 


63 


06 


20 


CB 


CB 


FE 


C738 


02 


C9 


01 


FO 


56 


40 


71 


C7 


F3 


C968 


91 


FC 


A5 


FA 


18 


69 


01 


35 


56 


CH98 


4C 


E2 


C5 


AD 


67 


C6 


C9 


08 


65 


C740 


A9 


32 


20 


E3 


C2 


AD 


80 


02 


5D 


0970 


FA 


AS 


FB 


69 


00 


35 


FB 


AS 


B4 


OBAO 


.FO 


08 


A9 


08 


8D 


67 


06 


40 


59 


C743 


C9 


01 


F0 


14 


4C 


4F 


07 


AD 


39 


C978 


PC 


13 


69 


01 


35 


FC 


as 


FD 


37 


CBA8 


AF 


OB 


a9 


03 


8D 


67 


06 


A9 


ae 


C750 


F8 


07 


C9 


FO 


00 


31 


63 


09 


30 


0980 


69 


30 


85 


FD 


AS 


FO 


C9 


38 


4A 


CBB0 


.63 


40 


E3 


C2 


AD 


68 


C6 


09 


10 


C758 


PF 


D0 


01 


60 


EE 


pa 


37 


63 


30 


C988 


:D0 


DA 


A5 


01 


09 


04 


35 


01 


64 


CBB8 


01 


P3 


08 


A9 


01 


3D 


68 


C6 


7E 


C760 


AD 


FS 


07 


C9 


FA 


D0 


31 


60 


FF 


C990 


•AD 


0E 


DC 


09 


01 


8D 


0E 


DC 


El 


OBC0 


.40 


AF 


OB 


A9 


30 


8D 


68 


C5 


4C 


C768 


C9 


FD 


D0 


01 


63 


CE 


F8 


07 


BD 


C998 


A9 


FA 


3D 


F8 


37 


AO 


03 


B9 


75 


0BC8 


. 4C 


AF 


CB 


AA 


A9 


23 


A3 


00 


A5 


C770 


60 


AD 


F8 


07 


09 


FA 


F0 


39 


50 


O9A0 


03 


00 


99 


80 


3E 


B9 


03 


CO 


42 


CBDO 


:99 


E0 


05 


C8 


CO 


27 


03 


FS 


07 


C778 


C9 


Fa 


Fa 


08 


09 


PC 


FO 


0D 


EB 


C9A8 


99 


40 


3F 


08 


CO 


CO 


DO 


EF 


23 


CBD8 


:a9 


IE 


90 


EC 


05 


A9 


31 


90 


BD 


C780 


60 


A9 


FD 


8D 


F8 


07 


60 


A9 


91 


O9B0 


60 


A9 


93 


20 


02 


FF 


20 


F3 


IB 


OBE0 


:EC 


D9 


60 


AD 


68 


C6 


C9 


00 


3E 


C788 


FE 


8D 


F8 


37 


60 


A9 


FF 


8D 


01 


C9B8 


CI 


A9 


00 


SD 


15 


DO 


A9 


38 


B7 


CBES 


:F0 


0B 


A9 


OE 


80 


90 


04 


A9 


62 


C79a 


F8 


07 


60 


AD 


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G-30 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



CC78; 
CC80; 

ccas; 

CC9B; 
CC98i 
CCA 3: 
CCA 8: 
CCB0: 
CCB8; 
CCC0: 
CCC8: 
CCD0: 
CCD8: 
CCEa: 
CCE8: 
CCF0: 
CCF8: 
CDg0: 
CD08: 
CD10: 
CD18: 
CD20: 
CD28: 
CD30: 
CD38: 
CD40: 
CD48: 
CD50: 
CD58: 
CD60: 
CD68: 
CD70: 
CD78: 
CD80: 

coas: 

CD90: 
CD93: 
CDA0: 
CDA8: 
CDBB: 
CDBB: 
CDC 3: 
CDC8: 
CDO0; 
CDDS; 
CDE0; 
CDE8i 
CDF01 
CDF8; 



;C9 (30 D0 

;8D 15 D0 

;20 F3 C2 

:F0 13 AD 

:Aa 30 A2 
AC CD 20 
4C IF CA 
B9 CB C5 
30 D0 F5 
15 D0 A9 
F3 C2 AD 
12 8D AD 
59 C6 8E 
2 AE CD 
CA 20 0C 
C5 C8 20 
F5 A9 00 



20 



69 E8 
69 00 



A9 64 
AD Fl C2 
Fl C2 8D 
AE 5B C6 
CD AD 68 
4C 45 CD 
03 SD AC 
8D 
SD 

20 81 C9 
02 A0 00 
02 FF C9 
35 C6 8D 
E3 C2 23 
C9 00 F0 
AD CD A0 
CD 8C AC 
FE AD 5A 
8D 59 C6 
20 CE CD 
A5 FF 8D 
4C IF CA 
CD A2 87 
,A9 00 A2 
FF AE AB 
:00 85 B9 
01 AD 
20 BD 
A0 01 20 
AC 5A C6 
AB CD AC 
D8 FF A9 



85 
CI 



F5 A9 
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Fl C2 
00 3E 
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20 0C 
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64 23 
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CD AC 
AB CD 
20 Bl 
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D2 FF 

85 C6 
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3E AB 
C6 C9 
AD AC 
CD AD 
AB CD 
AC CD 
4C IF 
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37 A2 
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20 F3 
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01 F0 
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AD AC 
20 CE 
CA 20 
C5 C8 
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00 AD 
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59 
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20 CA 
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CD 67 
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20 77 
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FF £0 
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36 F9 
A0 A3 
08 AF 
06 F0 
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20 61 

37 Dl 



DISPLAY.BASK 



:3R 63300 
QD 63010 
DA 63020 
DE 63030 

RP 63043 
EK 63050 
CF 63060 
KE 63070 
AD 63083 



REM **** CCSD SCREEN 
[SPACE )DISPLA!f **** 
REM * DISPLAY ML & SC 
REENS MUST * 
REM * CHARSET @ 12288 

MUST ALL12 SPACES}* 
REM *{6 SPACESlBE IH 

[spaceJmemory! 

[3 SPACES}* 

REM ***************** 

************ 

AD=32768:REM *SCREKN 

(SPACE)ADDRESS 

0=0: REM *1 FOR COLOR 

(SPACE) SCREENS 

POKE53272,29:REM *21= 

ROM CHARSET 

P0KE53273,216:REM *23 



0=NON-MCOLOR 
XP 63090 POKE53281,0:REM *BACK 

GROUND 
SC 63100 POKE53282,l:REH *COLO 

R 2 
HK 63110 P0KE53283,2:REM *COLO 

R 3 
KJ 63120 POKE646,13:REM *C0LOR 

4 
PD 63130 PRINT CHR$(147) 
GJ 63143 H=INT (AD/256) :L=AD-2S 

6*H:POKS53104,C:POKE5 

3135,L:POKE53106,H 
PQ 63150 SYS 52992:RSH *OISPLA 

Y SCREEN 
AM 63160 RETURN 



D1SPLAY.ML 



CF00:A9 
CF08:86 
CF10:72 
CF18:CP 
CF20:A3 
CF28:23 
CF30:A9 
CF33:B1 
CF40:01 
CF48:FD 
OF50:A5 
0F5B: 18 
CF60: 00 
CF68:CF 
CF70:00 



36 85 

FC 84 
CF 86 
AD 70 
D8 A2 
33 CF 
00 85 
FA 91 
85 FC 
A5 FA 
FB 69 
69 01 
85 FF 
A5 FE 
00 33 



01 A0 
FD AE 
FA 84 
CF C9 
00 86 



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FE 



37 
85 



FC A5 
A5 FD 
18 69 
00 85 
8 5 FE 
A5 FF 
C9 E8 



04 A2 

71 CF 
FB 2 
01 D0 
FC 3 4 
85 01 
FF A0 
FC 18 
69 00 
31 85 
FB A5 
A5 FF 
C9 03 
D0 C9 



00 ID 
AC 22 

30 El 
OB 15 
FD C9 
60 AA 
00 B2 
69 2C 
85 D6 
FA 86 
FE 55 
69 OE 
D0 B9 
63 54 



E3 83 00 00 00 CA 



Daniel English says he got bored using 
FOR-NEXT loops to save character 
screens, so he wrote this utility. He 
lives in Moreno Valley California. 



RIGHT/SIDE II 



By Edward A. Gase 
Right/Side II is an enhanced version of 
the original Right/Side program written by 
Robert^'B. Cook and published in the No- 
vember 1990 issue of COMPUTE. It lets 
you print documents down fanfold paper 
rather than printing across it. 

This version works with Epson-compat- 
ible printers in either single- or double- 
density modes with your interface in trans- 
parent mode. More significantly, you can 
now use a variety of screen character 
sets as custom fonts for printing. You'll 
even be able to see what the character 
set looks like onscreen. 

Right/Side II is ideal for those times 
when you need to print something wider 
than 80 columns on an 80-column print- 
er and you don't want to switch to con- 
densed type. It's also terrific for making 
keyboard overlays. 

Although Right/Side II was originally 



written with SpeedScript in mind, it 
works well with any word processor that 
handles PETSCII sequential files. 
SpeedScript, EasyScript, and The Write 
Stuff are particularly well suited for use 
with Right/Side II because they allow you 
to include the graphics characters acces- 
sible with the Commodore logo key. 

Right/Side II consists of two programs, 
one in BASIC and one in machine lan- 
guage. To help avoid typing errors, enter 
the BASIC program with The Automatic 
Proofreader. See "Typing Aids" else- 
where in this section. When you've fin- 
ished, be sure to save a copy to disk. The 
second program is written in machine lan- 
guage. To enter it, you'll need to use 
MLX, COMPUTE'S machine language en- 
try program; see "Typing Aids" again. 
When MLX prompts, enter the following 
values. 

Starting address: COOO 
Ending address: C4E7 

When you've finished typing, be sure 
to save a copy of the program with the 
filename RIGHT/SIDE. ML before you 
leave MLX. When you're ready to use 
Right/Side II, simply load and run the 
BASIC portion. It will automatically 
load the machine language file. 

Printing Sideways 

When creating a sequential file for 
Right/Side II, remember that the right 
margin of the text will be printed at 
what's normally the top of the paper. 
Set your right margin for any width up 
to 255 characters and your left margin 
to 0. If you are using EasyScnpt, spec- 
ify the column width at the startup 
screen. If you have chosen a length 
that is longer than your longest line, 
spaces will be added to the top of the 
page. 

Right/Side would print 80 lines per 
page according to the ohginal article. 
With my system. I can get only about 
60 lines with 9-10 characters per 
inch. That would produce a maximum 
length of 25.5-28.3 inches. The results 
you get will depend on your printer/ 
Interface combination and whether you 
choose Epson or Commodore mode. 
The Epson printouts will be longer, but 
there will be more separation between 
characters. 

Your original file must be a PETSCII 

DECEMBER 1993 COMPUTE G-31 



PROGRAMS 



sequential file. Some word processors 
can save in that format. If you're using 
SpeedScript, ttie easiest way to create 
such a file is to press Shitt-Ctrl-P and 
then press D to print your document to 
disk as a sequential file. Then you're 
ready to run Right/Side II. If you pro- 
duce a file that is too long, Right/Side 
II will print the excess over the top of 
the text on the left side of the paper. If 
the printout looks strange, reduce the 
length of your file. 

Menu Options 

When you run Right/Side II and the 
menu appears, press f1 to select Cre- 
ate Right/Side File. This option con- 
verts the sequential file into a Right/ 
Side II file. Enter the name of your 
sequential file and then the name of 
the file you'll be creating. The letters f?/ 
S are added automatically as a prefix 
to indicate to the program that this is a 
Right/Side II document. Press Return 
on a blank line to return to the main 
menu. 

To print your file sideways, simply 
press f3 and then enter the name of 
the newly created Right/Side II file. You 
don't have to include the R/S prefix; it's 
added automatically. Next, choose be- 
tween Commodore or Epson. If you 
choose Epson, you'll be given the 
choice of printing in single or double 
density. Then press any key to start 
printing. To stop printing, press and 
hold the space bar. 

Press f2 to load a custom character 
set that you may wish to use. You'll be 
asked the name of the character set. 
rhe onscreen display will change to re- 
■|ect the new characters, if you don't 
ike what you see on the screen, you 
:an change the character set before 
/ou print your file. 

Any nine-block character set, such 
as those created with Ultrafont-H, 
ihould work just fine. I have also used 
hree-block character sets successful- 
y. Normally, you will use Right/Side II 
vith uppercase and lowercase charac- 
ers, including the graphics characters 
iccessed with the Commodore logo 
;ey. You could, of course, use an upper- 
:ase/graphics set. As there are dozens 
)f character sets that have been creat- 
;d for the Commodore 64, you should 
)e able to get just the look you want 
Dr your printouts. 

;-32 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



RIGHT/SIDE II 

Xft laO REM COPYRIGHT 1993 COMP 

UTE PUBLICATIONS, INTL. 

, LTD. - ALL RIGHTS RES 

ERVED 
BC 110 GOSUB1310:REM IHITIALIZ 

E 
HD 120 GOSUB990;BEH MAIN SCt^KE 

N 
RG 130 POKE198,0:WMT198,1:GET 

GS:G=ASC(G$)-132:IFG<10 

RO5THEN130 
EK 140 ONGGOSUB180, 400,700, 150 

,1183:GOTO120 
GD 150 POKE53280,14:POKE53281, 

6:POKE53272, (PEEK(53272 

) AND240)OR4 
BS 160 PRItJT"{7>{CLR)":END 
MS 170 REH{2 SPACES ICREATE FIL 

E 
PB 130 PS=1:GOSUB1000:PS=0 
JQ 190 PRINTTAfl(7) "(2 DOWN} 

{RVS){RED}'#|t###tt##t### 

if###it##*##tl*%" 

FM 200 PRINTTAB (7) "{RVS} ' {OFF} 

(GRHj CREATE {RVS}(BLK) 

R { OFF 1 IGHT/ERVS ) S { OFF } I 

DE (GRNjFILE (RVS}{REDJ 

{ELK) " 

PH 219 PRINTTAB{7) "{RVS) (RED) ' 

${BLK} " 
JS 220 PRINTTABO) "[RVS}{BLK} 

(24 SPACES}" 
XC 230 POKE214,10:PR1NT"(DOWN} 

{2 SPACES){RVS} {BLU}F 

(OFF}ILE TO BE READ? 

{GRN}"BF$; 
RG 240 LN=16:GOSUB760:F1S=IN$: 

IFF1S=""THENRETURN 
EJ 250 DE==63:GOSUB830:IFEN<>63 

THEN230 
XS 260 DE = a:GOSlJB840: IFEN>19TH 

EN230 
GR 270 POKE214,13:PRINT"{DOWN} 

(2 SPACES}CRVS} {BLa}F 

(OFF)ILE TO BE CREATED? 
(GRN}R/S."f1IDS(BF5,5,2 

4); 
DP 280 LN=12:GOSUB760: IN5="R/S 

."+IN$:F2S=IN$: IFF2S="R 

/S. "THENRETURN 
CJ 290 DE=62:GOSUB830:IFF2S=Fl 

$THEN270 
QX 300 IFD£=ENTHEN340 
SH 310 PRINT"(UP)(2 SPACES} 

{RVSl [RED}0{OFF}VERWRIT 

E FILE? [{GRN}Y/N(RED}] 

[GRN] ■'; :IN = 1:GOSUB760 
HG 320 IFINS<>"Y"THENPRINT" 

{ap}"BL$:GOTO270 
AG 330 OPEN15,8,15,"S0: "+F2$:C 

L0SE15 
HC 340 POKE214,19:PRrNTTAB(7) " 

{DOWN} (PUR}{5 Q} CREATI 

NG{2 SPACES}FILE <5 Qj 

{HOME}" 



RS 


350 


JQ 


360 


DP 


373 


HS 


380 


HH 


390 


ER 


400 


SE 


410 



DG 420 

KF 430 

QJ 440 

MB 450 



BF 


460 


FS 


470 


GK 


480 


QD 


490 



QX 500 

MH 510 
KH 520 



EF 536 



SB 540 
QB 550 



AB 560 



MC 570 



AP 5£ 



SA=49152:P0RL=1T02 
OPEN8,8,8,Fl$+",S,R";SY 
S SA:SA=49194:CLOSE8:NE 
XT: REM READ & CONVERT 
OPEN8,8,8,F2$+",S,W":SY 
S49285:CL0SE8:REM WRITE 

TO DISK 
RETURN 

REM PRINT FILE 
PS=1:GOSUB1000: PS=0:NP= 


PRINTTAB (7) "{2 DOWN} 
[RVS}{RED}'#*######lt##S 
##,1##»#ft#liJ%" 
PRINTTAB(7)"(RVS}M0FF} 

{GRN}PRIHT {RVS){BLK}R 
(0FF}IGHT/{RVS}S{0FF) ID 
E {GRbl}FILE fRVS}{RED} 
(BLK} " 

PRINTTAB (7) "{RVS} {RED} ' 
$SSS53.?5SSSSSS3SSSS$$SS 
{BLK} " 

PRINTTABO) "{RVS} {BLK} 
{23 SPACES)" 
POKE 21 4, 10: PRINT "(DOWN} 
(2 SPACES) (RVS) {BLU}F 
{0FF}ILE TO BE PRINTED? 

(GRN)R/S."MID5(BFS,5,2 

4); 

LN = 12:GOSUB760:ItJS="R/S 

."+lN5:F15=lN9:lFei$="R 

/S."THENRETURN 

DE = 63:GOSUB830: IFEN0 63 

THEN450 

DE=0:GOSUB340:IFEN>19TH 

EW450 

P0KE214, 13: PRINT" (DOWN} 

(2 SPACES}{R7S} {BLU}E 

{OFF}PS0N OR {RVS}C 

{0FF}OMM0D0RE ? [{GRN}E 

/C{BLU) 1 {GRN} "; 

IN = 1 : LN = 1 : GOSUB760 : MOS = 

IN$:POKE49499,l 

ifin5=""thenreturn 
ifh09="e"thenfrint" 
{down] {2 s paces h rvs) 
{blu}n{off}ormal or 

{RVS}H{0FF}1 {RVS}D 

{OFF)ENSITV ? ({GRN}N/H 

{BLU}](GRN} "; 

IFH05="E"THENGOSUB7 6g:D 
ES=INS:IFDE$="H"THENPOK 
E49499,2 

IFINS=""THENRETURN 
OPEN 15, 4, 15: CLOSE 15: ON - 

(ST=0)GOTO590:IFNP=1THE 
NRETORH 
OPEN 15, 4, 15:CLOSE15:ON- 

(ST=0)GOTO5 90:IFNP=1THE 

NHETURN 

POKE214, 16: PRINT" (DOWN} 

(2 SPACES) {RVS}{RED)C 

{OFF)ONNECT PRINTER THE 

N PRESS A KEY":GOSUB963 

:NP«1 

POKE 1 9 B,0: WAIT 19 8,1: GET 
Q$: GOTO 5 50 



BK 590 



QG 
BB 



690 
610 



DS 


620 


AX 


630 


AK 


643 


XG 


653 



JQ 660 



XC 670 



JA 
SP 
RS 



680 
590 
700 



PA 710 



PK 720 



GP 730 



CM 740 



RM 
FX 

QM 



750 
760 
770 



DK 780 



CC 790 



JK 


800 


G3 


810 


KP 


820 


BS 


830 


AD 


840 


EM 


850 


HM 


860 


BR 


870 



POKE 214, 17: PRI>JT" {DOWN) 
[2 SPACES) (RVS5 (PUR3p 

{off}ress any key to be 
gin printing ":gosub930 
poke19b,0:wait198,1 
poke214,19:print"(down] 
{pur}(2 spacesks q> pr 
ess (rvs} {red} space 
{right] bar (off1 TporIto 

ABORT {5 QHHOME)" 
QPBN4,4,7+( (H0$="E")*3) 
IFM05="E"THENPRINT#4,CH 
R$(27)CHRS(64)CHR.?(27)C 
HR5 (65)CHRS (8) : GOTO 650 
PRINT#4,CHR$(8) ;REM GRA 
PHICS MODE 

OPEN 8,8,8,F15+",S,R":I 
FH05="C"THEHSYS49 356:CL 
OSE8:CLOSE4: GOTO 670 
SYS49S01:CLOSE8:OPEN4,4 
,7: PRINT#4,CHR$(27)CHR 
$ (64) ;CL0SE4:RETURH 
OPEN 4,4,7:PRINT#4,CHR$ 
(15) :CLOS£ 4 
RETURN 

REM DIRECTORY 
PRINT"{CLR} {RVS} fGRN}D 
(OFF) IRECTORY{BLU}" 
SYS57ai2"$",8:POKE43,l: 
POKE44,48:POKE768,174:P 
OKE769,167 :SYS47003,1 
POKE782,48:SYS65493:SYS 
4 2 291:LIST:POKE44,8:POK 
E768,139:POKE769,227 
PRINTlPRINT" {RVS){GRN) 

PRESS ANY KEY TO RETUR 
N {HOME}" 

POKE 198,0: WAIT 198,1: RET 
URN 

REM INPUT 

CP=0:INS="":GOSUfl930 
POKE204,0:POKE19 8,0:WAI 
T198,1:GETQ$ 
IFQ9=CHRS(20) ANDCP>OTHE 
NCP=CP-1:INS=LEFT$(IN$, 
CP) :PRINTQS; 
IFQ$=>" "ANDQ$<="Z"ANDC 
P<LNTHENCP=CP+1: IN$=INS 
+Q$:PRINTQ$; 
POKE212,0:IFQ$<>CHR$ (13 
)THEN770 

POKE204,1:PRINT"{OFF3 " 
: RETURN 

REM DISK CHECK 
OPEN15,8,15,"R0:"+INS+" 
="+IN$:CLOSE15:GOTOe50 
OPENS, 3, 8, IN5+",S,R":CL 
OSES 

0PEN15, a,15:INPUT#15,EN 
,EM$:CL0SE15 
IFDE»ENOREN<20THBNHETUR 
N 

PRINT" {2 DOWN) 
{2 SPACES}{RVS)'flJD 
{0FF}ISK ERROR; {BLKl"E 
N;EMS:GOSU89 60:POKE198, 



FF 880 FORL=aTO1500:GETQ5:IFQ$ 

=""THENNEXT 
PF 390 PRINT"(UP)"BLS 
HX 900 RETURN 
EM 910 REM SOUNDS 
QR 920 REM BING 
KJ 930 POKEAT,10:POKESR,73;POK 

EWV, 17:PDKEHF, 50: POKE LL 

,0 
HG 940 F0RI=1T0333:NEXT:P0KEWV 

,16: RETURN 
JG 953 REM BUZZ 
QM 960 POKEHF, 5: POKEAT,0: POKES 

R,240:POKEWV,33 
GD 970 FORI =1TO500: NEXT :POKEWV 

,32:RETURN 
GB 980 REM SCREEN 
KD 990 POKE53280,3:POKE53281,1 

:POKE53272, (PEEK(53272) 

AND240)OR10 
BA 1000 PRINT"{CYN} {CLR}{I3>{T} 
{IHTHU{THIHT>{I} 
{TJ{I}<T>{IHT>{IHT> 
<I><T}(I}{T}<IHTKI> 
{T>{I}{T3-{I>{TKIJ<T} 
{I}{T}n}{T}<I><T}{I} 

{THIHT}"; 

PS 1010 PRINT"-C83' 

II 

CR 1320 POKE214,22:PRINT" 
{DOWN}<C3H40 @}"; 

DF 1030 PRINT" {CYN} 

{SHIFT-SPACE){K> 
{SHIFT-SPACE}{K} 
{SHIFT-SPACEKK} 

{shift-spaceHk} 
{shift-space)<k} 
{shift~spaceHk> 
{shift -space){k> 

{SHIFT -SPACEHk} 

{shift-spaceHk} 
{shift-spaceHk} 
{shift-spaceHk} 
{shift-spaceHk> 
{shift-space}{k} 
{shift-spaceHk} 
(shift-spaceHk} 

{SHIFT-SPACEHK} 

{shift-spaceHk} 
{shift-space}<k} 
{shift-spaceHk} 
{shift-space} {home}":p 

OKE2023,97 
EG 1040 IFPSTHENRETURN 
JD 1350 PRINTTAB (5) "{BLK)ABCDE 

{2 SPACES }{ 3} {M} 

il4 £>£ (OFF) £RVS) 

{BLK} ABCDE " 
EA 1060 PRINTTAB [5) "FGHIJ 

{2 SPACES) {RED){GJ 

{14 spacesK+Hrvs! 

{elk} {OFF} {RVS) FGHIJ 
II 

SA 1370 PRINTTAB (5) "KLMNO 
{2 SPACES}{3}{G> 
{2 SPACES) {RVS) {BLK}R 



{0FF)IGHT/{RVS)S{0FF)I 
DE{2 SPACES) {RED){+} 
{RVS}{BLK) tOFF) (RVS) 
KLMNO " 

MK 1080 PRINTTAB(5) "PQRST 
{2 SPACES)i3>{G> 
{14 SPACES }{REDH + }- 
{RVS){BLK) {OFF} {RVS} 
PQRST " 

QX 1090 PRINTTAB (5) "UVWXY 
{2 SPACES} {RED) {N> 
{14 Q}fD>{RVS){BLK) 
{OFF} {RVS)UVWXY" 

XJ 1100 PRINTTAB(5) "{2 SPACES} 
Z{5 SPACES) {RVS} 
{16 SPACES) {OFF) 
{3 SPACES) {RVS) Z" 

FJ 1110 PRINTTAB (7) "{DOWN} 
{BLU}F 1{2 SPACES} 
{RVS} {GRN)C{OFF}REATE 
{SPACE} {RVS) {BLK)R 
{OFF)lGHT/(RVS}S{OFF) I 
DE {GRN)FILE" 

JF 1120 PRINTTAB (7) "{2 DOWN) 
{BLU)F 2{2 SPACES} 
{RVS) {GRH} LOAD (OFF) 
{2 SPACES} {RVS} (BLK)C 
{0FF)HARACTER SET{GRN) 

II 

SS 1130 PRINTTAB (7) "(2 DOWN) 
{BLU)F 3C2 SPACES) 
{RVsi {GRN)P{OFF)RINT 
[RVS) {BLK}R{OFF)IGHT/ 
{RVS}S{0FFTiDE {GRN)FI 
LE" 

CD 1140 PRINTTAB(7) "!2 DOWN) 
{BLU)F S{2 SPACES) 
(RVS) {GRN)D{OFF)ISK DI 
RECTORY" 

AX 1150 PRINTTAB (7) "{2 DOWN) 
(BLU)F 7{2 SPACES} 

{rvs)Tgrn}q{off)uit PR 

OGRAM" 
GD 1160 F0RL=1T05:P0KE214,4+L* 
3: PRINTTAB (6) "(DOWN) 

{5>{z3>i3 s>{p>{5 left) 
{downHa>{3 RIGHT}{EJ 

{5 LEFT) {D0WN}{R>{3 W} 
■CH>{H0ME}":NEXT 
AP 1173 RETURN 
ES 1180 PS=1:GOSUB1000:PS=0 
DP 1190 PRINTTAB (7) "{2 DOWN) 

{RVS){RED}'it#*######## 

MB 1200 PRINTTAB (7) "{RVS}' 
{off) (GRN) LOAp 
{3 SPACES) {RVS} [BLK)C 
{OFF)HARACTER SET{GRN} 
{3 SPACES) [RVSTlRED) 
{BLK) " 

BM 1210 PRINTTAB(7) "(RVS) {RED} 

'$S$S$SSSS5S$SSS$$$5$$ 

$$${BLK} " 
SH 1220 PRIHTTAB(9) "{RVS){BLK} 

{24 SPACES}" 
KR 1230 POKE214,10:PRINT" 

{DOWN} {RVS} {BLU}C{OFF} 

DECEMBER 1993 COMPUTE G-33 



PROGRAMS 





HARACTEF 


SET ■ 


CO 


.OAD? 


C0D3: 


E4 


FF 


AA 


20 


B7 


FF 


D0 




(GRN} 


"BF5, 


:LK=16:G0SU 


C0E9: 


8A 


09 


0D 


F0 


00 


A4 


FB 




B7G0 














C9E8: 


30 


30 


E6 


FB 


03 


E9 


A9 


QX 1240 


IFIN5 


_ 111 


THENRETURN 




C0F0: 


85 


02 


A0 


00 


88 


00 


FD 


XX 1250 


IN$=LEFT$ (IN$ 


,16 


:GOSU 


C0F8: 


CC 


FF 


38 


D0 


FD 


A2 


04 




B850: 


IFENM9THEN1230 


cioe: 


09 


FF 


A9 


00 


85 


FC 


A2 


EH 12S0 


POKE780, 


0:POKE781,8 


:P0 


0108: 


A4 


FC 


B9 


00 


30 


85 


FD 




KE782 


,0: 


SYS65466 






C110: 


00 


85 


F7 


A9 


28 


85 


F8 


FE 1270 


FORL= 


1T0LEN(IN$) 


POKES 


0118: 


A5 


F7 


65 


FO 


85 


F7 


A5 




49 + L, 


ASC(MID$(IUS,L 


,1) 


C120-: 


69 


00 


85 


F8 


CA 


00 


F0 




) : 


MRVT 












0128: 


00 


Bl 


F7 


30 


03 


18 


69 


3P 1280 


POKE780, 


LEK(INS) 


POKE 7 


C130: 


20 


02 


FF 


08 


00 


08 


D3 




81 


.850AND255: 


=OKE782.8 


0138; 


E6 


FO 


A5 


FC 


05 


FB 


D9 




50/256:S'.'S65469 






C140- 


A9 


3D 


20 


02 


FF 


20 


CC 


AK 1290 


POKE780, 
KE782,40 


0:POKE7S1,0:PO 
:SYS65493:SYS4 


C148- 

cisa 

0158 


A5 

F3 
IB 


02 
33 

4B 


D0 
40 
40 


09 
CC 
02 


A5 
00 
03 


05 

40 
A9 


C9 

77 

00 




9677: - 


RETURN 








C163 


FB 


35 


02 


A2 


08 


20 


C6 


GB 1300 


REM INITIALIZE 






0168 


20 


E4 


FF 


A A 


20 


B7 


FF 


KE 1310 


IFB=0THENB> 


=l:DIMK(i68) 


C170 


0E 


8A 


09 


0D 


F0 


0D 


A4 


PP 1320 


IFPEEK (1024 3) +PEEK (4 91 


C178 


99 


00 


30 


S6 


FB 


00 


E9 




52)=222THEN1393 






0130 


02 


85 


02 


A0 


00 


88 


D0 


HF 1330 


IFA=0THENA= 


= 1:L0AD'"RIGH 


0183 


20 


CC 


FF 


88 


D0 


FD 


A2 




T/SIDE.ML" 


8,1 






0190 


20 


09 


FF 


A9 


00 


8 5 


FC 


BA 1340 


PRINT 


"{CLR1C2 


DOWN] SET 


0198 


03 


A4 


FO 


B9 


00 


30 


85 




TING 


UP. 


« ■ ■ 


II 








O1A0 


A9 


00 


85 


F7 


A9 


28 


85 


KM 1353 


POKE55334,0:POKE1,51 


01A8 


18 


A5 


F7 


65 


FD 


85 


F7 


XX 1363 


POKE781, 


9:POKE782,l 


:P0 


O1B0 


FS 


69 


00 


85 


F3 


CA 


DO 




KE88, 


0: POKE 8 9 


48 


POKE 9 


01B8 


A0 


00 


Bl 


F7 


AA 


BD 


3C 




0, 


0:POKE91, 


224 






C1C0 


48 


AD 


58 


01 


20 


02 


FF 


BR 1373 


SYS41964 


:POKEl,55:POKE 


C1C8 


5B 


01 


BD 


53 


01 


29 


02 




56334 


,1 












C1D0 


AD 


5B 


CI 


20 


D2 


FF 


A9 


DB 1380 


SYS 49677 










C1D8 


23 


D2 


FF 


68 


AE 


5B 


01 


CJ 1390 


LF 


=54272 


:HF=54273:KV=5 


C1E0 


F0 


03 


20 


02 


FF 


20 


D2 




4276: 


AT = 


54277 


SR = 


=54278 


C1E3 


:C8 


00 


08 


DO 


CD 


d:6 


FC 




:VL=54296:POKEVL 


15 




CIFO 


FC 


05 


FB 


00 


A2 


A9 


00 


FR 1400 


B,i.S=" 


(38 


SPACESl ' 


I 




C1F8 


02 


FF 


20 


00 


FF 


A5 


2 


BQ 1410 


BFS="{16 SPACES) 
M ^ r rPT ^ " 






C200 
C208 


99 
5D 


A5 

01 


C5 

40 


09 
77 


30 
00 


F0 
A2 


03 
00 


AJ 1420 


L X D LiCi J: L 

RETURN 


J 










0210 
C218 


00 
D0 


2A 

F5 


90 
BD 


00 
30 


2E 
20 


E8 
90 


E0 
00 


RIGHT/SIDE.ML 














O220 
C22a 


E8 
90 


E0 
00 


00 
20 


D3 

EB 


F5 
E0 


BO 
00 


E4 
DO 


C000:A2 


00 


A0 


00 


84 


FC 


A2 


08 


4C 


C230 


BD 


3C 


C3 


9D 


00 


28 


E8 


C00a:20 


C6 


FF 


20 


B7 


FF 


D0 


67 


14 


0238 


A7 


D0 


F5 


60 


00 


33 


40 


C019:C8 


20 


CF 


FF 


C9 


0D 


D0 


0A 


26 


0240 


23 


Aa 


60 


E0 


10 


90 


50 


C013:C4 


EC 


90 


02 


34 


FC 


A0 


00 


C6 


0248 


30 


B0 


70 


FO 


08 


8B 


48 


C020:A2 


00 


20 


El 


FF 


D0 


E4 


4C 


6E 


0250 


28 


AS 


68 


E8 


18 


98 


58 


C023:77 


C0 


A2 


08 


20 


C6 


FF 


A9 


30 


C253 


38 


B8 


73 


FB 


04 


34 


44 


C030:OO 


85 


F7 


A9 


30 


85 


F8 


A2 


D8 


C260 


24 


A4 


64 


E4 


14 


94 


54 


0038:03 


A0 


00 


84 


FD 


20 


B7 


FF 


0A 


C26B 


34 


B4 


74 


F4 


0C 


8C 


4C 


C040:D0 


35 


E8 


20 


CF 


FF 


09 


0D 


B5 


C270 


2C 


AC 


6C 


EC 


IC 


9C 


5C 


CO48:D0 


lA 


E4 


FC 


F0 


09 


A9 


20 


44 


C278 


30 


BO 


70 


FC 


32 


82 


42 


C350:23 


6F 


C0 


E8 


4C 


4A 


C0 


A2 


14 


C280 


22 


A2 


62 


E2 


12 


92 


52 


C058:30 


E6 


FD 


A5 


FD 


C9 


50 


90 


F5 


C288 


■32 


B2 


72 


F2 


0A 


8A 


4A 


C36a:DC 


4C 


77 


C0 


20 


6F 


C0 


20 


BE 


0290 


2A 


AA 


6A 


EA 


lA 


9A 


5A 


C068:E1 


FF 


D0 


Dl 


4C 


77 


C0 


91 


65 


0298 


3A 


BA 


7A 


FA 


06 


86 


46 


CQ70:F7 


C8 


D0 


02 


E6 


F8 


60 


23 


56 


C2A3 


25 


A6 


66 


E6 


16 


96 


56 


C0 78:CC 


FF 


A9 


08 


20 


C3 


FF 


A9 


CF 


C2A8 


36 


B6 


76 


F6 


0E 


8E 


4e 


CB8O:04 


20 


C3 


FF 


60 


A2 


03 


20 


42 


C2B3 


2E 


AE 


6E 


EE 


IE 


9E 


5E 


C088:C9 


FF 


20 


87 


FF 


D3 


E8 


06 


4A 


C2B8 


3E 


BE 


7E 


FE 


01 


81 


41 


C0 90:FC 


A5 


FC 


85 


FE 


18 


A9 


FF 


90 


C2C0 


21 


Al 


61 


El 


11 


91 


51 


C393:65 


FC 


85 


F7 


A9 


2F 


69 


00 


19 


C2C8 


31 


81 


71 


Fl 


09 


89 


49 


C0A0:35 


F3 


A6 


FD 


A0 


00 


Bl 


F7 


38 


C2D3 


29 


A9 


69 


E9 


19 


99 


59 


C3A3:20 


D2 


FF 


18 


A5 


F7 


65 


FE 


47 


C2D8 


39 


B9 


79 


F9 


05 


85 


45 


C0Bai85 


F7 


A5 


F8 


69 


00 


85 


F8 


86 


C2E3 


25 


A5 


65 


ES 


15 


95 


55 


C0B8:CA 


D0 


EB 


A9 


3D 


20 


D2 


FF 


7A 


C2F.B 


35 


B5 


75 


FS 


00 


8D 


4D 


C0C0:C6 


FC 


F0 


B3 


20 


El 


FF 


D0 


97 


C2F0 


20 


AD 


60 


ED 


ID 


9D 


50 


C0C8:CC 


4C 


77 


03 


A9 


00 


85 


FB 


13 


C2F8 


30 


BO 


7D 


FD 


03 


83 


43 


C0D0:85 


02 


A2 


08 


20 


C6 


FF 


20 


A6 


C300 


23 


A3 


63 


E3 


13 


93 


53 



0E 


91 


99 


57 


32 


96 


20 


6D 


20 


Al 


03 


0B 


A9 


91 


18 


EF 


F8 


49 


A0 


B4 


80 


E5 


Fl 


BE 


06 


79 


FF 


27 


30 


DD 


03 


4A 


85 


12 


FF 


FB 


00 


90 


FB 


A8 


A9 


00 


FD 


72 


04 


9F 


A2 


E3 


FD 


4E 


F8 


IB 


AS 


92 


F3 


E8 


02 


09 


AE 


F5 


FF 


DB 


30 


26 


CA 


D8 


FF 


F4 


A5 


38 


20 


E6 


00 


22 


40 


00 


BD 


FB 


00 


AA 


2A 


ID 


C3 


93 


F5 


4F 


E0 


55 


CO 


OD 


00 


40 


C8 


EA 


D8 


50 


4 


46 


D4 


6C 


CC 


0B 


DC 


7C 


02 


00 


D2 


8C 


CA 


2B 


DA 


9C 


C6 


86 


D6 


AC 


CE 


4B 


DE 


BO 


CI 


IF 


01 


00 


C9 


6B 


D9 


DC 


05 


06 


05 


EC 


CO 


3B 


OD 


FC 


C3 


30 


03 


OE 



0308 
C313 
0313 
0323 
0328 
C330 
C338 
C340 
0348 
0350 
C358 
0363 
0363 
C370 
0373 
0380 
C383 
0390 
0398 
O3A0 
C3A8 
C3B0 
C3B3 
C3C0 
C3C8 
O3D0 
C308 
C3E0 
C3E8 
O3F0 
03F8 
0400 
0408 
0410 
0418 
0423 
0428 
04 30 
0433 
C440 
C443 
0453 
4 58 
0460 
4 68 
0470 
0478 
0480 
0488 
0490 
C498 
C4A0 
04A8 
C4a0 
C4B8 
C4C0 
C4C8 
C4D0 
C4D8 
04Ea 



:33 B3 

:2B AB 

: 3B BB 

:27 A7 

: 37 B7 

:2F AF 

: 3F BF 

:03 33 

:C0 00 

:07 07 

:E0 E9 

:7E 00 

:AA AA 

:55 55 

:AF A8 

:FF 03 

:F5 15 

:A0 BF 

:30 FF 

:05 FD 

: 18 14 

: 00 00 

: 18 38 

:12 12 

:78 78 

:0F 00 

:FF 00 

;F0 00 

:FF FF 

:F0 F0 

:FF FF 

;00 00 

:33 33 

:C0 C3 

:CC CC 

:03 03 

:CC CC 

:C0 99 

:03 03 

:1F 18 
:0F 0F 
: IF 00 

:F8 18 

:O0 03 
:1F 18 

:FF 00 00 

:FF 18 18 

:F8 18 18 

:C0 C0 

:E0 E0 

: 07 07 07 3 

:00 30 

:00 00 

: 00 FF 

:78 70 

:F0 FO 

:00 00 

:F8 00 

: 00 00 

:0F 0F 



73 F3 OB 
6B EB IB 
7B FB 07 
67 E7 17 

77 F7 0F 
6F EF IF 
7F FF 03 
00 00 00 
00 00 00 
07 03 00 
E0 C0 30 
00 00 AA 
AA AA 5 5 
55 55 FF 
AB AA FF 
FF 00 FF 
05 55 AA 
80 FF 00 
39 FF 55 
31 FF 00 
13 13 00 
FF 00 00 
F8 F8 12 
12 12 78 

78 73 13 
00 00 00 
30 03 FB 
00 00 FF 
FF FF F3 
FO F0 00 
FF FF FF 
00 00 90 
00 FF C0 
C0 CO 00 
33 33 03 
03 03 00 
33 33 CC 
33 66 93 
03 03 13 
18 IB 00 
OF 0F 13 
09 00 00 
18 18 00 
FF FF 00 
IB 18 18 
00 00 90 

18 18 
18 CO 
C0 C0 E9 
E0 E0 07 
7 FF 
00 00 FF 
90 00 00 
FF FF 01 
60 00 00 
FO FO 0F 
00 00 18 
00 00 F0 
03 30 FO 
0F 0F 00 



8B 4B 
9B 5B 
37 47 
97 57 
3F 4F 
9F 5F 
07 07 
E0 E0 
00 00 
00 00 

00 00 
AA AA 
55 55 
3 3 BF 
03 FF 

01 FD 
AB A8 
FF 03 
D5 15 
00 09 
00 00 
00 00 

12 12 
78 73 

13 17 
FF FF 
B8 D8 
FF FF 
F3 F0 
00 00 
00 00 
00 00 
C0 C0 
CC 33 



OB AC 

DB IE 
C7 08 
D7 2E 
OF 00 
DF 3E 
07 88 
E0 75 
03 33 
03 EE 
00 B0 
AA 27 
55 EF 
A0 lA 
93 22 
05 00 
AF 65 
FF 68 
F5 42 
0F 59 
FF D4 
F3 29 
12 18 
78 48 
IF 73 
FF DF 
F8 B5 
FF Ea 

FO 8E 

00 5A 

00 30 

00 89 

03 DC 

33 81 



93 33 33 02 
03 30 30 70 



99 33 



03 

13 



00 00 

13 18 

00 00 
00 00 
00 00 
18 IB 
00 90 
18 18 
00 09 
E0 E3 
07 07 
FF 00 
FF FF 
30 30 
03 06 
30 00 
OF 9F 
18 18 
FO F3 
F0 FO 
00 CO 



66 7E 
93 80 
IF 05 
90 E3 
IF 60 
F8 62 
00 ES 
IF 09 
FF 5D 
FF F9 
F8 D6 
03 50 
E3 F3 
37 56 
90 B8 
00 2A 
30 32 
6C C6 
00 A6 
0F 0E 
F8 90 
FO F4 
F0 80 
FF 0A 



G-34 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



Edward A. Gase of Fairfield. Ohio, Is 
an earth science teacher and presi- 
dent of the Cincinnati Commodore Com- 
puter Club. He Is married and has four 
children between the ages of 4 and 
20. l-ie uses R/S II to design keyboard 
overlays similar to Leroy's Cheatsheets. 



JIGSAW 128 



By Emil Heyrovsky 

Jigsaw 128 is a 50-piece jigsaw puzzle 
game for the 128 in 40-column mode. 
With it you can scramble and reassemble 
any Koala- or Doodle-format picture, Un- 
like the traditional game, Jigsaw 128 us- 
es nice rectangular pieces. 

Typing It In 

Jigsaw 128 is written entirely in ma- 
chine language but loads and runs like 
a BASIC program, To enter it, use the 
128 version of fvlLX, See "Typing 
Aids" elsewhere in this section it you 
need a copy of this program. When 
MLX prompts, respond with the follow- 
ing values. 

Starting address: 1C01 
Ending address: 2D08 

Be sure to save a copy of the program 
before exiting MLX. 

Ploying the Pieces 

To start the game, load it using the 
DLOAD command and type RUN. A 
menu screen will appear and you'll be 
asked to insert a disk. This means a 
disk that contains pictures saved In Doo- 
dle or Koala format. (These files have 
DD or a reverse space and PIC at the 
beginning of their filenames.) If any pic- 
tures are found, a list of their names 
will be displayed. 

You can cycle through the list using 
the cursor keys. If you want to load an- 
other picture disk, press D, and you'll 
be asked to insert a disk. The Stop key 
gets you back to the current list. Press 
Q to quit the program. 

Once you've selected the picture 
you want, press Return to load it, A Doo- 
dle graphic will load almost instantly. It 
takes about 24 seconds, however, to 
set up a Koala picture. The screen will 
be blank during this time. 

Once the picture loads, you'll have 
a couple of seconds to look at it, and 
then the screen will scramble. If you 
need another took at the unscrambled 
picture, press the 12B's Help key. 

The object of Jigsaw 128 is to move 
rectangular portions of the scrambled 
picture about the screen to reconstruct 
the original image. To move your rec- 
tangular cursor to the desired piece. 



use the J, I, K, and L keys to move 
left, up, down, and right, respectively. 
To exchange two pieces, mark the 
first one with the space bar. Move the 
cursor to the desired location and 
press the space bar again. If you 
change your mind about the marked 
block, cancel your selection by press- 
ing the left-arrow key (the one at the 
top left corner of your keyboard). 

When you think you have all the piec- 
es in their correct location, press C, 
You'll hear an unpleasant sound if 
you're wrong or a slightly more pleas- 
ant one if your image is correct. If the 
sound is the better of the two, the cur- 
sor frame will disappear. Then, press 
any key, and you'll have the choice of 
using the same picture again or trying 
another. 

While playing the game, press Stop 
to return to the text screen and the pic- 
ture list. You'll be asked to confirm: this 
choice. All of these commands are list- 
ed on the main screen. 

A Few Notes 

In a multicolor (Koala) picture, two ar- 
eas may appear identical, but the 
bytes that represent them may differ. 
TInis fact is important if you want to com- 
pare the appearance of the active 
screen v/ith the one in memory The rou- 
tine that standardizes the pictures 
causes the 24-second delay when set- 
ting up a Koala picture. With the Doo- 
dle or high-resoiution files, this routine 
is much simpler, and the delay Is hard- 
ly noticeable. 

It is sometimes difficult to complete 
a picture with many intricate or blank 
areas. It sometimes helps to look for 
"dust" or single dots in an area. If you 
get stuck, just press the Stop key at 
any time and load another graphic. 

If you select Q to quit from the text 
screen, the function key definitions will 
be restored, but you'll have to load the 
program to play again. 

Finally, I would like to thank my broth- 
er Albert for writing the Koala help rou- 
tine and for his advice. 



JIGSAW 128 

lC01:aF IC 0A 
1C09:31 30 38 



00 OE 9C 3A 9E 85 

37 30 00 00 03 El 

1C11:A9 20 85 FB A9 IC 85 FD 5D 

1C19:A0 00 84 FA 84 FC A0 00 3B 

1C21:B1 FC 29 3F 85 FE Bl FC 10 

1C29:4A 4A 4A 4A 85 FF Bl FA 91 



1C31; 

1C39: 

1C41 

1049! 

1C51 

1C59; 

1C61: 

1C69; 

1C71: 

1C79; 

1081 

1C89 

1C91; 

1099: 

ICAl 

1CA9 1 

ICBl 

1CB9; 

ICCl; 

1CC9; 

ICDl 

1CD9I 

ICEl; 

ICE 9; 

ICPl; 

1CF9; 

1D31; 

1D39; 

iDlll 

1D19: 

1D21; 

1D29: 

1D31; 

1D39; 

1D41: 

1D49; 

1D51; 

1D59: 

1D61; 

1D69: 

1D71: 

1D79; 

1D31; 

1D89; 

1D91: 

1D99; 

IDAI: 

1DA9; 

IDBl: 

1DB9: 

IDCl; 

1DC9; 

IDDI; 

1DD9; 

IDEI; 

lDE9i 

IDFl; 

1DF9; 

lEOl; 

IE 09; 

lEll; 

1E19; 

1E21; 

1E29 

1E31 

1E39 

1E41 

IE 4 9 

1E51 

1E59 



C9 FF 
F5 A0 
0A 05 

08 00 

9 CO 

08 00 
OA 0A 
38 B0 
FF 9 
FA 4 9 
D0 F5 

05 FF 

03 98 
F9 A5 
90 02 
E6 FD 
A5 FC 
B3 08 

58 8B 
68 0B 

06 A8 
8D 34 
D4 60 
D4 C8 
8D 13 
00 8D 

20 A7 

02 A2 
20- 08 
30 90 

28 B0 

09 58 
A9 00 

21 D0 

4 4 0B 
84 A2 
20 8 A 
2F IB 
A5 04 
80 20 
84 DS 
45 52 
13 03 
4F 41 
44 4F 
4 9 40 
20 28 

49 54 

50 49 

29 53 
20 41 

59 2F 
9D 8D 
0A 4C 
34 28 
25 68 

3 3 0E 

30 0B 
D4 09 
F6 A0 
D4 F0 
IE 20 
00 AD 
00 A2 

04 00 
8 5 03 
03 68 
3 A0 
30 08 
00 8C 



00 IE 
00 A5 
FF 91 
08 D0 
A0 00 

08 D0 
0A 0A 
2E A0 
04 F0 
FF 91 
A5 FE 
A0 00 
91 FA 
FA 18 
E6 FB 
A5 FD 

09 E8 
8D BB 
9 9 08 
9 9 00 
E8 03 
D4 8D 
38 A3 
C0 18 
D4 28 

15 DO 
03 A9 
00 20 

08 85 
FA fl9 
03 40 
F0 FA 
85 08 
20 0A 
99 79 
A5 A2 
0B C9 
A9 72 

09 10 
00 8D 
40 28 
54 20 
17 26 
40 41 
4F 44 
45 53 
59 2F 
20 54 
43 20 
48 55 
47 41 
4E 29 
00 FF 

16 19 
84 01 
09 F7 
06 06 
OB OC 
58 F0 
00 34 
FO 60 
A7 16 
11 00 
00 B5 
F8 20 
A9 FO 
95 A7 
28 20 
A2 02 
00 FF 



08 00 

FF 0A 
FC 98 
F9 38 
Bl FA 
F7 A8 
05 FE 
00 AS 
10 00 
FA 08 
0A 0A 
91 FC 

08 00 
69 38 
E6 FC 

09 IF 
93 9A 
33 A3 
D4 E8 
D4 93 
15 90 
0B D4 
33 93 
D3 F8 
03 90 
A9 3 5 
00 28 
A7 38 
A2 A5 

10 20 
80 lA 
A9 7 3 
80 20 
19 A0 
07 88 
C9 16 

19 F0 
85 01 
F0 0A 
21 00 
lA 49 
44 49 
4E 4F 

20 4F 
40 45 
51 55 
4E 29 

48 49 

28 59 
46 46 

49 4E 
03 A9 
A9 00 
00 28 
12 31 
09 El 
0E 03 
8F 01 
FA 09 
00 94 
00 A2 
A9 FD 

29 EF 
A7 48 
00 00 
80 30 
CA 10 
A7 16 
A0 2D 
B9 80 



03 00 74 

0A 0A 35 

91 FA 41 

B0 49 7F 

00 13 47 

A5 FE E0 

91 FC 47 

FE 05 14 

22 Bl 77 
00 33 IF 
0A 0A DA 
3 8 B3 F9 
08 D0 FF 
85 FA BA 
D3 32 OE 
93 A0 F5 
63 80 01 
00 BO BB 
08 BD BO 
18 69 CE 
E8 60 70 
8D 12 26 
99 00 3D 
A9 0F 25 
05 A9 4A 
A2 00 EB 
38 B0 32 
A9 11 32 
A2 09 hi 
C8 09 24 
A5 04 B5 
85 01 53 
D0 8D 9A 
12 B9 06 
10 F7 90 

00 FA 90 
03 40 IB 
A0 20 OF 
A5 08 5E 
A0 A0 93 
4E 53 16 
53 4B B0 
20 4B 86 

52 20 50 
20 46 ED 
49 54 30 
51 55 23 

53 20 15 
2F 4E 24 
40 45 E4 

23 28 45 
3E 35 21 
8D 34 AD 
84 28 52 
10 A2 46 

08 31 52 

01 3F DF 
03 A5 47 
3F F0 A2 
Dl 05 33 

02 A0 08 
80 30 53 
8D 11 95 
E3 E0 E2 
A9 AO E8 
DO A2 E4 
FA A-2 75 
60 20 AC 
60 A0 IF 

09 99 34 



DECEMBER 1993 COMPUTE G-35 



PROGRAMS 



1E61 


00 


10 


C8 


C0 


0A 


00 


F5 


A9 


EF 


2091: 


80 


01 


00 


89 


01 


00 


80 


01 


64 


22C1: 


33 


C0 


33 


E0 


33 


09 


39 


23 


70 


1E69 


0D 


8D 


20 


D0 


A9 


SB 


80 


21 


56 


2099: 


00 


80 


01 


00 


33 


01 


03 


33 


A2 


2209: 


39 


40 


39 


69 


39 


80 


39 


AO 


C6 


1E71 


00 


4C 


59 


FA 


00 


A9 


20 


35 


70 


20A1: 


01 


00 


80 


01 


00 


80 


01 


00 


86 


22D1: 


39 


C0 


39 


E0 


39 


00 


3A 


29 


76 


1.E79 


FB 


A9 


D8 


85 


FF 


A9 


IC 


85 


F5 


20A9: 


80 


31 


30 


89 


01 


00 


FF 


FF 


7A 


22D9: 


3A 


24 


3A 


3F 


59 


49 


43 


2A 


D7 


lEai 


FD 


A9 


00 


85 


FA 


35 


FC 


85 


EC 


20B1: 


00 


00 


30 


00 


00 


F8 


IF 


09 


14 


22E1' 


20 


44 


44 


2A 


00 


IC 


09 


60 


49 


1E89 


FE 


85 


A6 


20 


81 


ac 


A5 


B0 


B5 


20B9: 


80 


01 


30 


80 


01 


00 


80 


0i 


8C 


22E9 


94 


00 


08 


00 


64 


04 


00 


83 


07 


1E91 


OA 


aA 


0A 


0A 


05 


Bl 


A0 


00 


67 


23C1: 


30 


00 


00 


00 


00 


00 


00 


00 


02 


22F1 


03 


IC 


04 


00 


ec 


90 


D8 


04 


07 


1E99 


91 


FC 


A5 


B2 


91 


FE 


Bl 


FA 


A4 


20C9: 


30 


00 


00 


30 


00 


00 


00 


00 


OA 


22F9 


00 


60 


90 


IC 


94 


90 


64 


30 


31 


lEAl 


85 


AA 


A9 


04 


85 


AB 


A9 


00 


EE 


2001: 


01 


80 


00 


01 


80 


00 


00 


00 


C6 


2391 


03 


04 


40 


3F 


00 


10 


04 


28 


51 


1EA9 


06 


AA 


2A 


06 


AA 


2A 


AA 


B5 


42 


2009: 


33 


00 


00 


00 


00 


00 


30 


00 


lA 


2309- 


43 


00 


D3 


04 


00 


D8 


00 


8C 


30 


lEBl 


A6 


05 


AA 


85 


AA 


C6 


AB 


00 


C3 


20E1: 


00 


03 


00 


00 


00 


80 


01 


00 


26 


2311 


04 


00 


IC 


00 


88 


04 


00 


20 


51 


1EB9 


ED 


A5 


AA 


91 


FA 


C8 


C0 


03 


49 


20E9: 


30 


01 


00 


30 


01 


00 


FB 


IF 


CB 


2319- 


09 


68 


20 


00 


20 


00 


68 


AO 


EF 


lECl 


D0 


DC 


A5 


FA 


13 


69 


08 


85 


FO 


20F1: 


00 


00 


00 


00 


30 


A 9 


20 


85 


9E 


2321 


00 


IC 


00 


ac 


04 


A9 


90 


85 


A4 


1EC9 


FA 


90 


02 


E5 


FB 


E6 


FC 


00 


9C 


23F9: 


84 


A9 


68 


85 


85 


A2 


20 


38 


83 


2329 


A3 


85 


AA 


A9 


23 


85 


A7 


A9 


3D 


lEDl 


32 


E6 


FD 


E6 


FE 


DO 


32 


E6 


ID 


2101: 


03 


A9 


00 


85 


83 


85 


35 


AO 


E7 


2331 


00 


85 


A9 


AS 


Bl 


A7 


C9 


22 


7A 


1ED9 


FF 


A5 


Al 


29 


01 


AA 


BD 


7C 


F0 


2109: 


00 


Bl 


83 


Dl 


85 


D0 


63 


C3 


44 


2339 


F0 


06 


C8 


C9 


93 


D0 


F5 


60 


46 


lEEl 


0B 


3D 


20 


D0 


A5 


FD 


C9 


IF 


EF 


2111: 


C0 


FA 


D0 


F5 


A5 


83 


18 


69 


CO 


2 341 


C8 


98 


48 


18 


65 


A7 


85 


A7 


19 


1EE9 


90 


Al 


A5 


FC 


C9 


E3 


90 


9B 


OA 


2119: 


FA 


85 


83 


85 


35 


90 


04 


E6 


60 


2349 


90 


02 


E6 


A8 


A9 


09 


Bl 


A7 


CF 


lEFl 


A5 


C8 


80 


20 


D0 


60 


A2 


00 


34 


2121: 


34 


E6 


36 


CA 


DO 


El 


28 


90 


CB 


2351 


C9 


22 


F0 


09 


91 


A9 


C8 


C0 


39 


1EF9 


8A 


95 


A7 


E8 


EO 


05 


DO 


F9 


IB 


2129: 


00 


A9 


IC 


85 


84 


A9 


88 


85 


99 


2359 


10 


D0 


F3 


F0 


09 


A9 


A0 


91 


2B 


1F01 


AS 


A9 


01 


35 


83 


A2 


05 


Bl 


D8 


2131: 


86 


A2 


04 


18 


90 


CA 


A9 


10 


80 


2361 


A9 


C8 


C0 


10 


00 


F9 


68 


85 


3C 


1F09 


FA 


85 


B6 


CA 


Fa 


32 


A9 


00 


4D 


2139: 


C5 


C4 


B3 


38 


A9 


D8 


85 


84 


69 


2369 


AB 


A9 


20 


33 


E5 


AB 


18 


65 


EA 


IPll 


06 


B6 


2A 


06 


B6 


2A 


C9 


00 


97 


2141: 


A9 


3C 


85 


36 


A9 


30 


85 


83 


70 


2371 


A7 


85 


A7 


90 


02 


E6 


AS 


A5 


8D 


1F19 


F0 


Fl 


C5 


Aft 


FO 


ED 


05 


AB 


26 


2149: 


85 


85 


A2 


04 


A0 


00 


Bl 


83 


30 


2379 


A9 


18 


69 


10 


85 


A9 


90 


02 


BE 


1F21 


F0 


E9 


86 


B5 


AA 


A5 


AA 


F3 


B3 


2151: 


29 


0F 


51 


85 


29 


0F 


D0 


IB 


B0 


2381 


E6 


AA 


A0 


00 


FO 


AE 


A9 


04 


93 


1F29 


04 


86 


AB 


D0 


02 


86 


AA 


A5 


B2 


2159: 


C8 


CO 


FA 


00 


Fl 


A5 


33 


18 


El 


2389 


85 


FB 


A9 


37 


85 


FA 


A5 


A7 


4D 


1F31 


83 


95 


A6 


18 


69 


01 


C9 


04 


D3 


2161: 


69 


FA 


85 


83 


35 


85 


90 


04 


67 


2391 


48 


A5 


A3 


43 


A2 


30 


AO 


OF 


64 


1F39 


A6 


B5 


B0 


39 


85 


83 


93 


CB 


06 


2169: 


E6 


84 


E6 


86 


CA 


DO 


DO 


38 


13 


2399 


Bl 


A7 


84 


AB 


20 


AB 


13 


A4 


68 


1F41 


C8 


C0 


08 


90 


C2 


A0 


00 


Bl 


68 


2171 


33 


02 


28 


18 


60 


A9 


40 


85 


C2 


23A1 


AB 


91 


FA 


S3 


10 


F2 


A5 


FA 


90 


1F49 


FC 


48 


29 


OF 


85 


B5 


68 


4A 


4C 


2179 


FA 


20 


65 


13 


A2 


04 


A0 


00 


85 


23A9 


18 


69 


23 


85 


FA 


90 


02 


E6 


B8 


1F51 


4A 


4A 


4A 


85 


B4 


Bl 


FE 


29 


7C 


2181 


20 


A7 


16 


20 


A0 


13 


A9 


68 


8F 


23B1 


FB 


A5 


A7 


18 


69 


10 


85 


A7 


14 


1F59 


0F 


85 


B6 


AD 


21 


00 


29 


OF 


OF 


2139 


85 


FA 


20 


30 


13 


A5 


04 


C9 


F6 


23B9 


93 


02 


E6 


A8 


C5 


A9 


00 


09 


AF 


1F61 


85 


B3 


A0 


00 


A2 


02 


B5 


B4 


A0 


2191 


53 


F0 


FA 


EA 


20 


65 


13 


20 


27 


23C1 


A5 


A8 


C5 


AA 


90 


93 


E8 


00 


9B 


1F69 


C5 


B3 


D0 


02 


94 


A7 


CA 


10 


9A 


2199 


AO 


13 


A2 


02 


A0 


14 


20 


A7 


A2 


23C9 


05 


E8 


E3 


0F 


D9 


C8 


68 


85 


D9 


1F71 


F5 


A4 


B3 


A2 


02 


B5 


A7 


Dfl 


7B 


21A1 


16 


A9 


40 


85 


FA 


A2 


07 


86 


B3 


2301 


A8 


68 


as 


A7 


60 


48 


A9 


OF 


26 


1F79 


02 


94 


B4 


CA 


10 


F7 


A4 


A7 


72 


21A9 


FB 


86 


FD 


A9 


20 


85 


FC 


A5 


9C 


2309 


Bl 


FC 


49 


80 


91 


FC 


88 


10 


0B 


1F81 


A5 


B4 


C5 


B5 


DO 


02 


84 


A8 


14 


21B1 


FA 


85 


FE 


A0 


00 


Bl 


FD 


91 


11 


23E1 


F7 


68 


03 


01 


60 


4A 


B0 


0C 


02 


1F89 


C5 


B6 


D0 


02 


84 


A9 


A4 


A8 


4F 


21B9 


FB 


98 


18 


69 


08 


A8 


93 


F5 


B3 


23E9 


A5 


FC 


6 9 


28 


85 


FC 


90 


OE 


41 


1F91 


A5 


B5 


C5 


B6 


DO 


02 


84 


A9 


75 


21C1 


E6 


FC 


E6 


FE 


A5 


FC 


C9 


40 


78 


23F1 


E6 


FD 


B3 


0A 


AS 


FC 


E9 


28 


FE 


1F99 


A2 


02 


A9 


31 


D5 


fl7 


DO 


18 


F5 


21C9 


00 


EB 


38 


A9 


30 


A0 


00 


38 


90 


23F9 


35 


FC 


BO 


02 


C6 


FD 


A9 


00 


F9 


IFAI 


A9 


02 


AA 


D5 


A7 


F3 


32 


CA 


18 


21D1 


D0 


FD 


E9 


01 


BO 


F9 


CA 


10 


5C 


2491 


48 


F0 


D3 


A2 


05 


A0 


00 


Bl 


AA 


1FA9 


10 


F9 


AA 


A9 


03 


05 


A7 


00 


ED 


21D9 


CE 


60 


A2 


00 


86 


FB 


86 


FD 


IF 


2409 


FA 


48 


Bl 


FC 


91 


FA 


68 


91 


CI 


IFBI 


32 


D6 


A7 


CA 


10 


F7 


30 


21 


2A 


21E1 


A9 


20 


85 


FC 


A5 


FA 


85 


FE 


A4 


2411 


FC 


C8 


ca 


29 


00 


Fl 


A5 


FA 


B3 


1FB9 


CA 


10 


El 


A2 


02 


B5 


A7 


C9 


C7 


21E9 


A0 


03 


Bl 


FB 


91 


FD 


A9 


00 


4A 


2419 


18 


69 


40 


35 


FA 


A9 


91 


65 


0E 


IFCl 


03 


F0 


04 


C9 


02 


D0 


02 


06 


09 


21F1 


.91 


FB 


98 


18 


69 


38 


AS 


90 


DD 


2421 


FB 


85 


FB 


A5 


FC 


18 


69 


49 


FO 


1FC9 


A7 


CA 


10 


Fl 


A2 


02 


A9 


01 


21 


21F9 


Fl 


E6 


FC 


E5 


FE 


A5 


FC 


C9 


4F 


2429 


85 


FC 


A9 


91 


65 


FD 


35 


FD 


E4 


IFDl 


D5 


A7 


B0 


05 


CA 


10 


F? 


30 


06 


2201 


.40 


00 


E7 


38 


A9 


30 


AO 


00 


69 


2431 


OA 


00 


02 


A5 


FA 


38 


E9 


49 


94 


1FD9 


E2 


AS 


B3 


85 


BO 


85 


Bl 


85 


46 


2209 


:38 


DO 


FD 


E9 


91 


B3 


F9 


E8 


CB 


2439 


85 


FA 


AS 


FB 


E9 


26 


85 


FB 


66 


IFEI 


B2 


A0 


00 


A2 


02 


B5 


A7 


A8 


AA 


2211 


:E0 


08 


D0 


ca 


60 


A2 


28 


A0 


EC 


2441 


AS 


FC 


38 


E9 


40 


85 


FC 


AS 


F8 


1FE9 


F0 


05 


B5 


B4 


99 


AF 


03 


CA 


3A 


2219 


:00 


83 


D0 


FD 


CA 


00 


FA 


60 


69 


2449 


FD 


E9 


26 


85 


FD 


A2 


03 


46 


EE 


IFFl 


10 


F3 


60 


A9 


20 


35 


FB 


A9 


94 


2221 


:C9 


FF 


DO 


03 


A9 


5E 


69 


85 


Al 


2451 


FB 


66 


FA 


4A 


66 


FC 


CA 


00 


02 


1FF9 


IC 


85 


FD 


AO 


00 


34 


FA 


84 


FD 


2229 


:B6 


4A 


4A 


4A 


4A 


4A 


A3 


D9 


CF 


2459 


F6 


18 


69 


IC 


85 


FO 


A5 


FB 


70 


2001 


FC 


A0 


00 


Bl 


FC 


29 


0F 


85 


33 


2231 


:C0 


13 


45 


B6 


60 


30 


00 


40 


F3 


2461 


69 


IC 


85 


FB 


AO 


00 


A2 


03 


23 


2009 


FE 


Bl 


FC 


4A 


4A 


4A 


4A 


85 


0F 


2239 


:20 


40 


C0 


80 


80 


A 9 


FF 


80 


F5 


2469 


Bl 


FA 


48 


Bl 


FC 


91 


FA 


68 


F9 


2011 


FF 


Bl 


FA 


DO 


13 


08 


C0 


08 


6F 


2241 


:0F 


D4 


A9 


80 


30 


12 


04 


A2 


83 


2471 


91 


FC 


C8 


CA 


10 


F2 


98 


13 


10 


2019 


D0 


F7 


A8 


AS 


FE 


0A 


0A 


OA 


6D 


2249 


:00 


BD 


00 


14 


35 


FA 


BD 


01 


D2 


2479 


69 


24 


AS 


C0 


C8 


93 


E7 


AS 


9E 


2021 


0A 


05 


FE 


91 


FC 


38 


B3 


2E 


F8 


2251 


:14 


35 


FB 


AD 


IB 


04 


C9 


64 


7F 


2481 


FB 


09 


30 


99 


01 


60 


AS 


FB 


lA 


2029 


A0 


00 


A5 


FE 


C5 


FF 


90 


04 


31 


2259 


:B0 


F9 


29 


FE 


A8 


B9 


00 


14 


C9 


2489 


69 


BC 


85 


FB 


A5 


FD 


69 


BC 


DA 


2031 


F0 


IC 


D0 


22 


Bl 


FA 


49 


FF 


39 


2261 


;83 


FC 


B9 


01 


14 


35 


FD 


3A 


2C 


2491 


85 


FD 


90 


00 


AD 


00 


D0 


38 


32 


2039 


91 


FA 


C8 


C0 


08 


D0 


P5 


A5 


3B 


2269 


:48 


20 


4D 


lA 


68 


AA 


E8 


E8 


CD 


2499 


E9 


18 


85 


B2 


AO 


10 


00 


29 


31 


2041 


FE 


0A 


0A 


0A 


0A 


05 


FF 


A3 


6A 


2271 


;E0 


64 


00 


D5 


60 


00 


20 


20 


lA 


24A1 


31 


E9 


00 


A0 


05 


4A 


66 


B2 


BF 


2049 


00 


91 


FC 


33 


B0 


08 


98 


91 


79 


2279 


:20 


40 


20 


60 


20 


80 


20 


AS 


CB 


24A9 


88 


D0 


FA 


AD 


01 


00 


38 


E9 


4A 


2051 


FA 


CS 


C0 


08 


00 


F9 


A5 


FA 


8E 


2281 


:23 


C0 


20 


E0 


20 


00 


21 


20 


7B 


24B1 


32 


4A 


4A 


18 


65 


B2 


9A 


85 


FF 


2059 


18 


69 


08 


85 


FA 


90 


02 


E6 


5E 


2289 


:21 


40 


26 


60 


26 


80 


26 


A0 


59 


24B9 


B2 


60 


A9 


FF 


3D 


18 


D4 


BD 


AC 


2061 


FB 


E6 


FC 


D0 


02 


E6 


FD 


AS 


S3 


2291 


:26 


CO 


26 


E0 


26 


00 


27 


20 


8B 


2401 


01 


04 


A9 


80 


SO 


96 


04 


60 


8B 


2069 


FD 


C9 


IF 


90 


96 


A5 


FC 


C9 


17 


2299 


:27 


40 


27 


69 


27 


30 


2C 


A0 


A0 


2409 


AD 


10 


D3 


29 


01 


D0 


07 


A9 


9C 


2071 


E8 


90 


90 


60 


00 


FF 


FF 


00 


62 


22A1 


:2C 


C0 


2C 


E0 


2C 


03 


20 


20 


9B 


2401 


20 


CD 


00 


DO 


BO 


0E 


AD 


00 


C3 


2079: 


80 


01 


00 


80 


01 


09 


80 


01 


4C 


22A9 


.20 


40 


20 


60 


2D 


80 


20 


A0 


A6 


24D9' 


D0 


38 


E9 


20 


3D 


00 


D0 


BO 


96 


2081; 


00 


30 


01 


00 


30 


01 


00 


83 


8A 


2 2B1 


20 


C0 


32 


E0 


32 


00 


33 


20 


29 


24E1: 


03 


OE 


10 


D0 


60 


AD 


10 


00 


19 


2089: 


01 


00 


80 


01 


00 


80 


01 


03 


6E 


22B9 


.33 


40 


33 


60 


33 


80 


33 


AO 


B6 


24E9: 


29 


01 


F0 


07 


AD 


00 


00 


C9 


6E 



G-36 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



24F1 


:20 


B0 


Fl 


AD 


00 


D0 


18 


69 


6C 


2721 


:A5 


FD 


E9 


04 


85 


BC 


A0 


03 


9F 


2951 


:4C 


67 


IB 


C9 


40 


D0 


IF 


AD 


D4 


24^9 


20 


8D 


00 


D0 


93 


E6 


EE 


10 


D0 


2729 


:A5 


BB 


38 


E9 


28 


85 


BB 


B0 


5E 


2959 


:15 


00 


85 


C9 


A9 


30 


8D 


15 


35 


2501 


D0 


60 


AD 


01 


D0 


C9 


33 


90 


36 


2731 


:02 


C6 


BC 


AS 


BC 


33 


03 


C8 


99 


2961 


:D0 


AS 


C4 


C9 


20 


D0 


05 


20 


29 


2509 


F8 


E9 


23 


8D 


01 


D0 


60 


AD 


El 


2739 


D0 


EE 


34 


BB 


93 


3A 


OA 


0A 


03 


2969 


:00 


13 


30 


03 


20 


F7 


16 


A5 


69 


2511 


.01 


D0 


C9 


C8 


B3 


F8 


69 


28 


3A 


2741 


■0A 


13 


65 


A7 


AA 


A9 


00 


65 


23 


2971 


:C9 


8D 


15 


D0 


DO 


86 


C9 


3F 


2F 


2519 


8D 


01 


D0 


60 


8A 


48 


A2 


30 


45 


2749 


A8 


A8 


A9 


10 


20 


BD 


FF 


A9 


ED 


2979 


:D0 


7F 


AD 


15 


00 


85 


C9 


A9 


F4 


2521 


B9 


6F 


14 


95 


FA 


CS 


E8 


E0 


AD 


2751 


:00 


AA 


20 


63 


FF 


A2 


08 


A8 


18 


2981 


•73 


85 


01 


A9 


00 


80 


15 


00 


DA 


2529 


04 


D0 


F5 


34 


FE 


B9 


6F 


14 


82 


2759 


20 


BA 


FF 


AA 


Bl 


SB 


A0 


IC 


EA 


2989 


3D 


20 


D0 


8D 


21 


00 


85 


D8 


CD 


2531 


03 


29 


7F 


AA 


A0 


00 


Bl 


FA 


C7 


2761 


C9 


44 


F3 


08 


A0 


20 


C9 


81 


DE 


2991 


A0 


12 


B9 


31 


0B 


99 


79 


07 


BB 


2539 


28 


08 


10 


06 


48 


Bl 


FC 


91 


90 


2769 


F0 


02 


A0 


93 


a A 


20 


D5 


FF 


4E 


2999 


33 


10 


F7 


20 


8A 


0B 


EA 


EA 


76 


2541 


FA 


63 


91 


FC 


C8 


C0 


FA 


D0 


35 


2771 


90 


A6 


20 


B3 


17 


A9 


00 


85 


D5 


29A1 


C9 


19 


DO 


16 


20 


0A 


19 


A9 


9F 


2549 


ED 


A5 


FA 


18 


69 


FA 


as 


FA 


12 


2779 


A2 


A9 


70 


C5 


A2 


BO 


FC 


A3 


60 


29A9 


04 


35 


FD 


A9 


B7 


85 


FC 


20 


A7 


2551 


90 


02 


E6 


FB 


A5 


FC 


18 


69 


BB 


2781 


24 


A9 


23 


99 


73 


37 


33 


10 


02 


29B1 


61 


13 


A 9 


00 


23 


63 


15 


4C 


ES 


2559 


FA 


85 


FC 


90 


02 


E6 


FD 


CA 


9D 


2789 


FA 


38 


60 


AD 


8F 


34 


C9 


20 


3A 


29B9 


9A 


19 


A9 


72 


85 


01 


A5 


C9 


41 


2561 


D0 


D2 


A4 


FE 


C8 


28 


68 


AA 


AF 


2791 


F0 


35 


A9 


03 


20 


60 


15 


A3 


IC 


29C1 


8D 


IS 


D0 


Afl 


00 


A2 


20 


A5 


B4 


2569 


CA 


D0 


Bl 


60 


AD 


20 


D0 


29 


42 


2799 


OA 


B9 


30 


3B 


99 


7D 


07 


88 


65 


29C9 


C4 


C9 


20 


D3 


34 


A2 


A0 


A4 


92 


2571 


0F 


85 


FF 


0A 


0A 


0A 


0A 


05 


D6 


27A1 


10 


F7 


20 


E5 


19 


F0 


FB 


48 


25 


29D1 


C8 


8C 


20 


03 


8C 


21 


D0 


86 


CD 


2579 


FF 


85 


FF 


A2 


01 


A0 


3C 


20 


72 


27A9 


23 


3A 


19 


68 


C9 


03 


00 


OF 


3F 


29D9 


D3 


4C 


8D 


lA 


20 


45 


16 


A9 


BA 


25S1 


A7 


16 


38 


08 


A9 


IC 


85 


FD 


73 


27B1 


AD 


8F 


04 


C9 


20 


F0 


E0 


A9 


08 


29E1 


31 


30 


34 


D4 


A0 


00 


8C 


05 


49 


2589 


A 9 


88 


85 


FB 


A9 


00 


85 


FC 


90 


27B9 


30 


20 


60 


15 


4C 


9A 


19 


A2 


0F 


29E9 


D4 


C8 


D0 


FD 


8C 


04 


D4 


84 


75 


2591 


35 


FA 


A2 


19 


R0 


00 


AS 


FF 


93 


27C1 


03 


BD 


0B 


0B 


95 


E4 


CA 


10 


F8 


29F1 


A2 


AS 


A2 


C9 


0A 


DO 


FA 


FO 


SA 


2599 


28 


08 


B0 


02 


Bl 


FA 


91 


FC 


C9 


27C9 


F8 


20 


7D 


FF 


9E 


93 


00 


A2 


32 


29F9 


E0 


C9 


3C 


D0 


5A 


AD 


15 


D0 


48 


25A1 


C8 


C0 


28 


D0 


Fl 


20 


A3 


17 


01 


27D1 


64 


A0 


14 


A9 


0B 


20 


D7 


18 


33 


2A01 


29 


02 


D0 


31 


AD 


00 


00 


8D 


34 


25A9 


A5 


FA 


18 


69 


28 


85 


FA 


35 


Fl 


27D9 


B0 


BD 


20 


B0 


14 


AS 


A A 


C9 


55 


2A09 


02 


D0 


AD 


01 


00 


80 


03 


00 


EB 


25B1 


FC 


90 


04 


E6 


FD 


E6 


FB 


CA 


DB 


27E1 


90 


D0 


14 


A5 


A9 


D0 


10 


A0 


DA 


2A11 


A0 


00 


AD 


10 


D0 


29 


01 


F0 


8A 


25B9 


D0 


DA 


28 


90 


0C 


18 


08 


A2 


A4 


27E9 


17 


B9 


0F 


0B 


99 


77 


07 


88 


06 


2A19 


02 


A0 


03 


8C 


10 


00 


20 


IF 


E2 


25C1 


01 


A0 


37 


20 


A7 


16 


18 


93 


F3 


27F1 


10 


F7 


20 


00 


19 


B0 


A0 


A9 


C0 


2A21 


16 


A6 


B2 


BD 


00 


14 


85 


B5 


6D 


25C9 


BB 


A5 


D4 


C9 


58 


F0 


FA 


EA 


F9 


27F9 


00 


85 


A7 


A9 


90 


85 


A3 


20 


45 


2A29 


BD 


01 


14 


85 


B6 


A9 


03 


3D 


67 


25D1 


38 


08 


A9 


IF 


35 


FD 


A9 


3F 


68 


2801 


61 


13 


A9 


04 


35 


FD 


A9 


B7 


AC 


2A31 


15 


00 


38 


BO 


37 


A5 


B5 


85 


97 


25D9 


85 


FB 


A9 


C0 


35 


FA 


85 


FC 


47 


2309 


3S 


FC 


A9 


00 


20 


60 


15 


20 


5D 


2A39 


FA 


A5 


B6 


35 


FB 


20 


IF 


16 


58 


25E1 


A2 


19 


A0 


00 


AS 


FF 


28 


08 


SO 


2311 


E5 


19 


F0 


FB 


C9 


91 


D0 


06 


B4 


2A41 


A6 


B2 


BO 


00 


14 


85 


FC 


BD 


BB 


25E9 


B0 


02 


Bl 


FA 


91 


FC 


C8 


C0 


C5 


2319 


20 


E3 


17 


4C 


9A 


19 


C9 


11 


F7 


2A49 


31 


14 


85 


FD 


A9 


01 


80 


15 


35 


25F1 


28 


D0 


Fl 


20 


A3 


17 


A5 


FA 


84 


2821 


D0 


06 


20 


13 


18 


4C 


9A 


19 


03 


2AS1 


D0 


20 


8E 


15 


38 


BO 


15 


09 


Bl 


25F9 


38 


E9 


28 


85 


FA 


85 


FC 


B0 


D0 


2829 


C9 


44 


00 


03 


4C 


16 


19 


C9 


70 


2A59 


14 


00 


06 


20 


80 


0E 


4C 


02 


56 


2631 


04 


C5 


FB 


C6 


FD 


CA 


D0 


DA 


84 


2831 


51 


00 


IC 


AS 


09 


B9 


27 


0B 


74 


2A6i 


03 


C9 


39 


D0 


00 


A9 


01 


8D 


FE 


2609 


28 


90 


OC 


18 


08 


A2 


01 


A0 


FD 


2839 


99 


7D 


07 


38 


13 


F7 


20 


E5 


A5 


2A69 


15 


D0 


D0 


36 


A5 


D4 


C9 


3C 


47 


2611 


37 


20 


A7 


16 


18 


90 


BB 


60 


32 


2841 


19 


F0 


FB 


C9 


59 


DO 


03 


4C 


D6 


2A71 


F0 


FA 


4C 


8D 


lA 


73 


A9 


0E 


73 


2619 


A9 


0D 


85 


FE 


A9 


00 


18 


69 


05 


2849 


E2 


0B 


20 


0A 


19 


BO 


CO 


C9 


49 


2A79 


8D 


00 


FF 


A9 


IB 


8D 


11 


DO 


31 


2621 


01 


D0 


FB 


C6 


FE 


D0 


FS 


60 


95 


2851 


0D 


D0 


BC 


20 


EE 


19 


BO 


B7 


EA 


2A81 


A9 


ca 


80 


16 


00 


A9 


15 


3D 


04 


2629 


A9 


00 


20 


BD 


FF 


A9 


01 


A2 


75 


2859 


93 


11 


36 


C8 


23 


E4 


FF 


A6 


CE 


2A89 


18 


D0 


A9 


FC 


8D 


30 


DO 


A9 


9B 


2631 


08 


A0 


0F 


20 


BA 


FF 


20 


C0 


64 


2861 


C8 


A8 


60 


86 


C8 


23 


A4 


18 


DC 


2A91 


93 


20 


02 


FF 


A0 


33 


8C 


F8 


0A 


2639 


FF 


A2 


01 


20 


C6 


FF 


A2 


00 


CB 


2869 


A6 


C3 


63 


A9 


72 


85 


01 


A5 


37 


2A99 


07 


C8 


ec 


F9 


07 


A0 


09 


B9 


5B 


2641 


20 


CF 


FF 


C9 


0D 


F0 


09 


20 


8C 


2871 


C4 


C9 


23 


03 


18 


AD 


10 


47 


86 


2AA1 


00 


10 


99 


80 


09 


A9 


30 


99 


BD 


2649 


AB 


13 


9D 


73 


07 


E8 


D0 


F0 


89 


2379 


85 


C8 


8D 


23 


D0 


8D 


21 


D3 


42 


2AA9 


00 


10 


38 


10 


F2 


85 


07 


35 


F6 


2651 


A9 


01 


20 


C3 


FF 


40 


CC 


FF 


BD 


2881 


23 


AO 


as 


AO 


11 


00 


09 


13 


34 


2AB1 


D8 


80 


15 


D0 


8D 


10 


00 


8D 


91 


2659 


A5 


FD 


C9 


04 


D0 


06 


A5 


FC 


53 


2839 


8D 


11 


D0 


D3 


10 


20 


DA 


0B 


00 


2AB9 


20 


D0 


80 


21 


00 


A9 


2B 


3S 


IF 


2661 


C9 


B7 


F0 


06 


A9 


01 


20 


60 


F3 


2891 


20 


A7 


16 


EA 


A9 


00 


8D 


20 


D5 


2AC1 


FD 


A9 


04 


85 


FB 


A9 


B5 


85 


CF 


2669 


15 


60 


A5 


A3 


C9 


93 


00 


05 


CE 


2399- 


00 


A9 


20 


85 


D8 


A0 


03 


98 


FA 


2 AC 9 


FC 


A0 


00 


34 


FA 


Bl 


FC 


D0 


76 


2671 


A5 


A7 


D0 


01 


60 


AS 


A7 


38 


C5 


23A1 


99 


00 


04 


C8 


C0 


19 


03 


F8 


SA 


2AD1 


21 


E6 


FC 


00 


02 


E6 


FO 


Bl 


76 


2679 


E9 


10 


85 


A7 


B0 


02 


C6 


AS 


AD 


28A9- 


A9 


F0 


8D 


06 


D4 


A9 


11 


8D 


lA 


2AD9 


FC 


F0 


27 


48 


A8 


83 


A9 


20 


20 


2681 


20 


61 


18 


A 9 


00 


4C 


63 


15 


DA 


2881 


04 


04 


A9 


8F 


8D 


13 


04 


20 


FD 


2AE1 


91 


FA 


88 


10 


FB 


C8 


68 


13 


BB 


2639 


A5 


FB 


48 


A5 


FA 


38 


E9 


28 


BF 


2aB9: 


30 


19 


20 


C3 


13 


20 


C8 


13 


9E 


2AE9 


65 


FA 


85 


FA 


90 


0C 


E6 


FB 


SB 


2691 


B0 


02 


C6 


FB 


C5 


FC 


D0 


06 


19 


28C1- 


FO 


09 


AD 


IB 


D4 


SD 


01 


D4 


E7 


2AF1 


D0 


08 


91 


FA 


E6 


FA 


00 


02 


59 


2699 


A5 


FD 


C5 


FB 


F0 


07 


A9 


02 


A 9 


28C9: 


4C 


8E 


IS 


A9 


10 


8D 


34 


D4 


B4 


2AF9 


Ee 


FB 


E6 


FC 


D0 


CF 


E6 


FD 


FE 


26A1 


20 


60 


15 


F0 


2D 


AS 


A9 


38 


53 


28D1. 


A9 


38 


3D 


F8 


IF 


A9 


39 


8D 


E5 


2B01 


D0 


CB 


A9 


D3 


35 


FB 


A0 


00 


D2 


26A9 


E5 


A7 


85 


B0 


AS 


AA 


E5 


A8 


DA 


28D9: 


F9 


IF 


A9 


18 


8D 


00 


D0 


80 


41 


2B09 


84 


FA 


B9 


BF 


20 


84 


FE 


A0 


A5 


26B1 


85 


Bl 


A0 


04 


46 


Bl 


66 


B0 


F7 


28E1: 


02 


D0 


A9 


32 


8D 


01 


D0 


8D 


5F 


2B11 


00 


91 


FA 


48 


A4 


FE 


B9 


C0 


05 


26B9 


83 


D0 


F9 


E4 


B0 


F0 


13 


A5 


21 


28E9: 


03 


D0 


A9 


00 


80 


10 


D3 


A9 


ID 


2B19 


2C 


8 5 


FF 


A8 


68 


88 


FO 


05 


BD 


26C1 


A7 


18 


69 


10 


35 


A7 


90 


02 


04 


28F1; 


01 


SD 


15 


00 


A9 


03 


3D 


17 


61 


2B21 


91 


FA 


33 


B0 


F8 


A5 


FF 


18 


87 


26C9 


E6 


AS 


20 


61 


18 


A9 


00 


20 


5S 


28P9: 


D0 


SD 


ID 


Da 


A9 


30 


85 


CB 


EA 


2B29 


65 


FA 


35 


FA 


93 


02 


E6 


FB 


A7 


26D1 


60 


15 


68 


85 


FB 


60 


20 


11 


AB 


2901- 


85 


CA 


E6 


CB 


A5 


CB 


C9 


33 


85 


2B31 


A4 


FE 


C8 


C8 


C0 


42 


90 


D2 


42 


26D9 


15 


A5 


A8 


C9 


90 


D0 


10 


A5 


59 


2909- 


90 


IB 


A9 


30 


85 


CB 


A4 


CA 


0F 


2B39 


A9 


03 


85 


FB 


A9 


IC 


35 


FD 


9D 


26E1 


A7 


D0 


ac 


A9 


40 


A0 


10 


99 


90 


2911- 


B9 


7A 


0B 


3D 


27 


D0 


B9 


7C 


85 


2B41 


A9 


11 


85 


FC 


A0 


03 


84 


FA 


3A 


26E9 


.8E 


04 


83 


D0 


FA 


F0 


04 


A9 


E9 


2919 


0B 


8D 


28 


D3 


C8 


C0 


3E 


D0 


9C 


2B49 


Bl 


FC 


91 


FA 


E6 


FC 


DO 


02 


68 


26F1 


:2D 


D0 


F2 


A5 


A9 


38 


E5 


A7 


63 


2921 


02 


A0 


00 


84 


CA 


A5 


D4 


C9 


45 


2B51 


E6 


FD 


E6 


FA 


00 


02 


E6 


FB 


7F 


26F9 


.85 


B0 


A5 


AA 


E5 


A8 


85 


Bl 


23 


2929 


58 


F0 


D7 


C9 


21 


D0 


06 


20 


P3 


2B59 


A5 


FB 


C9 


09 


93 


EA 


A5 


FA 


CI 


2701 


flO 


34 


46 


Bl 


66 


B0 


88 


D0 


5C 


2931 


8D 


16 


4C 


67 


IB 


C9 


25 


03 


EA 


2B61 


C9 


65 


90 


E4 


A9 


0B 


35 


FB 


D6 


2709 


.FB 


A9 


40 


E4 


B0 


F0 


02 


A9 


0D 


2939 


06 


20 


9A 


16 


4C 


67 


IB 


C9 


4B 


2369 


34 


FA 


Bl 


FC 


91 


FA 


E6 


FC 


OA 


2711 


:2D 


A0 


0F 


91 


FA 


88 


10 


FB 


2F 


2941 


22 


D0 


06 


20 


53 


16 


4C 


67 


BE 


2B71 


00 


32 


E6 


FD 


E6 


FA 


DO 


02 


34 


2719 


:60 


A5 


FC 


38 


E9 


B7 


8 5 


BB 


19 


2949 


IB 


C9 


2A 


D0 


06 


20 


70 


16 


95 


2B79 


E6 


FB 


A5 


FB 


C9 


OF 


90 


EA 


40 



DECEMBER 1993 COMPUTE G-37 



PROGRAMS 



2B81: 


A9 


13 


85 


FB 


Bl 


FC 


91 


FA 


81 


2B89: 


ee 


FC 


D0 


02 


E6 


FD 


E6 


FA 


C4 


2B91: 


D0 


02 


E6 


FB 


A 5 


FB 


C9 


IC 


3A 


2B99- 


90 


•EA 


A9 


65 


80 


14 


03 


A9 


EA 


2BA1. 


FA 


80 


15 


03 


58 


20 


70 


FF 


E9 


2BA9- 


0E 


BE 


00 


A9 


00 


85 


00 


85 


Al 


2BB1 


Dl 


4C 


58 


0B 


00 


00 


4A 


49 


01 


2BB9: 


47 


53 


41 


57 


20 


20 


02 


19 


C4 


2BC1 


20 


45 


0D 


09 


0C 


20 


48 


05 


22 


2BC9 


19 


12 


0F 


16 


13 


0B 


19 


00 


6B 


2BD1 


3F 


63 


63 


63 


63 


63 


63 


00 


9A 


2BD9 


15 


49 


0E 


20 


14 


08 


09 


13 


B6 


2BE1 


20 


13 


03 


12 


05 


05 


0E 


3A 


21 


2BE9 


00 


19 


03 


15 


12 


13 


0F 


12 


45 


2BF1 


20 


0B 


05 


19 


13 


20 


01 


0E 


76 


2BF9 


04 


00 


19 


D2 


C5 


D4 


05 


D2 


A2 


2C01 


CE 


20 


14 


3F 


20 


13 


5 


0C 


9F 


2C09 


05 


03 


14 


2E 


00 


17 


C4 


20 


10 


2C11 


3E 


05 


17 


20 


04 


09 


13 


0S 


0C 


2C19 


2E 


00 


ID 


Dl 


20 


11 


15 


09 


CI 


2C21 


14 


2E 


00 


21 


49 


0E 


20 


4A 


2E 


2C29 


49 


47 


53 


41 


57 


20 


13 


03 


DA 


2C3L 


12 


05 


05 


0E 


3A 


00 


17 


C9 


IF 


2C39 


2C 


CA 


2C 


CB 


2C 


CC 


20 


0D 


7E 


2C41 


9F 


16 


05 


00 


IC 


06 


12 


01 


65 


2C49 


00 


05 


2E 


00 


22 


D3 


D0 


CI 


F2 


2C51 


C3 


C5 


20 


00 


01 


12 


03 


20 


53 


2C59 


25 


20 


13 


17 


01 


10 


00 


17 


FF 


2C61 


14 


17 


0F 


20 


10 


09 


05 


03 


IF 


2C69 


85 


13 


2E 


00 


ID 


9F 


20 


IS 


8B 


2C71 


BE 


0D 


01 


12 


0B 


20 


01 


20 


50 


2C79 


13 


05 


0C 


05 


03 


14 


05 


04 


E4 


2C81 


00 


15 


10 


09 


05 


03 


05 


2E 


IE 


2C89 


00 


22 


C8 


C5 


CC 


00 


20 


08 


Dl 


2C91 


05 


0C 


10 


2E 


00 


IE 


C3 


20 


74 


2C99 


03 


0F 


0E 


06 


09 


12 


00 


2E 


32 


2CA1 


.00 


IE 


D3 


04 


CF 


00 


20 


02 


40 


2CA9 


01 


03 


0B 


20 


14 


0F 


20 


14 


D7 


2CB1 


.08 


09 


13 


00 


17 


13 


03 


12 


CF 


2CB9 


05 


05 


0E 


2E 


00 


00 


0E 


0D 


A3 


2CC1 


07 


06 


0E 


3D 


07 


0F 


0E 


41 


36 


2CC9 


03 


06 


0E 


22 


03 


01 


0E 


27 


68 


2CD1 


03 


01 


0E 


27 


07 


11 


0E 


17 


CF 


2CD9 


03 


01 


BE 


01 


03 


01 


0E 


01 


FE 


2CE1 


03 


01 


0E 


01 


03 


01 


0E 


49 


4F 


2CE9 


03 


05 


0E 


4B 


03 


01 


0E 


4F 


03 


2CF1 


03 


04 


0E 


24 


03 


01 


0E 


27 


30 


2CF9 


03 


04 


0E 


EC 


30 


27 


0E 


51 


D7 


2D 01 


03 


00 


00 


00 


00 


00 


00 


00 


5B 



Em/7 Heyrovsky, 19. is a mathematical 
engineering student at Prague Polytech- 
nic in the Czech Republic. 



SPLAST 



By William F. Snow 
Splast is an enjoyable way to practice 
spelling words. There are a lot of spelling 
programs around, but Splast has some 
advantages. It's both fun to play and chal- 
lenging. Because Splast presents the 
words in the sanne format used by some 
popular standardized tests, it's also 
great practice for taking tests! 

Splast is written in BASIC. To help 
avoid typing errors, enter the program 

G-38 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



with The Automatic Proofreader. See "Typ- 
ing Aids" elsewhere in this section. Be 
sure to save a copy of the program be- 
fore you attempt to run it. 

How to Use the Program 

To play Splast, simply load the pro- 
gram and type RUN. The first screen 
gives instructions for playing the 
game. The player is then asked to 
give his or her initials and to choose a 
level of play. 

After a level of play is chosen, the 
game begins. The Splaster, located at 
the bottom of the screen, is controlled 
by a joystick in port 2. Three words are 
flashed on the screen. Two of them are 
spelled correctly, and one is mis- 
spelled. The player must position the 
Splaster beneath the misspelled word 
and hit the fire button. Move fast be- 
cause the words don't stay on the 
screen for long. The Splaster launches 
an arrow at the selected word, so be 
sure your aim is as accurate as your 
spelling. 

The skill levels are 1-3, with 1 being 
the easiest. As the levels increase, the 
time given to find and splast the incor- 
rect word decreases, but the points 
awarded for each Splasted word in- 
crease. The program keeps track of 
the high score achieved during each 
session so that players can compete 
with each other. 

After all the words have been present- 
ed, you get a screen that gives your 
score and lists both the words you 
spelled correctly and the ones you 
missed. You then have the opportunity 
to play again or quit. 

Because Splast is written in BASIC, 
it's easy to modify. The words used are 
in data statements in lines 1340-1360. 
The program is set to use 25 words. If 
you use a different number of words, 
you'll have to make a few changes to 
the program. You'll need to change the 
dimension statements and the FOR- 
NEXT loop in line 20, the FOR-NEXT 
loops in lines 290 and 310, the CT val- 
ue in lines 350 and 470, the random 
number generator in lines 370 and 
380, the divisor in line 920, and the 
FOR-NEXT loops in lines 1090 and 
1140. 

If all the words in a given list are 
long, there may be a problem with the 
right-hand word wrapping around the 



screen. This shouldn't happen often, 
however. 

In my fifth-grade classroom, I have a 
disk with 36 versions of Splast, one for 
each weekly spelling unit. The children 
really, enjoy using it to study the 
words. After the program itself is 
typed in, it really doesn't take long to 
change word lists. A parent or teacher 
might even have the child or children 
type in the words. 

SPLAST 

BM REM COPYRIGHT 1993 - COHP 
UTE PUBLICATIONS I»TL LTD 
-ALL RIGHTS RESERVED 
RF 10 REM SPLAST BY WILLIAM F. 

SNOW 
HD 20 DIMWDS (25) ,Y{25) ,R${25) , 
WW5(25) ,RWS(25) :FOR 1=1 
{SPACElTO 25:READ WDSd) 
:NEXT 
GC 30 AS=CHRS (65) :ES=CHR5{69) : 
IS=CHRS(73) :0$=CHR5t79) : 
US=CHR$(85) :V=53248:SL=5 
4272 
MJ 40 F0RS=1228a TO 12351:READ 

SP:POKE S,SP:NEXT 
PO 50 FORS=12352 TO 12415:READ 

SPiPOKE S,SP:NEXT 
EK 60 POKE53280,1:POKE53281,13 
: PRINT" {BLK} {CLR} 
[3 D0WN}"SPC(17) "{RED)SP 
LAST{BLK}" 
EM 70 PRIHT:PRINT"{4 RIGHT)THE 
OBJECT OF {RED) SPLAST 
{BLKl IS TO FItJD THE MIS 
PELLED WORD"; 
FQ 80 PRINT" AMD '{REDlSPLAST 
[BLK) ' IT OFF THE 
[2 SPACES ) SCREEN. "; 
OF 90 PRINT" YOU ARE GIVEN I'HR 
EE WORDS AT A{2 SPACES )T 
IME."; 
BF 100 PRINT" TWO OF THEM ARE 
(SPACE) SPELLED CORRECTL 
Y AND ONE IS WRONG."; 
KS 110 PRINT" YOU MUST POSITIO 

N"; 
FA 120 PRINT" YOUR" {8ED)SPLA3T 
ERfBLK)' UNDER THE MISP 
ELLED W0R0{5 SPACES) (US 
ING A JOYSTICK "; 
EG 130 PRINT"IN PORT TWO) AND 
{SPACE)HIT{2 SPACES)THE 
FIRE BUTTON."; 
OR 140 PRINT: PRINT" [4 RIGHT )TH 
ERE ARE THREE LEVELS."; 
KC 150 PRINT"AS THE LEVELSINCR 

EASE YOU ARE GIVEN"; 
AQ 160 PRINT" LESS TIME TO 

(5 SPACES)FIND THE INCO 
RRECT WORD. 
GD 170 PRINTSPCt9) "{4 DOWN}HIT 
ANY KEY TO BEGIN 



XJ 


im 


SH 


213 


EJ 


220 


AS 


230 


DB 


240 


MB 


250 


GQ 


260 



CS 130 GET WWS:IF WWS=""THEN18 


AS 193 RC=1: INPUT"{CLR} 

{2 DOWN} {3 RIGHT}PLEASE 
ENTER YOUR INITIALS";! 
NS 

RC=1:PRIHT"{2 DOWN} 
(3 RIGHT }WHAT SKILL LEV 
EL ?" 

PRINTlPRINTSPC (lU) "D B 
EGIfJNER": PRINT rPRINTSPC 
(10) "2) AVERAGE 
PRINT:PRINTSPC(10) "3) F) 
XPERT 

GET PLS:IFPLS="1"0RPL$= 
"2"ORPL$="3"THEN2 5a 
GOTO230 
PL=VAL{PLS) 

PRIHT"(CLR3 {5 DOWN]"SPC 
(14) "PLEASE{2 SPACES}WA 
IT":PRINT:PRINTSPC(12) " 
SCRAMBLING WORDS" 
PQKE2@4 0,192j POKE V+ 2 1,1 
:POKEV+39,6 
POKEV, 130: POKE V+ 1,220 
F0RI=1 TO 25 
X=INT (RHD(.) *25) +1 
F0RCK=1 TO 25:IFX=Y(CK) 
THEN300 

NEXT CK:Y{I}=X 
RS (X)=WDS (I) :HEXTI 
CT=1 

POKEV+31,0:IF CT>25 THE 
N920 

ES=0:XA=130:POKEV,XA:GO 
SUB520 

WG=INT (RND (.) *2 5) +1:WG$ 
=R$ (WG) :IFHG$=RS(CT)THE 
N370 

WH=INT (RND(. ) *25) +1:WHS 
= R$(WH) :IFWli$=WG$ORWHS = 
RS (CT)THEM380 
C=INT (RND(.) *3) +l:OtJ C 
(SPACE)GOSUB77O,78a,7 90 
IF PL=1 THEN FOR FL=lTO 
25: IF ES=1 THEN460 
IF PL=2 THEN FOR FL=1T0 
20; IF ES=1 THEN460 
IF PL=3 THEM FOR FL=1T0 
15tIPES=l THEN460 
CK=0:PRINT"{CLR} 
{7 DOWN} {3 RIGHT}"W05(1 
)SPC(4)W0S (2)SPC(4)WO$( 
3) 

CL=a:GOSUR680 
IF CL=1 THEN GOSUBa70 
NEXTFL 

POKEV+31,0: IF CT>25 THE 
N920 

IF ES=1 THENRW=RW+1:RWS 
(RW)=R$(CT) :WW$ (CT)="" 

KS 490 IF ESOl THEN GOSUB1330 
:WW=WW+1:HWS (WW) =RS (CT) 
:RN = 

GB 500 CT=CT+1 

RE 513 GOT0359 

RP 520 WL=LEN(R$(CT)) :L=INT(RN 



JF 270 

GQ 280 

DC 2 '30 

JP 300 

JC 310 

KC 320 
QF 330 
DX 340 
CJ 350 

JB 360 

QR 370 



CM 383 

OE 3 90 
GA 400 
FM 410 
PD 420 
FQ 430 



BK 


440 


FK 


450 


PQ 


468 


GA 


470 


JC 


480 



D(.)*WL+1) ;LES = MID3 (RS( 

CT) ,L,1) :LE=ASC(LE$) 
AQ 530 LTS>=CHRS(LE) 
GH 540 IFLT$=AS OR LTS=E$ OR L 

T$=I5 OR LTS=OS OR LTS= 

■J$ THEN560 
JG 550 GOTO520 

KJ 560 RV=INT (RND(.) *5) +1:0NRV 
GOTO 570, 580, 59 9, 60 0,61 



MX 570 
DC 58 
PA 590 
JG 600 
RH 610 
MK 620 
AA 633 
FG 640 
DB 650 
EP 660 
QB 670 
JQ 680 

FX 690 

FH 700 



PF 


713 


fC 


720 


FC 


730 


GG 


740 


HJ 


750 


KG 


760 


QF 


770 


PR 


780 


MB 


790 


PX 


800 



SC 310 

HD 820 

KM 830 

HE 840 
BS 850 



BM 860 
PB 870 



V$=A$:GOTO620 

V$=E$:GOTO620 

V$=I$:GOTO620 

V$=OS:G0TO62a 

VS = US 

IF V$=LTS THENSea 

RWS^LEFT? (R$ (CT) ,L-1) 

RM=WL^(L) :IFRM<1THEN520 

LWS=RIGHTS (RS (CT) , RM ) 

NW$=RWS+V$+LWS 

RETURN 

JY=PEEK(56 320)AND15:F8= 

PEEK(56320)AHD16 

IF JY=7THEN XA=XA+10:IF 

XA>250THEN XA=250 
IF JY=11 THEN XA=XA-10: 
IF XA<30 THEN XA=30 
POKEV, XA: IF FB=0 THEN G 
OSUB730: RETURN 
RETURN 

POKEV+3I,g:POKE2041,19 3 
:POKEV+21,3:POKEV+2,XA: 
POKEV+40,2 

FOR Y=220 TO 50 STEP-1: 
P0KEV+3,Y 

IF PEEK{V+31) AND2=2THEN 
CL=1: RETURN 

NEXT :RC=0: POKE V+ 21, PEEK 
{V+21) AHD(255-2) :GOSUBl 
300:RETURN 

WOS (1) =NWS:WO$ (2) =WG3:W 
05{3)=WHS:CW=1:RETUEN 
VTOS (1) =WG$:WOS (2) =HW$:W 
0$ (3) =WH$:CW=2: RETURN 
WO S ( 1 ) =WG5 : WOS ( 2 ) -WH S : W 
0$ (3) =NW$:CW=3:RETURN 
PRINT"{CLR} (12 DOWN) 
{4 RIGHT}YOU SPLASTBO T 
HREE IN A ROW" 
PRINT:PRINT"(3 RIGHT}WI 
THOUT A MISTAKE !1!":F0 
R RC=1 TO 2500:NEXT 
RC=0 : PRINT " (CLR) " : POKES 
3 281,1:POKEV+40,0:FORWA 
=1 TO 5O0:NSXT 
FORI =1T015:PW = INT (HND{ . 
) *50) : PRINTSPC(PW) " 
(aLK}NICE G0ING1":NEXT 
FOR WA=1 TO 203O:NEXT:P 
OKE53281,13 

POKEV+21, PEEK (V+21) AND ( 
253-2) :POKEV+29,3:POKEV 
+2 3,0:CH=3:POKEV+3,0 
GOSUB1330 

IFXA<109 AND CW=1 THEM 
{SPACE }GOSUB1170:ES=1;R 
ETURN 



PQ 383 IFXA<205ANDXA>109ANDCW= 

2THENGOSUB1170:E3=1:RET 

URN 
HP 890 IF Xfl>189 AND CW=3 THEN 

GOSUB1170:ES=1: RETURN 
EH 900 IF ES=0 THEN GOSUB1390 
BD 910 POKEV+21, PEEK(V+21)AND( 

255-2) :POKEV+3,0:RC=3:R 

ETURN 
BS 920 RP=INT ( (RW/25) *100) :POK 

EV+21,0 

ss 939 print"(clr} (2 down}you 
(spaceJsplasted "RP"% 
f the words" 

HB 940 PRINT"{DOHN} (2 RIGHT}TH 
E WORDS YOU GOT CORRECT 

ARE":PRINT 
SK 950 F0RI=1 TO RW : PRINTRW$ ( I 

) , :NEXT 
SE 960 PRINT"{HOME} {15 DOWN 3 
{2 RIGHT}TaE WORDS YOU 
(SPACE) GOT WRONG ARE":P 
RINT 
GE 970 F0RI=1 TO WW: PRINTWWS ( I 

) , :NEXT 
KR 980 PRINT: PRINTEPC (3) "(WHT) 
HIT ANY KEY TO CONTINUE 
(BLK)" 
QK 990 GET WAS: IF WAS=""THEN99 


CF 1000 PRINT"{CLR} [5 DOWN}"SP 

C(13) INS"'S SCORE WAS 

{SPACE}"SC 
ES 1319 PRINT: PRINT"{3 SPACES} 

THE BEST SCORE FOR THI 

S SESSION IS" 
HR 1920 IFINS=HN$THEN1040 
DC 1030 IFSC=HSTHENPRINT" 

{4 SPACES}A TIE BETWEE 

N "INS" AND "HNS" WITH 
"SC:GOTO1060 
HB 1040 IFSOHSTHEN HS = SC:HN$ = 

INS 
PR 1050 PRINT:PRINTSPC (15)HN5" 

'S{2 SPACES)"HS 
GE 1060 PRINT"{5 DOWN} 

C3 SPACES}WOULD YOU LI 

KE TO TRY AGAIN (Y/N) " 
EF 1070 GET PAS: IF PAS="Y"OR P 

AS="N"THEN1090 
SH 1080 GOTO1070 
JE 1090 IF PAS="Y"THENF0RER=1T 

025: Y(ER) =0 : RWS (ER) ="" 

;VWS (ER) ="" :NEXT 
XM 1190 IFPA$="Y" THEN RW=0:WW 

=0:SC=0:GOTO2a0 
BE 1110 PRINT"(CLR) {6 D0WN}IS 

{SPACE3THERE ANYONE EL 

SE WHO WANTS TO PLAY ? 

":PRINTSPC(1S) " (Y,N) " 
JG 1120 GET PBS: IF PB5="Y"0R P 

BS="N"THEN1140 
GH 1130 GOTO1120 
PD 1140 IF P85="Y"THENF0RER=1T 

025: Y (ER)=0:RWS(ER)="" 

:WWS (ER)="" :NEXT 
EB 1153 IFPBS="Y"THENRW=9:VW=0 

DECEMBER 1993 COMPUTE G-39 



PROGRAMS 



:SC=O;GOTO190 
RJ 1160 END 

BC 1170 IF PL=1 THEN SC=SC+10 
QS 1180 IF PL=2 THEN SC=SC+12 
EE 1190 IF PL=3 THEN SC=SC+15 
JQ 1200 RN=RN+1:F0R LL=SL TO S 

L+24:POKE LL,0:NEXT:PO 

KE SL+24,15 
XK 1210 POKE SL+5,64:POKE SL+6 

,136 
RP 1220 POKESL+l,28:POKE SL,49 

:P0KE SL+4,33:F0R SN=1 
TO 753:NEXT 
FP 1230 POKESL+1, 38:POKESL,38: 

POKESL+4 , 33 :FORSH=1T07 

aOlNEXT 
FM 1240 POKE SL+4,32:FOR T=l T 

50:NEXT 

EH 1250 POKE SL + l,56.;POKE SL,9 
9:P0KE SL+4,33:FOB SN= 

1 TO 700:NEXT 

SF 1260 POKE SL+4,32:FOR T=l T 

500: NEXT 
CB 1270 POKEV+21, PEEK (V+21) AND 

{255-2) :POKEV+3,0 
FD 1280 IF RtJ = 3 THEN GOSUBSSO: 

RN = 
BD 1290 RETURN 
AQ 1300 FORLL=SLTOSL+24:POKELL 

,0:NEXT:POKESL+24,1S:P 

OKESL+5, 34 : POKESL+6 , 20 


XD 1310 POKESL+1,8:POKESL,97:P 

OKESL+4 , 33 : F0RSN=1T017 

0a;NEXT:POKESL+4,32 
EM 1320 FOR SN=1 TO 50:NEXT:RN 

=9: RETURN 
MC 1330 PRINT" {CLR}":F0RRC=1 T 

1000:HEXT:ES=1:RETUR 

N 
DP 1340 DAT AGRACE,GR^ZE, WHALE, 

BRAKE, OPERATE, MI STAKE, 

ESCAPE , GRAPES , SAFELY 
FR 1350 DATACRAZY, BREAK, CREATE 

ST , FARE , SCARE , SQUARE , C 

OMP ARE, PRE PARI NG,SCARC 

E 
KM 1360 DATACANARY, RARELY, RELA 

TED , RELAXATION , RE PUT AT 

ION, BARE, RARE 
DX 1370 DATA300,000,00O,009,00 

0,030,000,000 
BP 1380 DATA000,000,300,030,00 

0,024,009,000 
XJ 1390 DATA024,000,000,024,00 

0,000,924,900 
HJ 1400 DATA000,024,000,062,02 

4,124,002,024 
HJ 1410 DATA064, 002, 024,064, 00 

2,024,064,127 
AQ 1420 DATA255, 254,064,060, 90 

2,064,060,002 
CB 1439 DATA366,060,066,O64,06 

0,002,067, 255 
QB 1440 DATA194,071,255,226,07 

9,255,242,000 
HC 1450 DATA009,000,090,000,00 

G-40 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



0,000,000,000 
MC 1460 DATA000,00O,0O0,000,06 

0,900,000,000 
HE 1470 DATA0O0, 000,000,093, 00 

0,000,028,000 
KC 1430 DATA300,042,000,00O,07 

3,000,000,073 
MA 1490 DATAg00,900,073,000,00 

0,003,000,000 
EG 1500 DATA008,000,000,008,09 

0,000,008,000 
AX 151.0 DATA000,O08,000,00O,00 

8,000,003,008 
GS 1520 DATAfi00,O90,008,fl90,00 

0,008,000,000 

William Snow, the author of Scud, is a 
teacher, l-ie lives in McHenry, lllinoisn 



ONLY ON DISK 

In addition to tiie type-in programs 
found in each issue of tlie magazine, 
Gazette Disl^ offers bonus programs. 
Here's a special program that you'll 
find only on this month's disk. 

Brush Strokes 

By Maurice Yanney 
Lebanon, PA 

The object of this arcade-style game 
for the 64 is to guide a number of 
randomly moving paint brushes over 
empty boxes that need painting, With 
a joystick in port 2 you control a pen- 
cil that draws or erases lines on the 
screen, Since the brushes can't 
cross a line, you can maneuver them 
toward the boxes. 

Of course, it's not as easy at it 
sounds, ff a brush touches a pencil, 
the pencil is ruined. You have only so 
many pencils during a game. Boxes 
must be painted within a time limit, 
too, so keep an eye on the clock. 
When you finish painting one level, 
you move on to another with an extra 
brush and set of boxes added each 
time you advance. 

You can have this program, our 
PD picks, and all the others that ap- 
pear in this issue by ordering the Oc- 
tober Gazette Disk. The tJ.S. price is 
$9,95 plus S2,00 shipping and han- 
dling. Send your order to Gazette 
Disk, COMPUTE Publications, 324 
West Wendover Avenue, Suite 200, 
Greensboro, North Carolina 27408, 



TYPING AIDS 

MLX, our machine language entry 
program for the 64 and 128, and 
The Automatic Proofreader are util- 
ities that help you type in Gazette 
programs without making mistakes. 
To make room for more programs, 
we no longer include these labor- 
saving utilities in every issue, but 
they can be found on each Gazette 
Disk and are printed in all issues of 
Gazette through June 1990, 

If you don't have access to a 
back issue or to one of our disks, 
write to us, and we'll send you free 
printed copies of both of these 
handy programs for you to type in. 
We'll also include instructions on 
how to type in Gazette programs. 
Please enclose a self-addressed, 
stamped envelope. Send a self-ad- 
dressed disk mailer with postage to 
receive these programs on disk. 

Write to Typing Aids. COIVl- 
PUTE's Gazette, 324 West Wen- 
dover Avenue, Suite 200, Greens- 
boro, North Carolina 27408. 



ATTENTION 

WRITERS 

PROGRAMMERS 

Gazette wants to purchase and pub- 
lish your utiities, applications, 
games, educational progranns, and 
tutorial articles. If you've created a 
program that you think other read- 
ers might enjoy or find useful, send 
it and the documentation on disk to 
the following address. 



Gazette Submissions Reviewer 
COfvlPUTE Publications 
324 W, Wendover, Ste. 200 
Greensboro, 

Please enclose an bASh it yoi 
want to have your material returned. 



Lt vv, vvciiuuvt;!, oie. iLU\J 

reensboro, NO 27408 rj ^■^ o 
ease enclose an SASE if you 



W^^0^^mm0''- ^- & ^^■m-sy. ■ -m^^ 




Circle Header Service Number 144 



CYBERRflCE ■ fl REVOLUTIQNflRY 3D CDMBRT AND RRCING SiMULflTIDN DESIGNED BY W0 

SYO mead. LUHD5E DESIGN CREDITS INCLUDE BLRDE RUNNER. THON, 3010. FIND Sf 

HvailahlE far the IBM PC and CompBlibles IRugust 19931, CommDdnfe Rmiga IMarch 19941 and'Bi 
For further infarmalion please contacl: Nnrth fimerica laiBl 3MB-3711 • Euraoe ID711 338-3257 lU.I 
reams. Inc ol9MCirli«ilfBams. Inc. llliMUMIiKiCrags Obl«on,lni:. BLLRiEHTS BESERVED 




King Richard falls. And Scotia 
beckons you, laughing... 
In her mad quest for power, Scotia has ravaged the 
kingdom. She seeks the throne, yet it eludes her. 
She's getting desperate. She's getting mean. 





Can YOU STOP HER? DO YOU DARE? 




^*' Make Friemls and Influence 

People -Cooperate with the helpful, 
sidestep the treacherous and destroy 
the dangerous. 

^ Quick and Easy Combat and 
Spell Casting. 



MATURING 



^* Compass and Automapper 

Included' Adventure through 
ancient keeps and living forests. 
I ncarth hidden ruins and 
haunted caves. 

* indulge in a Land of Sensory 

Delists - Over 20 megabytes of 
compressed art and special 
effects. Actually hear the clash of 
steel! Feel the blows of terrors 
who slip beneath your guard! 



AN INSPIRED FANTASY 

RPG EXPERIENCE FROM 

THE DEVELOPMENT 

TEAM THAT CREATED 

EYE OF THE BEHOLDER™ I AND IL 

WestwQod " 

Distributed Exclusively by 

A\'ailable for your IBM PC' " " " 




..^i^: 




'M 



Eye of the Beholder I and n are trademarks of TSR, Inc. 

The Eye of the beholder garhes,TSR, Inc. and SSI are not connected or related 

,in aiiy way lo the L^ds of Lore giuiie,. Virgin Gtiraes, Inaor Westsyood Studies, Inc. 
Lands- of Lorg is a t^emark of Westwood jStudios, Inc. © 1 993 Westwood Studios, Inc 
All rights reservedi-^gin is aregistfered ti^deiiiJiirk 




Circle Reader Service Numbef 1 32 



REVIEWS 



NAAC UNIVERSAL 
WINSTATtON 433 

The Universal Winstation 
433 is a pleasant surprise. 
I've seen many PC systems 
from small companies over 
the years, and I'm usually 
wary of them. Too often, 
they're designed to sell for 
the lowest possible price, 
and they tend to show it — 
such systems often have flim- 
sy cases, expansion devic- 
es that don't work well togeth- 
er, and mushy keyboards. 
Not so with NMC's Universal 
Winstation 433. Although 
this computer comes from a 
small Utah company that 
you may never have heard 
of, it shows all the quality 
you'd expect from a Dell, 
Compaq, or IBM machine. 

The Winstation I evaluat- 
ed was configured as a mul- 
timedia system, and it 
meets the new fvlPC Level 2 
specification. No stow, after- 
thought CD-ROM drive and 
no-name sound card here — 
the system sports a Pro Au- 
dioSpectrum 16 sound card 
and a blazingly fast Toshiba 
CD-ROM drive. The PAS 16 
is an impressive board, with 
16-bit stereo sound, full 
Sound Blaster emulation, 
and software control of all 
board settings — you can 
even change the volume 
from the keyboard while play- 
ing a game. The dual- 
speed Toshiba CD-ROM 
drive uses a SCSI-2 inter- 
face and has a data transfer 
rate of up to 330K per sec- 
ond and an average access 
time of 200 ms; it also has a 
256K cache that speeds 
things even more. 

The rest of the system ex- 
hibits similar quality, The 
1MB STB PowerGraph 
S'v'GA card uses an S3 accel- 
erator and a VESA local-bus 
connection to provide exem- 
plary performance in both 

116 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



Windows and DOS. The 
board supports 24-bit true 
color in 640 x 480 mode, 
16-bit color at 800 x 600, 
and 256 colors at 1024 x 
768: a handy utility lets you 
change modes without us- 
ing Windows Setup. The 
200MB Western Digital IDE 
hard drive is supported 



ish as well. More important, 
it has a solid feel with audi- 
ble, tactile feedback. The 
noninterlaced ADI Mi- 
croScan 3G monitor has a 
crisp .28-mm dot pitch and 
electronic adjustment con- 
trols. The multimedia system 
includes a number of CD- 
ROMs, including a disc of 




NMC's Universal Winstation 433 exhibits a level of quality you 
would expect in a more expensive MPC system. 



through an uncached 32-bit 
local-bus IDE controller. The 
system has eight slots (two 
have VLB extensions), five 
of which are available in the 
multimedia configuration. 
The case opens without a 
screwdriver, making expan- 
sion a snap. 

With local-bus peripher- 
als and a 256K secondary 
processor cache, the Winsta- 
tion's performance is quite 
perky. (A ZIP socket sup- 
ports updating to a DX2 or 
P24T Pentium processor if 
you ever feel the need for a 
speed boost.) And in addi- 
tion to being fast, this sys- 
tem boasts good looks. The 
case has an attractive mold- 
ed plastic front, and the 
space-saver keyboard is styl- 



shareware, an encyclope- 
dia, an atlas, games, and a 
CD-audio classical music 
sampler. 

Documentation for Win- 
dows 3.1, DOS 6, the moth- 
erboard, and all the expan- 
sion cards is included, but 
NMC didn't stop there. 
There's a handy 40-page 
Starter Manual that will get 
even first-time PC owners 
up and running; it includes 
setup, troubleshooting, and 
technical-support informa- 
tion. This little booklet can 
make a lot of difference to 
the wary first-time computer 
owner; too many companies 
just toss in the manuals for 
the components and leave 
system operation as an exer- 
cise for the purchaser. 



Best of all, this high quali- 
ty comes at the price of a 
low-end cione. NMC pro- 
vides unlimited toll-free tech- 
nical support, a one-year war- 
ranty on parts, and a two- 
year warranty on labor. If 
you're looking for a solid mul- 
timedia system at a dis- 
count price, I'd suggest you 
take a close look at NMC's 
impressive offering. 

DENNY ATKIN 



National Microcomputers 

(801)265-3700 

S2.43S 

Circle Reader Service Number 235 



MICROSOFT 
WORD 6.0, 
WORDPERFECT 
6.0 FOR DOS 

The latest releases of 
WordPerfect and Microsoft 
Word are proof that power- 
ful DOS word processing 
isn't dead. Both programs in- 
corporate features previous- 
ly found only in Windows ap- 
plications while retaining the 
speed of DOS text mode. 

The two programs have 
several similar new features 
such as drag-and-drop text 
editing, built-in support for 
graphic fonts, and optional 
control bars. Both programs 
are shipped with dedicated 
versions of the Grammatik 
grammar checker. 

But despite surface similar- 
ities, Microsoft Word for MS- 
DOS 6.0 and WordPerfect 
6.0 for DOS aren't as compa- 
rable as their predecessors 
were; they each suit very dif- 
ferent needs. For example, 
if you're using a 286 with a 
40MB drive, then Word may 
be the better choice. The pro- 
gram takes less than 6MB 
for a full installation, requires 
only 384K of RAM, and min- 
imally taxes your processor. 
On the other hand, if you 



'i.. /,^ ., . 



IFSir 



If you love pinbalL welcome to 
its next level. SILVERBALL is 
not a remake of authentic old- 
time classics; it's a collection of 
all new pinball games destined to 
be classics! Choose from 4 
|tables with graphics so real you 
can almost get glass, superb 
voice and sound quality and 
multi-player capability for up to 4. 

With every option imaginable 
from ultimate flipper control to 
multi-ball and replay... complete 
jwith flashing lights, bonuses, 

pers and bells, it's like having 
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Ircle Reader Service Number 2t1^ 
Actual game screens may vary 



Developed by Epic MegaGames 



REVIEWS 



have a fast 386 or belter, at 
least 520K of RAM, and can 
afford 16MB of hard disk 
space, WordPerfect is a con- 
siderably more flexible pro- 
gram, with impressive 
spreadsheet, fax, sound, 
presentation, and desktop 
publishing capabilities. 

WordPerfect 6.0 offers 
the best of versions 5.1 for 
DOS and 5.2 for Windows 
and adds several new fea- 
tures of its own. You can 
wrap text around irregular 
graphics, print postal bar 
codes for bulk mail, and 
open up to nine documents. 
This last enhancement was 
long overdue, and while it's 
still limited compared to 
Word — in which you're lim- 
ited only by available mem- 
ory — it beats the old two-doc- 
ument limit. 

The program lets you 
switch between text mode 
and a Windows-like graphi- 
cal interface at any time. 
You can compose and edit 
with the speed of text mode 
and then switch to VGA 
graphic mode to place your 
pictures and make your oth- 
er layout decisions. The 
graphic mode, however, Is 
sluggish compared to Win- 
dows applications. Screen re- 
draws can be painfully slow 
when you're using pictures 
or soft fonts in your docu- 
ment, even on a 33-fvlHz 
486DX with BfVIB of memory 

Word 6.0 is a capable 
DOS program that offers 
you many (but not all) of the 
features of Word for Win- 
dows 2.0. Its table-creating 
tool and TrueType fonts are 
Windows carryovers, as are 
drag-and-drop editing and 
automatic bulleting. The pro- 
gram is probably intended 
to prepare DOS users for 
the eventual switch to Win- 
dows. If you own a 286 or 
slow 386 but plan to up- 
grade to faster equipment in 
the future, you can buy 

118 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



Tffl" 



File Edit Vicu Insert Foimt Tuils Libia Uindou Kelp 

Slulc:morii.il« U ront:lIiKcs_neu_fUBia» lU-Il » < ► 



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should sign up for tl"; entire tKcursion. Enolic ExmrsloftS wHl talis 
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4 (tfX OUtOOOfi CEflJi (EXCEPT PEKSOHAl CLOTHIHG). 

For QxwiplCi «e &in>pl |ji jwckx. tev^H, jikI Looking ^c^r. twt, !""! 
boots fiiul rAii^ 9«Ar. dUMimiUUHmmftLBiUMiiHgHKHBp 

3 

A ALL aiHBlrte SEAR. 

Ropes, cranpons, ice *xes, and SO roftli. To nako sure yo< 

ATK suitable tor- thesfi cljn^, sec tttll iiifamation in tJl^nclDsedi 

packet. 

4 LOCAL CURREHCV MiD HAPS. ^ 

AU U* Mps ym ne ed, curre ncy for the f if s^d jwj fn jfltf glyen 

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se tts ttouse to novo selected obJcct(sJ tg ^ n£u location 



JE_ 



Among Microsott Word 6 0's new features is drag-and-drop, which 
was brought over from its Windows counterpart 



rtle Edit Ulaj Ugcmt lools Font SMiihles utiijaH jjelB 




WordPeriect S.O for DOS sports a Windows-like interface and the 
ability to open up to nine documents at once. 



Word 6.0 now and upgrade 
later to Word for Windows 
6.0 (Microsoft skipped from 
2.0 to 6,0 to bring the ver- 
sion numbers in line} for 
free under Microsoft's dual- 
license agreement. 

One of the most signifi- 
cant improvements to both 
Word and WordPerfect is 
the built-in capability to han- 
dle graphic soft fonts. Both 
support scalable TrueType 
fonts; WordPerfect also sup- 
ports Type 1, CG Inteilifont, 



and Bitstream Speedo 
fonts. To prevent printer fiies 
from becoming too large, Mi- 
crosoft suggests that you not 
install more than 5 new fonts 
at a time and no more than 
20 totai. WordPerfect's docu- 
mentation mentions no such 
limitation. 

Unfortunately, "deep archi- 
tectural problems" prevent 
Word 6.0 from printing Tru- 
eType fonts as text on the 
popular Hewlett-Packard 
DeskJet printer. This prob- 



lem doesn't exist with other 
ink-jet printers, and Micro- 
soft says third-party soft- 
ware is available which will al- 
low you to print TrueType as 
well as other graphic fonts 
on your DeskJet. 

Like WordPerfect, Word al- 
lows you to switch between 
text and graphic modes on 
the fly. However, there's a 
big difference between 
what each program calls 
graphic. Word can give you 
bold, underline, and italic 
screen fonts as well as a pre- 
view of special characters, 
but it's not comparable to 
WordPerfect's WYSIWYG. 

Depending on your word 
processing needs and hard- 
ware, the choice between 
the latest versions of Word 
and WordPerfect should be 
a clear one. If you need max- 
imum speed with minimum 
hardware, take a good look 
at Word. If you need more 
from your word processor 
than just word processing 
and have the computing 
power to back it up, WordPer- 
fect has versatility to spare. 

PHILLIP MORGAN 

WordPerfect 

(800)451-5151 

(801)225-5000 

WordPerfecl 6.0 for [DOS— $495 

$129 (upgrade) 

Circle Reader Service Number 285 

Microsoft 

(800) lae-g-ioo 

(206) 635-7210 

Word 6.0— S495 

S129 (upgrade) 

Circle Reader Service Number 2S7 

DAY OF THE 
TENTACLE 

One's purple, mean, and rub- 
bery; the other's pale, 
dweebish, and scrawny. 
Rush Limbaugh and Ross 
Perot? No, it's the Purple Ten- 
tacle and Bernard, stars of 
LucasArts' magnificent Day 
of the Tentacle, a B-movie 



\nn 



r? f^r- 



I — ,p— T I — I — r— 



V 



The war against the Kilrathi rages on. 

to some, it means death, slavery or dishonor... 

To OTHERS, it's THE CHANCE TO MAKE A QUICK BUCK. 

• Make your own alliances and choose the life of a pirate, merchant or mercenary. 
You accept your assignments from the IWission Computers, Mercenary's Guild, 
IWerchant's Guild or the nefarious fixers that inhabit every bar. 

• Customize your ship according to your needs and budget— you can modify 
weapons, armor and other systems. And you'll need them, because your enemies 
want more than just a new kill stenciled on their prow — Wiey want your cargo.too. 

• Upgrade your ship, from your grandfather's old Tarsus scout to the sleek 
Centurion fighter or Orion gunship— combat plays a vital role no matter how 
you decide to earn a living. 

• Explore a complete universe with more than 50 bases and planets in almost 70 
systems — agricultural planets, merchant colonies and mining bases. 

Privateer • where deals are made with a handshake 
and broken by a volley from.a meson cannon. 

t 



*t*^BS». 



.28^ 






\ 








An Electronic Ar»s©«Cc 



u^jjjy 



P.O. BOX 16T750 AUSTIN, TX 



Privateer is a Iradomar* o( ORIGIN Systems, Inc. Wing Commanilot. Origin, and We create worWs are registefoil trademarks of ORIGIN Syslems. Inc. 
CopyriBht © 1993 ORIGIN Syslems. Inc. Electronic Arts is a rcgisti!red Irademark of Electronic Arts. For IBM PC and 300* compatible systems. 

Avdlable at o software retailer near you or (altl -800-24S-4S2S for MC/Viso/Discover orders. 
Circle Reader Service Ntimber 203 



Actual screens may vary 
A Stand-Alone Game 
Made in the USA 



(! 



Qua£i^ P/tcdudi 



D 




REDI-FILE 

The ultimate organizer for com- 
puter printouts. The best system 
yet for storing, organizing and 
retrieving computer printouts. The 
printouts are clamped inside 
durable, lightweight plastic boxes 
for handy desk top storage, or 
shelved vertically like books or 
hung on racks-all without messy 
flopping or fanning. 

Redi-file can be used for per- 
manent archive storage and is a 
handy storage for books and 
magazines. 

# 470 Redi-file SQ™ Organizer. 
Holds a 2" stack of 80 column printout 
(8 1/2" or 9 1/2" )( 11"). 

#471 Redi-file 132™ Organizer. 

Holds a 2" stack of 1 32 column printout 
(14 7/8' X 11", 9 1/2" or 8 1/2"). 

#475 Redi-file SOXL'" Organizer. 

Holds 3 1/2" stack of 80 column printout, 

#476 Redi-file 132XL™ Organizer. 

Holds a 3 1/2" stack of 132 column printout. 



I EMBASSY QUALITY PRODUCTS 

Price Tolal 

I Model Size Each Qly Price 



1470 103/8x13x21/2 SB95 
\m 15 Wx 13 J 2 1.7 S9.95 

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1476 IS a** X 13x4 S10.95 

' Pius $1,50 ea, shipping and handling. 



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PHONE (909) 678-3156) 



REVIEWS 



sci-fi parody that skirts the lunatic fr- 
inge of comedy adventure. 

Officially, the game is a sequel to 
1987's Maniac Mansion, but it bears lit- 
tle resemblance to that archaic mas- 
terpiece, noted for the debut of Lu- 
casArts' SCUMM story system. Graph- 




Clrcle Reader Service Number 213 



Day of the Tentacle is a seqLje! io the iirsi 
SCUMM adventure. Maniac Mansion. 

ics, sound, and storage devices have 
improved significantly over the past six 
years. As if to dramatically illustrate ex- 
actly how far we've come, the com- 
plete Maniac Mansion — CGA graphics 
and PC speaker sounds intact — is clev- 
erly hidden within Day of the Tentacle. 
Whether or not you're familiar with the 
original, it's a delightful spin down mem- 
ory lane. Be warned, however: The 
experience is like falling through a pri- 
mordial portal of computer gaming. 
The story remains as clever as ever, 
but the presentation will make your 
VGA-loving skin crawl. 

Beyond some well-deserved back- 
slapping, the inclusion of Maniac Man- 
sion actually fits in with the sequel's 
wacky premise of time travel. An all- 
talkie introduction sets the stage: 
Green and Purple Tentacle, cut for a 
stroll, stumble upon toxic waste dis- 
charged from Dr. Fred Edison's secret 
laboratory. Despite Green's warnings, 
Purple takes a gulp and is scon trans- 
formed into a highly intelligent, super- 
aggressive appendage, intent on tak- 
ing over the world. 

To prevent further damage. Dr. 
Fred enlists the help of three kids: Ber- 
nard, a well-meaning computer geek; 
Hoagie, a heavy-metal roadie; and Lav- 
erne, a slightly off-center med student 
and freelance surgeon. The plan is to 
travel back in time, one day before Pur- 
ple Tentacle become infected. Unfor- 
tunately, Dr. Fred's time machines — 
retrofitted portable outhouses, called 
Chron-o-Johns — misfire, zapping our 
three misadventurers in opposite direc- 
tions in space and time. Hoagie lands 
in the era of Benjamin Franklin, while 
Laverne travels to a future twisted by 



the evil Purple Tentacle. Only Bernard 
returns intact, where he must coordi- 
nate joint efforts by his distant friends 
to halt the Purple threat. 

From here, the story takes off into 
three disparate, but interrelated, sec- 
tions. Once a link in time is estab- 
lished, you can switch control to each 
character as needed. The mouse-driv- 
en SCUMM interface, refined in the Mon- 
key Island and Indiana Jones series, re- 
mains one of the genre's most intuitive 
and friendly. Puzzles are object-orient- 
ed and relatively nonlinear in nature. 
Most are of intermediate difficulty requir- 
ing simple manipulation of collected 
items. The fun part, of course, is sim- 
ply explohng odd locations and engag- 
ing in outrageously funny conversa- 
tions. Multiple games can be saved 
and restored for convenience sake. 
You may get stumped, but unlike oth- 
er adventures, there's no punishment 
for wrong actions. 

Except for a few short transitional 
scenes, disk-based users will find the 
digitized speech ends after the pro- 
logue. The CD-ROM version, however, 
features talking characters throughout. 
While both versions are identical and 
equally enjoyable, the full-throated CD 
edition — containing more than 268MB 
of sound — is simply fantastic. Profes- 
sional actors contribute to the success, 
especially the inspired casting of Rich- 
ard Sanders, best known as Les Ness- 
man on the TV sitcom WKRP in Cincin- 
nati, as Bernard. 

Graphics and animation are also ex- 
cellent, inspired by the Chuck Jones 
era of Warner Brothers cartoons. Of par- 
ticular interest is the hilarious opening 
credit sequence, good enough to sit 
through several times. Lead artist Peter 
Chan imparts a wonderfully inventive, 
almost surreal edge to his wildly exag- 
gerated graphic styling. 

Terrific fun from start to finish, Day of 
the Tentacle is one tongue-in-cheek 
adventure you'll wish would never end. 
scorr A, MAY 

LucasArts 

(SCO) 782-7927 

$59.95 (disk) 

S69.95 (CD-BOM) 

Circle Reader Service Number 2BB 



SMART ONE 1442FX 

Best Data Products' Smart One 
1442FX is an external high-speed fax/ 
data modem that's a real bargain 
Based on the popular Rockwell mo- 
dem chip set, the 1442FX provides 
14,400-bps transfers in both fax and da- 
ta mode. It supports all of the popular 
error correction and data compression 
modes, such as V.32bis and CCITT 





Jr-i 



Over one hundred 
play areas to test 

your reflexes 
and intellisence. 



[T^ 




This puzzle game 

will keep your sears 

spinnins! 



Gear WorJ(sJs the 
hit the,.., 
connect 

together in oftl^r| 
of the Ancient a"' 



uzzfe game to 
■•'-■- uwill 



OjWiJi iijj]:jija; 
jiai h 7iiiJr3j JjJ 2i-irj4yio!3-j 
%il'jUu 3k^2 mid s:jJu;i3" 

id ih'ldiii v;y/Jd hiiu i 



creature«s,th 









Available in IBM PC and Amiflimom 



"SJi: 



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HOLLYWARE ENTERTAINMENT P.O. Box 9148 Marina Del Rey, Ca. 90295 (310) 822-9200 
See your Local Software Retailer or call HOLLYWARE Entertament. Copyright @ 1 993 HOLLYWARE Entertainment, Tradematlt TM 1 



Entertainment 



Bectronic Publishing. 



REVIEWS 



V.17 fax protocol. Connect- 
ed to a similar modem, the 
1442FX can manage trans- 
fers of up to 57,600 bps 
wfien transferring raw text 
with compression active, 
Such speed leaves those of 
us who remember 300-bps 
modems almost short of 
breath. 

The sturdy white plastic 
case is of the "sit under the 
phone" variety. It sports 
eight status lights on the 
front, but unfortunately, the 
power switch is on the back 
along with the DB-25 serial 
connector, power connec- 
tor, and two phone jacks. At 
just under two pounds with 
power connector, it's light 
enough to pack along with 
your laptop (and it's much 
less expensive than battery- 
powered pocket modems of 
similar capability). Best Data 
also sells a less expensive in- 
ternal version, but the ease 
of transferring an external mo- 
dem to another computer 
and the reassurance of the 
front-panel status lights 
make the external model a 
more attractive choice. 

The 1442FX is a solid per- 
former. Many 14,400-bps mo- 
dems are more finicky 
about connecting to other 
brands than the older 2400- 
bps models, but I had no 
trouble connecting to many 
modems ranging in speed 
from 1200 bps to 14,400 
bps. Fax connections were 
handled flawlessly as well. 

The modem I reviewed in- 
cluded the DOS-based 
QuickLink II fax/data pack- 
age. Best Data recently an- 
nounced the Gold Bundle, 
which incfudes the 1442FX, 
a CompuServe introductory 
membership kit, and the Win- 
CIM terminal program; you 
may find other bundles at 
your local retailer as well. Al- 
though the modem retails 
for S329, it can be found for 
well under $200 at discount 

122 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



retailers. At that price, can 
you afford not to upgrade to 
14,400-bps speed? 

DENNY ATKIN 

Best Data Products 

(800) 632- BEST 

(818) 773-9600 

$329 (external) 

$239 (internal) 

Circle Reader Service Number 2B9 



third that has some of the 
characteristics of both. Dis- 
tortion morphing takes an inn- 
age and radically distorts it 
to create something weird. 
For example, if you transi- 
tion-morph pictures of a la- 
dy and a tiger, you get a 
new image of a tiger-wom- 
an. Or you can distortion-mor- 



fit gwrfli fjtnuMw QtipMy siwingi r»i»a^> n*\ 




Winlrriages:morph g/ves you itie power to create impressive 
transition-morpti animations between pictures. 



WINIAAAGES: 
MORPH 

Did you feel a thrill when 
T10Q0 oozed through the 
bars in Terminator 2? Did 
you record Michael Jack- 
son's "Black or White" video 
so you could play it for your- 
self in even heavier rotation? 
Do you watch "Star Trek: 
Deep Space Nine" just to 
see Odo reconstitute him- 
self from a chair or a wine 
bottle? If so, you're a nut for 
morphing, the latest fad in 
computer graphics special ef- 
fects with, as far as is 
known, no practical use oth- 
er than to create startling 
eye candy. 

Morphing comes in two fla- 
vors. Transition morphing is 
the process of smoothly com- 
bining two images into a 



ph a face to give it a Klin- 
gon forehead, a Pinocchio 
nose, Ferengi ears, and oth- 
er bizarre features. 

Winlmages:morph does 
both kinds of morphs, and it 
does them well. This is a pro- 
gram for the true morph en- 
thusiast. You can create sin- 
gle or multiple images in a 
single distortion-morph oper- 
ation, precisely controlling 
which parts of each image 
will morph together. Distor- 
tion morphs are completely 
free-form, with precise 
boundary control. Winlmag- 
es:morph reads most kinds 
of graphics files and creates 
animation sequences in full 
24-bit color in AutoDesk FLI 
format. You can even break 
up an animation rendering 
and distribute it over many 
PCs — a useful feature, 
since a 24-bit, 30-frame mor- 



ph animation can take 
hours to render on even a 
fast 486. You'll need 4MB of 
RAM to run the program, 
but Black Belt recommends 
8MB of memory for optimal 
performance, 

Winlmages:morph is 
even easy to use, once 
you've grasped the basic 
concepts. (The online manu- 
al isn't great, but you'll be 
able to figure out most fea- 
tures with a little experimen- 
tation.) The real skill is in 
knov/ing how to choose con- 
trol points and define bound- 
aries for the best morph ef- 
fects. You'll gain that skill 
only through experience. I 
recommend working with 
256-color, single-image out- 
put before trying your hand 
at animation. 

One caveat; As a slick 
special effect, morphing 
was hot two years ago. To- 
day, even though morphing 
is new to the PC, people 
may not be impressed. 
You'll have to come up with 
something really spectacu- 
lar to evoke the same awe 
Terminator 2 did back in 
1991 . But Winimagesimorph 
certainly gives you the tools 
and the power to do it. 

STEVEN ANZOVIN 

Black Belt Systems 
(800) 852-6442 
S199.95 

Crrcle ReadBf Service Number 290 

ROCK AND BACH 
STUDIO 

Kids love music videos, but 
watching videos is a pas- 
sive activity. Why not encour- 
age them to exercise their 
creativity by using Rock and 
Bach Studio to create their 
own videos with dazzling 
special effects? 

Targeted at kids between 
ages 7 and 14, Rock and 
Bach Studio lets them ex- 
plore the world of music by 



AMTEX Pinball Ciassi 




For product infofmation, send 
your name and address to: 
AMTEX Software Corporation, 
P.O. Box 572, Belleville, Ontario, 
Canada K8N5B2 or call 
1613 967-7900 
Fax; 161 3 967-7902 




This is what pinball was in the days of the classics. A flipper, a 
ball, and a few elusive targets. But don't be fooled by simplicity. 
Tills isn't a "luck of the draw" card game. When you have to 
shoot for the high hand, skill and strategy are the rule. Hit the 
cards out of order, and you're back where you started. It's a 
challenge that made Royal Flush one of Gottlieb's most popular 
drop target games. Now AMTEX takes you back to the old 
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the open playing field for the ultimate score — 
"The White Joker". Odds are, you can bet on 
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don't gamble when it comes to 
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Coming soon at a suggested retail price of J49.95 
Circle ftesder Service Number t57 



All trademarks are the property of tiieir 
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You can't get any closer than this ! 



REVIEWS 



composing songs, creating 
music videos, and experi- 
menting with rliythm and har- 
mony. Accompanied by 
Edison, their computer com- 
panion, your children look, lis- 
ten, and create as they 
browse through each room 
of the studio. 

Fluorescent colors flash 
across your PC's monitor as 
Rock and Bach Studio's mu- 
sicians demonstrate 
rhythms, instruments, and 
dance moves. Each screen 
displays options with both 
words and pictures, allow- 
ing children to wander 
through the program without 
assistance. The text is casu- 
al and friendly in style, so 
that even a young reader 
won't feel intimidated. 

Kids will encounter a vari- 
ety of ensembles, ranging 
from jazz and Latin combos 
to rock groups to full orches- 
tral sound. Each room in 
Rock and Bach Studio pro- 
vides a new musical experi- 
ence. In The Drum Clinic, 
children can bang out their 
own rhythms on their key- 
boards as they experiment 
with an assortment of 
drums, cymbals, and 
gongs. In The Instrument 
Room, children discover the 
history of traditional instru- 
ments and the instruments' 
orchestral value. 

Leaping from the tradition- 
al to the ultramodern, chil- 
dren can experiment with dig- 
itized sound in The Sound 
Effects Room, As they 
watch the sound's graphic 
form, your kids can create 
their own effects using 
echo, reverberation, and 
sound filters. 

In The Music Room, Rock 
and Bach Studio uses hu- 
mor to show that classical 
music can be interesting. 
Children learn that Mozart, 
"the original rock star," be- 
gan touring Europe at age 7 
and that Debussy created 

124 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



the "original New Age mu- 
sic." Children can also listen 
to classics by such famous 
composers as Brahms, 
Beethoven, and John Philip 
Sousa. 

Once your kids feel com- 
fortable with the fundamen- 
tals, they can use this knowl- 
edge and their imagination 



RAILROAD 
TYCOON DELUXE, 
PIRATES! GOLD 

MicroProse has taken two 
classic Sid fvleier games. 
Railroad Tycoon and Pi- 
rates!, and updated them 




Difficulty 
Factor: 10% 

(Investor) 



Railroad Tycoon Deluxe updates '/;■. ■. '.i:;; ^- .• ■^.' :::c- :o 
SVGA graphics and mare locations for your railroad. 



to create a music video. 
First, they must compose 
their own song using sec- 
tions of prerecorded melo- 
dies. After mixing their favor- 
ite riffs, children can audi- 
tion musicians to form the 
band. Then they move to vid- 
eo production to coordinate 
camera angles, back- 
grounds, and special ef- 
fects to complement their mu- 
sic. After they've finished, 
children can watch their vid- 
eo with Edison or copy it to 
a disk to share with a friend 
(the video can be saved in 
a stand-alone format so 
your friend doesn't have to 
own a copy of Rock and 
Bach Studio to play it). 

LISA YOUNG 



Brsderbund 
(300) 521-6263 
S35.95 

Circle Reader Service Number 291 



for today's PCs. Although 
the originals still stand as 
two of the most playable 
games in the company's his- 
tory, the Super MGA graph- 
ics and more-detailed play- 
ing environments of Railroad 
Tycoon Deluxe and Pirates! 
Goid make great games 
even better. 

Railroad Tycoon Deluxe 
is a game of railroad devel- 
opment: You build a rail line 
from the ground up. You've 
got to balance economic 
and logistic considerations 
while trying to make a iarge, 
profitable enterprise grow. 

The depth of the econom- 
ic model and the omnipres- 
ent competition from other 
rail lines make Railroad Ty- 
coon Deluxe an exciting, in- 
teresting game that's likely 
to hold your attention for 
many hours. You must lay 
track prudently, build sta- 



tions, buy locomotives, and 
set up schedules which will 
meet the necessary supply- 
and-demand requirements 
of your stations. 

Railroad Tycoon Deluxe 
improves the depth of the ec- 
onomic model (taking into ac- 
count such things as drasti- 
cally falling stock prices) 
and adds several new loca- 
tions which give you an op- 
portunity to explore not only 
North America and Europe, 
but South America and Afri- 
ca as well. 

Unfortunately, the game 
shows indications that it was 
rushed into release before 
some problems were ironed 
out. It locks up occasionally, 
and has more than the aver- 
age share of sound card ad- 
dressing conflicts. On the 
map screen, the viewing ar- 
ea sometimes jumps too far 
away from your mouse 
clicks. The manual spends 
an entire chapter taking you 
through a detailed tutorial rail- 
road which is missing from 
the Deluxe version's disks. 
The screen prompts were 
sloppily done in places, and 
the copy protection (identify- 
ing a locomotive from a pic- 
ture) presented me with a 
train which wasn't men- 
tioned in either the manual 
or the technical supplement. 

Railroad Tycoon Deluxe 
basically puts a pretty face 
on an otherwise solid game. 
As far as play goes, the 
bugs of the new version bal- 
ance out the enhance- 
ments. If you already own 
Railroad Tycoon, it might 
not be worth the money to 
upgrade. But if you never 
played the original, this is 
one rail line you'll want to 
hop aboard. 

Pirates! Goid is truly a vis- 
ual feast, with hand-painted 
screens that have the feel of 
Caribbean watercolors. It's 
off to the seas in a small 
sloop to seek fame, fortune, 




TM 






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under the _ 
the Tyrant A 
theCubeofPossi 

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Queen is prisoner aadj^^e 

DragonPharoaHisl 

^ I 
at the royal Pyramid^ jdeserted 

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ie! PJOsi^i^aDEe aligmed. and your destiny 



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Circle Reader Service Mumber 105 



®C0PYRIGmi993. NEW WOBLD COMPUTING, INC. 

MIGHT & MAGIC AND NEW WORLD COMPUTING ARE REGISTERED TRADEMARKS Of NEW WORLD COMPUTING. IN> 

IBM SCREENS SHOWH ACIUAL SCREENS MAY VARY, 



WH WfBlB GmPUJmjHG^ 



Available at Your Local Software Retaileb or Direct From New World at 1-800-325 -8898 [or 1-818-999-0607 Outside U.S. J P.O. Box 4302 Hollywddd, CA 90978-4302 



REVIEWS 



and many, many dueling 
scars. Pirates! Gold features 
three main arenas of action: 
sword figtiting, ocean-faring 
battles, and land battles. 
These are connected by a 
role-playing shell which al- 
lows you to court the favor 
of local politicos, woo beau- 
tiful women, and recruit salty 
dogs in the locai pub. 

All in all, Pirates! Gold is 
as addicting a game as 
you're likely to find. It 
doesn't take weeks to learn, 
and it provides hours of fun. 
In the fencing sequence, 
you'll find yourself lunging, 
parrying, and slashing in a 
duel with an opponent. At 
first it seems like an exer- 
cise in key bashing, but af- 
ter several duels the mad- 
ness gives way to method, 
and you'll discover that 
there are times when a par- 
ry can save your hide and 
set you up for a low lunge 
sure to score. 

The seafaring battles are 
a marvel of simplicity. You 
steer the ship and fire the 
cannon at your enemy. 
There are a number of fac- 
tors to take into account, 
though, such as the direc- 
tion of the wind, the fullness 
of the sails, the cannon re- 
load rates, and the speed of 
a particular ship. Once an en- 
emy ship has been softened 
up, you can sail broadside 
and grapple her. raiding the 
deck and battling the ene- 
my captain. If you're victori- 
ous, you can plunder the 
ship, then keep the ship or 
scuttle it. 

Pirates! Gold, like Rail- 
road Tycoon Deluxe, does 
have some problems. For all 
the beauty of the interaction 
screens, there isn't much va- 
riety (towns of different na- 
tionalities should look differ- 
ent). There's no easy way to 
restore a game (you must ex- 
it the game entirely to restart 
a saved game), and you 

126 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



can't save a game unless 
you're in port. Finally, some 
of the logistical interfaces 
are a bit clumsy; there's no 
easy way to switch your com- 
mand to a newly captured 
ship until you face combat. 
However, Pirates! Gold is 
a more spectacular up- 
grade than Railroad Tycoon 



able microprocessor speed. 
But it's not just a pretty 
face — it's a solid performer 
backed by excellent prod- 
uct support. 

The standard configura- 
tion, which I reviewed, has a 
33-MHz i486DX, 4MB of 
memory, a 170MB Quantum 
hard drive, a 16-bit IDE con- 




Pirates! Gold takes the CGA classic into llie Super VGA realm, 
adding beautiful tiand-painted graphics. 



Deluxe: even if you already 
own the original Pirates!, 
this new version is certainly 
worth looking into. In all. 
both of these games are es- 
sential additions to any seri- 
ous gamer's library. 

PAUL C SCHUVTEM.A 

MicroProse 

(800) 879-7529 

Railroad Tycoon Deluxe— $69.95 

Circle Reader Service Number 292 

Pirates! Gold— S69.95 

Circle Reader Service Number 293 

ARES 486-33DX 

The first thing you'll notice 
about the ARES 486-33DX 
midtower PC is that it's a 
very attractive unit, with a 
smoked-plastic front panel 
covering the turbo, reset, 
and power buttons, as well 
as a bright green LED dis- 
play which shows the adjust- 



trotler, dual floppy drives, a 
256K external cache, a 
three-button mouse, a Flash 
101 programmable key- 
board, a low-radiation 
SVGA monitor, and a VLB 
SpeedStar Pro graphics 
card. Windows 3.1 and MS- 
DOS 6 are not only included 
on the hard drive but sup- 
plied on disk as well. 

ARES provides every- 
thing you need to get up 
and running — and stay run- 
ning. Along with ample doc- 
umentation, complete with 
technical specifications of 
all components, ARES sup- 
plies a system inspection 
checklist, a CMOS configura- 
tion checklist, a printout of 
the factory diagnostic re- 
sults, and a lifetime member- 
ship card for 24-hour techni- 
cal support. One unusual 
service supplied by ARES is 
remote diagnostics of your 
system. You can simply use 



your modem and the sup- 
plied QA Plus software to 
call the ARES host comput- 
er and let the service techs 
take over and find out exact- 
ly what's wrong with your 
computer. 

ARES uses a MIcronics 
MX30 VESA local-bus moth- 
erboard, which has a 238- 
pin ZIP socket for upgrading 
to a DX2, OverDrive, or 
P24T Pentium processor. 
Two 32-bit VL-bus slots and 
six 16-bit ISA slots provide 
ample expansion capability. 
The well-built 19-lnch-high 
midtower case provides 
easy access to all the sys- 
tem components and card 
slots. 

ARES provides a two- 
year parts warranty and a life- 
time labor warranty with all 
its systems. With that and 
the company's remote diag- 
nostics, 24-hour support, 
and 60-day money-back 
guarantee, the ARES 486- 
33DX is a strongly backed, 
quality system that you can 
feel secure in buying. 

BRUCE M. BOWDEN 



ARES 

(800) 322-3200 

(313)473-0808 

SI. 795 

Circle Reader Service Number 294 



GRAND SLAM 
BRIDGE II 
MICRO BRIDGE 
COMPANION 

I love to play bridge, but 
sometimes it's hard to find 
the three other people you 
need to play the game. With 
Grand Slam Bridge II or Mi- 
cro Bridge Companion, you 
can play anytime your heart 
desires. 

These games take differ- 
ent approaches to simulat- 
ing the classic card game. 
Grand Slam is very graphi- 




(^bTft^Vfipil 






ptstlei of; the) dark wizard ^^hoJ has enGhanted' it with 
treaeherous) rnaiisters; and, ohstaelfes^., 

ILea4i QM\ t»raivej a:d!yentu*;er;. ., yaup quest: awaitsli 



Available for IBM PG & 
CJ>'ConipatiblcsVMa'cincosh, 3D0 

o 








circle Reader Service Number 163 



ReadySoft Incorporated 

30 Wertheim Courl.Suile 2 

Richmond Hill, Ontario, Canada L4B 1B9 

Tel; (905) 731-4175 Fax: (905) 764-8867 



s - , ■'^S^ 



3D0 and Intre^nVe Multipl^are tfademalttot The 3D0 < 
"Dragon's Lair" Is a registered trademark ol Blupwjup. Ltd. —#(993 and ir - 
exclusive license Item Epicenter Interactive, Inc, ALL RIGHTS RESERVi 

trademarlfs afe ttie property ot their respective offliefs.. 



Dr.r$ SINC-A-LONG 



26 

Classic 

Children's 

Songs 





Sing abfig with us to your 
favorite children's songs! 





Sing Along 

With Music & 

Animations 



usic, animations, song lyrics, 
and musical notation 
combine to make singing 
I along a real treat for children 
and parents. Dr. T's Sinfi-A-Loitg 
introduces your child to the 
wonders of music! Each song has 
its own unique characters, 
animated ston' and sound effects. 
Notes and lyrics scroll in time 
witii tlie music. Older children 
re-enforce reading skills and leani 
to read 
music. 
Younger 
children 
love to 
sing and 
watch the 
animations. 



Dr. T's Software 

For information, call 1-800-989^34. 



Circle Reader Service Number 136 



REVIEWS 



cal and inciudes sound card support, 
but it plays only an intermediate-level 
game. Micro Bridge Companion skips 
most of tlie graphics and sound but 
plays like a bridge expert. 

Bridge presents a unique challenge 
to the computer programmer. Most 
computer chess games give even 
good players a challenge: most good 
bridge players can trounce computer 
bridge games. Chess deals with 
straightforward logic, in v/hich stan- 
dard artificial inteHigence techniques ex- 
cel. Bridge has the added dimensions 
of probability and statistics (because 
you're unable to see all the cards). 

If you're a competent bridge player, 
you'll beat Grand Slam more times 
than not, You'll need to be much bet- 
ter to beat f^/licro Bridge Companion at 
the same rate. I had a bit of difficulty 
evaluating the games' playing 
strengths during contract bridge match- 
es. The luck of the deal has a lot to do 
with the final score. It's easy to get car- 
ried away with your brilliance after get- 
ting several consecutive good hands. 

Micro Bridge Companion supports 
duplicate bridge, and you can pit your- 
self directly against the computer. I 
barely managed to keep parity with the 
computer during duplicate play and 
succeeded only when I really worked 
hard. 

Besides the usual openings and re- 
sponses in typical situations, both pro- 
grams offer a variety of bidding conven- 
tions. Weak two-bids and special no- 
trump bids are among the choices of- 
fered. Both programs play using the 
Staynnan convention, but this was only 
evident in Grand Slam; after playing sev- 
eral hands that called for this conven- 
tion. Its manual, unlike Micro Bridge 
Companion's, didn't mention this fea- 
ture explicitly. 

Missing from Grand Slam's bidding 
are the Blackwood and Gerber conven- 
tions. These are always present in Mi- 
cro Bridge Companion's play: in fact, 
the programmers thought them so im- 
portant that they can't be turned off, 
even from the conventions menu. It's al- 
most impossible to bid a slam without 
these conventions. This is an especial- 
ly haunting omission that detracts 
from Grand Slam's playability. 

Both games let you load and save 
deals, so that you can play an especial- 
ly interesting hand again later, show it 
to a friend, or challenge someone else 
to do better than you at playing it, 

In either game, you can choose who 
gets the best hands — either you, your 
team, or your opponents, Grand Slam 
will also let you select the deal type. 



such as slam, game, no-trump, or a 
part-score hand. These options let you 
tailor the games to give you the partic- 
ular kind of practice you need. 

One valuable bonus included with Mi- 
cro Bridge Companion is a set of 24 
deals drawn from The Bridge World 
magazine and designed by Alfred 
Sheinwold, They're intended to chal- 
lenge even experienced players, and 




Grand Slam Bridge It rias a graphic edge, 
but plays an intermediate-level game. 

each of the deals tests and illustrates 
a different concept. 

If you like bridge, you'll definitely 
want to get one of these games. Even 
if you prefer to play with real people, 
these games will help keep you in prac- 
tice. My wife and I use these games to 
develop our strategy before matches, 
and they help tremendously. Practicing 
with these programs may not only 
help improve your game, but it may al- 
so reduce the number of glares you 
get from your partner. 

RICHARD C LEINECKER 

Eleclronic Arts 
(800) 245-A525 
Grand Slam Bridge II— $49,99 

Circle Reader Service Number 295 

Great Game Products 

(80a) Games-4U 

(301)365-3297 

Micro Bridge Companion— $59.95 

Circle Reader Service Number 296 



MEDLEY PLUS 



The Medley Plus multimedia bundle 
from Cell Micro brings MPC compatibil- 
ity to your PC in an inexpensive, easy- 
to-install package. It consists of a 
sound card, a CD-ROM drive, stereo 
speakers, and necessary cables, Also 
included is a starter CD-ROM library 
consisting of the Toolworks Multimedia 
Encyclopedia, World Atlas, U.S. Atlas, 
and Game Pack II, 

A small but complete manual 
guides you through installation, I was 
able to Install the sound card, CD-ROM 
drive, and all the software in less than 
an hour Included on floppy are sound- 
editing and -digitizing programs, CD- 
ROM control software, and all the driv- 
ers for the CD-ROM and sound card. 



The sound board is compatible with 
Ad Lib, Sound Blaster Pro II, COVOX, 
and Disney Sound Source drivers. It 
has an 0PL3 FM stereo synthesizer, 
which generates 20 voices. The board 
can produce and play back stereo 
sounds from four sources at sampling 
rates ranging from 4 to 44,1 kHz, and 
it's equipped with an automatic stereo 
recording level contro!. You can output 
to an externa! amplifier or use the on- 
board four-watt amplifier, which accom- 
modates two speakers. The CD-ROM 
drive attaches to a 16-bit interface on 
the sound card and has a fast 265-ms 
access time, with a double-speed trans- 
fer rate of 300K per second, 

Cell Micro gives free phone support 
during the one-year warranty period, 

BRUCE M, BOWDEN 



Cell Micro 

(800) 874-2355 

(714) 830-2355 

S599 

Circle Reader Service Number 297 



XTREE FOR 
WINDOWS 1.5 

Why bother with another Windows file 
and program manager? Doesn't Win- 
dows do it all? Well, no. XTree for Win- 
dows adds more, v/hile making many 
operations simpler. The package actu- 
ally consists of three programs: XTree 
(the file manager, viewer, and archiv- 
er), XTree Command Center (the pro- 
gram manager and macro recorder/ 
language), and XTreeLink (the disk- 
drive sharing utility). 

XTree's file viewer and AutoView win- 
dow are very useful, They display 
most word processor, graphic, spread- 
sheet, and database files without hav- 
ing to launch the original applications, 
which makes browsing your hard 
drive much faster and easier. 

Double-click on a ZIP (archive) file, 
and it becomes a volume (like an ad- 
ditional drive) in your directory tree. 
You'll see the ZIP directory, and you 
can view each file. XTree handles ex- 
tracting and compressing transparent- 
ly. I initially had troubles viewing files in 
the new ZIP 2 format, but a patch availa- 
ble in XTree's vendor support area on 
CompuServe solved that problem. 

XTree Command Center could be 
the solution for cluttered Windows desk- 
tops. Instead of group windows, you 
create CommandBars. These are like 
keypads of buttons (icons and/or text) 
that you click to launch. You can start 
Command Center when you load Win- 
dows or even replace Program Man- 
ager with it. CommandBars are easy to 
create and modify, and they save lots 



Most People Can't See a 

Single Reason to Try 

Something Besides SimCity 

We See 2000. 

Coming this Christmas. 



MIA X I S 



circle Reader Service Number 1SS 



The msm, 

I mprovisation 
Program ^nB« 



Hip'iiop 



it: LJ|3E 

are th& 



Add echoed and pitch 
shift to tHe music 



Tempo Slider 

lets you control 

the groove 



5olo pads trigger 

supplied rap 

samples or your 

own soundsl 



Play mdodlea 
or hJp-hop loop* with 
PC joystick or mouse 




Comes 
with over 



and ^O 
samptos! 



Change drum, bfitis and synth 
patterns aft the muatc plays 



Control the Mix of 

Drums. Basa, Synth 

and &o!o parts 



Record your 
performance 

backward play. 

double speed, 

retrigger and loop 

DJ turntable 

effcctfi 



Trigger aarripiefr, 

melody parte or 

drum loops with the 

computer keyboard 




Circle Reader Service Number 192 



PENTHOUSE 
ONLINE 

THE BEST OF PENTHOUSE MAGAZINE AND MOflEI 

Join the thousands of others 
who've discovered the world of 
CyberSex as only Penthouse 
can present it. Browse through 
classic letters from 
Penthouse, Forum, and 
Variations. View or download 
the best of Penthouse photos — 
the Pets, and more — many of 
which have never been 
published! Chat with 
Penthouse Pets . . . and all at 
low connect charges. 

Over the past several weeks, 
we've featured exclusive 
photos and online sessions 
with 1993 Pet of the Year Julie 
Strain, along with Pets Stevie 
Jean, Sam Phillips, Leslie 
Glass, and Amy Lynn, where 
each of these lovely women 
has revealed herself more 
completely than ever. 

Plus, our advanced online 
service lets you preview all 
photos in a matter of seconds. 
No more lengthy and 
expensive downloads before 
you see what you're getting. 

PENTHOUSE ONLINE operates 
at 9600 bps so we don't waste 
your time — or money: There's 
no 9600 surcharge! Only $5.95 
a month and 20 cents a minute 
for most areas. 

Plus, we've arranged with 
U.S. Robotics to offer you a 
deluxe, 9600-bps fax/data 
modem, with custom 
Penthouse Key insignia, for 
less than $170. 

[2400/9600 support; VGA/SVGA 
(recommendecf); 386/486 
(recommended), 1 MB Video RAM 
recom mended. MS-DOS only.] 

DON'T WAIT! SEND FOR YOUR 
MEMBERSHIP KIT TODAY. 

Call 1-800-289-7368 

or circle reader service 
number 103. 



REVIEWS 



of space on the desktop. You can 
drag and drop a program or document 
from XTree onto a CommandBar to 
make a new button, move buttons 
from one CommandBar to anottier, or 
bring a button into ttie Event Sctiedul- 
er to run macros or programs automat- 



w| :»■ I -a I = I Ig j vil tji^gr-' 



1 hias ttireefuii-lengtti 16-bit expansion 
siots, one lialf-height bay, two third- 
tieigtnt bays, and a 60-watt power sup- 
ply. The LapStation II has four full- 
length 16-bit expansion slots, one half- 
height bay, and a 50-watt power sup- 
ply. The tlapStation II! has three full- 
length 16-bit slots, one third-hetght 
bay, and a 40-watt power supply. And 
for the ultimate in laptop expansion. 




sssssss 



XTree for Windows has a file viewer that 
handles graphics as weil as text. 

ically. You can also have a button dis- 
play other command bars and assign 
hot keys to buttons. 

Command Center also has a macro 
recorder, and you can edit and debug 
these macros using a macro language. 
The language is simple to learn and pro- 
vides DDE and Network DDE support. 

Finally, XTreeLINK lets you connect 
two PCs with a serial null-modem cable 
or a (faster) parallel data transfer ca- 
ble. All the drives on the remote PC 
then can be accessed as if they were 
partitions on the local PC. You can trans- 
fer files from your desktop computer to 
your laptop, and even run programs on 
the other computer's drive. 

XTree for Windows is a fine product 
and a good value. With its rich feature 
set, especially the powerful file viewer, 
this program aimost makes me look for- 
ward to file management. 

J, BUKE LAMBERT 

XTree 

(805) 541-0604 

$99 

CIrcIa Reader Service Number 29B 

AXONIX LAPSTATION IV 

If you've ever priced expansion or dock- 
ing stations for laptop computers, you 
know they're expensive and have lim- 
ited capability. Most cost $700-51,000 
and only let you add two or three 
cards. Few let you add more than a sin- 
gle floppy or hard dhve. 

Axonix offers five expansion stations 
that range in price from $350-S700. 
The Viax is a single-slot bus adapter 
that weighs just two pounds and adds 
a %-length 16-bit slot. The LapStation 



LapStations are available for most laptops 
with expansion connectors. 

the LapStation IV offers five full-length 
16-bit expansion slots, two half-height 
bays, three third-height bays, and a 
1 50-watt power supply, 

All five models can work with a vari- 
ety of laptops from Toshiba (all models 
except the Satellite series), Texas Instru- 
ments, Compaq (all models except the 
Centura series), Tandy (486 series). 
Gateway, Sharp, PC Brand, Com- 
pudyne, Twinhead {Altima series), and 
many other companies. Each station is 
customized for your particular brand 
and model, so you'll need to contact 
Axonix for availability and price. 

I tried a LapStation IV with a Toshi- 
ba T6400. It took everything J could 
throw at it, including a Quantum 
240MB Hardcard, an 8-bit network 
card, a low-end MIDI card, and a Vid- 
eoSpigot video capture board. The unit 
is quiet (much quieter than the T6400), 
and Its tower-like case allowed me to 
place it nght beside the T6400, Inside 
the LapStation IV you'll find the power 
cables for its five bays and adequate 
room to install five expansion cards (a 
sixth slot holds the circuitry that com- 
municates with the computer). 

It's hard to find fault with the Axonix 
expansion stations. With five different 
models and support for nearly every 
portable computer with an expansion 
connector, you can choose just the 
amount of expansion you need and 
save a bundle over the manufacturer's 
own expansion or docking station. 

DAVID ENGLISH 



Axonix 

(800) 866-9797 

Approximalely S5(X>-$700 (depends on model and 

make of laptop) 

Circle Reader Service Number 299 



130 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



The ultimate game of strategic cdncjuebt. 



r r: 



ORBITING 



In a real-time 
universe, everij move 
could be ijour last. 



You are-the commander-in-chief on a quest to 
conquer and colonize a galaxy of alien worlds. 
But first you must overcome hostile climnte 
conditions, ward off cunning enemies, weif-h 
critical information, calculate the risks, and 
make tactical decisions . . . all at the sjieed of • 
light. Because in this mind-bending, real-time 
universe, there's a fine line between galactic 
success and dismal failure. 

T(. order Star Rcacli'\ pill 1-800-%9-GAME, *' 
or see your local retailer. . 



TROUP UNII 





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i 





ESTRBLISHr 



20-93 







liULiiiiv Pnxliiciioiis, Inc. 
17^)22 Rich Avfiuic ■; 
Irvine CA 927 H 
(714)553-6678 



COIiONIZHTIBM 




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S5 IWT liM.-rnl,iv Prmtucli™*, Inc. .inJ Ti.-clnn.iiit>. Ml riclit.^ tlmhi-J. Sc.it Ki-.i. I. 



REVIEWS 



REALMS OF 
ARKANIA 

Sir-Tech, best known for the 
antediluvian adventure epic 
Wizardry and its numerous 
sequels, has journeyed 
across the Atlantic to bring 
U.S. gamers Realms of Ar- 
kania, based on the Ger- 
man pencii-and-paper role- 
playing game Das Schwarz 
Auge (The Black Eye). 

Realms of Arkania uses a 
typical find-the-magic-item 
story line to preface the ac- 
tion. The powerful Blade of 
Destiny has been lost; it 
must be retrieved by track- 
ing down nine pieces of a 
map and journeying deep in- 
to Ore territory. Some of the 
map pieces are obtained sim- 
ply by saying nice things to 
nonplayer characters 

(NPCs), but others are 
earned only after grueling 
quests. 

The character creation 
process is where Realms of 
Arkania first and most strong- 
ly deviates from a typical ad- 
venture game. In addition to 
such traits as strength and 
dexterity, characters also suf- 
fer from a variety of negative 
attributes like necrophobia 
(not good to have when bat- 
tling against undead crea- 
tures) and a violent temper 
(the root cause of many a 
dysfunctional adventuring 
party). If you don't want to 
bother with creating a party, 
you don't have to; several 
saved games with pregener- 
ated parties are included. 

Once the party has been 
created, the adventure be- 
gins in the small seaside 
town of Ragnar. After you've 
explored the town, talked to 
various NPCs, and 
equipped the party, it's time 
to start the quest proper. A 
large map of Arkania is dis- 
played on the screen with 
red dots indicating each lo- I 

132 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 




Tne cnaraciers in Realms oi Arkania can nave negative traits, sucli 
as short tempers and necrophobia. 




More After Dark provides 25 new screen saver modules, such as 
butterfly-chasing Boris the kitten. 



cation. Traveling to an adja- 
cent town is as simple as 
clicking the right mouse 
button and selecting your 
destination. 

If the trip is a long one, 
the heroes are likely to en- 
counter some not-so-nice 
creatures and enter the com- 
bat sequence. This uses a 3- 
D isometric perspective of 
the action similar to that in 
The Immortal, Electronic 
Arts' aging action-adventure 
game. Each character in the 



party has a limited number 
of movement points to 
move and attack the bad 
guys, making battles much 
more a test of brainpower 
than a test of reflexes. The 
computer can also fight the 
battles if you're not up to the 
task. The more battles you 
win, the more experience 
points you receive, and the 
more powerful your party 
will become. 

The graphics in Realms 
of Arkania vary from se- 



quence to sequence. The 
town and dungeon graphics 
are a bit weak, the NPC and 
character portraits are excel- 
lent, and the animation in 
the battle sequence is lim- 
ited (the characters and crea- 
tures are quite small) but de- 
tailed. The sound effects are 
also a mixed bag; they're 
best during the battle se- 
quence. And the music is 
nice at first, but the repeti- 
tion gets annoying after a 
while. 

The first game of a prom- 
ised trilogy. Realms of Ar- 
kania has plenty of depth 
and will appeal to fans of Wiz- 
ardry and f\/light and Magic 
(to which the game has 
more than a passing resem- 
blance). Adventurers expect- 
ing the realtime action of an 
adventure game such as Ul- 
tima Underworld won't be 
as impressed. 

ZACH MESTON 

Sir-Tech 

(315)393-6633 

S59.95 

Circle Reader Service Number 300 

MORE AFTER 
DARK 

Measured in hours run, 
screen saver programs 
would have to be the most 
popular category of comput- 
er programs. If your screen 
saver is After Dark or Star 
Trek: The Screen Saver, 
you're in luck— Berkeley Sys- 
tems has a terrific package 
of new screen saver mod- 
ules for you. 

The 25 modules include 
a man on a riding lawn mow- 
er (no matter how much he 
cuts, the grass i<eeps grow- 
ing). Boris the kitten (he play- 
fully chases a butterfly), ex- 
ploding Bogglins (these 
strange creatures look like a 
cross between a did pickle 
and Santa Glaus), ascend- 
ing washing machines and 



mim Software 



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World Traveler Phaios by Michael McGralh S Paul Elmendorf in PCX and GIF formal 

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Legal Guide ■ 500 egal lorms form ihe authors of BBS Legal Guide 
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Need more descriptions? Call for our latest catalog. 



Over TOO CD-ROM Software Titles in Stock! 



Am Business Ph B3< 93 S4 
Business Lists-cr-dtsc 
Bustness Tools 
Busiiness Library V1 
Business Master 
Career Opportunities 
Essential Home & Bus Coll 
Home Office Soliware 
Intn'l Bus & Econ Atlas 
M Beacon Teaches Typing 
Miciosofl Works 
t.ly Advncd ts^\ Designer 
9 Digit 2ip Code Directory 
IJoitti Amerkcan Fax, Book 
PhoneDisc USA Bu&mess 
PhoneDisc USA Residential 
ProPtiona i993Wid-Year 
Pro Pfione Business 1993 
OAA 

Secrets Eieculive Success 
mtSIlJi GrsffttfM 
Amniation Festival 
Animals in Motion 
Business Backgiounds 
CD Cad 3 7 
Classic Clips Trailers 
Ciipari Galore 
Dipart Goliatti 
Oipari Heaven 
Clipmaslei Pro 
Color Magic 
Corel An Show III 
Deep Voyage 
Desktop Pub Dream Disk 
Electronic Lib of Art 
Encydoptidiaof Clipail 
EPS Pro Vol 1 
EPS Pro Vol £ 
Fantazia Fonts & Sounds 
Font FunhousB 
Font master 1 
Font master 2 
Fonts for Pro Publisher 
Fractal Ecstacy 
Fraciunes 
Fyll Bloom 
Gallery of Dreams 
GIFS Galaxy 
GIFs Galore 
HotStuHl 
Hot SluH 2 
Jets & Props 
Just Fonts 

Kodak Photo CD Access 
Made in Ihe USA 
Mega Clip CD 
l/IPC Wizard 



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19.00 Pixel Perfect 
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15.00 PubEishit2.0{DOS) 
25.00 Pubfishil3.0{Win) 
12,00 OuicKtOWS 
30,00 Heel Clips 
15,00 Resource Library Graphics 
^9,00 So Much Scree'iwaie 
35-00 Space. Time &. Art 
39.0D Tempra Access 
25.00 Video (or Windows 
25-00 View from Eanh 
69,0Q VGA Spectrum 1 
79.00 VGA Spectrum 2 
119.00 Worldview 
25.00 World Cf Flight 
29-00 World cl Trains 
29.00 Educational 



15.00 B-1? FojlressSitenl Svc 
19 00 Battie Chess 
15,00 Blue Force 

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19,00 Chess master 3000 
24 00 Conquest ot the Longbow 
14 00 Curse o! Enchanjia 
25.00 Cybeigenic Hanger 
64.00 D a D Fantasy Empire 
12-00 Dracula Unleashed 
35-00 Dune 
59.00 EcoQuesl 
12.00 Eric the Unready 
1 5-0O Eye of the Beholder 3 
15-00 F-117AS!eatth Fighter 
25,00 F-15 Strike Eagle III 
20.00 Fatty Bear's BmhtJay Suip, 
FaHy Bear's Fun Pack 



Victor, Vector & Yondo 

Las! Dinosaur E^g, 

Hypnotic Hafp 

Vampire Coffin 

Cy barpiasm 

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American Journey 1996-1945 39 00 Flight 642 



19.00 Animals' (San Diego Zoo} 

39-00 Apollo (Space Series:) 

?5 00 Audubon aiiCs or Wiammals 

19.00 Barney Soar School 

25.00 Barney Bear Space 

34. OD Beflllz Think & Talk French. 

12 00 Geiman. Italian, or Spanish 

1500 Carmen. San Diego 

29.00 Creepy Crawlies 

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39.00 DinosajrsM,U Encyc 

34.00 Dinosajr Adventufes 

29,00 Distant Suns 

24,00 Education Master 

19.00 Eleclricity a Magneii&m 



129.00 KId'B Can Read: 

129-00 Cinderella 

25.00 Papurbag Princess 

29.00 Scary Poems For Rotten Kids 
1 2.00 Tale Of Benjamin Bunny 

15.00 Tale Of Peter Rabbit 

27.00 and more' 

39, OD Y&ur Choice S19.00 each 

29.00 Languages of the World 
34,00 Learn Speak Spanish 
15.00 B Bear's Learning At Home 
19.00 Lets Pay 

12.00 Macmillan Old for Children 
17,00 Microsolt Dinosaurs 
24,00 Monarch Nates 
19.00 l',<uliimeci:n Computef Tutor 
19,00 Nat Geog Mammals 
14.00 Playing w,' Language: EnQiliSli, 
29.00 French. German, Japanese, 



18,00 Funny {Jokes CD) 
25.00 Game Masler 
17.00 GamePacKI! 
14 00 Games 1993 
14.00 Gameware Collection 

Gunship 2000 
104,00 Guy Spy 
19-00 House ol Games 
49,00 Inca , 

49 00 Indiana Jones Fate Atlantis 
24.00 Jones in Fast Lane 
24,00 Jutland 
49.00 PC Karaoke 
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39 00 Kings Quest VI 

L Bow 2; Dag<ier Amon Ra 

Links Co I feelers 

Legend of Kyrandia 

Loom 

Lord of Ihe Rings 

Manho!e 

Mad Dog McCree 

Maniac Mansion: Day TntcJe 
25 00 Mantis 
49,00 PCGameroom 
2900 PC-SIG Games 
12.00 PC SEG Wofic of Games 
1:9,00 Ringwoild 
65,00 Pentomino 
54.00 Putt Putt Joins the Parade 
12.00 REBEL ASSAULT 
24.00 Sci-Fi Fantasy 

Scooters Magic Casilo 

Scrabble Deli^xe 



19.00 or Spanish 
14. 00 Space Shuttle 



25.00 Secret LuH^ialte 
22.00 Secret Monkey Island 



Seventh Guest 
&4 0O Sherlock Cons i 
TBOO Sherlock Cons 2 
39 00 Sherlock Cons 3 
19.00 Space Quest IV 
45,00 Sporting News Pro FtbatI Gd 
35,00 Stellar 7 
18,00 
54,00 
24,00 
12,00 
49,00 
53.00 
33,00 

19,00 Strike Commander w Tact M 
39.00 Wacky Funster 
49.00 Who Killed Sam RuperT^ 
49.00 Willy Beamish 
4900 WingCMDR2.SecMssions 
49.00 Wing CMDR E.Ult Undrwrld 
39.00 Wrath ol the Demon 
55.00 Uteratuw 

39.00 Aesops Fables 
15.00 Beauty a the Beast 
19.00 Desktop Booksfiop 
24.00 EJectronio Home Library 
15-00 Greatest Books Colledlon 
39.00 Hound ol BaSkervilles 
19.00 Interactive Sloryiime VI 
1S,00 Interactive Siorylime V2 
49,00 Interactive Sioryiime V3 
42,00 Just Grandma & Me 
15,00 bbraryol the Future 
49.00 Magazine Rack 
59,00 Mixed Up M Goose 
15,00 Reai^ers Library 
34.00 MiacetianeauA 

24.00 1001 Utilities 
39.00 CD Speedway 
45 00 Jewel Cases 
14.00 Lightning 
49. QC Nautilus Bac Pac VI 
29,0C Nautilus Bac Pac V2 
45 DC Nautilus Mtni Subscription 
40.00 Homware Magazine 
15.00 PC Medic 

15 00 ftfa j^ic & Sound 

3 ?.00 9000 Sounds 
15,00 Composer Quesi 
49.00 Dr of Sound 
15,00 Grammy Az-iaids 
43 00 Jazz History 
46,00 Killer Trak CD 
19.00 MIDI Music Shop 
54.00 MS Musical Instrument 
29.00 Microsoft StravinsK' 
19.00 Microsoii Beethowen 



dS.OO Resource Library Audio 


1400 Sharewan 




1 5.00 Sound Eftsas Uiftrary 


15,00 ASP Advantage 


24 00 


-12.00 Sounds for Windows 


24.00 All Amencan MrM Shrware 


19 00 


43.00 SoundWAV 


1 7-00 Amsoft World Ham Radio V2 


29.00 


IS.OO Vivaldi 


29-00 California Colleclron 


12.00 


35.00 Win CD 


29.00 CICA Windojis 


12,00 


15.00 Eascantmlna 


Doctor of Games 


14,00 


ADA Frogrammirg 


19.00 Doctor of Shareware 


14,00 


° CUsBis Group Lib 


19 00 Doctor ol Windows 


14,00 


Gnrbo 


1 2.0O Gigabyte Gold 


29,00 


Hobbes OS'2 


1 3 00 Hacker Chronicles 


24,00 


ProgfEmmers ROM 


25.00 Ham Call April 1993 


47 OD 


Resource Lib Lang Operallons 1 9 00 Libris Britannia 


37,00 


Simtal 20 


1 3.00 Monster Media '93 


29,0(i 


59.00 Source C CO 


1900 Night Owl 10 


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25.00 X11H5GNU 


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15,00 


1500 flt'erffrce 


Phoenix 4.0 


15.00 


39.00 Aircralt Encyclopedia 


24 00 PoworPak Gold 


1S.O0 


J9,00 B.ble Library 


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25.00 


18 00 Cinerrania 


55,00 Shareware '93 


24-00 


Comp-on Upgrade & Switch 


89,00 Shwre Explorer Quad Pak 


59-00 


30.00 ConsLmer Inlorniation 


19,00 Shwre Extravaganza (4 disks) 39.00 


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1E.00 Diet Living World 


34.00 Software Vault 1 


12,00 


24.00 Healing Fds Elecl Cookbook 


35.00 Software Vault 2 


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35,00 Family Doctor 


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1800 Guiness 1993 


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39-00 Holy BiUe i Christian Shware 15,00 Window Master 


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29,00 Windows 1993 


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19,00 lllus Faci&;How World Wrks 


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JS New Prague Cookbook 


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57,00 Languages ot World 


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249.00 Britain at its Best 


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94 OD Hong Kong At Its Best 


19 CO 


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15,00 Moian 
■Order wnn Cneck Money Order Discover VISA, MasterCard. Amerxian E.piess. or COD, Order oy i«iono mail, or lax. There isofl surcharge for credit card orders. For the contiguous U S , CO ROM soflware shipping is S5 00 per a^si ("ol 
■ lei- or 59 50 it COD Alaska Hawaii Pueno Rico (*iico and Canada add 58 00 per CD-ROM soliware OHle! 'or sfiipping. Costs for shipping hardware or orders to foreign countries not rrontioned, are quoted at time ot order, Indiana resi 
':„:^ 3^-^ 5,, ^les ^ Njj. ,'e!xx>-.i be for lypograpii ca, erro-s Ploase lesea-cf yojr procjct p,.rc,hases as ai sa'es are l.nal. Al" products a-e Mvercd by man^tactLrers wariart^ Pnces and ivirabr ty are subeci tc change -■•-■■ "- 



Whput notice 



y-..|.-|.|iiii..jXJ.yjJiijjidJjJd.iiJiid^j.i)-.iJJiJ^J«iJ.t'*u.at.LiviJaidf?*^ 



Circle Reader Service Number 115 



REVIEWS 



refrigerators {this one's 
called Om Appliances), and 
various flocks (tfiese include 
flying birds, swimming polli- 
wogs, swarming bees, and 
spinning atoms). 

Other modules feature Ori- 
gami paper folds, domi- 
noes, sunbursts, and fractal 
forests. To top it off, you get 
a module that's also a play- 
able space arcade game, 
called Lunatic Fringe, Many 
of the screen savers sup- 
port 256-color Super VGA 
displays and Windows-com- 
patible sound cards. 

If you own After Dark or 
Star Trek: The Screen Sav- 
er, check out More After 
Dark. It's a great way to li- 
■ van up a dull computer. 

DAVID ENGLISH 



Berkeley Systems 

(510) 540-5535 

$39.95 

Circle Reader Service Number 301 



BLUE FORCE 

Blue Force, Jim Walls' new 
police game, represents a 
modest improvement over 
Tsunami's debut animated 
adventure, the grim Ring- 
world, but falls well short of 
Walls' best work on Sierra's 
Police Quest series. 

You're a motorcycle cop 
in a small coastal city who's 
on the trail of gun smug- 
glers — one of whom, coinci- 
dentally, is the killer of your 
parents. The interface (a var- 
iation on Ringworld's) is 
sharp and easy to use, and 
the sideways scrolling used 
on occasion is a significant 
improvement over the static 
scenes that typically accom- 
pany such games. The inter- 
cut animations are moody, 
and the music unobtrusive. 
Some sharp animated digit- 
ized images are used in the 
closeups for conversation. 
(However, the conversations 
are lamentably one-track.) 

134 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 




Vow have the right to renoin silent. Hnything you 
say can and will be used ogainst you in a court 
of law. 



Blue Force is the newest game from Jim Walls, (he police officer who 
helped create the Police Quest series. 



The problem here's the 
story. It's not as linear as 
Ringworld. but there's also 
not much here that doesn't 
bear directly on the smug- 
gling case (aside from flirt- 
ing with the bird at the jail's 
info desk or running Tsuna- 
mi demos on the computer 
at home). In Police Quest, 
Sonny Bonds invariably had 
a lot to do — much of it enjoy- 
ably tied up with police pro- 
cedure and not strictly relat- 
ed to the central quest. 
Here, procedure has been re- 
duced to filing evidence, 
cleaning your gun, and us- 
ing the appropriate radio 
codes. 

And you don't do even 
that much in the second 
half of the game, in which 
you're sort of an adjunct PI 
who doesn't use search war- 
rants and is allowed to 
throw hand grenades, 
(Once again, you're part of 
a team but have no control 
over its other member. And 
what's the point of a police 
game in which police don't 
behave like police?) Happi- 
ly, there is some variety in 
the ending — but you may 
still be trying to swallow the 
suspect Walls springs on 
us. I'll let Tsunami off with a 
warning this time. 

PETER OLAFSON 



Tsunami 

(209) 683-9283 

$69.95 

Circle Reader Service Number 302 



ETERNAM 



If you played Data East's 
Drakkhen, you'll recognize 
Eternam almost instantly. 
This two-year-old Infogra- 
mes adventure — brought 
over from France by Cap- 
stone — gives every evi- 
dence of being the prom- 
ised sequel to that flawed 
but fascinating game. 

To PC users, that may not 
sound like much of a recom- 
mendation. Drakkhen was a 
delightfully atmospheric 
game when it originally ap- 
peared on the Amiga — dis- 
tinctly ahead of its time with 
its four independently con- 
trolled characters — but it 
was translated poorly to the 
PC. 

Eternam, designed ex- 
pressly for the PC, would 
seem to be an attempt to 
get it right. It preserves 
Drakken's basic structure: a 
first-person view outdoors, 
with a polygon ground and 
bitmapped scenery and mon- 
stars, and a third-person 
graphic adventure inside 
the various towns and cas- 
tles you'll explore. 



The obvious weaknesses 
in the original have been cor- 
rected, Now you can really 
talk to these people, and 
the puzzles aren't hopeless- 
ly obtuse. The landscape is 
now dotted with hills and 
has irregular shorelines — far 
more realistic than 
Drakkhen's flat rectangular 
slabs of terrain — and control 
of combat has been re- 
stored to the player. 

What's missing, sadly, is 
the intriguing weirdness of 
Drakken. You never quite 
knew what you were going 
to run into out there on the 
darkening plain, and that 
added a deeply addictive ef- 
fect to the game. Here that 
weirdness is replaced by a 
silly sense of humor that's 
more peculiar than amus- 
ing. (Remember: The 
French revere Jerry Lewis,) 

Eternam's certainly more 
accessible than its predeces- 
sor. It's bigger, prettier, 
more playable, but, alas, it's 
also less compelling and 
more conventional. Some- 
thing gained, but something 
lost. C'est la vie, eh? 

PETER OLAFSON 



Capstone 

(800) 468-7226 

$■19.95 

Circle Reader Service Number 303 



SJ-144 



The SJ-144 printer from Star 
Micronics is a tough crea- 
ture to categorize. Its up- 
right configuration and the 
small footprint of its six-inch- 
deep case suggest an ink- 
jet or bubble-jet pnnter. But 
inside is a conventional-look- 
ing printhead and ribbon car- 
tridge like Star's classic dot- 
matrix printers. The manu- 
al's "Specifications" section 
mentions a "heat fusion print- 
ing process," while its front 
page simply deschbes it as 
a laser-quality printer. 



ESSm Software 



Mon- Fri:Sani-9pm Sat: 7:30 am - 7:30 pm Sun: 9 am- 7:30 pm EST 



Internationa! Orders: (317) 878-4738 FAX Orders: (317) 878-4751 



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Complete Home 
and Office Legal 

iGuide 




From the authors of the BBS 
Legal Guide. Contains 500 iegal 
-?'K-3i I — 7. . ~i'^~~-Jotms, including: contracts let- 
ters, legal forms, commercial leases, residential leases, 
business legal "checklists", home legal "Checklists" 
(estate planning, wills). The disc also contains a large 
annotated law library including; Selected US Supreme 
Court Cases 1989-92, Internal Revenue Code; Uniform 
Commercial Code; fjlodel Business Corp. Act; tiflodern 
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Computer Reference Library 

Complete step-by-step software 
and hardware tutorials for most 
popular programs. An invalu- 
able aid for novice and experi- 
ence computer users. Includes 
ttH| iaCiM ^Bj tutorials for dBase 111 and IV. 
L^". S|j WordPerfect, Lotus 1-2-3, 

■ -_ -IT. Microsoft Word, Windows 3.1, 

IVIS-DOS, Ventura Publisher, PC-Write, Clipper, plus 
many more popular software packages. Languages, 
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ered, as are hardware subjects such as interrupts, con- 
flicts, port configuration, system optimizing, networking, 
troubleshooting, and more. Shareware. 

Gardening 

A handbook for the home gar- 
[dener! Includes garden plan- 
ning, layout, landscaping, pest 
I control, herbology, and planting 
instructions for just about every- 
I thing. Hundreds of black and 
white clipan plus full color pho- 
tos can be used (or plant and 
flower identification and as clipart. Includes reference 
guides for organic gardening methods, xeriscaping, 
and composting. Shareware. 

POPULAR FAVORITES 

Bibles & Religion 

All popular New & Old Testament versions. Talmud 
portions. Book of Mormon, concordances, study 
guides, membership/fundraising , commentaries, and 
newsletters. Includes many translations of the Old and 
New Testaments, including Greek. This disc covers 
Judaism, Christianity. Shareware. 





Clipart Goliath 



An entire bookshop on a CD-ROti/ll Includes classics, 
poetry, humor, cookbooks, American history and found- 
ing documents, novels, short stories, fiome improvement 
guides, computer Instruction guides, and lots more! 
Shareware. 

Deathstar Arcade Battles 

The best collection of exciting arcade games all on one 
CD! Space wars, shoot-em-ups, auto racing, sports, casi- 
no gambling, and more! Shareware, 

Dictionaries & Languages 

A giant compilation of dictionaries, 
i323"^6sauruses, word processors, 
" style/syntax checkers, glossaries, 
lessons in French, German, Italian, 
Hebrew, Russian, Czech, Greek, 
Japanese, Spanish, Cantonese 
and MORE! Includes many humor- 
^ous glossaries, crossword solvers, 
cryptogram solvers, industry-specific spell-checkers, plus 
the latest versions of the top shareware word processors. 
Shareware. 

Encyclopedia of Sound 

I Produced by the Ttie K^usic 
I Factory, The Encyclopedia of 
'Sound contains 250 sound files, 
including sound effects, voices, 
music clips, and full length original 
musical scores which may be 
used royalty-free for a wide vari- 
ety of applications. The files are 
supplied in Windows' WAV format, and are (DDD) digital- 
ly recorded, mastered, and duplicated in full-range 
stereo. Also includes a large number of sound utilities. 

HAM Radio 

An enormous collection of HAM and SWL programs and 
data! Includes packet radio, satellite communications, 
frequency lists, equipment sen/ice/design/mods, logging, 
news, SSTV, FAX, FCC regulations, exams, plus more. 
This disk is for HAMs, Shortwave Listeners (SWL), 
Communications Engineers and students, and electron- 
ics hobbyists. Shareware. 

Our Solar System 

Exciting observatory, NASA, 
USSR, European Space Agency, 
and Japanese and photos of the 
planets, moons, comets, earth, 
other galaxies, and other celestial 
phenomena! Includes star loca- 
tors, planetarium programs, 
I astronomical data, voyage simu- 
lators, NASA news releases, plus tons more! Shareware. 

Shareware Overload 

Packed with over 6100 programs (550mb) all com- 
pressed for all applications, with an emphasis on Games 
and Windows. Subjects include Business, Clipart, 
Communications - BBS, Database, Education, Finance, 
Games (lots of 'em), Graphics, Misc applications. 
Programmers' Tools, Religion. Sound, Utilities, Windows- 
based programs, and Word Processors, Shareware. 



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Sound Sensations 

Adds multimedia excite- 
ment your syslemi 
Includes tons of sound 
effects, full length musical 
scores, format conversion 
i Sr*^""" ^ r-^ utilities, multimedia soft- 
""■'-''"' *"' * ware, music files, jukebox- 
-S.- ji,r7 es voices, sound clips, 

music voices in a variety of file formats! Supports 
MIDI, SoundBlaster, Adlib, Covox, Disney, 
Roland, plus many others cards and devices. 
Shareware. 

TechnoTools 

A programmer's dream disc! Routines, utilities, 
debuggers, troubleshooters and other program- 
mers tools for C/C-1-+, dBase, Clipper, Basic, 
Assembly, Al, Unix, Xenix, OS/2, Pascal, Ada, 
Fortran, Cobol, Btneve, APL. Lisp, Forth, and 
morel Shareware. 

Too Many Typefonts 

J514 TrueType fonts; 393 
j!ATM (Adobe Type 1) 
; fonts, plus other typefonts 
K in all formats. The disc 
also includes typeface 
; modifiers, font managers 
land uploaders, transla- 
tors, and tons of printer 
utilities for Postscript, DMP, HPLJ printers. 
Shareware, 

Windoware 

An excellent disc packed with tons of useful pro- 
grams: typefonts, font installers, games, home 
business, education, wallpaper, icons, utilities, 
system optimizers, and more! For Win 3.1 -i-up. 
Shareware. 

World Traveler Vol. 1 

Photographers Michael 
McGrath and Paul 
jElmendorf have combined 
their extensive collections 
for a breathtaking multime- 
dia slide show. The high 
resolution images which 
may be used royalty-free 
for a wide variety of appli- 
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The multimedia user-interface is simple and easy 
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Circle Reader Service Number 207 



But there's no question about tlie 
quality of the SJ-144's text output. Stan- 
dard characters have 48-dot-high defi- 
nitions, doubling the precision of premi- 
um 24-pin printers, and the 360 dot- 
per-inch resolution bests most lasers. 
The crisp, jet black characters have a 
slightly glossy surface that makes 
themi practically leap off the page. 

With its unique 144-element print- 
head, the SJ-144 can print two and a 
half lines of text in a single pass. The 
result is very quick priming at a rate of 
255 characters per second for 10 cpi 
pica text (equivalent to 2.3 pages per 
minute, according to Star). Most impres- 
sively, the SJ-144 delivers its highest lev- 
el of quality at this speed. It has no pro- 
vision for draft-quality printing, nor 
does it need one. 

This printer might be hard to pigeon- 
hole, but it's a snap to use. The Win- 
dows driver installs easily and includes 
15 scalable TrueType fonts, usable 
from nearly all Windows programs. Un- 
der DOS, the SJ-144 supports the com- 
mand sets of popular Epson and IBM 
printers for wide compatibility. 

It's an extremely versatile printer. 
Overhead projection transparencies 
and iron-on transfer material are availa- 
ble from Star, as are special strip-label 
ribbon cartridges, containing Vj-inch- 

136 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



wide pregummed label material in a va- 
riety of colors. 

The $599 suggested retail price 
seems appropriate for its capabilities, 
near the top of the dot-matrix range 
but comfortably below most laser pric- 
es. Per-copy costs are modest. Ribbon 
prices are reasonable, while the built- 
in sheet feeder avoids the expense of 
continuous-form paper. 

The SJ-144's biggest shortcoming in- 
volves graphics printing. Continuous- 
tone images like photographs are often 
spoiled by horizontal bands. The man- 
ual's "Optimizing Print Quality" de- 
scribes an adjustment which helped a 
little, but never completely cured the 
problem. 

Its color capabilities were also some- 
what disappointing. Star claims "vi- 
brant, full-color printing," but only sol- 
id, saturated colors came out well. And 
skin tones showed particularly weak 
reproduction. Color printing is also 
quite expensive. No matter how much 
(or little) of a color a row of pixels con- 
tains, the SJ-144 makes four passes 
over the row, using a different-colored 
segment of ribbon each time. For 
each pass, it advances the ribbon to 
find the next color, limiting the color rib- 
bon's life to a scant eight pages. 

But, in general, the SJ-144 is an at- 



tractive package, well-suited for home 
or low-volume office use. It isn't quite 
as fast as a laser printer, and the rib- 
bon costs average out a bit higher 
than laser printer toner. But the lower in- 
itial price and no-compromises printing 
quality weigh in its favor. The SJ-144 is 
versatile and easy to use, and it's a 
good little printer overall. 

TIM VICTOR 

Star Micronics 
(800) 447-4700 
S599 

Circle Reader Service Number 304 

IMSI PC STYLUS, IMSI 
MOUSE 

Does your old mouse make clicking a 
drag'' International Microcomputer Soft- 
ware, Incorporated (IMSI) has two alter- 
natives for you. 

The IMSI PC Stylus has a penlike de- 
sign for those who find a mouse un- 
wieldy. Artists in particular may find the 
Stylus easier to draw with than a 
mouse. The primary (left, on a mouse) 
button is prominently placed near the 
base of the Stylus and has a raised 
knob, making it easy to identify by 
touch. The center and right buttons are 
side by side and directly above the 



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The PC Stylus can be held like a pen. or 
flipped over and used as a trackball. 

left button— a position I occasionally 
found awkward. 

If you work from a laptop or note- 
book PC, you'll be delighted that the Sty- 
lus doesn't need any desk space at all. 
You can use the Stylus on almost any 
surface — and if no surface is available, 
you can flip it over and use it as a 
thumb-driven trackball. The only Stylus- 
resistant surface I've encountered so 
far is. ironically, a mouse pad — the 
nonrubberized ball of the Stylus lacks 
the traction necessary for use on a 
mouse pad. The Stylus has an adjust- 
able resolution of 400 to 1200 dpi. It 
comes with a vinyl carrying case and 
Cursorific, a program that lets you 
choose from a number of novelty cur- 




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DECEMBER 1993 COMPUTE 137 



REVIEWS 



sor designs — just the thing 
for Windows users who are 
tired of looking at the same 
old arrow and hourglass. 

For those of you who pre- 
fer a traditional mouse, the 
IMSI Mouse has a graceful, 
yet practical, design. It fits 
neatly in the hollow of your 
hand, with three equally 
sized buttons spaced for 
your fingers to reach natural- 
ly The tracking speed is eas- 
ily adjustable, so using the 
mouse requires minimal 
hand movement; the 6- x 8- 
inch pad included in the 
package provides more 
room than you'll really need. 
If you use a pointing device 
to create graphics, you'll ap- 
preciate the IMS! Mouse's 
resolution range of 290 to 
2900 dpi, which allows for fin- 
er detail in creating designs 
onscreen. To take advan- 
tage of its high resolution, 
the IMSI Mouse is pack- 
aged with Image72 graph- 
ics software. The program 
supports a hand-held scan- 
ner as well as the mouse 
and can import and export 
a number of graphics and 
desktop publishing formats. 

Besides the installation 
software, the IMSI Mouse 
and the IMSI PC Stylus 
come with MenuDirect 
Gold, a menuing program 
with a file manager, calen- 
dar, and calculator. Both 
packages provide adapters 
for 9-pin and 25-pin serial 
ports; the Stylus also in- 
cludes an adapter for a PS/ 
2 mouse port. And both 
packages are compatible 
with Microsoft, Mouse Sys- 
tems, and Windows drivers. 

ANTHONY MOSES 

IMSI 

(415) 454-7101 

IMSI PC Stylus— $49,95 

Circle Reader Service Number 305 

IMSI Mouse— $19,95 

Circle Reader Service Number 306 

138 COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 




The IMSI Mouse has a graceful three-button design, adjustable 
tracking speed, and a resolution range of 290 to 2900 dpi. 




You must guide Fatty Bear through more than 30 locations In his 
quest to find ingredients for a birthday cake. 



FATTY BEAR'S 

BIRTHDAY 

SURPRISE 

Children are natural explor- 
ers, and some of their first 
great adventures begin at 
home. Fatty Bear's Birthday 
Surprise finds comfort in 
such familiar surroundings, in- 
viting youngsters to probe a 
pint-sized world of wonder, 
filled with magic, humor, 
and puzzles galore. 

It's the middle of the 
night at Kayla's house, and 
her stuffed toys are restless. 



In a few short hours, it's Kay- 
la's birthday. Fatty Bear 
springs to life to prepare a 
surprise party, with the help 
of Matilda Rabbit and Gretch- 
en the doll. Your task is to 
guide Fatty Bear through 
more than 30 locations and 
wrap presents, make decora- 
tions, and find ingredients to 
bake a birthday cake. 
There's plenty to see and 
do as you explore the four- 
story house, garage, yard, 
and tree house. 

There are also fun distrac- 
tions that can keep you 
from your quest. Practice 
your math skills as you take 



in a few games of lawn bowl- 
ing. Sit down at the piano to 
hear one of ten short tunes, 
or compose and save up to 
ten original songs. Many 
more diversions await, if you 
know where to look, 

The title marks the third 
and best offering from Hu- 
mongous Entertainment, a 
company cofounded by 
Ron Gilbert, creator of Lu- 
casArts' popular Secret of 
Monkey island series. As 
you'd expect. Gilbert's influ- 
ence is readily apparent in 
the game's singular graphic 
style and delightfully off-cen- 
ter sense of humor. 

When children point and 
click on almost any object, 
they're rewarded with extrav- 
agant and inventive respons- 
es. Birdhouses don't just 
cheep, they detach from 
tree limbs and rocket about 
the yard. Lifeless bathrobes 
break into tangos, and nor- 
mally sedate chairs gallop 
around the room. It's silly, 
yet quite sophisticated, and 
not at all condescending to 
developing intellects. 

The designers do a re- 
markable job in structuring 
the game to appeal to each 
stage of its three- to seven- 
year-old target audience. 
For the youngest players, 
it's an attention-keeping, in- 
teractive festival of fluid ani- 
mation, humorous sampled 
sound effects, and remarka- 
bly crisp digitized speech. 
Older kids will have no troub- 
le reaching the end, and al- 
though the game's story 
line never changes, the 
sheer diversity of discovery 
beckons them to join in on 
Fatty Bear's birthday quest 
again and again. 

SCOTT A MAV 



Humongous Entertainment 
Distributed by Electronic Arts 
(800) 245-4525 
S54.95 

Circle Reader S«rvfee Number 307 



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2.4 Server 
1-2-3 v3.4 
3.4 Server 
1-2-3 Win 
1-2-3 Home 
Ami Pro 3.01 



405 
379 
439 
299" 
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Freelance 4.0 309 
Freelance Win 345 



177« 



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Easy Cad 99 
Employee Manual 84" 

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Fastlock Plus 44 

Fax it Windows 79 



Improv 

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Math Cad Do5/Win295 
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95 
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305 

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SDK 219* 

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Video Win 119 

Visual Basic Sid 123" 
Visual Basic Pro 305 
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Win Dev. Drv. Kit 305 
Wm Print Syst 133* 
Windows 31 89* 
Windows HT 
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Oa2v2.0 
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94 
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P'aaii Plus 79 

Power Translator 159" 
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Print Shop Deluxe 45 
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Procomm Plus Wm 96 
Professional File 195 
Professional Wrile 1 59 



60* 
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Quicken Window 41" 
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Bod F*asca1 129 
dBase IV 195 

Paradox Win 99 
Turtw C++ 49 

Turtx) Visual C++ 59 



149 
125 
199 
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Noderunner 173" 

AE-2 129" 

AI DOS 65" 

Ai Win 76" 
2000C Strt Kit 439 



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Scanman 32 !04" 
Scanman 256 174" 
Scanmn256 0CR219 



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Corrm. GoW 389" 
klaxFax 9624 F/M S9 
tlaxlite 9624PC 189 
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14.4v.42b3 162" 
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Interactive 2,0 374 
Ask Ue 2000 265 
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Make Your Poirt 69 
PC Aniinata i i : 164* 
Studio Magic 334 




SpinRite 3 
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Stacker OS/2 
Superbase 2 
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Timeline DOS/Win 443 
Timeslips 5 185 

Toolbook 279 

Tme Type DOS 47" 
Turbo C++ 69" 

Turtx) C++ Visual 77" 
Turbo Pascal 103 
Ullra Fax 76 

Ultravision Laptop 60 
Visio 199" 

WinFa;! Pro 78 

WinRix 235 

Word Perfect 6 
DOS 284" 

Win 284" 

WP Presentation 279 
X Tree Gold 2.5 93 
X Tree Windows 63 
Zyindex DOS/Win 239 



79 
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159 
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135 
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Lotus Agenda 

Ami Pro 

Freelance DOS 

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1-2-3 v4.0 
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Dataperieet 

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Alpha Four 95 

Approach 1 39 

Arts i Graphic 145 
Boriand Otiice 294" 
Clipper Ver Upgd142" 
Communication Pak 
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& Crosstalk Win 139" 
Corel Draw 4 229" 
dBase IV 95 

Designer 4.0 189" 
Framemaker 309 
Harvard Graphic 84" 
Han-ard Grph Win 84" 
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Lotos 1-2-3 v2.4 99" 
1-2-3 v3.4 99" 

1-2-3 Win 99" 



Agenda 
Ami Pro 3 
Freelance 
Freelance Win 
Smart Suite 
Symphony 
Microsolt 
Access 139" 

Access Ver 1.1 14" 
C/C++Compilr 135 
Excel 4.0 99" 

Fortran Pwrsta 187" 
Compt Upord 234" 
FoxPro 2.5 189 
FoxPro Ver Up 94 
Macro Assemblr 75 
OHice 354" 

PowerPoint Wind 125 
Proied 145 

S/W Develp Kit 95 
Visual Basic Sid 94" 
VisualBasicPro 195 
Visual C++ 74* 
Visual C++ Pro 134* 
Windows 31 52 
Windows NT 274^' 
Word DOS 
Word for Win 
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Netroom 

OS/2 v2,0 Upgrade 97" 
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Picture Publisher 189* 
Professional Draw 125 



94" 
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OEMM 7.0 
Ouattro Pro 4,0 
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Supertjase 2 139/185 
Word Pert 6/Win '03" 
WP Presentation 99" 
Wordstar 7.0 75 

Zortech C++ 169 



99 
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92 
185 
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Barney Bear Goes 



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34 
49 
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into Spac« 
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Beauty & Beast 
Beettioven Nintlr 
Berlitz Tliink & Talk 
FrBncli 1D5 

Spanish! IDS 

Bloodrvet 41" 

Blue Force 39* 

Bookstiell 129 

Brilanica Family Ctic49 
Bun Aldrin Race 59 
Carmen World DIxe 65 
Cautious Condor 45 
C Game Pack 
C D Speedway 
Ctiess Maniac 
Ctirislmas Carol 
Cliparl Goliatt) 
Conan Cimerion 
Great™ Kids 
Curse o( EnctiantiaSS" 
Deallislar Arcade 30 
Dictionaries & Lang 30 
Dune 45"* 

Education Master 32 
Electronic Cookbk 75 
Elect. Home Library 49 
Elctm TravelerCalt 33 
Encarta Encydpcl249* 



55 
57 

34* 
33 
30 
36 

36* 



F-15 
F-117A 
Family Doctor 
Fatty Bear 
G Force 
Gateway II 

Geekwad Games 22* 
Gettysburn:MM Hist43 
Gofer Winkles Adv 33 
Golden Immortal 2B 
Gunsliip 2000 



39» 
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37» 
32 
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Hell Cal 
Hi Tecti Aircraft 
Humans 
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Inspector Ga-Aet 37* 
Interactive Old Test52 
Intro Games Fr/Sp 79 
Iron Helix 53* 

Its a Wonderful Life 48 
Jazz:Multimedia Hist69 
Jels i Props 55 

Jones in Fast Lane 37 
Just Grandma 4 Me36 
Jutland 44* 

Kings Quest 5 42 
King Quest B 26* 
Land 01 Lore 34* 
Languages of Wortd99 
Learn to Speak Spn59 
Leisure Suit Larry 37 



SoundCaids 



ATI btereo r/A 1 jy 
,::StEreoF/XCO 147« 
CovoK Voice BIstr 64* 
Gravis Uitra Sound 129 
CO-ROM Kit 298* 



139 

959 

1159 

179" 



CDPC 

CDPCXL 

Pro Audio 16 

Pro Audio Studio 224*' 

Pro 1 6 Multitnedia 

Upgrade Kit 2 935 
Pro Movie Audio 33?° 
LqgHecllAudicportlM 

Soundman 132°= 
Sound Blaslsr BS 
SB Midi Kit 59' 

Sod Blest Pro MCA 259 
Sound Blasier Debt 132 
SB Pro 16 194* 

SBPro16ASP 209^ 
SB Discavery 16 1 459 
SBEdutaiimntl6 549^ 



Libfy ol Art:Renaisn65 
Loom 39 

Lost Treasure 49 
MacMillian Ctiikj Dict49 
Mad Dofl McCree 32* 



Man Enough 

Manhole 

Maniac Mansion 

Mantis 

Mario is Missing 

Mavis Beacon 

Mayo Clinic 



45* 

49 

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39 

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Mixed Up Moth Gs 37 
Monarch Notes 
Monkey Island 
MM Music: Mozart 
MM Music: Vivaldi 
Our Solar System 
Pool Sharic 
Prdsion Map 
Prolostar 
Publish it! 
Rebel Assault 
Reference Library 



75 

39 

33 

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29 

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84* 

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69 

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Return ol Phantom37* 
Return to Zork 45* 
Rotor/Airball/Time 25 
San Diego Zoo 49 
Secret Weapons 59 
Seventh Guest 59 
Sheriod( Holmes 39 
Sheriod< Holmes 2 42 
Shertock Holmes 3 49 
Sleeping Beauty 37 
Sound Wori(s 35 
Space Quest 4 37 
Space Series-Apol!o49 
Space Shultle 29* 
Spellcasting Party 29* 
Spirit ol Excalibur 37 
Stellar 7 37 

Stranoe Deadfellow39 
Star Trek Enhanced49 
Street Atlas 99 

Talking Classic Tale75 
Talkng Jungle Safari75 
Time Table Science59 
Ultimate Shareware 59 
US Atlas w/Aulomac«19 
USA Wars:Crvil War49 
USA Wars:Korea 49 
USA Wars:Vietnam 49 
USA Wars: WW II 49 
Voyage Planet ea 69 
Who Kilkf Sam Rup 25 
Willy Beamish 37 
Win CD 32 

Wing Comm !iMiss45 
Wing Com/Ultlma 6 45 
Wing Comm 2 57 
W (if 2/Ulti. Undrwld 57 
World Atlas 42 

World War II Pak 37* 
Ariiills f)nlv-Mi;Sl be21 



Animation Fantasy 6 
PC Pix Vol lor 2 65 
Porkware 65 
Private Collection B5 
Priv, Pictures 1 or 2 65 
SeedyVoll-7ea. 65 
Storm 1 or 2 65 

Visual Fantasy E5. 



Caddies 7.95ea. 3/$ 19 



A Train 39 

Constaiction Set 22 
Across the Rhine 47* 
Aces Over Europe 44* 
Aces of ttie Pacific42* 
Mission Disk 19* 
AD&D Collect 2 42* 
AD&D Starter Kit 4296 
ADSD Unlimited 37b 
AdIbou&Junior #1 34« 
Air Bucks 34» 

Air Bus A320 45» 
Air Duel 33k 

Air Warrior SVGA 35« 
AJ Worid Discvry 29« 
AlgeBlaster Plus 30 
Alone in The Dark35» 
Alphabet Blocks 29% 
Amazon 38» 

Amazon Trail 34k 
Amtiush 37k 

Ancient Art War Sky 35 
Ancient Empires 30 
Animal Adventure 47* 
Animation Studio 75 
Arcade for Wind 
Ashes of Empire 
A.T.A.C. 
Auto Insighl 
Automap 
Automap Wind 
Automap Europe 
Autoworks 
B-1? Flying Fortress 19 
Bailey's Bookhouse29* 
Bane Cosrak: Forge 36 
Batman Returns 39* 
Battlec^ss4«»SVGA36 
Battle of Destiny 35* 
Seat the House 29* 
Betrayal ol Kroni]or39* 
BeityCfockorCook Calj 



SB CDROM Intml 369 

SB Portfaiaster 149 

SB Video BlasfBf 349 

SBVideo Spigot 41 9» 

SB Waveblaslef 174* 

Roland RAP-10 459* 

SCC-1 GS 375 

SC-7 315 

SC-55 549« 

MA-12C ea 105 

CsWsMfld 28 
CS-550 Shielded 35 
w/3bandEiiuilizer45 
CS-1000 84* 
Atteo Lansing 200 219 
AC S 300 299 

ES^ 

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PC MkJi Card 79 
2PortSE 149* 

Hello Music 277*' 

The Miracle 325 



29* 
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74 
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31' 
37* 
35* 
39* 
47* 
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Bloodnet 
Blue & Gray 
Blueforce 
Body Illustrated 
Bodyworks 

Bug Bunny Wri<Shp 31 
Buz: Akfrin 39* 

Caesar 35* 

Car and Driver 27* 
Carrier Strike 39 

Expansion Disk 19* 
Carriers at War 2 42* 
Cash for Kids 31* 
Castle 2 35* 

Castle of Dr. Brain 30 
Challnge 5 Realm 33* 
Champions 35* 

Chemistry Woriis 38 
Chessmaster 29* 
Chikiren Writ & PuPI 39 
City Streets 59* 

Civilization 37 

liivilization Deluxe45* 
Civilization Win 41"' 
Clash o( Steel 
Coaster 
Cobra Mission 
Comanche 



39* 
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39* 
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MIDI Software 



69 
125 

95 

129* 

169 



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Band in a Box 
Cadenza 
Cakewalk 
Cakewalk Win 
Cakewalk Pro 
Cakewalk Win Pro 240 
Encore 379 

Jammer Pro 125 

Laser Music Proces79 
Master Tracks Pro249 
MCS Stereo 55 

Midiscan 269* 

Midisoft Studio 1 59 
Music Bytes Vol 1 65 
Music Mentor 79 

Musk: Printer Plus 41 9 
Music Time 169 

Piano Wori(s 99 

Cluck Score Deluxe99 
Songwright 5 89* 
Trax (or Windows 60 



Come Bk Creator 1 7 
Compan of Xanth 35* 
Computer Wortis 45* 
Cohort 2 19* 

Conquest of Japan 35* 
Contraption Zak 25" 
Cmsadef DiK Savnt39* 



31^ 
34* 
35* 
37* 
39 
39* 
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31 
45* 
39* 
40* 

36 
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Cudioo Zoo 
Cyber Space 
Daemonsgale 
Darklands 
Dari<seed 
Darkside of Xeen 
Dark Sun 
Daughter of SerpntSl* 
DeiaVu1&2 37* 
Des^n your Railrd. 35 
Diet Pro DOSiWin25/36 
Dino Paris 35* 

Dino Quest 31* 

Dinosaur Adventure34 
Discovering Amer 35* 
Distant Sun 39* 

Dog Fight 37* 

Doom! 42* 

Dr Floyd Desktop 19* 
Dr Jam Window 59*" 
Dr. Quandiy 
Dragon Knight III 
Dragon Lair 3 
Dreadnoughts 
Dune 2 

Dungeon Master 
Dynamix Bundle 
Eagle Eye Mystery 31* 
Eco-Questlor2 29* 
Eiohl Ball Delx 35* 
ElFish 35 

Empire Deluxe 35* 
Scenario Disk 19* 
Entrmt Pak Win (ea.)2B 
Eric the Unready 35* 
Elernam 35* 

Eye of Beholder 20 
Eye Beholder 2 38 
Eye of Beholder 3 42 
EZ Cosmos 42 

Ez Language Series 
Fr,GrJI,Sp,Jp,Rs 31* 
F14 Fleet Delend 44* 
F 15 III 44 

F1 17a Stealth 29* 
Fakxjn 3.0 45 

Oper Fight Tiger 25 
Mig 29 Data Bisk 34* 
Family Tree Maker 42 
Fantasy Empire 42* 
Farm Creativity Kit 1 8 
Fatty Bear Bir1h(iay31* 
Fields of Glory 33* 
Flashback 32* 

Flight Simul ATP 28* 
Flight Simulator 5 43* 
A? Trie CnMr 34* 
Arcft/Scen Dsgn 28 
Ajrcraft Adv Factry 25 



Instant Facit Loc. 1 9 
Japan Scenery 19* 
New York 29* 

Paris 29* 

Pitots Pwer Tools 24* 
Rescue Air 91 1 17 
San Fransisco 29* 
Scenerj/ St A or B 37 
Scenery Enhn Ed 25 
Sound S Graphc 25 
Tahiti 19 

Washington DC 29* 
West USA Scnry 39* 
West Europe 19 
Freddy Pharkas 39* 
Front Page Pro 45* 
Fun SchooLFred Frog 
Sam Spy .Teddy Br 17 
G-Force 19* 

Gabriel Knight 39* 
Gateway II 35* 

Gearworks 29* 

Geekwad Games 22* 
Gobblins 1 or 2* 22 
Grand Slam Bridg II 32 
Great Naval Admrt 48* 



#585 

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East USA Seen 
Great Brttian 
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17 
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37 
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Lost File Sherlock 27* 
Lost Treas Infooom 42 
Lost Treasures 2 29' 
Lost Tribe 
Lunar Command 
Lost Vikings 
Maelstora 
Magic Candle 3 
Maniac Mansion II 
Mantis 
Speech Disk 
Mario is Missing 
Mario Teach Type 



20* 

30* 

29* 

24 

35 

17* 

34* 

37 

26 

42* 



Super Ships 
Great Works 
Gunship 2000 

Scenario Disk 
Hardball 3 

Data Disk (ea.) 
Harrier Assault 
Headline Hany 
Health i Diet Pro 
High Command 
Hong Kong Mahjong32 
Hoyle Bk Game 1/3 3D 
Humans 25 

Inca 34* 

Inaeditile Machine 29* 
Indiana Jones 4 37 
Inspector Gadget 35* 
Island of Dr. Brain 29* 
Jetfighler 2 39 

Adv Mission Disk 19 
John Madden 2 31* 
Johnny Quest 
Jump Jet 

MI^E Verson 
Kye Deluxe 
Kid Cad 
Kid Cuts 
Kid Desk 
Kid Pictures 
Kid Pix 



29' 
38* 
48* 
30* 
29* 
35* 
25 
19* 

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Kid Pix Companion 25 



35' 
33« 
34* 

45 
38* 
34* 

39 



Kid Wtrts 2 

Kids Zoo 

Kings Ransom 

King's Quest 6 

Kronolog 

Land Ollore 

Legacy 

Legacy Necfomncfl9* 

Legion's ol Krella 37 

Lemmings 2 

Lethal Weapon 

Links 

Unks 385 Pro 

Course [5isk ea 

386 Courses oa 
Lord of Rings 2 



35' 
35' 
25 
39 
16 
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37 



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Toshiba 
3041 Intefnai 489* 
3041 External 594* 

Texcel Annerica 
3021 Internal 349 
3028DblSp(J 389 
3024 Business 679 
3024 Education 604 
3024 Home 569 
3024 Multimeda844 
5024DbiSpd 495 
5024 Business 769 
6024 EducaBon 729 
5024 Mufljmed 969 

TsHobolicSportsler 
2400 Int. 99* 

14,4v.42bs 162* 
■ w/S/RFax 183* 
14.4 v.42bis Ext 183* 
w/S/RFax 213* 



37« 
31 

28* 
65 
26 
39 
32 



CH Flightstick 
CH Game Card 3 
CH Mach 3 
CH Virtual Pilot 
Eliminator Card 
Gravis Analog Pro 
Gravis Jgyslw 
Gravis PCGamePad21 
Kidz Mouse 30* 

Kraft KC3 Joystick 28 
Maxx Flight Yoke 69 
Maxx Pedal 39 

OuicksbotGameCdl4 
Quickshol Wamor 16 
Suncom Commandl9* 



25 
35* 
29* 
39* 
37* 
35* 

39 

17 
35* 

25 



Master o( Orion 37* 

Math Blaster Plus 29* 

Mystery 29* 

Search of Spot 35* 

Math Blaster Wma 36 



29' 

29' 

29' 

45* 

29* 



Math Rabbit 
Malhology 
Mavis Beacon 
Mechwafrior II 
Mega Lo Mania 
Mental Math Garries37 
Metal * Lace 29* 
MichI Jordon Fight 37* 
Mcro Cookbook 4. 31 
Mkjosoft Golf 39 

Midnight Rescue 35 
Might & Magic 4 40 
Might & Mage 5 39* 
Millies Matt) House 31 
Mind Castle 35* 

Mixed-Up Fairy Tal 30 
Mixed-UpMotfierGs30 
Money/Clocks Wrk 1 9 
Monkey Island 1/2 23 
Monopoly Deluxe 34 
More Vegas Gamel9* 
Muta nolo Challenges 1 
Mystery at Museum35* 
HFL Challenge 59 
NFL Coaches Club 33 
Nigel's Wohd 31 

No Greater Gtofv 20" 
Omar Shariff Bridge 37 
Open Dialog 44* 
Operation fvleplune 35 
Orbits 29* 

Oregon Trail C)elx 34* 
Origin FX 25 

Oufol This Wortd 36 
Outnumtiered 
Pacific Wars 
Paladin 2 
Patriot 

PC Sttxiy Bibie 
Peppers AdvBntufe29* 
Perfect General 36 
Pinball Dreams 29* 
Pirtate's Gold 
Rayroom 2.0 
Police Quest 4 
Pool Sharti 

Prince of Persia 2 39* 
Print Shop Deluxe 45 

Graphic Coll. (ea) 30 
Print Shop, New 35 

Graphics (ea) 22 
Print Shp Compion 31 
Privateer 47* 

Speech Disk 17* 
Prophecy 25* 



30 
47 
35 
24* 
42 



38' 
30* 
39* 
19* 



Multimedia 



369 
280 
529 
459 



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Protostar 39* 

Putt Putt Parade 32 
Putt Putt Fun Pack 26 
Quarter Pole 29* 
Quest (or Gtory 1 22 
Quest Gtory 3 or 4 39* 
Rags to Riches 35* 
Reach tor Skies 
Reader Rabbit 
Reader RaPbit 2 
Ready lor Letter 
Ready Set Read 
Reading Adv in Oz 36 
Reading Comp 32 
Ready Set Read 29" 
Realms of Arcadia35* 
Red Baron 39 

Mission Disk 17 
Red Crystal 35* 

Return Of Phantm 33* 
Hex Nebular 37 

Ring Wortd 34* 

Robosports Wind 25* 



FCS Pro 
Game Card 
Weapons 2 
Rudder Pedal 
UPROM Chip 



69 
109 
29* 
95* 
109 
29* 



Mech 
Audk) Show 
Pro 256 
Pro Color Pius 
F^oVGA TV 
Pro PCflV Plus 249* 
Pro VGA^ + 659 
VideoSurge 659 
VideoSurg SVHS729 
Wave Watcher 419 

TV/GRX TV 269 

Dust Covers 1 5 

Grounded Wrist Strp 9 
Keyboard Skins 15 
Static Pads 

Large- System 1 5 
Wnst Pads 8 

Stax (Dust Repellent)5 
Slab! Complete 
Cleaning System 15 



19' 
35* 
35* 
35* 
29'" 



Strip Poker 3 32 

Data Disk (ea) 1 7 
Stronghold 37* 

Sludyware for ACT 

GMAT.GRE.SAT 30 
Sludyware Biology, 

Calc„Chem.,Econ., 

Physics. Slatistc 25 
Sludyware LSAT 37 
Syndicate 37* 

Take a break X-WQrd2t 

Pinball • 29* 

Task Force 1942 37* 

Admiral Edit 43* 
Terrtiinalr Rampage39' 
Tesserae 17* 

Tmntr 2 Cybrchess 35 
Tetiis Classk: 31 

Tie Fighter 39* 

Time Riders Amer. 35 
Tony LaRussa Base.l 7 
Tony LaRussa II 37* 

Expanskin Disk 19" 



Rock A Bach StudD35* Top Class Series ea 16 
Rodney Fun Screens 1 Tornado 45* 



Rome ' 29* 

Rule Engagment 239* 
Science Adventure 42 
Scooter Magic Castl32 
Scfable Delx 32 

Seal Team 37* 

Sort Weapn Luftwf 29* 
Tour of Duty ea. 20 
Seven Cities Gold 38 
Shadow President 39* 
Shadowcaster 47* 
Shadowlands 29* 
Siena Action Frve 25 
Sierra Award V/innef47 
S'lena Family Fun 32 
Sim Ant 

Sim Ant French 
Sim City Classic 

2000 
Sim Earft 

Sim Life Dos/Wind 39* 
Sing a Long Wind 31* 
Snap Dragon 32 

Snoopy Game Club 29 
Solitaire Window 29* 
Solilalres Journey 
Space Ace 2:Bori 
Space Adventure 
Space Hulk 
Space Quest 5 
Spear ol Destiny 
Special Forces 
Spectre 
Speed Racer 
Spellbound 
Spelkasting 301 
Spell-it Plus 
Sports Adventure 
Star Control 2 



Treasure Cove 35 
Treasur Math Storm 35 
Treasure Mountain 35 



29' 
35 
25* 
39' 
29' 



Treehouse 35 

Tristan Pinball 29* 
TurtM Science 30 
Ultima 7 47* 

Forge of Virtue 1 7 
Silver Seed 19* 
UI1ima7Part2 47* 
Ultima Trilogy 37* 
Ultima Trik>gy 2 47* 
Ultima Underworid 47* 
Part 2 47* 

Ullrabols 37* 

Uninvited Window 37* 
Unnecessry HoughSS* 
U.S. Atlas DOS 31 
Utopia 29* 

V for Victory (ea) 42* 
Vista Pro 
Vocabulary Devi 
Wacky Funsters 
War in Gulf 
War in Russia 

35 Warrior of Legend 19' 

36 Wayne Gretzlw 3 35 
42 Waynes World 29" 

What's My Angle 30 
When2Wortds War35* 
Where Crrnn SanDiegp 

America Past 34* 

Europe 

Space 

Time 

USA 

USA Deluxe 

Wortd Deluxe 
Wild Science Arcad35* 
Ween: Prophecy 34' 



37* 

39* 

39* 

29 

35* 

35* 

31 

35 

30 

33 

35* 



73* 
32 
19* 
29* 
45* 



30 

44* 

30 

30 

44'" 

44' 



Star Trek 25th Aniv. 37 

Judgemnt Right 35" WingComandr2 47* 
SlarTrek AudioClip34* Wi.ng Com Acadm 31 



Next Generation 38* 
SlarTrek Saeen Sav37 
Stic^rybr Math Tutor 30 
Slickybr Pre-School 30 
Slickybf Read Tutor 30 
Sbdcybr Spell Tutor 30 
Storybook Weaver29" 
Stnke Commander45* 

Speech Disk 17 



Wizardry Tnlogy 1135* 
Worid Cirojit 34'" 
Wortd Tour Teniiis32' 
Worid War II 35' 
X Wng 39' 
Mission Disk 19' 
Vobl Spelling Trick29" 
Zodiac Signs 39* 
Zoo Keeper 36 



ere; 106Q 'Handolph Ave. ?.ah--^ay ?^.. 



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Circle Reader Service Number 208 




Be A Computer 
Programmer 

Computer Progrjmnier'i avMe sotl\v.ire for 
specific applicjtions. They define problems 
jnd Iran^laie ihem inra code using a program- 
ming language. The process is creative and 
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PCIS courses offer; 

•Professional equipment that is yours to 
keep 'Low monthly payments "Specialized 
Associate degree or diploma programs 

For a free catalog call toll-free: 
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Circle Reader Service Number 200 



COMPUTE 
LIBRARY CASES 




Store your issues of COMPUTE in our 
new Custom Bound Library Cases made 
of blue simulated leatfier embossed witfi 

a white COMPUTE logo on the spine. 
It's built to last, and it will keep 12 issues 
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REVIEWS 

TURBOBOOKS 

Although you may not be carrying 
your laptop to bed anytime soon, elec- 
tronic books are becoming easier and 
more convenient to read. If you have to 
bring a computer with you anyway, car- 
rying a TurboBook could be the per- 
fect solution for idle time. 

Allegro New Media has released 18 ti- 
tles ranging from computer and busi- 
ness references to recent science fiction 
and time-honored classics. Current titles 
include Den of Thieves, The Winn L. 
Rosch Hardware Bible. Guide to Busi- 
ness Travel: Europe, The Last of the 
Mohicans & The Deerslayer, and The Ja- 
pan That Can Say No. 

TurboBooks can be used with any 
computer equipped with Windows 3.0 
or higher. They basically look like any 
other Windows text program. If you're 
comfortable sitting in front of your PC 
for hours at a time, reading fiction on 
the screen may not bother you. Once 
you're interested in the plot, you forget 
about the mechanics and just enjoy 
the story. But if you love to feel the tex- 
ture of a book, using a mouse or com- 
puter keys just isn't the same. 

The biggest advantage of electronic 
books is the convenience of searching 
by l<eyword. This saves you from flip- 
ping tlnrough pages looking for informa- 
tion. You can also create your own 
page notes as you search. Hot spots — 
words in gray or green type — are scat- 
tered throughout the text. You can click 
on these to get detailed information or to 
learn about a related topic. For example, 
as you read about moving files in The 
Complete Guide to Windows 3. 1, you 
can click on the Select Files hot spot to 
learn how to select multiple files. 

Another unique feature of Tur- 
boBooks is the cruise control, which will 
automatically turn the pages at any 
speed you set. This saves you the extra 
step of clicking the mouse or pressing 
the Page-Down button, but it can also 
be frustrating since pages have varying 
amounts of text. On the longer pages, 
you have to rush to finish reading before 
the cruise control turns the page, but on 
the shorter pages you have to wait for 
the PC. I found it easier to use the Page- 
Down button to get a new screen. 

While they're not as easy to curl up 
with as paper books, they're especial- 
ly handy for reference and school use. 

LISA YOUNG 



Allegro New Media 
(800) 424-1992 
$17.9S-S36.95 



COrUIPUTE 



circle Reader Service Number 308 



□ 



142 COMPUTE DECEIVIBER 1993 




We at COMPUTE 

strive to provide you with tlie 

latest and most useful home, 

business, and entertainment 

computer news and information. 

Now w/e offer the COMPUTE 

EDITOR LINE— a direct link to our 

editorial staff that lets you truly 

participate in the shaping of 

COMPUTE magazine. 

The COMPUTE EDITOR LINE 

offers a unique opportunity for 

you to voice your opinion and let 

our editors know exactly v/iiat is 

on your mind. The COMPUTE 

EDITOR LINE is our way of 

staying in touch with you and all 

your informational needs. 

We hope to hear from you soon, 

1-900-285-5239 

.950 per minute. 

PETlnc, Box 166, Hollywood, CA 90078. 

Must be 1 8 or older. Touch-tone phones only. 




The world is full of simulated football games. But 
only the all new NFL '94 comes with every authen- 
tic NFL feature imaginable, including mouse inter- 
face, controllable statistics, easy menu analysis, 
updated rules, training camp through Super Bowl 
action and the most detailed playbook ever (with a 
chalkboard edit mode). Other football simulations 
feature coaches. NFL '94 emphasizes great foot- 
ball playing. So get off the sidelines, and get on 
the field, 

KONAMr 

Konami, Inc. ©1993 
Exclusively distributed by Gametek, Inc. 



CHIPS & BITS inc. 

IBM MAC & AMIGA GAMES FOR LESS 

Shipping to US.Pn.AK.HI.APO & FPO S4 per order. Air Mail to Canada S6 per order. Handling S1 per shipment. 

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Europe, S. Anwrica AlrMaii $19 tat itsm + $e ea. add'L Asia, Auatnlla, Africa, Air Mall «2S lat Item + «6 ea. add'(. Handling «1 pw etilpmant 



PO Box 234 

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Call 800-699-4263 

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S-10004 



rnhnjiiiii "" 



iM iw laga^gjrgflfaiaeMBaB^.^ij^yriis^^BPa^aisaagTPgtzyutt-Pis ^ 



IBM HARDWARE 



Adv Gravis Ullrasound S129 
Champ JoyslicK S19 

Flighl Slick Joyslick S36 
Fhghl Slick Pro Joystick S57 
Pro Audio Speclrum 16 S155 
Pro Audio Speclrm PlusSiaS 
SoundBlaster 16 ASP S219 
Sound Blaster Deluxe S89 
SBtaster Discovery 1 6 S469 
SBIasler Discovery 8 S399 
SBIasIr Edulainment 16S519 
SBIasler Eduiainmenl 6S448 
Snd Blaster Pro Deluxe S124 
Sound Galaxy BX2 S65 

Sound Galaxy NX2 S79 

Sound Galaxy NXPRO SI 19 
Snd Galaxy 16 MmediaS499 
Snd Galaxy NXPRO 18 5169 
Snd Galaxy Multimedia S399 
Sound Machine S94 

Thrustmasier Driving CS S99 
Thrustmasler Flight CS S59 
Thrustmasier FCS Pro S99 
Th/uslmaster Game CardS27 
Thrustmasler Rudder CSS99 
Thrustmasler WCS II S94 



IBM CO ROM 



71h Guest 


$54 


7lh Guest 2:1 1th Hour 


$65 


Aegis: Guardian of Fleet S54 


Airworks Music Library 


$34 


Alone in Ihe Dark 


S48 


Americans in Space 


S41 


B17 w/ Silent Service 2 S42 


Backroad Racers 


S43 


Blue Force: Next o1 Kin 


S44 


Buzz Aldrin Race Space S59 


Campaign 


S3S 


Castles 2 


$50 


Conspiracy 


$45 


Curse of Enchantfa 


S26 


Cyber Space 


S38 


Day of the Tentacle 


$45 


Discoveries ol Ihe Deep S37 


Dracula 


S48 


Dracula Unleashed 


SSI 


Dragon's Lair 


$36 


EcoQuesI 


S42 


Eric The Unready 


S36 


European Racers 


S44 


Eye of Ihe Beholder 3 


$48 


F152W/B17 


S44 


Gobiiiins 1 or 2 


S30 


Great Naval Battles 


S55 


Gunship 2000 W Seen 


$44 


Guy Spy Terror Deep 


S3B 


Hell Cab 


$65 


Inca 


$42 


Indy Jones Fate Altanlis S52 


Iron Helix 


$60 


Japanese Ahve 


S113 


Jutland 


S52 


King's Quest 6 


$48 


Labyrinth 


S39 


Lands of Lore 


S35 


Lord of the Rings 


$38 


Lost in Time 


$42 


Mad Dog Mcree 


$32 


Man Enough 


S48 


Microcosm 


S51 


Myst 


S64 


Rebel Asault 


$44 


Return ol the Phantom 


$42 


Ruturn To Zork 


S4B 


Shadov/ of the Comet 


S48 


Sherlock Holmes 3 


$51 


Sim Ant 


$48 


Sim City 


S48 


Sim Eanh 


S43 


Star Trek 25 Anniversary S46 


Stronghold 


$36 


Team Yankee 2 


$29 


Ultima Undenj^ortd 1 & 2 S52 


World of Xeen 


$42 


Wrath of the Demon 


$29 



IBM SIMULATION 



At Avenger $46 

A320 Airbus $44 

Aces Over Europe S42 

Aces Europe Mjss 1 or 2 $27 
Aces ol Ihs Pacific $42 

Aces Pacific Miss Disk $27 
Aces of the Deep $42 

Bl 7 Flying Fortress S39 

Delta V $48 

F15 Strike Eagle III $42 

Falcon 3.0 $48 

Falcon 3 Seen 1 S24 

Falcon 3 Seen 2 Mig 29 $33 
Fleet Defender $48 

Great Naval Battles S4S 
Qunship 2000 $37 

Gunshrp 2000 Seen Disk $24 
Harrier Assault SVGA $48 
Indy Cat Racing $48 

Junip Jet $39 

f^aximum OverKiil $44 

Max Overkill Miss 1 or 2 $28 
MechVirarrior 2 $42 

MegaFomess S12 

Microsoft Flight Sim 5.0 $49 
Pacific Strike $52 

Privateer $52 

Sea Wolf SS2 

Seal Team $42 

Secret Weap Lultwaffe $34 
Strike Commander 348 

Strike Commander Spch $18 
Syndicate $39 

Tie Fighter $48 

Ultrabots Sanction Earth S39 
Wing Commander 2 $48 
Wing Commander Acad $34 
World Circuit S32 

X-Wing $40 

X-Wing Mission Disk 1 $20 
X-Wing Mission Disk 2 $20 



IBM ADVENTURE 



Alone in the Dark 1 or 2 336 
Amazon $29 

Batman Returns $32 

Beverly Hillbillies $30 

Blue Force: Next of Kin $42 
Day of the Tentacle S39 

Discoveries of the Deep $37 
Eric the Unready $32 

Flashback $29 

Gateway 2:Homeworld S34 
Inca 2 $42 

King's Quest 6 VGA S45 
Legend ol Kyrandia 2 $35 
Leisure Suit Larry 6 842 

Lords of Ihe Rising Sun $34 
Merchant Pnnce $39 

Out of this World $36 

Pepper Adventure Time $29 
Police Quest 4 S42 

Prince of Persia 2 $45 

Return ol Ihe Phantom $39 
Return to Zork S46 

Rex Nebulr Cos Gen Ben$36 
Riltwar Legacy VGA $37 
HingwDfW $36 

Sam & fi/lax HII the RoadS38 
Space Quest 5 VGA $34 
Spellcasting 301 $34 

Star Trek:Judgment Rite S38 
Slarship $38 

Surf Ninjas S37 

Terminator 2029 $37 

Term 2029 Oper Scour SI 9 
Term 2029 Rampage $38 
Where Amer Past CSD $37 
Where in Europe CSD 529 
Where Space CSD DIx $44 
Where in Time CSD $32 
Where in USA CSD DIx S45 
Where in USA CSD S29 

Where in World CSD 332 
Where World CSD DIx 362 
Yserblus $24 



Jiitt^'"'^ 


METAL & LACE' 


*^^V 


The gorgeous Robo 


J^'i m 


Babes are expecting 


#a^M 


you!! They'll give you 


IP^Iki% 


a welcome you won't 


soon forget. Sirapped 


HT' 4 aA^ 


in Robo armar and 


!fa»'^^«*B.'*a|jJa^iUi ^. 


loaded with special 


m^i 1 jiCi^^- - T; 1 


weapons, the talking 




RoDo Babes will have 
you gnpping your joy- 
stick and wigg^jng the 




t!^ i 


\ . 


gimbal all njghl long! 


\ \\ 


Metal Lace contains 


IS! ^ V!hhjs I 


violentlightingscenes 




& sexy graphics. S49 




■ACES OVER 

EUROPE' Experi- 
ence Ihe inlensity of 
aena\ combat in the 
European Theater ol 
W.W.I.I.. Fly with pi- 
lots trom Ihe U.S. Air 
Force, R.A.F. and 
German Lullwalle. 
Patrol Iho front lines, 
target supply depots 
and come face to face 
with ground targets 
and artillery bunkers. 
FEy a single mission 
or a lour of duty. S42 




'WARLORDS 2' 

brings the fun and 
excitement of the first 
Warlords with 640 X 
480 graphics, a 
hidden map option, 
and a totaify new At 
system. Features 
random mapping for 
infinite replayablEity. 
troop transports for 
amphibious warfare, 
and a dipfomacy 
option Dial provides 
the framework lor 
backstabbing. $42 




'GAME-MAKER' lets you create action adventure games as 
unique as your imagination. Design your own animated 
characters, monsters, and scenes Create sounds and import 
images. No programming, New verston has SB suppon. S49 



IBM ROLE PLAYING 



Arborea Jour In Sanclum$34 
Arena $48 

Black Crypt S32 

Challenge of 5 Realms S44 
Champions S37 

CHARACTER EDITORS SI 6 



Cobra Mission 


S49 


Companion of Xanth 


$36 


Dark Sun 


$52 


Darklands 


S39 


Daughter ol Serpents 


$19 


Dungeon Waster 2 


S36 


Elvira 2 Jaws Cerberus 


S« 


Eternam 


S19 


Eye ol the Beholder 3 


$42 


Lands ol Lore 


S36 


Legacy: Realm Of Terror 338 


rjlagic Candle 3 


S19 


MegaTravellar 3 


$39 


foetal and Lace 


S49 


Might Si Magic 4 


$36 


Might & Magic 5 


$42 


Pirates Gold 


$42 


Pratoslar 


$39 


Quest for Glory 3 or 4 


$42 


Questron 2 


S12 


Realms of Arkania 


$37 


Red Crystal 


53S 


Star Trek: Next Genrtion $46 


Stonekeep 


S52 


StrongtiQld 


$39 


Ultima 7 Black Gale 


$48 


Ultima 7 Forge of Vinue 


St 8 


Ultima 7.5 Part 2 


$20 


Ultima 7.5 Serpent Isle 


$48 


Ultima UnderwortrJ 


$19 


Ultima Unden^orld 2 


$46 


Unlimited Adventures 


$38 


Wizardry 7 Crusaders 


$42 



Visa & MC Accepted, CODs S6. CJtecks Held 4 Weeks. Money 
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Shipping limes nol guaranteed. Check compatlblUty before 
you buy. Detectives replaced with same pfoduet. Price & 
availability subject to change. All Sales Final. 
Circle Reader Service Number 175 



IBM ADULT 



Adult Reference CD $24 
Adv of Brad Stallion CD $39 
Busty Babes CO $32 

Centerfold Squares $21 
DeepThroaSCD $42 

Ecstacy CD S32 

Femme Fatate S26 

Fhime Fatale DD 1-3 Ea $18 
Jigsaw pinups $19 

Lovely Ladies CO $39 

My Private Collection CDS39 
PC-Pix CD $39 

Penthouse Jigsaw XXX $12 
Planet of Lust $12 

Sex Olympics S12 

Sex Vixens trom Space $12 
SlhpPoKerS $31 

SinpPokerS DD 1-6ea.$19 
Strip Poker Professional $33 
Stnp Pokr Pro DD 1-6 EaS16 



IBM SPORTS 



Baseball for Windows $45 
D, Robinson NBA Action $44 
Front Page Football Pro $42 
Hardball 3 $34 

Joe Montana Football 2 $42 
Links $29 

Links Courses 1-7 Ea. $17 
Links Pro 386 Golf S32 

Links Pro CD 1-3 Each $19 
Links Pro CO 4-5 Each $20 
IVIich Jordan Flight Sim $38 
fiflicro League FB DIx $39 
Microsoft Golf Windows 539 
NFL Chal Premium Ed S59 
NFL Coaches Club $35 

NFL Coaches Club LTD $48 
NHL Hocitey $39 

Tom Landry Football DIx S32 
Tony LaRussa Baeball 2 $36 
Unnecessary RoughnessS36 
Wayne Grelzky Hckey 3 $36 



IBM BUNDLES 



ADD Collector Edition 2 $46 
ADD Starter Kit $29 

Air Combat Classic $45 
Allied Forces $9 

Dynamix Bundle $29 

Eye Beholder Collection S52 
Land Sea Air Trilogy $12 
Land Sea Air 2 S29 

Leisure Suit Larry Bundle$39 
Lost Treasures tnfocom $39 
Lost Treasure Inlocom 2 329 
Magnetic Scrolls Bundle S21 
Man/el Trilogy $12 

MaxPac $19 

Megatortress Mega-Pak $38 
Power Hits: Batlletech $32 
Power Hits: Kids S9 

Power Hits; Movies $17 
Power Hits: Sci Fi $19 

Power Hits: Sports $19 

Scret Weap Luftwaffe CD$42 
Sierra Adventure Bundle $39 
Sierra Arcade Bundle $24 
Sierra Family Fun Pak S29 
Space Quest Bundle 1 -4 $42 
Ultima Bundle 1-6 CD $59 
Ultima Trilogy $39 

Ultima Trilogy Z $48 

Wing Commander DIx 348 
Wing Commandr DIx CD $48 
Wizardry Trilogy 332 



IBM STRATEGY 



A Train $34 
A Tram Construction Set $23 

Airbuci<s $36 

Ambush at Sorinor $42 

Archon Ultra $30 

Ashes ol Empire $48 

Battles of Destiny S36 

Breach 3 S36 
Buzz Aldrin Race Space $39 

Campaign 2 $36 

Carriers at War $19 
Carriers al War Const Kil529 

Garners at War 2 S49 

Castles 2 $36 

Civilization $32 

Clasfi of Steel $42 

Conquered Kingdoms $36 
Conquer Kingdm Seen 1 $25 

Dune 2 $44 

El Fish $34 

Empire Deluxe $35 

Empire Deluxe Seen 1 $21 

Empire Deluxe WIN $35 

Epic Dwan/en Tale $38 

Fantasy Empires 539 

Fields of Glory $36 

Harpoon 2 S52 
Lemmings 2: The Tnbes $32 

Lost Admiral Enhanced $44 

Master of Orion $41 

Nobunaga's Ambition 2 $37 

OutPost WIN $42 

Paladin 2 S34 

Perlect General 2 S44 

Populous 2 $26 

Powermonger 534 

Railroad Tycoon 2 $39 

Red Zone $32 

Romance 3 Kingdoms 2 S42 

Rules of Engagement 2 $33 



Shadow President 
Sid Melt's Civil War 
Siege With Exp Disk 
Sim City 2000 
Simlarm 
Stmlife WIN 
Space Hulk 
Spaceward Ho! 
Spaceward Ho! WIfJ 
Tegels Mercenaries 2 
Walls of Rome 
War in the Gulf 
Warlords 2 



$39 
$58 
S24 
S42 
$41 
$42 
$38 
$38 
S36 
S44 
S39 
S34 
S42 



DEC COM 1 



Advertisers' Index 



Reader Service Number/Advertiser 



Page Reader Service Number/Atfverlfser 



Page Reader Service Number/Advertiser 



Page 



162 8-Bi! G-11 

194 Abacus . , . , 51 

169 Access Sollviare ?4,75 

Adventure LeamingWare 150 

229 Amisti Ouliaw Shareware Co 154 

157 AMTEX Software CorporatiDn 123 

233 Amies Ans'Aers , , 154 

137 Aulornap Inc 103 

Bare Bones Software 154 

152 Bear TeclmoloQies G-23 

Best Personalized Bool<s 149 

173 Blue Valley Sollware 154 

121 BR, ROMS 152 

181 Caloke Industries _ G-21 

118 Cell Micro 147 

167 CH Products 139 

175 Cliips & Bits 143 

174 Cilizen American Corp 15 

139 Cmi Creative Micro Designs, fnc G-9 

223 Colorado Spectrum 64 

209 Compaq IFC.l 

150 CompSult 154 

114 CompSult (3-11 

240 Compton's NeviMedia 67 

Computer Business Services 148 

225 Computer Friends , 154 

Comlrad 144 

125 Creative Labs 3 

238 Creative Pixels Ltd G-23 

144 CybsrDreams 113 

106 Davidson _ 41 

151 Davidson 43 

161 Delphi 19 

131 DemoSouriB 151 

239 Disks Plenty G-23 

20a Disk-Count Software 140,141 

192 Df T's Music Sollware 129 

136 Dr rs Music Software 128 

O&K Enterprises, Inc 149 

165 Electronic Arts 90,91 

213 Eniiiassy Duality Products 120 

230 Fairbrothers 150 

134 Fantaiia Concepis, Inc 150 

FGIvl Connection G-11 

115 Free Spirit Software 133.135 

21B Fusion Snflware . - ,151 

228 Genovation Inc 146 

110 Grapeviiie Group, Tlie G-7 

187 Grolier Multimedia 11 

217 Herne Oala Systems Ltd 150 

117 Hoiiyware Entertainment 121 

234 Horse Feathers Grapfiics G-23 

111 ttumongous Entertainment 23 



129 Hypedigtit Enterprises 150 

IBM 5,33.67 

183 Impressions 25 

222 Interplay , ^ 131 

Intuit -■ 71 

232 ISL Software Corporation 156 

18B Jack Daniels 65 

231 Jackson Marking Products Co. Inc 148 

JP PBJvl Products by Mail G-21 

124 Kalfek Labs G-23 

197 KF-PD Soltware G-11 

Kid Secure ol America 148 

178 LACE 152 

Landmafk Solutions, Ina 149 

164 Legacy Sollware 150 

123 Logitech 55 

159 Mad Man Solt'Wre G-13 

199 Mallarc Sollware 109 

158 Maxis 129 

113 MECC 17 

1B5 f^ediaVision 79 

214 Micro Electronics 30,31 

211 MicroLsague Sports 117 

143 MicroProse 57 

MicroSofl 60.61 

MicrosotI 96 

236 MicroSlorm Soltoare G-23 

218 Multimedia Soltware Distributors 146 

191 Needtiams Electronics. Inc 146 

105 New World Computing 125 

215 Ninlendo ol America IBC 

NRI/M:Graw Hill _ , 73 

141 Odyssey OnLine 152 

149 Opcode Interactive 55 

205 Origin 63 

203 Origin 119 

OSes Soltware Development 156 

156 Pacific Microelectronics Inc 146 

108 Panasonic 6,7 

133 Papyrus 27 

220 Parsons Technology , - 77 

168 Parsons Technology , , 21 

221 PC Erierprises 156 

237 PC Zcne. Tbe 46,47 

235 Pendragon Software Library 156 

103 Penthouse OnLine 130 

107 Penthouse Modem 157 

Penthouse Pbotograplier 137 

200 Peoples College 142 

153 Perlorraance Peripherals, Inc G-21 

207 Piiisl Perfect 136 

224 Profit Group, Tfie 153 

227 Psygnosis 82 



196 
138 
163 
13S 
212 
182 



120 
116 
140 
148 

109 
142 
126 
210 
190 

145 
201 
154 

130 
179 

147 

193 
242 
170 
112 
127 
219 
195 
132 
189 
172 
128 



Q Enterprises Software G-23 

Quadra Interactive 45 

Ramco Computer Supplies 156 

ReadySolt Inc 127 

Revell-Monogram, Inc 97 

SaleSoft Systems Inc 150 

ScanRoin Publications 155 

School of Computef Training 148 

School of PC Repair 148 

Serif. Inc 13 

Se)CXy 152 

Sierra OnLine 59 

Sierra OnLine BC 

Sign Up 148 

Smart Luck Software 152 

SMC/Software of ttie Month Club 154 

SoflShoppe Inc 150 

Sollware Support inlernationat 150 

Sollware Support inlernational G-S 

SOGWAP Soltware G-13 

SOMICH Enterprises 154 

Spectrum Holobyle 34,35 

SDiril of Discovery 39 

Starware Publishing Co'p 153 

SubLogic 104.105 

Sunrise Sollware G-21 

Thfustmaster 151 

Turner Products 156 

Turtle Beach Systems 137 

Tycom G-21 

UNI-ROM 156 

US. Robotics 69 

Value Software Inc 152 

Viacom New Media 93 

Viigin Games - 80,81 

Virgin Games 114,115 

Walnut Creek CDROM , 155 

Wedgwood Rental 154 

Windows 900 153 



Product Ivlar! . . 146,147,148.149,150,151.152,153,154,155,156 

Classifieds 157,158,158 

104 COMPUTE Books G-19 



COMPUTE'S Editor 900 Line 142 

COMPUTE'S SharePak Disk Subscription 101 

Gazette Disk Index G-21 

Gazette Disk Subscription G-13,G-16 

Gazette Single Disk G-40 

Gazelle Specially Disk G-15 



CREDITS 



Cover: screen provided by Microsoft Cinema- 
nia; page 4: ivlark Wagoner; pages 8-10: 
Marl< Wagoner; page 12; Mark Wagoner; 
page 14: Mark Wagoner; page 16: Mark Wag- 
oner; page 18: Mark Wagoner; page 20: Mark 
Wagoner; page 22: Mark Wagoner; page 24: 
Mark Wagoner; page 26: Mark Wagoner; pag- 
es 28-29: Mark Wagoner; page 83: Rob Schust- 
er; page 84: Rob Schuster; page 86: Rob 
Schuster; page 88: Rob Schuster; page 92: 
Rob Schuster; page 94: Rob Schuster; page 
96: Rob Schuster; pages 98-99: Mark Wag- 
oner; pages 106-107: Mark Wagoner; pages 
110-111: Mark Wagoner; page G-16: Ken Coffelt. 



STATEMENT OF OWNERSHIP 

Statement of ow-ierstiip, managemeni. and cifcuiation [Act ol August 12, 1970; Section 
3636, Thie 39. United Slates Code). 1 Title of publication: COMPUTE, 2. Date ol liling: 
Sepiember 17, 1993, 3 Frequency ol issue: Publistied moniniy 4, Location ol known ol- 
tice of pyblication: 1965 Broadway, New York. fJV 10023-5965. 5, Localio-i ot head- 
quarters ol general business offices ol pubfisher 1965 Broadway. New York. Nf lt)Q23- 
5965 6- Names, addresses of publistier. edilor. and managing edilor: Publlstier: Bob 
Guccione. 1965 Broadway. New Yorii. NY 10023-5965. Editor Clifton Karnes, 324 West 
Wendover Auenue, Greensboro. NC 27403. I^anaging editor: David English. 324 West 
Wendover Avenue. Greensboro. NC 27406. 7. Owner: The names and addresses of stock- 
holders owning or holdtng one perceni or more of lotal anrrounl of stock Compute Pub- 
lications Inlernational. Hd,. 1965 Broadway. tJew York, NY 10023-5965. General fdedta 
Publishing Group. Inc.. 1966 Bfoadway, New York, NY 10023-5965; General Media In- 
ternalional. Inc., 1965 Broadway, New York, NY 10023-5965; A trust lo bonefil H C. Suc- 
cione lamily. Grand Cayman. Cayman Islands. BWI, R C, Guccione. 1965 Broadway. 
New York. NY 10023-5965. 8. Known bondholders, morigagees. and other security hold- 
ers o\"(ning or holding one percent or more total amounts of bonds, mortgages, or ottier 
securities: None, Average number ct copies of each issue during preceding 12 months: 
(A) Total number ol copies printed 392.749, (B) Paid and/or requested circulation: 1. 
Sales through dealers and carriers, sltecl vendors, counter sales: 43.752 2. Mail subscrip- 
ions paid and.'or requesled: 238.003. (C) Total paid and/or requested circulation: 281.755. 
(0) Free distribution by mail, earner, or other means; sample, complimcnlary, and other 
free copies 1.435, (E) Total distribution: 283.190- (F) Copies not distributed: 1 Office 
USB, left over, unaccounted, spoiled after printing: 26.845. 2. Return from news agents: 
82.714. (G) Total: 392.749. Actual number ol copies ot single issue published nearest 
10 filing date (A) Total number of copies printed 41 0.6S9. (B) Paid and/or requested cir- 
culation- 1. Sales through dealers and carriers, street vendors, counter sales. 29.674. 2, 
Mail subscriptions paid and/or requested: 262,000. (C) Total paid and/or reguasled cir- 
culation- 291.574- (D) Free distribution by mail, carrier, or other means: sample, compli- 
mcnlary, and olher tree copies: 1,450, (E) Tolal distribution: 293.124. (F) Copies not dis- 
tributed: 1, Office use. tell over, unaccounted, spoiled after printing: 21,993. 2. Return 
from news agents: 95,542. (G) Total: 410.G59, I ceriily thai the statements made by me 
are correct and complete James B Iklarlise. Executive Vice President. Circulalion. 



DECEMBER 1993 COMPUTE 145 




ROFi MORE INFCSiRn/IA^TIC^N CALL- 



NEEDHAM'S ELECTRONICS, INC. 

4539 Orange Grove Ave. 
Sacramento, CA 95841 
(Mondsy-Frlday, 8 sm-5 pra PST) 



C.O.D. 



(916)924-8037 

BBS (916} 972-8042 
FAX (916) 972-9960 



circle Reader Service Number 191 



^% 



Noccbook compua-r.s 
arc great — cxcepr 
when it comes to playing 
simulation and action 
games. That's because they 
don't come equipped wirh a 
game p(irt> Introducing the 
Parallel Game Port " from 
Genovation. 'llie I'CP turns 
your notebook 
into a game- 
book by con- 
verting the 
computers printer 

i port into a "virtual 

I game port". With 

J PG)' you also get 

i a gender changer 

r| adapter, which lets 

- you connea a joy- 



STICK IT 
TO YOUR 

NOTEBOOK. 





stick, yoke, [XxJals or even 
a weapon sytems con- 
troller to your notelwok 
or desktop DOS PC. 
The PCjP is an indLsjiens- 
alilc atiBS»ry for todays serious 
gamer. Wiether you nice a 
cir, Hy combat, maneuver a 
tank, or wing along at 
100 knots, the 
PGP's sofiware 
features will 
enhance yotir 
! play action. Look for 

i the Parallel Clamc 
i 

. Port in the software 

k; section of your 

nearest computer 

dealer. Or call us at 

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CEN0\^AT10N^ 



Cenovaiion, Inc. t 177.il Miidiill Nonli t [rrijic, CA 92714 
(714) 8.11-3355 » KAX (714) 8.13-0322 t .Sales: (SOO) 822-4333 



MAC-IN-DOS 



Software breakthrough 

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Call 1-800-628-3475 today. 



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201 Siiii AiiloiiiifCiftlL-. ('2511. MniiMlHin \ k'\>. CA V41M0 




Circle Fleader Service Number 156 



Wholesalers/ 
Resellers 



We have the most complete product line, and 

largest in-stock inventory of CD-ROM 

software in North America, 

Send us your resale number, 
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We Export 



circle Reader Service Number 22S 



Circle Reader Service Number 218 



^Me^/n/J^ Medley just went GOLD! 




Sound Board 

TRUE ISBIT STEREO SOUND 

MIDI INTERFACE AND 4:1 COMPRESSION 
SAMPLING RATE OF UP TO 44. 1 IN 
PLAYBACK AND RECORING MODES. 



CD-ROM 

DISK CAPACITY: 
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635MB -Moot;- 
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2 AMPLIFIED STEREO SPEAKERS 

INCLUDE ONE CD-TITLE BUNDLE 



Lotus 1 23 w/ Multimedia 
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PUBLISH-IT 2.0, lOOOCUPART. 

International business 

a ECONOMICS. 



The 7th Guest. 
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Sherlock Holmes. 
Detective. 




TOOLWORKS Multimedia 
encyclopedia. 
The San Diego Animals, 
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World atlas & us atij^. 



C E L , 



IMICRd 



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AIRCRAFT ENCYCLOPEDIA.. $18 

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CD GAME PACK II $18 

CIA FACT BOOK $18 

COREL DRAW 4.0 UPGRADE $149 

CHESS MASTER 3000 S22 

fresh ARTS S22 

GREAT CITIES MULTIMEDIA SZZ 

INTERACTIVE STORYTIME 522 

LOOM $22 

MONKEY ISLAND $22 

MAGAZINE RACK $22 

MAVIS TYPING MULTIMEDIA $22 

NATIONAL PARKS GUIDE $22 

PRESCRIPTION DRUGS GUIDE $22 

POWER TOOLS FOR WINDOWS $16 

Q a A4.0 $43 

SECRET WEAPON $22 

TIMETABLE SCIENCE 8t TECH $22 

US ATU^S WITH AUTOMAP $23 

ABOVE TTT1-£S OFFCRKD AT T>1ESK DISCOUrrTED 
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Circle Reader Service Number 118 



COMPUTE'S Product Mart 

is a special advertising section designed to benefit you, the PC direct marketer, 
by letting you advertise directly to the readers that buy. We offer; 



Marketing Assistance 

Each ad receives a complementary 
reader service number that generates 
a targeted sales lead mailing list. 

Qualified Readers 

Our readers search the Product Mart 
for quality hardware, software, and 
peripheral products they can buy. 



• Guaranteed Audience 

Our rate base is guaranteed at 
275,000 per issue, with an actual 
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• Cost Effectiveness 

Ad sizes range from Va (2V8 x 3) to 
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Space closing: The 15th of the third month preceding issue date (e.g. May issue 
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For ad specifications or more information call 

Lucille Dennis 

Telephone (707) 451-8209 • Fax (707) 451-4269 



Cb\\ now \o reserve your space.' 



FREE 486 Computer 
Color Monitor, Printer 

You can cam $2,000 to $10,000 per month 
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Rather than setting up offices all over the 

_,__-,--, U.S., we are showing individuals and couples 

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Call or write for a free 3 hour cassette tape and color literature and find out how 
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Call toll-free: 

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(in Indiana 317-758-4415) Fax to: (317) 758-5827 OrWrite: 
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J/, r, ■..■,■ ,v-itC!:|-.-i-r 




This extraordinory program 
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• A Business You Can Be Proud Of 

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• Continued Dealer Supporl 

• Turnkey Package - Computer, 
printer, software, ID system supplies 
end training just S6995.00 



CAIL TODAY for 
INFORMATION 



214-248-9100 

3216 Commonder Dr. 
Suite 101 • Dept 27 
Cofrolllon, TX 75006 



Kicole R. Allen 



Nikki 



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USlb 



Jam I lto'i« AIIhi 
IS lliln B rat 
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None 




_9KnEl^BL- 




Start your own Vinyl Sign 
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• In-store or mobile 
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• No Experience 

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• Start part-time from 
home 



CALL TODAY! 
1-214-248-9100 
D & K Enterprises, Inc. 

3216 Commander, Suite 101. Dept 27 
Caifollton, Texas 7500B 




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Computers! 

Home study. 
Learn the per- 
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Free booklet. 

Call 800-2234542 

The School OF 
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606.'i Roscwell Roml 
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' SIGNS mo 

J,. RUBBeR STRMPS 

for your oiun use or q 
profitable sideline business 



Self-Inking and traditional 

knob handle stamps can 

be made for less tnan $1. 

Retail prices will start in 

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Informational signs, nameplates, 

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items can be made for pennies 

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](1CKS0N MARKING PRODUCTS CO., INC 

Brownsville Rd., D-200, Mt. Vernon, IL 62864 
Phone: 800-851-4945 Fax; 618-242-7732 



Circle Reader Service Njmber 231 

I Be a computer . 
repair expert! ' 



Profe.ssion,-)l-level home 
study teaches you PC re- 
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upgrading, installation, 
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Increase your value as 
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Free career literature. 

800223-4542 

Namc_ 




Ase_ 



I 
I 
I 

I The School of PC Repair 

fi06.i Rosewell Ro;td 
I D^'pt. JP68002, Atlanta. GA .^0328 | 



Addrrss_ 
Clly 



. /1|>- 



1rt8 



iys MoNBf Wm A Cdmn 



With Iksc Personali:ed Boob own :i lifctime license for a patented 
product thut will please adults, delight and educate chiidren, and return high 
profits on a minimal invostmsnt, 
Thai's tht sure-fire success formula 
that Best Personalized l\x)ks offets to 
distributors who are building strong, 
easy to run, highly profitable businesses. 

As the leader in the industry' Best 
Peisonaliied IkwLs has exclusive 
licensing agreements from Mattel Toys 
Inc. for Barbie™, from W^imer Bros, 
for Bugs Bunny^"''' and The Lcwney 
Tunes''*' and from the National Football 
League (N.F.L™)- 

Best Personalised Books become instant 
favorites because the child 
is the star ot each story and 



appeal to a wide range of ages and tastes, and includes weil-written stories on 
religious and ethnic tliemes that reinforce family values. 

No computet experience is necessary to 
My f l^fS ^ '"^Wi ?S^ create Best PersonaiiieJ Books. A compre- 

Baby Book .f|C9 ■'"■.' '^ 1^ ^?* hensive training manual shows you how to 
Ltf' . j(.iKl7*wHES* personalize a book in just minutes. And 

with Best's strong marketing program, you'll 
find selling options are limitless. You can 
y work at home, on location at mails, craft 
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conjunction with kical businesses ot fund- 
raising groups. 
Strong dealer support is a priority, as is the 
'J commitment to helping you make even bigger 
,V profits with other popular personaliwd products 
4f including clocks, audio cassette 




For just $1495 start your own highly profitable business 
creating personalized children's books witii a computer. 



tapes, birth announcements, 
calendars and stationer)' for 
teens and adults. 



friends and relatives join 
in on ever^' adventute. An 
extensive array of titles 

Best Personaliied Books Inc. (tl4) 3U>3800 

475 Best Personaltied Plaia • 4350 Sigina Drive • Dallas, Texas 75C44 Call or mm for free sample book and information kit 

Best Personali-ed Books liolds US patent 52 13461 to produce personalized books. Barbie™, Bugs Bunny™, The Looney Tunes^", the N.F.L.™ and associated 
trademarb arc owned and used under exclusive licenses from Mattel Toys, Inc., Watner Bros, and the National Football League. 



PERSONALIZED"^ 
CHILDREN'S BOOKS 




"l^e^ ^i^ Pn4^ 



• With our process and a computer you can instantly produce the highest 
quality personalized children's books and stationery on the market 
today. 

• All books are hardbound wilh lull color illustrations and laser quality 
printing. Ideally suited for home based business, malls, department 
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• Very simple to operate and highly profitable. 

• Only a limited number of dealerships available. 



For a (omplete information packet tail today. 



D&K ENTERPRISES, INC. • 3216 COMMANDER DRIVE 
SUITE 101 • DEPT 27 • CARROLLTON, TEXAS 75006 



Get your Mds tiie ' 
New MAIH gamel 



JVI ATH. 7:^y^KXi0un 




But Nifl « retail pfici of tisiy $29.95 it 

Woit't llltrg.J, faaifeJH '/""'' nTtffUnlff 




^i 



m. 



E^Si of the five levels liave ne„ 
and excitjng castles to aqjloref 





'IP 


1 


P 






- - 


"-::J.i 




1 


1 










3 










.„ 


y 


...M 


y 


. Jo; 


a;;.^ 


L_J 



ihe fierce Dragon. Scorch 
; your nvm moal 



Match the equations while 
dodging the fireballs in this 
dazaing arcade style game. 

Attention Parents 

Helps kids improve additioR, sabtractiQ 
muhiplicalion, and di\i"'"" '^i.-ii''^ 



W^Siate vaur own moat multiplicasion, and division skills jj 

• Track hisli scores for comparing- Stparaiu equation and dexterity controls 
wWi friends allow Wds of all abiKties lo i-njoy the game 

• Experience 256 color animations • JVovidea positive reinforcement j 

• Great sound effects and music • Low price, high qualily game by Landmark | 



Visit your local Itelnller or CM i .mw)-54S 

.' ..^ . — -,^;x-alei Inq 

ttT, hart;' 



ind r.-.i 



iLdiKliiuiik 

j^'iT,iii "i|-"fVi ;"■-" Oh fi» filUJ dino ii miitbl! ii 




149 



y 



UQUIDAnONS 
CLO$EOUT$ & BARGAINS 



ThtAisinnti E19.95 

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Pro Phone 1«2 S32.95 

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Circle Reader Service Number 210 



REMOVE 
HARDWARE LOCKS 



PROTECT YOUR INVESTMENTl 
MAINTAIN PRODUCTIVITY! 

Software utility ttiat allows for 
ttis removal of hardware locks. 

Available for must majiir 

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Circle Reader Service Num&er 212 



T-Shirts 
The Ultimate Soft-Wear! 

Many sayings, pictures, colors... 

• I've got the Computer Blues 

9 The more people I meet, the more 
I like my computer 

• Upgrade Challenged! 

• I fought the 1A,\\ & the LA.\ wont 

• Don't Panicl • When all else 
fails, read the manual ... 

Star Trek and SF t-shirts also. 

For more information please contact: 
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T: (604) 420-1479 F: (604) 420-3891 

Wholesale Inquiries Welcome 




'nek Your Kid Into Leamins Math! 



Adventure LearningWare^ 

preacala 

Treasure Hunt Math™ 

"n^asure Hunt Math is a good exvnde ofbow oducatiooal 
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This is a great game, rny A-year old can multiply, level 2; my 
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Include MathlVis™, the addictive, 
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J:^ *Over 1000 math &ct3 coveriag edditioii. 
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Fantazia Fonts and Sounds 

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Fantazia Concepts, Inc. 
35143 Vine Street 
Eastlake, Ohio 44095 



216-951-9241 



Circle Reader Service Number 134 



Musical instruments for your PC or Amiga 
PC -8 Bit. 8K WAV files Amiga ■ 8SVX IFF files 

SA01 Bflss Gmtais - Slap Bass. Fietless. Pjckod, etc. 
SA02 Brass - Tuba, Tj-ombone.Trumpot, Frerrch Horn, clc. 

, SA03 Roods ■ Clannei. Otjoe, Saxqpio™. BasMon, e!c 
SA04 Sinngs - Viokm, Vfoia, Cel^o. dfch Hiis etc 
SA05 Guiiars ^ AcoustiC Ereclnc, Lead, Jazz, e:c. 
SAQSpjanos- Piano5. ElecUic Piano Honky-Tonk etc 
SA07 Latin Percussion - Timbale. CoTga Bongo, etc 
SA03 Drums 1 - Bass Drum. Snare, Tom, Cowtjeii, etc 

I SAOSDnjmsS- Hi hat, Guiro, Agogo, Cvmljal, etc. 
SA1 Percussion - Steol Drum. Taiko. Bell, Waodblock. etc 
SAl I Organs - Calhedial, Elecirfc, Bandoncon, He«l, eic 
SA12 Ettinic ■ Silar. Koto. Bacplps. Kokyu, Banjo, etc. 
SA13 CfirPefC ■ Vanmtja. Xyiophono Celesia. enc. 
SAiJ PiDCS - Flute, P'ccolo. Hecorde', WhisUe. e;c., 
SAi 5 Erse mble - Oich Ht, Sinngs. VOiCe. Solo Choir, etc 

I SA ! 6 Choirs ■ Thtee cr more Harmon ous sinqing voices. 
SA17 Piano Chords - Miijor. fJlinar. 6IH. 7lh. mh. elc. 
SAiB Guitar Chords - Major. Mmor. Min7[h, 7lh, etc. 

I SA 1 9 Organ Chords - Churc^i Organ and Eleclric Organ 

j SA20 Synthesized - Calliope. Sauare Ww. Saw W'^, eic 

I SA31 More Choifls - Accordicn.Hcnhv- Tank Piano 

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OAniECHSSS 2. bj INTERPLAY 



COMPSULT 

P O BOX 5160 
SAN LUIS OBESPO. CA 934Q3 



WE ALSO CAHFIY APFLt. MAC. CE4/1ZB. AMIGA, ATARI & MORE 
Td crdsr, serd check ormcrey ordec to the abok/eaddieu. CalJlDrnia crdeis 
must inci\iis 1.2SS :a!ei tax. All ordaii must jnchrdQ diippiiig chargu at 
iS torU.SJi.. $3 farCanada.ortlSlorlntHiildoiuLFwnH'caniiicte 
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For ill inquirJBt & iddilionil inforniiljaii. cili fBOS) 544-66 16. 



Jun 

a 

E 
o 

O 



Home Entertainment 
Organizer 

Computerize your Video, Audio, and 
Book Libraries with this aiivanced 
database software for IBM. Search by 
multiple criteria, instantly change sort 
order. Then print personalized labels or 
reports wi th a keystroke. I ndispensablc 
for the serious video oraudiophile. 

Now only $49.95 

■I- $3. S&H. 

30 Day FREE TRIAL 

Pay only alter you test drive HEO on your 
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To order call 
1-800-238-2154 anytime. 



Circle Reader Service Number 145 




Circle Reader Service Number 173 



Circle Reader Service Number 150 



Games Too Expensive ? 

Consider Pre-owned Software 



Save big $$$ over new 
Original disks and manuals 
IBM - AMIGA - C64 
Hard-to-find classics plus 
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Call or write for free catalog 
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0ar« ^otiiss ^ofrwaf<; 

9404thAveffi22 Huntington WV 25701 

1-800-638-1123 

Customer Service; 304-529-046 1 
BBS for complete list: 304-529-7050 




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T Sot^f TT [Bdl "> LfyfiM ccni6tfuikcci cf fuc pKod imdc vucd md jDcuUB^t^oi 

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CALL: 1-800-947-4346 

pon i^Kiif- r.\T.\i.oc:t r 



Circle Reader Service Number 223 



Save BIG $$$ on 
printing costs 



Re-usable jet-printer reclrarge 
kits. Single and Multicolor. 
Buy kit once, then just buy ink as 
needed. Costs as low as S1 per 



P— i-^ 



recliarge. 




from S29.95 

Re-ink your ribbon 

cartridges for less 

ttian 5c with the 

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Over 21 0,000 sold 

Beautiful printing and longer printtiead life, 
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Epson fvlaclnker 49.95 

IVIulticolor Adapter (4-band ribbons) 40.00 

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Circle Reader Service Number 254 



Amies Answers 

presenls..."fi BBttEF [TIDUSE Trap" 
Keeps the "Mouse" out of the way when no! in 
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Made of SLiinlcss Steel, with mar ftee contact 
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VISA/MC 1-800-301-3435 
or send check or moncv order to: 
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Circle Reader Service Number 233 




HOLLYWOOD is :\ wotid unto itself .... 

he j^lnmoui, tlie glitter, the pathos and the 

tragedy tliai often ticcompanies the stars 

ami ilie players-the people you see on 

ilie screen and those tinknown faces, 

hiddea Ix-lund the camera's eye. The 

faces that are familiar to millions of 

nio\'iegQeis the world over-and the 

faces that elude fame for their entire 

li\'es-and those who hiw a passing 

acc|uainiancesliip l^'ith stardom - and 

then disappear from public sight. 

LEARN AU ABOUT HOLLYWOOD'S 

LEGENDS and see them as never before. See the 

photographs that made them faniotis. Many from the pri\-ate collections of 

Ho!t)'\vood's photographers. Pictures you'\e never seen before. 

Read from THE HOLLTO'OOD DE\TH BOOK by James Roten Parish, one 
of Hollywood's foremost authorities and chnmiclers of the Holh'wood scene. 
Learn about more than 5.000 Hollyft-cxxi players and feast on biographies of 
hundreds of youi' ta\"orite performers. 

tfUSl 90if.i>0 Listen to Marilyn Monroe singing "ffappy 

Birthday Mr. President." hear James Dean and 

Natalie Wood and more of your fa\'orites as they 

peii'orm just for your listening pleasure on this 

disc which features more than 60 minutes of 

the voices of some of flollywood's 

most legendary figures! 



(phjs SS.DO SiH & tax Hfiete appicable) 
Order From I}ept.CPT 

ScanRoh Publications 

Bok72 •Cedarhurst,NY11518 

or Call 800-269-2237 

Fax 515-295-2240 

Visa & MasterCard Accepted ' 



Circle Reader Service Number 182 



No Wild, No Wildlife. 



Polar bears, musk-ox, grizzlies, 
caribou — more animals than you'd 
find in Yellowstone — can be found 
on the magnificent 
coastal plain of the Arc- 
tic Refuge in Alaska. 
Unfortunately, this por- 
tion of our last arctic 
wilderness has caught 
the eye of the oil in- .-■ .^^ 
dustry. Right now Con- 
gress is considering proposals that 
would allow the oil companies to 
drill there, even though reports 
indicate there's less than a 
one-in-five chance oil would 
be found. 

If we allowed drilling in the 




region, we would jeopardize the 
culture of the native Alaskans and 
untold wildlife, including a herd of 
180,000 caribou. Our 
last arctic wilderness 
would be despoiled. 
The Sierra Club works 
to save wildlife by sav- 
ing the wilderness. We 
have a history of vic- 
tories. And we believe, 
with your help, this arctic wilderness 
will remain an invaluable refuge. 
For information on how 
you can tielp: 
Sierra Club, Dept. AR 
730 Polk Street 
r/ San Francisco, CA 94109 
(415) 776-2211 






Shareware 
to Meet Your 
Every Need 

Libris Britannia CDROM 

From tlie best Britisti 
siiarcwurc lihrury, over 61)0 
[iiegabyies of superb public- 
domain and sliiireware for the 
IBM PC. Ttiis disc is biased 
[oward.s the technical and 
scientific PC user and 
iiiL-Uidcs L-xtensive sections on electronics, 
L-iiL'iriL-LTiiig. mathematics, medicine, statistics, 
ham radio and other .specialist areas. Libris 
Britannia comes with a 124 page book 
describing each software package. Made in 
March 1W3 S69.9S* 

Giga Games CDROIVI 

This disc features an amazing 

collection of games, from 

classic arcade to the Lisiesi 

windows simulations to 

educational games for all 

ages. Mah Jonjj Tile sets. 

sports games, trivia games. 

word games, war games, visual enienainment, 

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utilities and "cheat sheets" for commercial and 

shareware games is included. BBS ready. 

Made in June 1W3 $39.9S* 

CICA MS Windows CDROIW 

This disc contains a copy of 
CICA, the internet's largest 
Windows ftp site. W'iih 
hundreds of megabytes of MS 
Windows programs. Includes 
all sorts of utilities, gatties. 
demos (for Windows prog- 
rams), fonts and font viewing and design 
programs, source code, printer and monitor 
drivers, programming tools and a whole lot 
morel Updated quarterly, the current edition is 
new in April 1993. Yearly subscriptions 
available. BBS index llles S24.95* 

Simtel IVISDOS CDROIV! 

Packed full of the world's 

highest quality MSDOS 

shareware — every DOS user 

should own this di.sk! Simtel 

contains something for 

e\'eryone. with over 9.000 

files. Our friendly shell 

program W'ill help you find whatever you need, 

whether it be utilities, communications 

programs. BBS's, editors, documentation, 

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update in May 199.3 S24.95* 

CDROIVI Caddies $4.95 

* Shareware programs require separate 
payment to aLithors if found useful. 

c^V\v^°^ 1-800-786-9907 

^^ FAX 1-51 0-674-0821 

info@cdrom.com 

S5 S&H per order (in USA, Canada and Mexico) 
SI overseas 1-51 0-674-0783 

All our disks 
; are unconditionally 
". .■■ guaranteed. 

Walnut Creek CDROM 

4041 Pike Lane, Suite D 
Concord, CA 94520 






Circle Reader Service Number 189 



>3l 



WZ^SS Pack 



i:y CSCS Sch^orc Dcv 




The easy, affordable, 
powerful way to create and 
edit graphic images and 
arrange them into stunning 
audio-visual presentationsl 



^^^^t^ 



rtJ 



lEs^V^^^m 




Illustration Features: 

■f Edits mulliple, on-screen images ■♦■ Smudge, 
pixelize, blur, screen, smear, lattice, (ade, slreal< 
and ottier special effects ♦ Scaling and optional 
image distortion +■ Invert/reverse, flip, rotate, 
and stretcti ♦ Color balance, brightness, color 
similarity, gradient, contrast & color reduction 
image controls -f Individual color modification 
+ i3lend, walercolor, charcoal, crayon and other 
tools ■♦■ Multilevel, image wide, scrolling zoom 
■f Select by rectangle, polygon or freehand 
lasso ♦ fiflultiple fonts, sizes and styles ♦ 40 
predefined patterns -f Pattern editor > Clip art 
stamps +■ Stamp images, cloning and multi- 
color stamp brusties ♦ Edits 2, f6, and 256 
color and grey scale images ♦ Supports resolu- 
tions up to 1024x768 + Free screen capture 
utility + Supports 300+ printers ♦ Read, edit 
and write PCX/TIFF/GIF files used by art librar- 
ies and desktop publishing + And much more! 

Produce Multimedia Presentations: 

Assemtile and show your images with the pres- 
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presentations. Exhibition may be compiled and 
distributed as an EXE lile. 



Only ^90^5 suggested r 



For a dealer near you, call: 
1-800-546-1392, ext. 35 

(503) 389-5489 TEL 
(503) 388-8221 FAX 
(503) 383-7 195 BBS 



pscs 

» Software 
Development 
Inc. 



Dealer and OEM 
Inquiries welcome. 



35"! NE Greenwood, Suite 108 • Berd, Oregon 97701 



All brand and product names aw iradmartcs ol !h$ir f$specti\re owners. 
156 



Islamic 

Software for DOS/Win/Mac 
Qur'an, Hadith, Islamic law 



The Alim™ lets you search and study 
the Qur'an, Hadith, Fiqh, Islamic his- 
tory, biographies, cotnmentaries, dic- 
tionaries, concordances, and more! All 
in one inexpensive integrated package 
with both Arabic and English support! 

(800) 443-3636 

(713) 893-0805 or (713) 893-0558 fax 
ISL Software Corporation 

2037 Feattierwood Street, Dept CM-1193 
Silver Spring, m 20904-6645 USA 



Circle Reader Service Number 232 



IBM PC, PCjr 

XT, AT, & 

Tandy Users 



Not everyone needs the fastest 
computer money can buy Run Lotus 
1-2-3. WordPerfect, dBase, and most 
other software without buying a new 
computer! We specialize in hardware 
products that allow older computers lo 
run the latest software. 

Call for information and tree catalog! 

You don't have to buy a new 

Computer to run the Latest 

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(800) 922-7257 



2400 Belmar Blvd. 
PO Box 292 
Belmar. NJ 07719 



CumpiUi-T i^i>'f\Vihk' Spccnili.'-l^ S'nn' f[JS-l 



KUMliliUdid 



Circle Reader Service Number 221 



COLOR RIBBONS & PAPER 



COLOI^S: SLACK, AES. BLtJE, QREEN, BHDWH, PURPLE, YELLOW 



Rlbbont Price/Each Black Color T-Sliirl 

Brother 1109 S5.50 S6.50 $7.50 

Citizen GSX140,4-CLR S4.0Q $12.50 $15.00 

Epson MX-80 $3.25 $5.00 $6.75 

Epson 3250 $6.50 $10.00 

Okidata 182/192 $5.00 $7.50 

Panasonic 1180/1124 $5.00 $7,50 

Panasonic KXP 21 23 4-CLR $6.50 $15.00 $20.00 

Star NX1 000 4-CLR S3.50 $6.25 $10.00 

Star NX1 020 4-CLH $6.00 $10.50 $15,00 

Star NX242Q 4-CLR S6.00 $12.00 $15.00 



COLOR PAPER: 20oshts/brigiitpk.$io.90 

PASTEL PK. $7.90 BANNEfl PAPER 45 FT. RL, $8.95 
CERTIFICATE PAPER: $9.95 PK. 



CUSTOM T-SHRT, DESIGN YOUR OWN 

•HEATTRANSERfilBBGNS 

• TRANSFER PAPER 
FOR DOT MATRIX AND 
INK JET PRINTERS 

• HEAT TRANSFER USER 
TONER 

Min. Orders $25.00, Min, S^H 16,00, Prices stibjtcl to ctianpe! 




RAMCO COMPUTER SUPPLIES 

P.O. Box 475, Manteno, IL 800-522-6922 or B15-46B-8081 



PENDRAGON 
Software Library 



Public Domain/Shareware for 
IBM & Compatibles 
ASP Member 

No Viruses * Latest Versions 

Over 2500 Programs 

FREE 80 page Catalog 

We also carry CD-ROM discs 

Premier Shareware CD - 1 Gig - $24.00 
Desktop Publishers Dream Disk ■^ Book 
650 Megs of Fonts and Clipan - $36.00 

PO Box 56 
E.Greenwich, Rl 02818 



1-800-828-DISK 



circle Reader Service Number 235 



EASY USE SOFTWARE IBli COMPATIBLE 
TYPE GO AND PRESS ENTER 

ROLIDEX HOLDS OVER 500 CARDS 

Eusiness/Per5 cards auto-lnad 
save. * — keys move cards up/dn 

Bits SAVINGS MORTEAGE PROGRAM 
Shows you how to save thousands 
amort tables include ins, tax. 
Stop any month change interest 
Ins, tax. Easy use instructions 
ITOfl/POP SMALL BUSINESS INVENTORY 
Shows product amount whl retai 1 
min-max levels totals and value. 

HOME INVENTORY FOR INSURANCE 
Item, model J store, date, price 
totals Send to Ins. Fire/theft 

SAVINGS OR REVERSE MORTGAGE . 

Savings monthly. Lender pays you 
a V. amnt of equity in your home. 

Guar, lyr Any 2 prog. Send CK/MO 
for *14,'75 + «1.§5 P!iP + tax FL 
State disk size 3 1/2 or 5 1/4 
Maint Scheduling Calibration 



lurner Krod. 6U0 l<;enneth Way 
Tarpon Springs FL 346S9-2295 
ai3-'743-9225 



FREE Catalog! 



Call I'S00-S6X-2457 
For FREE CD-ROM Catalog 

Nightowl 10 $39 

MadDogMcCree $43 

New Grolier MPC Encyclopedia $239 

So Much Shareware 3 $39 

Many Titles In Stock! 

Adult Titles Available 

UNI-HOM 

5694 Mission Clr. #449,San Diego, CA 92108 



(619)279-1139 
FAX (619)279-8543 



Circle Reader Sorvjce Niimber 138 



CJrcJe Reader Servjce Number 170 



CLASSIFIEDS 



BATTERIES 



COMPUTER BATTERIES & MORE 

Sanyo. Tadiran, Panascnic, Evo'cady. Gases. LiihiuTi. 
Lead AciO. Ni-Cad, Alkaline & Chargors We Slock 
baiteries lor lapiop/noiebook. Camcorders, coidless 
phones, dril s. Noreico shavers. RC Cars & invisible 
Fence. Call & ask Wholesale' MC/VI/PO 

Battery Express 

713 Gladstone S; . Parkersburg, WV 26101 
1-803-666-2286 Fax 30'!. 428-2297 



Circle Reader Service Number 256 



BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES 



HOW TO MOONLIGHT WITH YOUR COMPUTER 

Free Informatioii. Musi reading for 

everyone warning Ihcir own businns. 

AICTC, Bon 261 s", Piisiuicini, CA 'J 1102 

1-800-122-1722 



YOUR MOST IMPORTANT NEW YEAB'S RESOLUTION 

Sign your name 



to save a life! 




CABLE TV 



• Jerrold* • Oak 

• Zenith • Hamline 

• Tocom • Pioneer 

• Scientific Atlanta 

EXCELLENT PRICES! 

1-800-826-7623 




3584 Kennebec, Eagan, MN 55122 

30 DAY TRIAL • 1 YD. WARRANTY 



VISA MC AMEX D SC COD 



Circle Reader Service Number 257 



FREE CATALOG 



CABLE T.V. BOXES -ALL TYPES* 
LOW PRICES • DEALER PRICES • 



Ace Products 

1-800-234-0726 



CircJe Reader Service Number 25S 



CABLE TV 



^CABLE TV DESCltAMBLERS\ 

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^Add-On Cable Co. l-«a0-334-8475^ 

Circle Reader Service Number 259 



J. 



* * * * PRESENTING « -K -♦t -* ^T 

CABLE TV 
DESCRAMBLERS 

***** STAnmrjG ***** 
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AND OrHEr! FAMOUS MANUFACTLHIEliS 

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■ ORDERS SHIPPED FROM STOCK WITHIN 24 HRS. 

• ALL MAJOS CREDIT CARDS ACCEPTED 

FOR FREE CATALOC, f Ot\t\ IIC 00^7 

OSOERS t INFOSWATIDN rOwU'jTj'OVZ/ 



PACIFIC CABLE CO., INC. 

7325'/^ Reseda Blvd., Dept. 1116 
Reseda, CA 91335 



Circle Reader Service Number 260 



ORDER YOUR LIMITED-EDITION PENTHOUSE ONUNE 
9600 DATA/FAX MODEM TODA/ AND SAVE! 



A CUSTOM, LIMITED EDITION PENTHOUSE 
ONLINE 9600 DATA/FAX MODEM FOR LESS THAN $170! 

Penthouse magazine has teained up with U.S. Robotics to 
offer a top-grade 9600-bps data/fax modem for only $169 
(internal board) or S179 (external). These high-speed V,32- 
compatible modems feature \/.42/fv1MP 2-4 error control, 
V.42bis/MNP 5 data compression, and throughput of up to 
38.4. The external model (shown) has a custom, limited- 
edition black case with the famous Penthouse Key symbol. 

Features include autodial and -answer, frequently called 
number storage, nonvolatile RAM (stores all modern 
settings), summary of current modem setting display, 
speaker with volume control, onscreen call progress 
reporting, five-year parts and service warranty, an extensive 
owner's rtianual, and a quick-reference card. The internal 
modem comes on a 10-inch board that fits all IBM PC bus- 
compatible computers, and can be addressed on COM 
ports 1-4. 

Plus, you will also receive the BLAST® FAX PC™ fax 
software, which lets you send or receive faxes from your 
computer. Compatible with all G3 machines, BLAST® 




ORDER 

YOUR 

CUSTOM 

MODEM 

TODAY! 

FAX PC™ allows transmission scheduling, hot-key faxing 
from within applications, background operation, and much, 
much more. 



Circle Reader Service Number 107 



CLASSIFIEDS 



CABLE TV 



CABLE TV CONVERTERS 

Why Pay A High Monthly Fee'' 
Save SIOO's A Year 



• All Jerrold, Oak, Hamlin. ZenUti, 
Scientific Atlanta, and more. 

• 30 Day Money Back Guarantee 

• Stiipment within 24 hours 

• Visa/MC and CO D, 

No Illinois Orders Accepted 

Purchase' asrMS To comely *irTi »\l slale jnfl 

tffdtrat laws leQafd^riQ 0'i>ate ov^neisnip of cable 

TV egt^i&ment Consult local caDie oi>tiatot 



L&L ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING 
1430 Miner Street, Suite 522 
DesPlaines, tL 60016 

Free Catalog h800-542-9425 
Mormaiion 1-70a-540-1 W6 



Circle Reader Service 


Number 261 




CABLE 


TV 


•j4~-:H:r:V'. 


=l^=i:^i 



t-9388. 



FREE CATALOG 

GUARANTEED BEST PRICES • IMMEDIATE SHIPPING 

APPLE ELECTRONICS 

3389 Sheridan SI. ■ Suite 257 
Hollvwoocl, FL 33021 



Circle Reader Service Number 262 



COMPUTER HARDWARE 



COMPUTERS FOR HOME AND OFFICE 



3e6DX-«Mi-lzw/128KCactie $ 999.00 

4e6SX-25MHz S1X)78.00 

4e6DX-33 MHz W/256K Cache S U89 .00 

486DX-50VHzv//256KCaclie/2QQMB $1.55000 



svsreMsnaiioe:MmiiAM.tiaimHAiiODRivE.2rioppE. 

WG»M0Mro»l«CM«£l(EVSaMp.£MS.PFSl*»TO'CI«S-1*a«!D 



DSI Comfxitaf Sar^ce. Ire . 21 <-^ JamO'CO Ave, Gfljoora. NY 1 1 •128 

irfjnin;i.iwii.mnj.i-ni.iiwn iji.ii.i,.uii,i.|ii[i!||.iij) 

Circle Reader Service Number 263 



COMPUTER KITS 



PC-BI,;iLD COMPLTER KITS. THE RECOGNIZED LEADER 
in builii-it-,M.iur,elf PCS. Rec'ii by PC-Upgrade 
and Pop. Science. Used in schooU and IrTiining 
programs nalionwidc. Fr-c caialug 1-8(1)798-6363 



COMPUTE Classilied is a low-cost way to tell 
over 275,000 microcomputer owners about 
your product or service. 

Additional Information. Please read carefully. 

Rales: S-IO per line, minimum o" tour lines. Any or ali of trie 
!;rs: line sei in capnal leiiers al no charge. Add $15 per 
line tor bold lace words, or $50 lor Itie enSre ad sel in boia- 
face {any number of lines.) 

Ibrms: Prepayment is required We accept checks, mon- 
ey ordei-s, VISA, or MasterCard. 

General fntarmalkvi; Advertisers using post oftfce box nuir- 
ber in [tieir ads must supply perrranent address and 
loiephnne number Orders will no! be acknowledged. Ad 
v/ill appear m next available issue after receipt 

CLASSIFIED DISPLAY RATES 

ClasS'fiGd disolay ads measure 2Vi' wide anci are priced 
according lo neighi 1"= 5285: IV?" = S42Q, r = S550 

HOW TO ORDER 

Call Maria Manasefi. Classified lifanager. COMPUTE. 1 
Woods Cl.. Huntington. NY 117J3. al 516-767-9562 



CD-ROM 



SHAREWARE 

for IBM COMPATIBLE 

Same Price for 3.5" or 5.25" 

Shipping & Handling: $2/order 

VISA /MASTERCARD 



REGULAR ITEMS $1.B0 

F-PROTECT SUPERB Viru» »cIinnino/clMnino. 
SCAN VI 06 J^cAffee'i l-ateflt Virus icanner. 

W* wiK ihip ma«t r*a«fl1 v«raion ■vBila^«l 

W01F30-K1L0BLAST-RESCUE ROVER-OVERKIU. 

ANCIENTS-SOIAH WINDAIEGATRON-MAHJONGQ 
NEVEBLOCK-IMAJOB STRYKER-Iiundrsds moral 

BIG ITEMS $2 on DSHD onlyl 

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NEWS BITS 



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160 



Online Government 

Even the U.S. government is 
getting in on the online act, al- 
though perhaps not with 
boundless enthusiasm. Ac- 
cording to the Wall Street Jour- 
nal, after "mounting pressure" 
from public-interest groups, 
President Clinton signed a 
bill requiring the Government 
Printing Office to put Congres- 
sional proceedings and those 
of federal regulatory agencies 
online at low cost. And such 
groups apparently have no in- 
tention of letting up the pres- 
sure. The Taxpayer Assets Pro- 
ject, for one, Vi^ants greater 
public access to the Securi- 
ties and Exchange Commis- 
sion's corporate filings and 
the Justice Department's 
"vast electronic storehouse of 
laws and regulations," the 
Journal reports, 

For now, the Library of Con- 
gress has set up a system al- 
lowing anyone to access the 
status of bills, resolutions, 
and amendments by dialing in- 
to Congress's internal data- 
base. And on a more person- 
al note, the House Information 
Systems office is hoping to out- 
fit every member of Congress 
with an E-mail box eventually. 
For an interesting perspective 
on where E-mail could eventu- 
ally lead us as a nation, 
check out the "Political Sci- 
ence" column in the Decem- 
ber issue of Omni magazine. 

Mind Games 

A competition for the next cen- 
tury — the National University 
Technology Center in San Di- 
ego, California, will host the 
third annual Loebner Prize 
competition on December 8. 
As in the past two years, it 
will be administered by the 
Cambridge Center for Behav- 
ioral Studies, an advanced- 
studies institute located in 
Cambridge, Massachusetts. 
The competition pits humans 
against computers: Human 
judges stationed at computer 

COMPUTE DECEMBER 1993 



Uncle Sam 

comes clean, 

COMPUTER 

IDIOTS converge 

(and 

consider multiplying), 

competitive 

computer intelligence 

goes 

Turing, and more 



terminals attempt to deter- 
mine whether they're convers- 
ing with fellow humans or 
with a computer. The author 
of the winning software in this 
year's competition will receive 
S2,000 and a bronze medal. 
Eventually, says Dr. Robert Ep- 
stein, chairman of National Uni- 
versity's psychofogy depart- 
ment and facilitator of all 
three contests, the Cam- 
bridge Center will conduct an 
open-ended contest in which 
the topics of conversation will 
be unrestricted and a prize of 
$100,000 will be awarded to 
the winner. 

Named after Dr. Hugh G. 
Loebner of New York City, the 
Loebner Prize competition 
Vi^as inspired by computer pi- 
oneer Alan Turing, who in 
1950 posed his famous ques- 
tion. "Can computers think?," 
and came up with a test for 
machine intelligence much 
like this competition: If a per- 
son conversing with a comput- 
er cannot tell whether he or 
she is conversing with a com- 
puter or another person, then 
the computer can be said to 
be exhibiting intelligence. 

The Idiots Are Coming 

Former computer idiots 
dressed in COfvlPUTER IDIOT 
T-shirts are there to help you 
face your fear of computers. 
Get the picture? They're for- 
mer idiots now working in a 
new concept store in Ventura, 
California, called — what else — 
the COMPUTER IDIOT PC 
Store. The concept is the brain- 
child of the SoflMark people 
(2734 Johnson Drive, Ventu- 
ra, California 93003: 805-650- 
5980), who have been releas- 
ing products under the trade- 
mark of COMPUTER IDIOT 
since 1990. including The Orig- 
inal COMPUTER IDIOT PC Us- 
er's Guide. Since the store 
specializes in first-time comput- 
er users, there's no such 
thing as asking an idiotic ques- 
tion. Whether it's training 



adults or children in the ba- 
sics of computers, showing 
the latest in education soft- 
ware, or renting out machines 
by the hour, the store's goal 
is to provide customers with 
quality computer training, prod- 
ucts, and service at reasona- 
ble prices and, of course, to 
make them feel at home with 
the technology. 

But should the store be 
called something more flatter- 
ing — say "Einstein's"? Not ac- 
cording to Martin Duran, one 
of the founders: "People call 
and say, 'You named the 
store after me!' The name 
brings them in. and our ven- 
dors love it." 

Since franchising the con- 
cept is in the works, a store 
for computer idiots could 
come to your neighborhood 

Try It On for Size 

A software distribution tool 
from IBM could signal a new 
wave in smart software shop- 
ping — trying out applications 
before buying. 

CD Showcase allows you 
to test, purchase, and install 
software without leaving your 
home- or business-based PC. 
You obtain a CD from your lo- 
cal retailer, insert it into a CD- 
ROM drive, and then test as 
many as 100 different soft- 
ware programs. 

To buy a program, you dial 
a toll-free number and receive 
a code that unlocks and in- 
stantly releases the desired 
software and its related docu- 
mentation for installation on 
your computer. 

Participating retailers cur- 
rently include ComputerLand. 
THE FUTURE NOW, Govern- 
ment Technology Services, 
and Software Spectrum. 

So far. software publishers 
participating include Borland, 
Delrina, KnowledgeWare, Lo- 
tus, VisiSoft, and IBM. Major 
players Microsoft and Word- 
Perfect may soon add their 
names to the list. O 




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Payment acceptable in U.S. funds only. Regular subscription price fo, lldisks is W9 95 JRDA4 



NO POSTAGE 

NECESSARY 

IF MAILED 

IN THE 

UNITED STATES 



BUSINESS REPLY MAIL 

FIRST CLASS MAIL PERMIT NO. 112 HARIAN, lA 

POSTAGE WILL BE PAID BY ADDRESSEE 



CDmiPUTE 

P.O. BOX 5052 
HARLAN. lA 51593-2552 



l.l,l„..ll.l.l.l.l....ll...i.l.l.l..l.l..llilnll.l 




IMPORT ArfT: This check is only gHDod towards Ihe pfodud 
Of prcduc^ speotied, and not valid towards previous 
purchase. Any othef use is unauthorized Consumer rust 
pay any sales lax involved. 

Checks cannot be used with any other rebate or 
coupon offer. Limit one (1) checK per purchase. 



1759949 



FIRST STATE BANK LAKE LILLIAN 
LAKE LILLIAN, MN 5B253 



75-1131 
919 



NOT GOOD FOR MORE THAN $3.00 
VOID AFTER MARCH 31 , 1 994 

PAY TO: ANY AUTHORIZED MECC 
DEALER 



CONSUMER PLEASE COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING 
NAME (please print) 

ADDRESS 

CITY STATE 



THREE DOLLARS AND NO CENTS $3.0Q 

Towards the purchase of DinoPark Tycoon 



ZIP_ 



PLACE OF PURCHASE 




l&aaTDDii' 175SSUR 



AUTHORIZE 



Save $3.00 



Now get $3.00 off new DinoPark Tycoon from 
MECC. Kids will use math, economics, business, 
and science skills to build a theme park and 
make big bucks with DinoPark Tycoon. Just 
take the attached check to your local retail store 
today and cash in on this offer! 




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Adventure! 



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at th^ ^m 



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Daryl F. Gates'^ 



POLICE QUEST 

OPEN SEASON 



SIERRA' 



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WIN ONE OF THESE 
GREAT PRIZES! 

One Gateway State-of-the-Art 
Multimedia Computer! 

Two MediaVision 
Multimedia Upgrade Kits! 

25 Gravis UltraSound 
Sound Boards! 

50 new Sierra adventure games! 

2,000 Sierra liint books! 



SIERRA' 




Quest luff Glory: Shadows of Darkness 




Daryl F. (iak.s I'olkc Outsi: (^jun .i^nuui 




Gabriel Knight: Sins of the Fathers 




Leisure Suit Larry: Shape Up or Slip Out! 








A sinister si-ttifii; and a sopliisticutcd gam- 
iiii; sysleni add up to an unparalleled 
adventure. 




QUEST FO 



^ttt 





LORY 



SIERRA' 





R^li 






Bjgrjk out LSTT. 





ISURE SUIT LARRY 
Shape Up Or Slip Out 



SIERRA' 




M ^^ key to one 

untedpast 




GABRI 



M SIERRA' 




Key to Adventure Contest! 

1 . Remove the Key to Adventure card. You can also write to Sierra to 
receive a Key to Adventure*. Write to: 
Key to Adventure Contest, P.O. Box 485, Coarsegold, CA, 93614 

2. Take it to any participating software retail outlet. 

3. Check the key sequences on the poster. 

4. If your key pattern matches any pattern found on the poster, you'll 
win a fabulous prize from Sierra! We're giving away the following: 

One Gateway State-of-the-Art 
Multimedia Computer! 

Valued at $3299.00 

Two MediaVision Multimedia 
Computer Upgrade Kits! 

Each valued at S899.00 

25 Gravis UltraSound 
Sound Boards! 

Each valued at $199.00 

50 Sierra adventure games! 

(fi'ttturvd insiih'i 

Each valued at $69.95 

2,000 Sierra hint books! 

Each valued at S9.95 

So why are you still sitting there? Grab your Key to Adventure and get going! 



(Jateway State-of-the-Art Multimedia 
Computer! 







^•Pi.m ^ 




1 FiMllnulilPl'IlI'vy^ 

■ -% 


M^ 


1 


l^^r .^: 


i ^ 


m 



MediaVision Multimedia Computer 
Upgrade Kits! 



Check your Key to Adventure card at these and other participating computer retail stores: 
CompUSA, Cotrjputer City, Electronics Boutique, Incredible Universe, Software Etc. 

OOds of winning PC: 1 in 1 .700.000. 

Odds of winning upgrade: 1 in 850,000. 

Odds of winning sound card: 1 in 68,000. 

Odds of winning Sierra game: 1 in 34,000. 

Odds of winning Sierra liint book: 1 in 850. 

EUgibilily requirements: All contestants must be 1 8 or older to participate. Employees and 
ttieir families of Sierra On-Line, Inc., its affiliates, and outside materials suppliers, are not 
eligible. Good only in tlie United States and Canada. Contest void wliere protiibited by law. 
No purctiase necessary to win. 

For a complete list of contest rules and prizes, send a self addressed stamped envelope 
along witfi your request by December 1 5. 1 993. 

Contest ends January 31, 1994. Write-in requests must be poslmart(ed by December 31, 
1993. Prizes must be claimed, in writing, by February 28, 1994. 

Please allow 4-6 weeks delivery of prizes alter receipt of winning contest cards at Sierra. 

Unclaimed prizes will remain llie properly of Sierra On-Line, Inc. 




(Jravi.s VUraSouiid Sound Boards! 



'while supplies last 

Sierra Publisfiing OrviEion is a developer and publislier of premium efliBrtainmeni and eAcational software. Sierra Pubiisliing is a division ol 
Sierra On-Line, lnc„ tated al 40033 Srerra Way. Oalihursl, Calilonia, 93644 



SIERRA^ 




Sierra hint books 








[Tetris2. Everything you loved about the orisinal and more.] 

How much fun is new Tetris 2? Words can't describe it. Well, not words we can print anyway. Just imagine doing a jigsaw 



puzzle in a minefield, with a gun at your head, if that sounds like fun, you don't need help. You need Tetris 2. (NinliindTT) 

TETRIS2 IS HERE ON NES &QAME BOY 



Circle Reader Service Number 215 




»«.v 



mm. CRA^H! SPLAT! EEK! 

FLUSH! AND THAT NAUSEATING 

mm A CAT MAKES 

H§ARK1NG UP A HAIRBALL. 



That's Al E. Cat and 5\d The Mouse, 

A twisted feline and a demented 

rodent who splat, crash and blast 

their way through over &0 loony 





The Incredible Machine," Toons seems 





Rube Go Id berg -style puzzles and over 
^;^\ 75 mind-bending Toons parts includ- 
ing hairdryers, hat 
_, pins, and anvils. 
Welcome to Sid and Al's 
Incredible Toons" Following 
in the footsteps of its 
award-wlnnlnq predeceeeor. 





}J 



^' gSSB^ 




harmless enough. But once the 
boulders start rolling. i^^^fj 
anvils start falling, and 
dynamite starts 
blasting, you know 
you're in for a sick ride. 

With four different levels of difficulty, there's 
something for everyone. There 5 even a Home 
Toons Mode so you can trade 
your maniacal cartoons with 
'^ ^SS^'sllyour deranged friends. 

Sid & Al's Incredible Toons. 
You couldn't have more fun If you * 
dropped an anvil on your own head. 



EDynaroL^ 

^ DART nc TOC CICCQA CAJJII ,^ 



PART OF THE SIERRA FAMILV - - 



Available at retail for \&Wcompat\b\ee. Or call 1-&D0-757-7707. 

' OR © ARE TRADEMARKS OF, OR LICENSE P TO PYNAMIX. INC. WINDOWS IS A TRADE MARf; OF MICROSOFT COKTORATION. © 1993 Dyftamix Inc. 



Circle Reader Service Number 14B